Lyn (locomotive)

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Lyn was a 2-4-2 tank steam locomotive built by the Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1898 for the Lynton and Barnstaple Railway in England. While the original Lyn was scrapped in 1935, a complete recreation of the locomotive exists, having been completed in 2017, and bears the same name as its precursor.

Lynton & Barnstaple Railway Lyn
Official builders photo of Lyn, 1898
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
BuilderBaldwin Locomotive Works, USA
Serial number15965
Model8-14 1/4 C
Build dateMay 1898
 • Whyte2-4-2T
 • UIC1′B1′ n2t
Gauge1 ft 11+12 in (597 mm)
Leading dia.1 ft 10 in (0.559 m)
Driver dia.2 ft 9 in (0.838 m)
Trailing dia.1 ft 10 in (0.559 m)
WheelbaseCoupled: 5 ft 0 in (1.52 m)
Overall: 17 ft 7 in (5.36 m)
Length23 ft 6 in (7.16 m) over headstocks
Width7 ft 2 in (2.18 m)
Height8 ft 11 in (2.72 m)
Frame typeBar frame, outside
Loco weight22 long tons (22 t; 25 short tons)
Fuel typeCoal
 • Grate area7.7 sq ft (0.72 m2)
Boiler pressure180 psi (1.24 MPa)
Heating surface379.2 sq ft (35.23 m2)
CylindersTwo, outside
Cylinder size10 in × 16 in (254 mm × 406 mm)
Valve gearStephenson
NumbersL&B: Lyn
SR: E762
NicknamesThe Yankee
LocaleDevon, South West England
Last runSeptember 1935
ScrappedDecember 1935
DispositionScrapped; New-build completed 2017

History edit

Between July 1897 and January 1898, employees of many British engineering companies were striking in an attempt to win the right to an eight-hour working day,[1] leaving locomotive builders with large backlogs of unfulfilled orders. The Lynton and Barnstaple consulted the US-based Baldwin to produce the engine they needed. A typical American engine with bar frames, multiple domes and impressive headlamps, the loco was erected in Philadelphia, then disassembled and shipped to Barnstaple. It was reassembled by L&B staff in their Pilton workshops.

Lyn, like all the locomotives on the L&B, was named after a local river with a three-letter name, the River Lyn.

In 1907 Lyn's boiler was condemned when the inspector's hammer accidentally penetrated one of the plates, and a replacement boiler was built at Avonside. After the Lynton and Barnstaple became part of the Southern Railway in 1923, Lyn was taken to Eastleigh Works for a major overhaul in 1928, returning the following year in Southern Green Livery and carrying the number E762 on the side tanks, as well as the original nameplates on the cab sides.

Lyn was scrapped in 1935, after the line closed.

Modern Replacement edit

Replica locomotive Lyn on the Lynton & Barnstaple Railway at Woody Bay station

In January 2009, The Lynton & Barnstaple Railway Trust announced a project to build an advanced modern replacement 'Lyn' for use on the restored railway by 2012.[2][3] By 2013, Lyn's wooden cab had been built, along with the boiler and most fittings, wheels, cylinders and many other components. CAD and modern engineering techniques were employed to ensure that, while the finished locomotive remains true to the original in appearance, it will perform much more efficiently and be easier to maintain and operate. Final assembly was carried out by Alan Keef Ltd. who has had experience with other Baldwin locos, such as the restoration of Baldwin 794 for the Welsh Highland Heritage Railway. First steamed on 8 July 2017,[4] Lyn is finished in the colours and configuration of the original Lyn after returning from overhaul in 1929. The locomotive had its public debut at the L&B's September 2017 gala and is now resident at Woody Bay railway station.[5]

See also edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ Spartacus Educational article on the Amalgamated Society of Engineers (Retrieved 28 August 2012) Archived 19 October 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Heritage Railway Magazine retrieved 27 January 2009
  3. ^ The Lynton & Barnstaple Railway Magazine Issue 87 Winter 2008/9 published by The Lynton & Barnstaple Railway Trust.
  4. ^ "The 762 Club - Press Releases". Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  5. ^ Railway Magazine March 2017

External links edit