Luna Park is a name shared by dozens of currently operating and defunct amusement parks. They are named after, and partly based on, the first Luna Park, which opened in 1903 during the heyday of large Coney Island parks. Luna parks are considered as small-scale attraction parks, easily accessed, potentially addressed to the permanent or temporary residential market, and located in the suburbs or even near the town center. Luna parks mainly offer classic funfair attractions (great wheel), newer features (electronic displays) and catering services.
The original Luna Park on Coney Island, a massive spectacle of rides, ornate towers and cupolas covered in 250,000 electric lights, was opened in 1903 by the showmen and entrepreneurs Frederic Thompson and Elmer "Skip" Dundy. The park was either named after the fanciful airship Luna, part of the new park's central attraction A Trip to the Moon, or after Dundy's sister. Luna Park was a vastly expanded attraction built partly on the grounds of Sea Lion Park, the first enclosed amusement park on Coney Island which closed down due to competition from nearby Steeplechase Park.
In 1905, Frederick Ingersoll, who was already making a reputation for his pioneering work in roller coaster construction and design (he also designed scenic railroad rides) borrowed the name when he opened Luna Park in Pittsburgh and Luna Park in Cleveland. These first two amusement parks, like their namesake, were covered with electric lighting (the former was adorned with 67,000 light bulbs; the latter, 50,000). Later, in 1907, Charles Looff opened another Luna Park in Seattle, Washington. Ultimately, Ingersoll opened 44 Luna Parks around the world, the first chain of amusement parks. For a short time, Ingersoll renamed his parks Ingersoll's Luna Park to distinguish them from the Luna Parks to which he had no connection. Ingersoll's death in 1927 and the closing of most of his Luna Parks did not stop new parks from taking the name.
Today, the term luna park or lunapark means "amusement park" in several European languages. These include Indo-European languages such as Polish, French, Italian, Russian and Greek (λούνα παρκ, loúna park). In Turkish, a Turkic language, lunapark means "funfair", a similar term.
List of Luna ParksEdit
|Luna Park, Cairo||Heliopolis, Egypt||1911 to 1915||Was the first in Africa and the Middle East. On January 19, 1915, buildings and grounds were converted into Australian Auxiliary Hospital at Luna Park for World War I.; the hospital was closed July 10, 1916|
|Luna Park, Obala||Obala, Cameroon||1970 to 2000|
|Luna Park, Abha||Saudi Arabia||? to present||Part of the Abha Palace complex|
|Alanya Lunapark||Near Alanya, Turkey||? to present|
|Luna Park, Baku||Baku, Azerbaijan||2000 to 2005|
|Luna Park, Beirut||Beirut, Lebanon||? to present|
|Luna Park, Bombay||Mumbai, India||Designed and built by Ingersoll|
|Bostanci Lunapark||Bostancı, Turkey||? to present|
|Eski Lunapark||Near Balıkesir, Turkey||? to present|
|Girne Lunapark||Near İzmir, Turkey||? to present|
|Mersin Lunapark||Mersin, Turkey||? to present|
|Lunapark, Nazilli||Nazilli, Turkey||? to present|
|Sincan Lunapark||Sincan, Turkey||? to present|
|Luna Grand Park||Haifa, Israel||2001 to 2013||Closed after five months due to poor attendance following a religious boycott and reopened after negotiations with the local religious community. Closed for good on October 31, 2013 to make room for a new cinema.|
|Luna Park, Tel Aviv||Tel Aviv, Israel||1970 to present|
|Luna Park, Hong Kong||Hong Kong, China||1949 to 1954||Amusement park, cinema and nightclub complex|
|Luna Park, Osaka||Osaka, Japan||1919 to 1923||Also known as Shinsekai Luna Park|
