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Luquillo (Spanish pronunciation: [luˈkiʎo]) is a municipality of Puerto Rico (U.S.) located in the northeast coast, northwest of Fajardo; and east of Rio Grande. Luquillo is spread over 5 wards and Luquillo Pueblo (the downtown area and the administrative center of the city). It is part of the Fajardo Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Luquillo

Municipio de Luquillo
Town and Municipality
Fishing in Luquillo, Puerto Rico
Fishing in Luquillo, Puerto Rico
Flag of Luquillo
Flag
Coat of arms of Luquillo
Coat of arms
Nicknames: 
"Capital del Sol", "La Riviera de Puerto Rico", "Los Come Cocos"
Anthem: "Junto a las costas del mar Atlántico"
Location of Luquillo in Puerto Rico
Location of Luquillo in Puerto Rico
Coordinates: 18°22′21″N 65°43′00″W / 18.37250°N 65.71667°W / 18.37250; -65.71667Coordinates: 18°22′21″N 65°43′00″W / 18.37250°N 65.71667°W / 18.37250; -65.71667
Country United States
Territory Puerto Rico
Founded1797
Government
 • MayorJesús Márquez Rodríguez (PPD)
 • Senatorial dist.8 - Carolina
 • Representative dist.36
Area
 • Total88.73 km2 (34.26 sq mi)
 • Land68 km2 (26 sq mi)
 • Water20.73 km2 (8.00 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total20,068
 • Density230/km2 (590/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Luquillenses or Luquillanos
Time zoneUTC−4 (AST)
Zip code
00773
Major routesPR primary 3.svg Ellipse sign 193.svg

The city of Luquillo is 26 square miles and it sits on 12 miles of Atlantic coastline. It is nestled between the blue waters of the Atlantic and the El Yunque National Forest, a rainforest, giving it a diverse and unique ecology. Luquillo marks the beginning of the Northeast Ecological Corridor Nature Reserve which runs down the coast from Luquillo's town square all the way down to the Seven Seas Beach in Fajardo. During certain times of the year, it is not unusual to encounter rare or endangered species of fauna (like the Leatherback Turtle) while visiting in Luquillo.[1]

Contents

HistoryEdit

Luquillo was founded in 1797 and is known as "La Capital del Sol" (sun capital), "La Riviera de Puerto Rico" (Puerto Rico's riviera), and "Los Come Cocos" (The coconut eaters). The town was named after the Indian cacique Loquillo, who died a few years after the last Indian rebellion in 1513.

GeographyEdit

Luquillo [2] is located on the northeast coast.

Hurricane MariaEdit

Hurricane Maria on September 20, 2017 triggered numerous landslides in Luquillo with the significant amount of rainfall.[3][4]

BarriosEdit

Like all municipalities of Puerto Rico, Luquillo is subdivided into barrios. The municipal buildings, central square and large Catholic church are located in a barrio referred to as "el pueblo".[5][6][7][8]

  1. Juan Martín
  2. Luquillo barrio-pueblo[9]
  3. Mameyes I has a Playa Fortuna Community
  4. Mata de Plátano has a Playa Fortuna Community
  5. Pitahaya
  6. Sabana

TourismEdit

 
A view of Luquillo Beach

If you stay on the coastal highway going east from San Juan, you'll soon reach Luquillo Beach. This huge plantation of majestic coconut palms shades more than a mile of fine and shimmering sand. It is one of the most popular and nicest public beaches in the San Juan area. It offers cafeterias, public bathrooms with showers, access for disabled people, and an ample parking lot. Monserrate Beach is one of the public beaches most frequented by the locals. In 2006 El Balneario de Luquillo (The Luquillo Beach) was pronounced the most popular one in Puerto Rico.[citation needed]La Pared Beach is also very popular for its surf worthy waves.

La Selva, is a small cove on the east coast. It is arguably one of the best surf spots on the east coast. The only way to get to it is about a 2-mile walk through a cow farm, but it's worth the trip if you can talk someone into telling you how to get there.

Landmarks and places of interestEdit

  • Chief Loquillo Monument
  • La Fortuna Hacienda
  • La Bandera Beach
  • La Monserrate Beach, also known as Luquillo Beach
  • La Pared Beach
  • Las Pailas Beach
  • Mameyes Beach
  • Ocean View Boulevard
  • Fortuna Beach
  • The Recreational Park
  • The Kiosks
  • The Brass Cactus Restaurant
  • Lolita's Restaurant
  • La Selva Reef Break

EconomyEdit

Special Communities ProgramEdit

Spearheaded by then governor Sila María Calderón, Law 1-2001 was passed in 2001,[10] to identify Puerto Rico's marginalized communities.[11] In 2017, then governor Ricardo Rosselló created a new government agency to work with the Special Communities of Puerto Rico Program.[12][13] Of the 742 places on the list of Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico, the following barrios, communities, sectors, or neighborhoods were in Luquillo: Barrio Pitahaya, Sector Santo Domingo, Mata de Plátano, Río Chiquito, and Sector Fortuna Playa.[14]

