Luther Adler

Luther Adler (born Lutha Adler;[1] May 4, 1903 – December 8, 1984) was an American actor best known for his work in theatre, but who also worked in film and television. He also directed plays on Broadway.

Luther Adler
Luther Adler in DOA.jpg
Adler in the 1950 film D.O.A.
Lutha Adler

(1903-05-04)May 4, 1903
New York City, U.S.
DiedDecember 8, 1984(1984-12-08) (aged 81)
Years active1908–1982
(m. 1938; div. 1946)
Julie Roche
(m. 1959; died 1984)

Early life and careerEdit

Adler was born on May 4, 1903, in New York City. He was one of the six children of Russian-Jewish actors Sara and Jacob P. Adler. His father was considered to be one of the founders of the Yiddish theatre in America.[2] His siblings also worked in theatre; his sister Stella Adler achieved fame as an actress and drama teacher. His brother Jay also achieved some renown as an actor.

Adler's father gave him his first acting job in the Yiddish play, Schmendrick, at the Thalia Theatre in Manhattan in 1908; Adler was then 5 years old.[2] His first Broadway plays were The Hand of the Potter in 1921; Humoresque in 1923; Monkey Talks in 1925; Money Business and We Americans in 1926; John in 1927; Red Rust (or Rust) and Street Scene in 1929.[3][4]

The Group TheatreEdit

Luther Adler (back row, second from left) with members of the Group Theatre in 1938
Luther Adler and his sister Stella in a 1936 publicity photo for their appearance in the Group Theater production of Awake and Sing!

In 1931 Adler became one of the original members of the Group Theatre (New York), a New York City theatre collective formed by Cheryl Crawford, Harold Clurman and Lee Strasberg. The founders, as well as the actors in the group, "tended to hold left-wing political views and wanted to produce plays that dealt with important social issues."[5] The collective lasted for ten years, had twenty productions, and served as an inspiration for many actors, directors and playwrights who came after it.[6] During those years, the Group's members included Luther, Luther's sister and brother, Stella Adler and Jay Adler, Elia Kazan, John Garfield, Paul Green (playwright), Howard Da Silva, Harry Morgan (billed as Harry Bratsburg), Franchot Tone, John Randolph, Joseph Bromberg, Michael Gordon, Will Geer, Clifford Odets and Lee J. Cobb.[5] Elia Kazan considered Adler to be the best actor working in the company.[7]

In 1932, Adler starred in John Howard Lawson's, Success Story and garnered rave reviews for his performance.[8] In 1933 Adler briefly joined the Katherine Cornell Company, playing opposite Cornell in Alien Corn,[9] but in 1934 he returned to the Group and played alongside his sister Stella in Gold Eagle Guy. Gold Eagle Guy was not popular with audiences and had a short run. Adler had suspected the play would not succeed, remarking, shortly before it opened, "Boys, I think we're working on a stiff."[10] Adler went on to appear in Group Theatre (New York) productions: Awake and Sing! and Paradise Lost (both 1935),[3] and he performed with Frances Farmer in Golden Boy (1937).[11] He also appeared in Kurt Weill's anti-war musical Johnny Johnson (1936)[12] and originated the role of Captain Joshua in the 1939 Group Theater production of Thunder Rock. "By the late 1930s... the cohesiveness of the group began to crumble. The chronic financial problems and long-simmering disputes about 'the method' began to chip away at their solidarity... and in 1941 the group dissolved."[6]

By the early 1940s, Adler began to direct, but his first production They Should Have Stood in Bed closed after only 11 performances in 1942. His next directorial venture, A Flag Is Born, ran for 120 performances in 1946 and featured newcomer Marlon Brando in one of the major roles. In 1965, when Zero Mostel left the Broadway cast of Fiddler on the Roof during a contract dispute, Adler took over the role of Tevye.

Film and television careerEdit

In 1937 Adler began to appear in films, although they were never his highest priority. His credits included Cornered (1945), Wake of the Red Witch (1948), House of Strangers (1949), D.O.A. (1949), The Desert Fox: The Story of Rommel (1951) (appearing as Hitler), and M (1951).[citation needed] During the 1950s, Luther Adler was among the directors and actors who were blacklisted.[13] He later appeared in Voyage of the Damned (1976) and Absence of Malice (1981).

He also acted frequently on television in such programs as the anthology series, Crossroads, General Electric Theater, Kraft Television Theater and Robert Montgomery Presents. He guest-starred in 1960 in the science fiction fantasy series, The Twilight Zone as the poor pawnbroker Arthur Castle, with Vivi Janiss as his wife Edna, in the episode entitled "The Man in the Bottle" (again appearing as Hitler). In the story line, a genie offers the couple four wishes which do not lead to happiness. He was also cast in episodes of The Untouchables, Ben Casey, 77 Sunset Strip, Mission: Impossible, Hawaii Five-O, most notably in the series' only three-part episode "'V' for Vashon", The Streets of San Francisco, Naked City and Route 66.

Personal life and legacyEdit

Adler was married to actress Sylvia Sidney from 1938 until 1946 and was the father of Sidney's only child, her son Jacob, who predeceased her.

