Lysá nad Labem (Czech pronunciation: [ˈlɪsaː ˈnad labɛm]; German: Lissa an der Elbe) is a town in Nymburk District in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 9,800 inhabitants. It is situated on the Elbe river. The town centre is well preserved and is protected by law as an urban monument zone.
Lysá nad Labem
|• Mayor||Karel Otava (ČSSD)|
|• Total||33.67 km2 (13.00 sq mi)|
|Elevation||183 m (600 ft)|
|• Density||290/km2 (760/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Villages of Byšičky, Dvorce and Litol are administrative parts of Lysá nad Labem.
Lysá nad Labem was firstly mentioned in the Cosmas chronicle, with its existence mentioned in 1034. In the 13th century, a castle was built here and until the reign of the Luxembourgs, the town was property of the Czech queens. Since 1291, there has been evidence of Lysá being a town. In that year, Queen Guta issued a charter to unite the settlements of the Lysá estate into one economic unit.
During the Hussite Wars the town suffered a lot. At the turn of the 15th and 16th century, the Smiřický family of Smiřice rebuilt the dilapidated castle into the late-Gothic castle. In 1548, Emperor Ferdinand I added Lysá to the intimate dominion as a hunting centre. After a large fire, he had the castle rebuilt into the Renaissance style.
The sustainable development of the town was stopped by the Thirty Years' War. In 1647, Lysá was acquired by the empire general Johann von Sporck and then the town began to flourish. After the general's death, his son Franz Anton von Sporck began to reign. He made the most important changes in 1696 when the Augustinian monastery was restored and the new parish church and the Chapel of Three Kings were built. Nowadays, the castle serves as a retirement house.
In 1950, the municipality of Litol was merged with the town.
Lysá nad Labem is an important hub in the railroad network. It is located at the intersection of the routes to and from Kolín – Prague/Ústí nad Labem. In addition, a local single-track railway to Milovice also branches out from the station.
Lysá nad Labem is known for the horse racing course and its exhibition grounds where many thematic exhibitions are held during the whole year.
The notable buildings of the town are the Augustinian monastery, neighbouring with the Baroque castle with a valuable castle park, and the Baroque Church of Saint John the Baptist. Baroque monuments are here thanks to the reign of count Franz Anton von Sporck, who invited many Baroque artists to the town. The most famous of them was sculptor Matthias Braun. Braun with his pupils sculpted many statues for the town, many of which decorate the castle park.
Bedřich Hrozný Museum is an exposition in a newly reconstructed Baroque building, which is a cultural monument. The exhibition focuses on regional history, and on the area of the ancient Near East and scientific activity of Bedřich Hrozný, who was a leading Orientalist and decipherer of the Hittite language.
Twin towns – sister citiesEdit
- "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2021". Czech Statistical Office. 2021-04-30.
- "Pozoruhodné objekty městské památkové zóny" (in Czech). Město Lysá nad Labem. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
- "Zámek Lysá nad Labem". stredoceske-zamky.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 2021-07-07.
- "Výstaviště Lysá nad Labem". Výstaviště Lysá nad Labem. Retrieved 2019-05-07.
- "Zámecký park" (in Czech). Information centre Lysá nad Labem. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
- "Muzeum Bedřicha Hrozného Lysá nad Labem" (in Czech). Polabské muzeum. Retrieved 2021-07-07.
- "Strategický plán rozvoje města Lysá nad Labem - Profil města" (PDF) (in Czech). Město Lysá nad Labem. p. 67. Retrieved 2020-08-12.
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