Luna Park

Luna Park is a name shared by dozens of currently operating and defunct amusement parks. They are named after, and partly based on, the first Luna Park, which opened in 1903 during the heyday of large Coney Island parks. Luna parks are considered as small-scale attraction parks, easily accessed, potentially addressed to the permanent or temporary residential market, and located in the suburbs or even near the town center. Luna parks mainly offer classic funfair attractions (great wheel), newer features (electronic displays) and catering services.[1]

Luna Park, Coney Island was the first of dozens of Luna Parks. Its success inspired the creation of dozens of Luna Parks, Electric Parks, and similar amusement parks.
The "Electric Tower", the centerpiece of the original Luna Park on Coney Island, ca. 1905. Many subsequent amusement parks that took the name "Luna Park" had their own central towers.

HistoryEdit

The original Luna Park on Coney Island, a massive spectacle of rides, ornate towers and cupolas covered in 250,000 electric lights, was opened in 1903 by the showmen and entrepreneurs Frederic Thompson and Elmer "Skip" Dundy. The park was either named after the fanciful airship Luna, part of the new park's central attraction A Trip to the Moon, or after Dundy's sister.[2][3] Luna Park was a vastly expanded attraction built partly on the grounds of Sea Lion Park, the first enclosed amusement park on Coney Island which closed down due to competition from nearby Steeplechase Park.

In 1905, Frederick Ingersoll, who was already making a reputation for his pioneering work in roller coaster construction and design (he also designed scenic railroad rides) borrowed the name when he opened Luna Park in Pittsburgh and Luna Park in Cleveland. These first two amusement parks, like their namesake, were covered with electric lighting (the former was adorned with 67,000 light bulbs;[4] the latter, 50,000[5]). Later, in 1907, Charles Looff opened another Luna Park in Seattle, Washington. Ultimately, Ingersoll opened 44 Luna Parks around the world, the first chain of amusement parks. For a short time, Ingersoll renamed his parks Ingersoll's Luna Park to distinguish them from the Luna Parks to which he had no connection.[6] Ingersoll's death in 1927 and the closing of most of his Luna Parks did not stop new parks from taking the name.

Today, the term luna park or lunapark means "amusement park" in several European languages. These include Indo-European languages such as Polish, French, Italian, Russian and Greek (λούνα παρκ, loúna park).[7] In Turkish, a Turkic language, lunapark means "funfair", a similar term.[8]

List of Luna ParksEdit

In AfricaEdit

Name Location In operation Notes
Luna Park, Cairo[9] Heliopolis, Egypt 1911 to 1915 Was the first in Africa and the Middle East.[10] On January 19, 1915, buildings and grounds were converted into Australian Auxiliary Hospital at Luna Park for World War I.;[11] the hospital was closed July 10, 1916[12]
Luna Park, Obala[13] Obala, Cameroon 1970 to 2000

In AsiaEdit

 
Luna Park, Beirut
 
Luna Park, Tel Aviv currently operates in Israel.
 
Night photograph of original Tsutentaku Tower overlooking Luna Park, Osaka in 1912.
Name Location In operation Notes
Luna Park, Abha Saudi Arabia ? to present Part of the Abha Palace complex[14]
Alanya Lunapark[15] Near Alanya, Turkey ? to present
Luna Park, Baku[16] Baku, Azerbaijan 2000 to 2005
Luna Park, Beirut Beirut, Lebanon ? to present
Luna Park, Bombay[6] Mumbai, India Designed and built by Ingersoll
Bostanci Lunapark Bostancı, Turkey ? to present
Eski Lunapark Near Balıkesir, Turkey ? to present
Girne Lunapark Near İzmir, Turkey ? to present
Mersin Lunapark Mersin, Turkey ? to present
Lunapark, Nazilli Nazilli, Turkey ? to present
Sincan Lunapark Sincan, Turkey ? to present
Luna Grand Park[17] Haifa, Israel 2001 to 2013 Closed after five months due to poor attendance following a religious boycott[18] and reopened after negotiations with the local religious community.[19] Closed for good on October 31, 2013 to make room for a new cinema.[20]
Luna Park, Tel Aviv[21][22] Tel Aviv, Israel 1970 to present
Luna Park, Hong Kong[23] Hong Kong, China 1949 to 1954 Amusement park, cinema and nightclub complex
Luna Park, Osaka[24] Osaka, Japan 1919 to 1923 Also known as Shinsekai Luna Park[25]
Luna Park, Tokyo Tokyo, Japan 1910 to 1911 Burned down in 1911[26][27]
Luna Park, Tehran Tehran, Iran 1970s to 1980 Reopened in 1988 as Shahr-e Bazi; closed 2007 to make room for new highway[28]
Luna Park, Yerevan Yerevan, Armenia 2000 to present

In EuropeEdit

 
Aerial view of Luna Park, Berlin in 1935.
 