A lifelong Democrat, he and his siblings supported the campaign of Adlai Stevenson during the 1952 presidential election.[14]

He died at his Kutztown, Pennsylvania home,[1] and was buried in Mount Carmel Cemetery, Glendale, New York, next to several of his relatives, including his parents and older sister Stella.[15]

Adler is a character in Names, Mark Kemble's play about former Group Theatre members' struggles with the House Un-American Activities Committee.[16]

Complete filmographyEdit

Complete television creditsEdit

  • Somerset Maugham TV Theatre, "Honolulu" (1951)
  • Faith Baldwin Romance Theatre, "Portrait of Niki" (1951)
  • The United States Steel Hour, "Hedda Gabler" ... Judge Brock (1954), "The Gamblers" ... Sidney West (1956)
  • Studio One, "A Criminal Design" (1954), "Cauliflower Heart" ... Joe Rundle (1956)
  • The Mask, "The Visitor" (1954)
  • The Motorola Television Hour, "Nightmare in Algiers" ... General Fox (1954)
  • Center Stage, "The Day Before Atlanta" ... Jubal Banks (1954)
  • General Electric Theater, "Nora #1" ... Torvald Helmer (1954), "Man with a Vengeance" ... Warner Johnson (1955)
  • Pond's Theater, "Billy Budd" (1955)
  • Robert Montgomery Presents, "The Killer" (1955)
  • Crossroads, "The Unholy Trio" ... Rabbi Rosenblum (1955)
  • Playhouse 90, "The Last Clear Chance" ... Garvin (1958), "The Plot to Kill Stalin" ... Molotov (1958), "The Rank and File" ... Irving Werner (1959)
  • Lamp Unto My Feet, "Antigone" (1958)
  • The Play of the Week, "A Month in the Country" ... Ignaty Illyich Shpichelsky (1959)
  • Westinghouse Desilu Playhouse, "Meeting at Appalachia" ... Sal Raimondi (1960)
  • The Twilight Zone, "The Man in the Bottle" ... Arthur Castle (1960)
  • The Untouchables, "Nicky" ... Gus Marco (1960), "Murder Under Glass" ... Emile Bouchard (1961), "Takeover" ... Charlie Zenko (1962)
  • Naked City, "The Man Who Bit a Diamond in Half" ... Sean Wicklow (1960), "A Memory of Crying" ... Willard Manson (1961), "The Fingers of Henri Tourelle" ... Henri Tourelle (1961), "Make It Fifty Dollars and Add Love to Nona" ... Mr. Kovar (1962)
  • The Islanders, "Escape from Kaledau" ... Frank Fellino (1961)
  • The DuPont Show of the Month, "The Lincoln Murder Case" ... Edwin M. Stanton (1961)
  • Straightaway, "The Leather Dollar" (1961) ... Manager
  • Ben Casey, "The Insolent Heart" ... Dr. Michael Waldman (1961), "The White Ones Are Dolphins" ... Dr. Bowersox (1963)
  • Target: The Corruptors, "Silent Partner" ... Victor Cobalt (1961), "The Wrecker" ... Jonathan (1962)
  • Route 66, "Man Out of Time" ... Harry Wender (1962)
  • 77 Sunset Strip, "5: Part 3" ... Thomas Allen (1963)
  • Festival of Arts, "Sibelius: A Symphony of Finland" ... Voice of Sibelius (1965)
  • Mission: Impossible, "Phantoms" ... Leo Vorka (1970)
  • The Name of the Game, "Tarot" ... Marc Osborne (1970)
  • The Psychiatrist, "God Bless the Children" (1970), "Such Civil War in My Love and Hate", "The Longer Trail", "Ex-Sgt. Randell File, U.S.A." and "Par for the Course" (1971) ... Dr. Bernard Altman (all episodes)
  • Hawaii Five-O, " 'V' for Vashon: The Son", " 'V' for Vashon: The Father" and " 'V' for Vashon: The Patriarch" ... Dominick Vashon (1972), "How to Steal a Masterpiece" ... Charles Ogden (1974), "The Case Against McGarrett" ... Dominick Vashon (1975) (archive footage)
  • Search, "Numbered for Death" ... Vollmar (1973)
  • Hec Ramsey, "The Detroit Connection" ... Victor Bordon (1973)
  • The Streets of San Francisco, "Mister Nobody" ... Victor (1974)
  • The Making of 'Absence of Malice' (1982 documentary) ... Himself


  1. ^ a b Folkart, Burt A. (December 12, 1984). "Luther Adler, Character Actor, Dies at Age of 81". California, Los Angeles. California, Los Angeles. p. Part II, p 10. Retrieved August 28, 2019 – via
  2. ^ a b Saxon & December 9, 1984.
  3. ^ a b Hischak & January 2003, p. 4.
  4. ^ Luther Adler Director, Performer.
  5. ^ a b Simkin & September 1997.
  6. ^ a b About the Group Theatre – American Masters & December 29, 1997.
  7. ^ Kazan 2010, p. 13.
  8. ^ Clurman 1967, p. 101.
  9. ^ Clurman 1967, p. 110.
  10. ^ Clurman 1967, p. 142.
  11. ^ Inside the Playbill: Golden Boy – Feb 1938 at Belasco Theatre.
  12. ^ Hischak & June 2, 2008, p. 379.
  13. ^ "Cornered". Time Out Worldwide. Retrieved July 2, 2021.
  14. ^ Motion Picture and Television Magazine, November 1952, page 33, Ideal Publishers
  15. ^ Wilson, Scott (August 19, 2016). Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed. McFarland. p. 10. ISBN 978-1-4766-2599-7. Retrieved January 17, 2021.
  16. ^ Hirschhorn, Joel (December 4, 2001). "Names". Variety. Retrieved January 27, 2023.


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