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Aylmer Lynn Lowe, known as A. Lynn Lowe (March 6, 1936 – August 14, 2010),[1][2] was an American farmer and politician from Garland near Texarkana in Miller County in southwestern Arkansas, who was a major figure in the Arkansas Republican Party. He was the Republican gubernatorial nominee in 1978 against the Democrat Bill Clinton, served as state party chairman from 1974 to 1980, and was the GOP candidate in Arkansas's 4th congressional district in 1966, having been defeated by the Democrat David Pryor, then a state representative and a future governor and U.S. Senator, originally from Camden in Ouachita County in south Arkansas.

Lynn Lowe
A. Lynn Lowe of AR.jpg
Lowe in undated photograph
Chair of the Arkansas Republican Party
In office
December 1974 – June 1980
Preceded byJim R. Caldwell
Succeeded byJeraldine D. Pruden (interim)
Harlan "Bo" Holleman
Republican National Committeeman from Arkansas
In office
June 1980 – 1988
Preceded byJohn Paul Hammerschmidt
Succeeded byRobert "Bob" Leslie
Personal details
Born
Aylmer Lynn Lowe

(1936-03-06)March 6, 1936
Texarkana, Miller County
Arkansas, U.S.
DiedAugust 14, 2010(2010-08-14) (aged 74)
Garland, Miller County, U.S.
Resting placeLowe farm in Miller County
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Nedra Jean Bledsoe
ChildrenMichael Lynn Lowe

Evelyn Ruth Lowe

Martha Elizabeth Lowe Robertson
ParentsLuther and Ruth McKinley Lowe
ResidenceGarland, Arkansas
Alma materGarland City (Arkansas) High School

Southern Arkansas University

University of Arkansas at Fayetteville
OccupationFarmer; Businessman
For more than a quarter century, Lowe was a pioneer in the attempt to establish a two-party system in the historically Democratic state of Arkansas. Since his death, the state moved primarily into the Republican column.

Personal lifeEdit

Lowe was born in Texarkana to Jesse Luther Lowe, Sr. (1890–1967), and the former Ruth McKinley (1894–1987), originally from Waldo in Nevada County in southern Arkansas. He graduated from Garland High School and attended Southern Arkansas University in Magnolia for two years before he received in 1959 his Bachelor of Science degree in agricultural engineering from the University of Arkansas at Fayetteville. He farmed his entire life near the Red River and for a time also raised cattle.

Congressional raceEdit

Gubernatorial bidEdit

Lowe found few issues on which to challenge Clinton until the Democrat announced his opposition to a referendum to remove the state sales tax on groceries and prescription drugs. Clinton determined that the state could not afford to lose the $60 million then procured from the sales tax. Lowe noted a $40 million state surplus and urged repeal of the taxes.[3] Clinton defeated Lowe, and the removal of the sales taxes failed.[4]

With his election a foregone conclusion, Clinton called the campaign against Lowe "uneventful except for the press conference on the steps of the Capitol in which his campaign accused me of being a draft dodger."[5] Lowe's charge would be raised again nearly fourteen years later in the 1992 presidential primary campaign. The Arkadelphia Southern Standard newspaper in Arkadelphia claimed that Clinton could hardly lose "unless he stumbles badly or is caught molesting a nun in the process of robbing the church widows’ and orphans’ funds."[6]U.S. News and World Report said that no state in the U.S. South in 1978 was "tougher to crack for the Republicans than Arkansas, and it's going to stay that way."[7] Clinton hence became at thirty-two the youngest person elected governor in the United States since Harold E. Stassen won in Minnesota in 1938 at the age of thirty-one. He was termed "a living monument to the god 'Charisma'"[7]

Lowe received 195,550 votes (36.6 percent) and won six counties: Sebastian (Fort Smith, with 62.5 percent), Crawford (near Fort Smith with 55 percent), Boone (Harrison, with 54.9 percent), Polk (54.4 percent), Van Buren (54.1 percent), and his own Miller (53.6 percent). He won 49.8 percent in Franklin, also near Fort Smith and the home base of then U.S. Senator Dale L. Bumpers. Clinton prevailed with 338,684 votees (63.4 percent) and won the remaining sixty-nine counties. It was the best showing by a GOP nominee for governor since Winthrop Rockefeller's 1970 defeat. While Lowe lost to Clinton, Lowe's former congressional rival, outgoing Governor David Pryor, won all seventy-five counties in the U.S. Senate race over the Little Rock Moderate Republican William Thomas "Tom" Kelly, Jr. (1942-2011).[8]

