Joseph Lynn Patrick (February 3, 1912 – January 26, 1980) was a Canadian professional ice hockey player and executive. As a player, Patrick played ten seasons in the National Hockey League for the New York Rangers. He was twice named to the NHL All-Star Team and was a member of the Rangers' 1940 Stanley Cup championship team. Patrick turned to coaching following his playing career, serving first with the Rangers, then the Boston Bruins – where he was also general manager – and finally as the first head coach of the St. Louis Blues.
|Hockey Hall of Fame, 1980|
February 3, 1912|
Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
January 26, 1980 (aged 67)|
St. Louis, Missouri, USA
|Height||6 ft 1 in (185 cm)|
|Weight||205 lb (93 kg; 14 st 9 lb)|
|Played for||New York Rangers|
Patrick was part of one of hockey's most famous families. His brother Muzz and son Glenn were also NHL players, while his father Lester, uncle Frank Patrick and son Craig are all members of the Hockey Hall of Fame. Lynn was himself posthumously inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1980 and was a recipient of the Lester Patrick Trophy in 1989 for his contributions to the sport in the United States.
Patrick was born February 3, 1912, in Victoria, British Columbia. His father Lester and uncle Frank were founders and operators of the Pacific Coast Hockey Association (PCHA). Lynn also played hockey growing up, until Victoria's Patrick Arena burned down in 1929. Lynn played several sports in addition to hockey; he was a member of the Vancouver Blue Ribbons basketball team that won the Canadian national championship in 1933. After his father sent he and his brother Muzz to Montreal to study at McGill University, Patrick resumed his hockey career with the Royal Montreal Hockey Club in 1933. He also played basketball and football at the same time.
Lester Patrick was managing the New York Rangers of the National Hockey League (NHL) in 1934 when his assistants convinced him to sign Lynn to a contract. Lester was hesitant, fearing that such a move would be labeled as nepotism. Nonetheless, the Rangers signed Lynn to a contract on November 4, 1934. He made his NHL debut on November 10, 1934, against the St. Louis Eagles. Lynn struggled in his rookie season of 1934–35, resulting in the criticism Lester feared. Lynn was often maligned by fans and the press, but was a steady presence for the Rangers over the next several seasons as he scored between 25 and 34 points in 48-game seasons between 1935–36 and 1939–40. His brother Muzz joined the team in 1938, and the pair were members of New York's 1940 Stanley Cup championship team.
Playing on a line by Bryan Hextall and Phil Watson, Patrick developed into a leading offensive player for the Rangers. He recorded 44 points in 1940–41, then led the NHL with 32 goals in 1941–42. He was named to the NHL's first All-Star Team, and to the second team in 1942–43. That season, Patrick set a career high with 61 points. Patrick then left the NHL for two years to serve with the United States military in the Second World War. He returned to the league for one final NHL season in 1945–46, but found that he lost his skating speed during his time off and switched from left wing to defence. It was his final season in the NHL. In 455 games over ten seasons, Patrick scored 145 goals and 335 points.
The Rangers named Patrick the head coach of their American Hockey League (AHL) affiliate, the New Haven Ramblers for the 1946–47 season. He was also listed as a utility player for the team, but hoped he would play only if necessary. Nonetheless, he appeared in 16 games for the Ramblers; he recorded two goals and six assists. He remained with New Haven for the following two seasons, and was promoted to head coach of the Rangers midway through the 1948–49 NHL season. He served as Rangers coach until 1950 before moving on to coach the Boston Bruins between 1950 and 1955. He was also named the team's general manager in 1954, a position he held until 1964. Patrick had three short stints as head coach of the St. Louis Blues and two as general manager. He was as the first general manager and head coach of the Blues in 1967–68, but quickly surrendered the coaching role to Scotty Bowman, who led the team to an appearance in the 1968 Stanley Cup Finals. He ultimately became the Blues' senior vice president, a position he held until his retirement in 1977.
Patrick married Dorothea Davis, a model and actress, in 1939. He and Dorothea had one son, Lester Lee Patrick. Lynn Patrick died on January 26, 1980. He left a Blues game that night due to illness but crashed his car near the arena after suffering a heart attack.
Lynn was a member of one of hockey's most famous families. His father Lester and uncle Frank were both inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame. His brother Muzz was an NHL player, as were his sons Craig and Glenn. Lynn was posthumously inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1980, months after his death. Craig became the fourth member of the Patrick family so honoured in 2001. USA Hockey recognized Lynn's contributions to hockey in the United States by naming him a recipient of the Lester Patrick Trophy in 1989.