Postcard showing mountain railroad at Luna Park, Leipzig.
 
Aerial view of Lunapark Sowinski near Władysławowo, Poland, in 2009
Name Location In operation Notes
Luna Park, Aidonakia Athens, Greece 2001 to present Constructed by Ingersoll. Also known as "Ta Aidonaka"[5]
Fantasia Luna Park Near Faliraki, Greece 2003 to present
International Luna Park Near Athens, Greece ? to present
Luna Park, Brent Cross London, UK 2020
Luna Park, Berlin Berlin, Germany 1909 to 1933 In its time, it was the largest amusement park in Europe[29]
Luna Park, Cologne[30] Cologne, Germany 1909 to 1927
Luna Park, Hamburg-Altona Near Hamburg, Germany 1913, and again 1917 to 1923
Luna Park, Leipzig Leipzig, Germany 1911 to 1932
Luna Park, Saint-Brieuc, France Saint-Brieuc, France 1982 to present Located in the Brézillet area of Saint-Brieuc, Côtes-d'Armor, France[31]
Luna Park, Cap d'Agde[32] Cap d'Agde, France ? to present
Luna Park, Fréjus[33] Fréjus, France ? to present
Luna Park, La Palmyre La Palmyre, France ? to present
Luna Park, Paris[34] Paris, France 1909 to 1931
Luna Park, Nice Nice, France ? to present
Luna Park Funfair Scarborough, England, United Kingdom ? to present
Luna Park, Geneva[35][36] Le Parc des Eaux Vives alongside Lake Geneva, Switzerland 1912 to 1918
Luna Park, Larnaca Larnaca, Cyprus ? to present Now known as Lucky Star Park[37]
Luna Park, L'Escala L'Escala, Catalonia, Spain ? to present
Lunapark, Łódź[38] Łódź, Poland Closed January 2016
Lunapark Sowinski Near Władysławowo, Poland 2006 to present
Luna Park, Odessa[39] Odessa, Ukraine ? to present
Luna Park, Rome[6] Rome, Italy ? to 1930s Designed and built by Ingersoll
LunEur[40][41] Rome, Italy 1953 to 2008
2016 to present
Luna Park, Milan Near Milan, Italy 1965 to present Name was changed April 11, 2004 to Luna Europark Idroscalo Milano[42]
Luna Park, Moscow[43] Moscow, Russia 1993 to present Officially called "Luna Park Carousel".
Luna Park, St. Petersburg Saint Petersburg, Russia May 1912 to 1924
Luna Park, Skopje Skopje, North Macedonia ? to present

In North AmericaEdit

 
Comedian Fatty Arbuckle riding The Whip in Luna Park, Coney Island, as shown in the 1917 motion picture Coney Island
 