CultureEdit

Festivals and eventsEdit

  • The Three Kings' Day Celebration at the Luquillo Square - January
  • Leatherback Turtle Festival - April
  • Patron Saint Festivities - May
  • Coconut Festival - September
  • Typical Dish Festival - December

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
19206,251
19307,79924.8%
19408,85113.5%
19509,96712.6%
19608,582−13.9%
197010,39021.1%
198014,89543.4%
199018,10021.5%
200019,8179.5%
201020,0681.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[15]
1920-1930[16]
1930-1950[17] 1960-2000[18] 2010[7]
Ethnicity - Luquillo, Puerto Rico - 2005 [19]
Race Population % of Total
White 10,112 57.4%
Black/African American 4,345 23.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native 120 0.6%
Asian 62 0.3%
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 3 0.0%
Some other race 2,933 14.8%
Two or more races 610 3.1%

GovernmentEdit

Like all municipalities in Puerto Rico, Luquillo is administered by a mayor. The current mayor is Jesús Márquez Rodríguez, who was elected at the 2012 general election.

The city belongs to the Puerto Rico Senatorial district VIII, which is represented by two Senators. In 2012, Pedro A. Rodríguez and Luis Daniel Rivera were elected as District Senators.[20]

TransportationEdit

There are 20 bridges in Luquillo.[21]

PR-3 is the main road through Luquillo. Other municipality roads include PR-983, PR-988, PR-991 and PR-940.[21]

SymbolsEdit

FlagEdit

It consists of three horizontal stripes, the blue top and green bottom are double of width of the yellow central stripe. Blue makes reference to the sky and the sea; yellow represents the sand of its beaches and green represents the vegetation of the mountains. In the center stripe resides the Coat Of Arms of the town superimposed and surrounded by two palm tree leaves crossed at the bottom.

Coat of armsEdit

In a gold background a centered mountain range with three green mountains is accompanied at the bottom by a bay with blue and silver waves; the top portion of the shield in blue, has three iris branches. Above the shield resides a three tower gold crown. Surrounding the shield by its flanks are two palms trees leaves crossed at the bottom.

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Luquillo PR 2015: Everything You Need To Know About Luquillo". Archived from the original on 2018-10-19. Retrieved 2018-12-28. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  2. ^ "Luquillo Municipality - Municipalities - EnciclopediaPR". Fundación Puertorriqueña de las Humanidades (FPH).
  3. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico". USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS.
  4. ^ "Preliminary Locations of Landslide Impacts from Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico" (PDF). USGS Landslide Hazards Program. USGS.
  5. ^ Picó, Rafael; Buitrago de Santiago, Zayda; Berrios, Hector H. Nueva geografía de Puerto Rico: física, económica, y social, por Rafael Picó. Con la colaboración de Zayda Buitrago de Santiago y Héctor H. Berrios. San Juan Editorial Universitaria, Universidad de Puerto Rico,1969.
  6. ^ Gwillim Law (20 May 2015). Administrative Subdivisions of Countries: A Comprehensive World Reference, 1900 through 1998. McFarland. p. 300. ISBN 978-1-4766-0447-3. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  7. ^ a b Puerto Rico:2010:population and housing unit counts.pdf (PDF). U.S. Dept. of Commerce Economics and Statistics Administration U.S. Census Bureau. 2010.
  8. ^ "Map of Luquillo at the Wayback Machine" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-12-29.
  9. ^ "US Census Barrio-Pueblo definition". factfinder.com. US Census. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  10. ^ "Leyes del 2001". Lex Juris Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  11. ^ "Comunidades Especiales de Puerto Rico" (in Spanish). 8 August 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  12. ^ "Evoluciona el proyecto de Comunidades Especiales". El Nuevo Dia (in Spanish). 24 February 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  13. ^ "Ya es ley Oficina para el Desarrollo Socioeconómico y Comunitario". El Vocero de Puerto Rico (in Spanish). Retrieved 24 June 2019.
  14. ^ Rivera Quintero, Marcia (2014), El vuelo de la esperanza:Proyecto de las Comunidades Especiales Puerto Rico, 1997-2004 (Primera edición ed.), San Juan, Puerto Rico Fundación Sila M. Calderón, p. 273, ISBN 978-0-9820806-1-0
  15. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved September 21, 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  16. ^ "Table 3-Population of Municipalities: 1930 1920 and 1910" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  17. ^ "Table 4-Area and Population of Municipalities Urban and Rural: 1930 to 1950" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  18. ^ "Table 2 Population and Housing Units: 1960 to 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2017.
  19. ^ "Ethnicity 2005" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2008-02-16. Retrieved 2008-01-16. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  20. ^ Elecciones Generales 2012: Escrutinio General Archived 2013-01-15 at the Wayback Machine on CEEPUR
  21. ^ a b "Luquillo Bridges". National Bridge Inventory Data. US Dept. of Transportation. Retrieved 20 February 2019.

External linksEdit