Regular season and playoffsEdit
|1934–35||New York Rangers||NHL||48||9||13||22||17||4||2||2||4||0|
|1935–36||New York Rangers||NHL||48||11||14||25||29||—||—||—||—||—|
|1936–37||New York Rangers||NHL||45||8||16||24||23||9||3||0||3||2|
|1937–38||New York Rangers||NHL||48||15||19||34||24||3||0||1||1||2|
|1938–39||New York Rangers||NHL||35||8||21||29||25||7||1||1||2||0|
|1939–40||New York Rangers||NHL||48||12||16||28||34||12||2||2||4||4|
|1940–41||New York Rangers||NHL||48||20||24||44||12||3||1||0||1||14|
|1941–42||New York Rangers||NHL||47||32||22||54||18||6||1||0||1||0|
|1942–43||New York Rangers||NHL||50||22||39||61||28||—||—||—||—||—|
|1945–46||New York Rangers||NHL||38||8||6||14||30||—||—||—||—||—|
|1946–47||New Haven Ramblers||AHL||16||2||6||8||16||3||1||0||1||2|
|Season||Team||League||Regular season||Post season|
|1948–49||New York Rangers||NHL||37||12||20||5||29||.392||6th overall||Did not qualify|
|1949–50||New York Rangers||NHL||70||28||31||11||67||.479||4th overall||Lost Stanley Cup Final|
|1950–51||Boston Bruins||NHL||70||22||38||18||62||.443||4th overall||Lost in semi-finals|
|1951–52||Boston Bruins||NHL||70||25||29||16||66||.471||4th overall||Lost in semi-finals|
|1952–53||Boston Bruins||NHL||70||28||29||13||69||.493||3rd overall||Lost Stanley Cup Finals|
|1953–54||Boston Bruins||NHL||70||32||28||10||74||.529||4th overall||Lost in semi-finals|
|1954–55||Boston Bruins||NHL||30||10||14||6||26||.433||(4th overall0||Fired mid-season|
|1967–68||St. Louis Blues||NHL||16||4||10||2||10||.313||(3rd in West)||Resigned|
|1974–75||St. Louis Blues||NHL||2||1||0||1||3||.667||(2nd in Smythe)||Interim coach|
|1975–76||St. Louis Blues||NHL||8||3||5||0||6||.375||(3rd in Smythe)||Interim coach|
Awards and honoursEdit
|First team All-Star||1941–42|||
|Second team All-Star||1942–43|||
|Lester Patrick Trophy
Contributions to the sport in the United States
- Duplacey, James; Zweig, Eric (2010). Official Guide to the Players of the Hockey Hall of Fame. Firefly Books. p. 383. ISBN 1-55407-662-5.
- Podnieks, Andrew (2003). Players: The ultimate A–Z guide of everyone who has ever played in the NHL. Toronto: Doubleday Canada. pp. 661–662. ISBN 0-385-25999-9.
- "Lynn Patrick profile". New York Rangers Hockey Club. Archived from the original on 2013-12-14. Retrieved 2013-12-09.
- "Lynn Patrick biography". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2013-12-09.
- "Lynn Patrick statistics". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2013-12-09.
- "Lynn Patrick will pilot New Haven club". Ottawa Citizen. 1946-10-09. p. 16. Retrieved 2013-12-09.
- "Lynn Patrick named new Ranger mentor". The Evening Independent. St. Petersburg, FL. 1948-12-22. p. 19. Retrieved 2013-12-09.
- Winkler, Hal (1968-05-08). "Let's hear it for St. Louis Blues". Calgary Herald. p. 43. Retrieved 2013-12-09.
- "Lynn Patrick of the Rangers, 67, was all-star and former coach". New York Times. 1980-01-27. Retrieved 2013-12-09.(subscription required)
- "Lynn Patrick is wed". New York Times. 1939-04-09. Retrieved 2013-12-09.(subscription required)
- "Sibling rivalry?". Sports Illustrated. 2003-05-02. Retrieved 2013-12-09.
- Podnieks, Andrew (2003). Players: The ultimate A–Z guide of everyone who has ever played in the NHL. Toronto: Doubleday Canada. pp. 660–662. ISBN 0-385-25999-9.
- "Induction showcase: Craig Patrick". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2013-12-09.