Postcard photo of Luna Park, Seattle entrance bridge
Name Location In operation Notes
Luna Park, Alexandria County Alexandria County (now Arlington County), Virginia, USA 1906 to 1915 Designed and built by Ingersoll. Some sources refer to it as Washington Luna Park or Luna Park, Washington, D.C.[44]
Luna Park, Buffalo Buffalo, USA 1904 to 1920 Designed and built by Ingersoll. Damaged by fire July 14, 1909[45] Originally Carnival Court, became Athletic Park before closing[46]
Luna Park, Charleston[47][48][49] Charleston, USA 1912 to 1923
Luna Park, Chicago Chicago, USA 1907 to 1911 Owned by James "Big Jim" O'Leary, boxing promoter who was son of Mrs. O'Leary of Great Chicago Fire fame[50][51][52][53]
Luna Park, Cleveland Cleveland, USA 1905 to 1929 Designed by Ingersoll. Former site of Luna Bowl stadium for American football and Negro league baseball games[6]
Luna Park, Coney Island New York City, USA 1903 to 1944 First Luna Park and forerunner of amusement park chain[6]
Luna Park, Coney Island (opened 2010) New York City, USA 2010 to present Constructed on the site of the former Astroland (across the street from the original Luna Park).
Luna Park, Denver Denver, USA 1908 to 1914 Constructed on the site of the first US amusement park west of the Mississippi River, known as Manhattan Beach (1881–1908)[54]
Luna Park, Detroit Detroit, USA 1906 to 1927 Was actually named Electric Park but also called Luna Park, Riverview Park, and Granada Park (Ingersoll Amusement Center was a separate park[6])
Luna Park, Honolulu[6] Honolulu, USA Closed down unknown time. Designed and built by Ingersoll.
Luna Park, Houston[55] Houston, USA 1924 to c. 1934
Luna Park, Hull[56] Hull, Canada 1925 to 1928
Luna Park, Johnstown Johnstown, USA Originally Roxbury Park; renamed Luna Park in 1905; sold to Johnstown in 1922; renamed Roxbury Park[57]
Luna Park, Los Angeles Los Angeles, USA 1911 to 1914 Was Chutes Park 1900–1910[58][59]
Luna Park, Mansfield[60][61][62] Mansfield, USA 1905 to ? Also known as Casino Park
Luna Park, Mexico City[4] Mexico City 1906 to ? Designed by Ingersoll. On the same site as Luna Loca.[5]
Luna Park, Olcott Beach[46][63] Olcott Beach, USA 1898 to 1926 Destroyed by fire in 1927[64]
Luna Park, Pittsburgh Pittsburgh, USA 1905 to 1909 Was first of the Ingersoll Luna Parks and first amusement park to be covered with electric lighting[5]
Luna Park, Portland Portland, USA 1903 to 1944
Luna Park, San Jose[59] San Jose, USA 1910 to 1916 Included a baseball stadium that served as home for the San Jose Prune Pickers and San Jose Bears of the California State League.[65]
Luna Park, Schenectady[66] Rexford, USA 1901 to 1933 Designed and built by Ingersoll. Was also known as Dolle's Park, Colonnade Park, Palisades Park, and Rexford Park[67][68][69][70][71]
Luna Park, Scranton Scranton, USA 1906 to 1916 Constructed by Ingersoll.[72][73] Most of grounds now covered by Interstate 81.
Luna Park, Seattle Seattle, USA 1907 to 1913 Designed by Looff.[74]
Luna Park, Sylvan Beach New York City, USA ? Absorbed by nearby Carnival Park[46][75]
Luna Park, West Hartford[76][77][78] West Hartford, USA 1906 to 1930 Name changed from White City just before the park's grand opening.
Luna Park, Wheeling Wheeling, USA 1905 to 1907

In OceaniaEdit

 
Power Surge ride at Luna Park Melbourne
Name Location In operation Notes
Luna Park Glenelg Glenelg, South Australia 1930 to 1934 Closed due to objections of local populace to Sunday operations and expansion plans;[79] moved to Milsons Point (1935) and became Luna Park Sydney.
Luna Park Melbourne[5] Melbourne, Victoria 1912 to present Designed and built by Ingersoll. Oldest operational Luna Park and famous for having the oldest continually operating roller coaster in the world.
Luna Park Redcliffe[80][81][82] Redcliffe, Queensland 1944 to 1966 Erected on an unused section of the foreshore just north of Sutton's Beach at Redcliffe Point in late 1944. Owners, Redcliffe Town Council appointed Messrs W. Scott and Philip Wirth as amusement managers. Later the enterprise was sold by the Redcliffe Town Council to local businessman Hal Buchanan who sold it on to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Brisbane, which sold it again in 1952. Amusements included a steam train, ferris wheel, sideshows and car-rides as well as a salt-water swimming pool.[81][83][84][85][86][87][88]
Luna Park Sydney Sydney, New South Wales 1935 to 1979, 1980 to 1988, 1995 to 1996, 2004 to present Originally known as Luna Park Milsons Point[89]
Luna Park Scarborough[79][90] Scarborough, Western Australia November 25, 1939 (1939-11-25)[91][92][93] to 1972
Luna Park Auckland Auckland, New Zealand 1926 to 1931 Established on Auckland's Waitemata Harbour, using rides and equipment from the New Zealand and South Seas Exhibition, a world fair that ran in Dunedin, New Zealand, from 1925–1926. Due to the depression, Luna Park began to run at a loss and was shut down in 1931.[94]