U.S. Representative John Paul Hammerschmidt, the first Arkansas Republican congressman since Reconstruction, was instrumental in helping his friend Lowe to win in Boone County. Hammerschmidt had also been party chairman for a time before and again after his congressional service.[3] He also preceded Lowe as the party's national committeeman. Lowe was a Hammerschmidt donor from 1982 to 1988. He also contributed $1,000 to the Arkansas party organization after he left as chairman.[9]

Party leaderEdit

Lowe was elected state party chairman in December 1974.[10]

Lowe described Winthrop Rockefeller as "a very unusual guy with the best interest of Arkansas and its people at heart. If he made a mistake, it was not because he wanted to do so."[11] Lowe said that his early years as chairman came at a time when the Arkansas GOP was "about as flat on our back as a party could be. By 1980, we had come from one state legislator to a governor, Frank D. White, and two members of the U.S. House", John Paul Hammerschmidt and Edwin R. Bethune.[11]

On August 10, 1975, Lowe and then State Representative Carolyn Pollan of Fort Smith hosted U.S. President Ford, who attended a reception of some thirty Arkansas Republican leaders held at the Sheraton Inn in Fort Smith. Earlier in the day, Ford had toured Fort Chaffee, accompanied by Senator John L. McClellan and other Democratic members of the Arkansas congressional delegation. Ford's stops included the Vietnam Refugee Resettlement Center there.[12]

Lowe was sergeant at arms at the 1980 Republican National Convention in Detroit. The Arkansas delegation included Ada Mills of Clarksville, who had received national attention for having been the only delegate in the country initially committed to former Governor John B. Connally, Jr., for the presidential nomination that year. As state party chairman, Lowe had been technically neutral at the convention, but Lowe and the entire Arkansas delegation routinely voted to nominate Ronald W. Reagan, who would then tap George Herbert Walker Bush of Texas as his vice-presidential choice.[13]

After his three terms as party chairman, Lowe served from 1980-1988 as the Arkansas Republican national committeeman.[14]

In 2000, Lowe was a donor to Republican presidential candidate George W. Bush, successful in a close electoral vote over Clinton's vice president, Al Gore, Jr.[15]

Lowe was the board chairman of the Southwest Arkansas Electric Cooperative Commission in Texarkana.[16]

Lowe died at the age of seventy-four at his home in Garland, Arkansas. A memorial service was held on August 21, 2010, at the First Lutheran Church of Texarkana, Texas, with the Reverend Berry Kolb officiating. Lowe was interred on his farm.[17]

Lowe's death came one month after the passing of Leon Griffith, the 1976 GOP gubernatorial nominee, who was overwhelmed in that heavily Democratic year by Governor David H. Pryor, who had defeated Lowe for Congress in 1966.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Social Security Death Index". ssdi.rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved January 31, 2011.
  2. ^ "Our Campaigns: Lowe, Lynn". ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved December 27, 2009.
  3. ^ a b Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, October 14, 1978, p. 2804
  4. ^ State of Arkansas, Secretary of State, Election returns, November 7, 1978
  5. ^ Bill Clinton. My Life. Google Books. p. 258. ISBN 978-1-4000-3003-3. Retrieved December 27, 2009.
  6. ^ Quoted from Arkadelphia Southern Standard in Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, October 14, 1978, p. 2804
  7. ^ a b U.S. News and World Report, October 16, 1978, p. 32
  8. ^ Arkansas election returns, 1978
  9. ^ "A. Lynn Lowe from Zip Code 75502". watchdog.net. Retrieved December 27, 2009.
  10. ^ Arkansas Outlook, May 1973
  11. ^ a b Statement of A. Lynn Lowe, Texarkana, Arkansas, December 28, 2009
  12. ^ "The Daily Dairy of President Gerald R. Ford, August 10, 1975" (PDF). fordlibrarymuseum.gov. Retrieved December 27, 2009.
  13. ^ Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, July 12, 1980, p. 1928
  14. ^ Arkansas Gazette, November 14, 1982
  15. ^ "Texarkana, Arkansas Political Contributions by Individuals". city-data.com. Retrieved December 27, 2009.
  16. ^ "Southwest Arkansas Electric Cooperative Commission" (PDF). arklatexhealthcenter.com. Retrieved December 27, 2009.
  17. ^ "In Memory of A. Lynn Lowe". obits.dignitymemorial.com. Retrieved January 31, 2011.

External linksEdit

Party political offices
Preceded by
Leon Louis Griffith
Republican nominee for Governor of Arkansas

Aylmer Lynn Lowe
1978

Succeeded by
Frank D. White
Preceded by
Jim R. Caldwell
Arkansas Republican Party State Chairman

Aylmer Lynn Lowe
1974–1980

Succeeded by
Harlan "Bo" Holleman
Preceded by
John Paul Hammerschmidt
Arkansas Republican Party National Committeeman

Aylmer Lynn Lowe
1980–1988

Succeeded by
Robert "Bob" Leslie