Lyromma is a genus of foliicolous (leaf-dwelling) lichens, and the sole member of Lyrommataceae, a family in the order Chaetothyriales.[2] The genus was circumscribed in 1965 by Brazilian mycologists Augusto Chaves Batista and Heraldo da Silva Maia, with Lyromma nectandrae assigned as the type species.[3] The family was proposed by Robert Lücking in 2008. Characteristics of the genus include the spherical to short barrel-shaped perithecia and elongated barrel-shaped pycnidia, and smooth thalli (lacking a cortex) of rounded patches formed by its symbiotic relationship with green algae from the genus Phycopeltis.[4]

Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Class: Eurotiomycetes
Order: Chaetothyriales
Family: Lyrommataceae
Lücking (2008)
Genus: Lyromma
Bat. & H.Maia (1965)
Type species
Lyromma nectandrae
Bat. & H.Maia (1965)



  1. ^ "Synonymy. Current Name: Lyromma Bat. & H. Maia, Atas Inst. Micol. Univ. Pernambuco 2: 359 (1965)". Species Fungorum. Retrieved 8 August 2022.
  2. ^ Wijayawardene, N.N.; Hyde, K.D.; Dai, D.Q.; Sánchez-García, M.; Goto, B.T.; Saxena, R.K.; et al. (2022). "Outline of Fungi and fungus-like taxa – 2021". Mycosphere. 13 (1): 53–453. doi:10.5943/mycosphere/13/1/2. S2CID 249054641.
  3. ^ Batista, A.C.; Silva Maia, H. da. (1965). "Alguns novos gêneros de liquens imperfeitos assinalados no IMUR". Atas do Instituto de Micologia da Universidade do Recife (in Spanish). 2: 351–373.
  4. ^ Lücking, Robert (2008). Foliicolous Lichenized Fungi. Flora Neotropica. Vol. 103. New York Botanical Garden Press. p. 184. ISBN 978-0893274917.
  5. ^ a b Flakus, Adam; Farkas, Edit (2013). "A contribution to the taxonomy of Lyromma (Lyrommataceae, lichenized Ascomycota) with a species key" (PDF). Mycotaxon. 124: 127–141. doi:10.5248/124.127. S2CID 84636572.
  6. ^ Lücking, R.; Kalb, K. (2000). "Foliikole Flechten aus Brasilien (vornehmlich Amazonien), inklusive einer Checkliste und Bemerkungen zu Coenogonium und Dimerella (Gyalectaceae)" [Foliicolous lichens from Brazil (primarily Amazonia), including a checklist and notes on Coenogonium and Dimerella (Gyalectaceae)]. Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie (in German). 122: 1–61 [39].