In South AmericaEdit

Name Location In operation Notes
Luna Park, Buenos Aires Buenos Aires, Argentina 1934 to present Designed and built by Ingersoll. Became site of a sports arena built 1931–1934.[6] As of 2013, it still runs, serving as a venue for stage concerts & presentations, both national and international, and as a sports arena. Acclaimed international shows such as Disney on Ice and the Harlem Globetrotters have performed in Argentinean Luna Park. It is known for its adaptability to host ice-skating rinks, multiple stages, sports courts, and others.
Luna Park, Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro, Brazil ? to 2006 Now used to store portable amusement rides by owner Orlando Orfei; often called Luna Park, Nova Iguaçu
Lunapark, Lima Lima, Peru ? to 2007
Lunapark, Lecherias Anzoátegui, Venezuela 2003 to present Also known as Parque de Atracciones Plaza Mayor
Luna Park, Santa Fé Bogotá, Colombia 1921 to 1948 Designed and built by Don Nicolás Liévano where today sits the neighborhood of Barrio Restrepo. The park was built around a lake fed by the Fucha River. It counted with several attractions including the Chicago Ferris wheel, a carrousel, a building for events, and more. Designed to entertain families and children of the south of Bogotá it was also used for parades and events during special occasions. By 1948 the luna park construction company decided to fill the lake and build residential areas on top which was supported by the secretary of public works of Bogotá disregarding the protests by the locals against the project.

