Lyudmila Aleksandrovna Ocheretnaya (formerly Lyudmila Aleksandrovna Putina, Russian: Людми́ла Алекса́ндровна Пу́тина, pronounced [lʲʊdˈmʲiɫə ɐlʲɪkˈsandrəvnə ˈputʲɪnə], née Shkrebneva, Шкребнева; born 6 January 1958) is the former wife of Vladimir Putin, who is the current President and former Prime Minister, and served a former two terms as president of Russia.
|First Lady of Russia|
7 May 2012 – 6 June 2013
|Preceded by||Svetlana Medvedeva|
7 May 2000 – 7 May 2008
|Preceded by||Naina Yeltsina|
|Succeeded by||Svetlana Medvedeva|
Lyudmila Aleksandrovna Shkrebneva
6 January 1958
Kaliningrad, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
|Alma mater||Leningrad State University|
Early life and educationEdit
Lyudmila was born in Kaliningrad, Soviet Union, the daughter of Alexander (his patronym is reported variously as either Abramovich or Avramovich) Shkrebnev (Александр Абрамович Шкребнев or Александр Аврамович Шкребнев) and Yekaterina Tikhonovna Shkrebneva (Екатерина Тихоновна Шкребнева). Her father worked at Kaliningrad Mechanical Plant.
Early adult life and marriageEdit
In her early adult years, Lyudmila was a flight attendant for the Kaliningrad branch of Aeroflot. She met Vladimir Putin in Leningrad, and they married on 28 July 1983. The couple had two daughters, Mariya (born 28 April 1985 in Leningrad, Soviet Union) and Yekaterina (Katja) (born 31 August 1986 in Dresden, East Germany).
From 1990 to 1994, Lyudmila taught German at the Department of Philology of Leningrad State University. For a few years prior to Vladimir's appointment as Prime Minister of Russia in 1999, she was a Moscow representative of the company Telecominvest.
After Vladimir's rise to political power, Lyudmila maintained a low profile on the Russian political stage, generally avoiding the limelight except as required by protocol and restricting her public role to supportive statements about her husband.
Role in spelling controversyEdit
As First Lady, Lyudmila Putina was a curator of a fund that aimed to develop the Russian language and sometimes produced statements concerning Russian language and education. Her preference for "maintaining and preserving" the Russian language led her to make public statements against orthographic reform. The Russian Academy of Science sponsored a commission to study the orthography of the Russian language and propose changes. Their recommendations were made public in 2002 after eight years of work, but were subsequently rejected by Putina, who used Russia's burgeoning economy as one of her reasons why the orthographic reform was not just unnecessary but untimely. However, although one newspaper in Moscow alleged that "Lyudmila Putina de facto cancelled any attempts to reform spelling," the fact remains that public and academic reaction to the reforms was sufficiently negative to have that particular reform attempt abandoned.
On 6 June 2013, Lyudmila Putina and her husband publicly announced the termination of their marriage based on a mutual decision. The divorce announcement was made on camera for the Russian news media at the State Kremlin Palace during the intermission of a performance by the Kremlin Ballet, ending years of speculation about their relationship. In April 2014, the Kremlin confirmed that their divorce had been finalized.
In January 2016, Lyudmila was reported to have married a man named Artur Ocheretny in early 2015.
According to Reuters, Lyudmila Putina controls the Centre for the Development of Inter-personal Communications (CDIC). The CDIC's offices are located in the center of Moscow, on Vozdvizhenka Street in the building previously known as Volkonsky House, which is its own property. The building, which once belonged to Leo Tolstoy's grandfather, was listed in Russian cultural heritage register but was completely rebuilt in 2013, raising its height from two stories to four, despite numerous objections and protests by Moscow citizens including an unanswered appeal to Vladimir Putin signed by 200 famous science and cultural persons of the city.
The building mainly occupied by commercial tenants, including VTB Bank, Sberbank, a construction company called Severstroygroup, a sushi restaurant, and a Burger King. Total rent from the building is about $3–4 million.
Tenants pay their rent to a company known as Meridian, which is in turn owned by a company known as Intererservis, which is wholly owned by Lyudmila Alexandrovna Shkrebnyova, which is Putina's maiden name. Putina's sister, Olga Alexandrovna Tsomayeva, was previously General Director of Intererservis. Artur Ocheretny, Putina's current husband, chairs the CDIC's management board.