In fictionEdit

  • In the animated series Futurama, Luna Park is the name of an amusement park located on the moon.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Caves, R. W. (2004). Encyclopedia of the City. Routledge. p. 439. ISBN 9780415252256.
  2. ^ Dale Samuelson, AJP Samuelson, and Wendy Yegoiants, The American Amusement Park ISBN 0-7603-0981-7
  3. ^ Coney Island's success with electronic attractions and rides also inspired a proliferation of parks named Electric Park (Samuelson, Samuelson, Yegoiants, The American Amusement Park).
  4. ^ a b Jim Futrell, Amusement Parks of Pennsylvania (Flagpole Books, 2002) ISBN 0-8117-2671-1
  5. ^ a b c d e Luna Park's luminary: Entrepreneur/roller coaster designer deserves his duePittsburgh Post-Gazette, September 1, 2008
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Robert Cartmell, The Incredible Scream Machine (Popular Press 1987) ISBN 0-87972-342-4
  7. ^
  8. ^ "lunapark" in Turkish-English dictionary: retrieved February 2, 2015
  9. ^ Magda Baraka, The Egyptian Upper Class Between Revolutions, 1919–1952 (Garnet & Ithaca Press 1998) ISBN 0-86372-230-X
  10. ^ Yasser Elsheshtawy, Planning Middle Eastern Cities: An Urban Kaleidoscope in an Urbanizing World (Routledge 2004) ISBN 0-415-30400-8
  11. ^ Peter Rees, Other Anzacs: Nurses at War 1914–1918 (Allen & Unwin 2009) ISBN 1-74175-549-2
  12. ^ Casualty Clearance (2) Archived 2015-04-24 at the Wayback Machine – ANZAC Day Commemoration Committee (Queensland) Incorporated, 2005
  13. ^ Cameroon:The Centre and East Archived 2008-12-04 at the Wayback Machine – listing on Columbus World Travel Guide]
  14. ^ Description of Luna Park, Abha from official site
  15. ^ Official site - Alanya Lunapark
  16. ^ "Luna Park Baku site". Archived from the original on June 7, 2012. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  17. ^ "official site - Luna Grand Park". Archived from the original on December 24, 2017. Retrieved November 6, 2013.
  18. ^ Luna Grand Park in Haifa Shuts Down Archived 2011-05-25 at the Wayback Machine – Dei'ah veDibur, May 22, 2002
  19. ^ Luna Grand Park listing in Roller Coaster Database showing reopening of park
  20. ^ "Luna Grand Park Official Website". Archived from the original on December 24, 2017. Retrieved November 6, 2013.
  21. ^ Luna Park Tel-Aviv site Archived 2008-12-19 at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^ Twenty evacuated from stalled roller coaster – rideaccidents.com
  23. ^ Luna Park, Hong Kong – Gwulo: Old Hong Kong
  24. ^ From Kansas to Osaka: The Evolution of the Billiken Archived 2011-07-28 at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ History of Shinsekai Archived 2009-08-29 at the Wayback Machine
  26. ^ Sakutarō Hagiwara and Robert Epp, Rats Nests:The Collected Poetry of Hagiwara Sakutarō (Yakusha, 1993) ISBN 1-880276-40-2
  27. ^ Miodrag Mitrasinovic, Total Landscape, Theme Parks, Public Space (Ashgate Publishing 2006) ISBN 0-7546-4333-6
  28. ^ Part of Tehran Funfair Will Become Women's Park[permanent dead link]Iran-Daily June 26, 2006
  29. ^ Claudia Puttkammer/ Sacha Szabo: Gruß aus dem Luna-Park. Eine Archäologie des Vergnügens. Freizeit- und Vergnügungsparks Anfang des zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts. WVB, Berlin, 2007, ISBN 978-3-86573-248-4 (in German)
  30. ^ Regina Dahmen-Ingenhoven and Kristin Feireiss, Animation: Form Follows Fun (Birkhäuser 2004) ISBN 3-7643-6631-1
  31. ^ Les manèges de Lunapark à Brézillet
  32. ^ Official site: Luna Park Cap d'Agde (in French)
  33. ^ French Fun Park Bans the Electric ChairDer Spiegel Online, August 22, 2008
  34. ^ OrderTime (magazine) February 16, 1931
  35. ^ Roland Fuller and Allen Levy, The Bassett-Lowke Story (Taylor & Francis, 1984) ISBN 0-904568-34-2
  36. ^ Eaux-Vives (in French), City of Geneva 2007
  37. ^ "Lucky Star Park site". Archived from the original on January 5, 2013. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  38. ^ Official website
  39. ^ "одесский лунапарк, аттракционы". lunapark.odessa.ua (in Russian). Retrieved August 31, 2017.
  40. ^ SCHEDA ANALITICA DEI PARCHI DEL DIVERTIMENTO EUROPEI/DATA ANALYSIS OF THE PARKS ENTERTAINMENT EUROPE Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine – F Erlebnispark (in Italian)
  41. ^ Entry in Roller Coaster Data Base – closed April 2008
  42. ^ History of Luna Euro Park Archived 2009-10-01 at the Wayback Machine (in italian)
  43. ^ History of Moscow parks Archived 2010-02-25 at the Wayback Machine – Carrousel.ru (official site)
  44. ^ (1) "Luna Park". Arlington Public Library: A Pictorial History of Arlington - Area H Neighborhoods. Government of Arlington County, Virginia. Archived from the original on April 1, 2010.
    (2) Luna Park Arlington entry at NorVAPics
  45. ^ "Buffalo Luna Park Damaged by Fire",New York Times July 15, 1909
  46. ^ a b c Jim Futrell, Amusement Parks of New York (Stackpole Books 2006) ISBN 0-8117-3262-2
  47. ^ 20th Century Images: Cooling Off at Luna ParkCharleston Gazette, September 8, 2008
  48. ^ Pictures of Charleston WV Luna Park Archived 2010-01-07 at the Wayback Machine
  49. ^ Annual Report of the State Health Department of West Virginia 1920/21 (State of West Virginia 1921)
  50. ^ Perry Duis, Challenging Chicago: Coping with Everyday Life, 1837–1920 (University of Illinois Press 1998) ISBN 0-252-02394-3