Honours and medalsEdit
- Germany - Laureate of the Jacob Grimm Prize (2002)
- Kyrgyzstan - Laureate of the “Rukhaniyat” prize of the International Association for the Rebirth of Spirituality (2002)
- Russia - Laureate of the “Persons of the Year 2002” contest by “Комсомольской правды” in the category of "Educator of the Year" (2002) 
- Kazakhstan - Honorary Professor of the Eurasian National University named after Gumilev (2005) 
- Kazakhstan - Golden Warrior medal (2005)
- Russia - Honorary Citizen of Kaliningrad (2007)
- Beard, Nadia (25 January 2016). "Vladimir Putin's former wife remarries and changes surname". The Independent.
- "Особая папка" Владимира Путина: итоги первого президентского срока и отношения с крупными собственниками', 'Алексей Мухин Центр политической информации, 2004, p.22
- Участники президентской кампании, Алексей Мухин Центр, (политической информации, 2004), p. 12
- Взлет и падение государства российского, Борис Николаевич Красильников, (Макс-Принт, 2003), p.572
- Baczynska, Gabriela (7 June 2013). "For Lyudmila Putin, solace now that first lady 'shift' is done". Moscow. Reuters. Archived from the original on 11 June 2013. Retrieved 8 June 2013.
- Rudneva, Elena et al., Germans attacked Putins. Vedomosti, #137(1418), 28 July 2005. (in Russian)
- "Lyudmila Putina Once Called Her Husband a Vampire". The Moscow Times. 7 June 2013. Archived from the original on 7 June 2013. Retrieved 8 June 2013.
- "5 Things You Didn't Know About Vladimir Putin's Personal Life". ABC News. 2 April 2014. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
- "Who is Vladimir Putin's ex-wife Lyudmila Putina and is he dating anyone now?". The Sun. 16 July 2018. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
- "GermansSee Shady City Link". The St. Petersburg Times. 29 July 2005. Archived from the original on 21 February 2014. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
- "Inopressa: "Телекоминвест" загадывает загадки". Inopressa.ru. Archived from the original on 6 February 2012. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
- Hasani Gittens (26 July 2014). "Meet the Putins: Inside the Russian Leader's Mysterious Family". NBC News. Archived from the original on 24 November 2014. Retrieved 28 November 2014.
- "A look at the Putins over the years", The Moscow Times, 6 June 2013.
- "Moscow". Times Higher Education. 26 April 2002. Archived from the original on 21 May 2011. Retrieved 10 June 2010.
- "Language debate rages in Russia". BBC News. 18 April 2002. Archived from the original on 10 February 2009. Retrieved 10 June 2010.
- Hutchinson, Bill (6 June 2013). "Vladimir Putin and wife Lyudmila divorce after 30 years of marriage". Daily News. Retrieved 8 June 2013.
- Allen, Cooper (2 April 2014). "Putin divorce finalized, Kremlin says". USA Today. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
- "Russia President Vladimir Putin's divorce goes through". BBC News. 2 April 2014. Archived from the original on 2 April 2014. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
- Putin's ex-wife sets Russian rumor mill churning, Deutsche Welle (28 January 2016)
- Richardson, Dan (2001). The Rough Guide to Moscow (third ed.). Rough Guides. p. 138. ISBN 9781858287003. Retrieved 11 October 2018.
- Reiter, Svetlana (19 May 2017). "Exclusive: Putin's ex-wife linked to multi-million-dollar property business". Reuters. Retrieved 20 May 2017.
- "Людмила Путина отмечает юбилей". РИА Новости (in Russian). Retrieved 14 March 2019.
- ГАМОВ, Александр (20 December 2002). "Вчера Людмила Путина получила награду читателей «Комсомольской правды»". KP.MD - сайт «Комсомольской правды» (in Russian). Retrieved 14 March 2019.
- "L.N.Gumilyov Eurasian National University". www.enu.kz. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
- "Людмила Путина стала почетным гражданином Калининграда". РИА Новости (in Russian). Retrieved 14 March 2019.