  51. ^ Reports of Cases Determined in the Appellate Courts of Illinois: Edwin C. Day vs. Luna Park Company and James O'Leary, Gen. No. 16,480 – Harvard Press, 1913: Ruling of an appeal of a case involving Luna Park, Chicago, and a concessionaire who declared bankruptcy in 1908. Case was filed in 1909, ruled and appealed in 1910, with the ruling of the appeal in 1912... the year after Luna Park itself was shut down.
  52. ^ Jazz Age Chicago - Urban Leisure from 1893 to 1945
  53. ^ Lauren Rabinovitz, For the Love of Pleasure: Women, Movies, and Culture in Turn-of-the-Century Chicago (Rutgers University Press 1998) ISBN 0-8135-2534-9
  54. ^ Sloan's Lake Century
  55. ^ Luna Park (Houston) – Houstonian
  56. ^ Luna Park, Hull entry in "Closed Canadian Parks" – Coaster Enthusiasts of Canada
  57. ^ Randy G. Whittle, Johnstown, Pennsylvania: A History (History Press) 2005, ISBN 1-59629-051-X
  58. ^ Chutes & Luna Park Archived 2007-09-28 at the Wayback Machine – Venice, California History Site
  59. ^ a b Wells Drury and Aubrey Drury, California Tourist Guide and Handbook: Authentic Description of Routes of Travel and Points of Interest in California (Western Guidebook 1913)
  60. ^ Diane DeMali Francis, Ohio's Amusement Parks in Vintage Postcards (Arcadia Publishing, 2002), ISBN 0-7385-1997-9
  61. ^ Timothy Brian McKee, Mansfield in Vintage Postcards (Arcadia Publishing, 2003), ISBN 0-7385-3172-3
  62. ^ Summer Parks – New York Clipper, May 5, 1907
  63. ^ Ad in the 20 July 1906 edition of New York Times
  64. ^ Avis A. Townsend, Newfane and Olcott (Arcadia Publishing 2005) ISBN 0-7385-3722-5
  65. ^ Minor League Park History - Luna Park[permanent dead link]Society for American Baseball Research
  66. ^ Some sources refer to it as Luna Park, Clinton Park when not calling it by its longest-used (and most recent) name, Rexford Park
  67. ^ Susan Rosenthal, Schenectady (Arcadia Publishing 1999) ISBN 0-7385-0339-8
  68. ^ Rexford Ramble page
  69. ^ John L. Scherer, Clifton Park (Arcadia Publishing 1996), ISBN 0-7385-5461-8
  70. ^ Pictures of Rexford Park (Luna Park) ca. 1906, 1920, 1926 – CDLC Digital Collections
  71. ^ The Way We Were - Town of Clifton Park Archived 2010-05-27 at the Wayback Machine – Saratoga County (New York) official site
  72. ^ Luna Park, Scranton, Lackawanna County, PA Archived 2009-02-13 at the Wayback Machine – defunctparks.com
  73. ^ Cheryl A. Kashuba, Darlene Miller-Lanning, and Alan Sweeney, Scranton (Arcadia Publishing 2005) ISBN 0-7385-3859-0
  74. ^ Alki Beach Park: former site of Seattle Luna Park – official Seattle Parks and Recreation page
  75. ^ Brandy Ann, Around Sylvan Beach (Arcadia Publishing 2008) ISBN 0-7385-5656-4
  76. ^ "Connecticut History Online - Luna Park West Hartford". Archived from the original on July 24, 2011. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  77. ^ "Picture of entrance - Connecticut History Online". Archived from the original on July 24, 2011. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  78. ^ As town's 150th nears, residents share memories[permanent dead link] – Pam Shearer, WestHartfordNews.com, December 5, 2003
  79. ^ a b "A Time Line of All You Need to Know in Luna Park Sydney and Everything Else" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on November 21, 2008. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
  80. ^ Redcliffe Historical Timeline Archived 2012-02-15 at the Wayback MachineMoreton Bay Regional Council
  81. ^ a b "REDCLIFFE LUNA PARK TAX FREE". The Courier-Mail (3437). Brisbane. September 12, 1944. p. 3. Retrieved March 31, 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  82. ^ Phote:At Luna Park (Redcliffe), 1946, retrieved March 31, 2017
  83. ^ "Out Among The People : Wirth Of Circus Fame & Five Sisters In Show". The Advertiser. Adelaide. July 10, 1946. p. 10. Retrieved March 31, 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  84. ^ "SHOWMAN SUED BY WIRTH". Brisbane Telegraph (CITY FINAL) ed.). August 22, 1949. p. 10. Retrieved March 31, 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  85. ^ "NEW OWNERS FOR LUNA PR". Brisbane Telegraph. May 15, 1950. p. 10 (SECOND. Retrieved March 31, 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  86. ^ "No Change Yet In Park Lease". Brisbane Telegraph (CITY FINAL ed.). May 29, 1950. p. 10. Retrieved March 31, 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  87. ^ "BAY ALDERMAN WALKS OUT Amusements At Redcliffe Cause Clash". Brisbane Telegraph (CITY FINAL ed.). June 19, 1950. p. 11. Retrieved March 31, 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  88. ^ Unidentified (1962), Luna Park at Redcliffe around the early sixties, John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland, retrieved March 31, 2017
  89. ^ Sam Marshall, Luna Park – Just for fun, 2nd edition. Sydney, Australia: Luna Park Sydney Pty Ltd. (2005) ISBN 0-646-44807-2
  90. ^ "Riding the Surf At Scarborough". Sunday Times (Perth) (2179). Western Australia. October 29, 1939. p. 24. Retrieved March 31, 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  91. ^ "LUNA PARK OPENED". The West Australian. 55 (16, 662). Western Australia. November 27, 1939. p. 7. Retrieved March 31, 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  92. ^ "SCARBOROUGH'S LUNA PARK". Sunday Times (Perth) (2183). Western Australia. November 26, 1939. p. 12. Retrieved March 31, 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  93. ^ "Patriotic Funds: WILL BENEFIT FROM LUNA PARK OPENING". The Mirror. 17 (909). Western Australia. November 18, 1939. p. 9. Retrieved March 31, 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  94. ^ Heritage et Al: Luna Park