|Luna Park, Tokyo||Tokyo, Japan||1910 to 1911||Burned down in 1911|
|Luna Park, Tehran||Tehran, Iran||1970s to 1980||Reopened in 1988 as Shahr-e Bazi; closed 2007 to make room for new highway|
|Luna Park, Yerevan||Yerevan, Armenia||2000 to present|
|Luna Park, Aidonakia||Athens, Greece||2001 to present||Constructed by Ingersoll. Also known as "Ta Aidonaka"|
|Fantasia Luna Park||Near Faliraki, Greece||2003 to present|
|International Luna Park||Near Athens, Greece||? to present|
|Luna Park, Brent Cross||London, UK||2020|
|Luna Park, Berlin||Berlin, Germany||1909 to 1933||In its time, it was the largest amusement park in Europe|
|Luna Park, Cologne||Cologne, Germany||1909 to 1927|
|Luna Park, Hamburg-Altona||Near Hamburg, Germany||1913, and again 1917 to 1923|
|Luna Park, Leipzig||Leipzig, Germany||1911 to 1932|
|Luna Park, Saint-Brieuc, France||Saint-Brieuc, France||1982 to present||Located in the Brézillet area of Saint-Brieuc, Côtes-d'Armor, France|
|Luna Park, Cap d'Agde||Cap d'Agde, France||? to present|
|Luna Park, Fréjus||Fréjus, France||? to present|
|Luna Park, La Palmyre||La Palmyre, France||? to present|
|Luna Park, Paris||Paris, France||1909 to 1931|
|Luna Park, Nice||Nice, France||? to present|
|Luna Park Funfair||Scarborough, England, United Kingdom||? to present|
|Luna Park, Geneva||Le Parc des Eaux Vives alongside Lake Geneva, Switzerland||1912 to 1918|
|Luna Park, Larnaca||Larnaca, Cyprus||? to present||Now known as Lucky Star Park|
|Luna Park, L'Escala||L'Escala, Catalonia, Spain||? to present|
|Lunapark, Łódź||Łódź, Poland||Closed January 2016|
|Lunapark Sowinski||Near Władysławowo, Poland||2006 to present|
|Luna Park, Odessa||Odessa, Ukraine||? to present|
|Luna Park, Rome||Rome, Italy||? to 1930s||Designed and built by Ingersoll|
|LunEur||Rome, Italy||1953 to 2008
2016 to present
|Luna Park, Milan||Near Milan, Italy||1965 to present||Name was changed April 11, 2004 to Luna Europark Idroscalo Milano|
|Luna Park, Moscow||Moscow, Russia||1993 to present||Officially called "Luna Park Carousel".|
|Luna Park, St. Petersburg||Saint Petersburg, Russia||May 1912 to 1924|
|Luna Park, Skopje||Skopje, North Macedonia||? to present|
In North AmericaEdit
|Luna Park, Alexandria County||Alexandria County (now Arlington County), Virginia, USA||1906 to 1915||Designed and built by Ingersoll. Some sources refer to it as Washington Luna Park or Luna Park, Washington, D.C.|
|Luna Park, Buffalo||Buffalo, USA||1904 to 1920||Designed and built by Ingersoll. Damaged by fire July 14, 1909 Originally Carnival Court, became Athletic Park before closing|
|Luna Park, Charleston||Charleston, USA||1912 to 1923|
|Luna Park, Chicago||Chicago, USA||1907 to 1911||Owned by James "Big Jim" O'Leary, boxing promoter who was son of Mrs. O'Leary of Great Chicago Fire fame|
|Luna Park, Cleveland||Cleveland, USA||1905 to 1929||Designed by Ingersoll. Former site of Luna Bowl stadium for American football and Negro league baseball games|
|Luna Park, Coney Island||New York City, USA||1903 to 1944||First Luna Park and forerunner of amusement park chain|
|Luna Park, Coney Island (opened 2010)||New York City, USA||2010 to present||Constructed on the site of the former Astroland (across the street from the original Luna Park).|
|Luna Park, Denver||Denver, USA||1908 to 1914||Constructed on the site of the first US amusement park west of the Mississippi River, known as Manhattan Beach (1881–1908)|
|Luna Park, Detroit||Detroit, USA||1906 to 1927||Was actually named Electric Park but also called Luna Park, Riverview Park, and Granada Park (Ingersoll Amusement Center was a separate park)|
|Luna Park, Honolulu||Honolulu, USA||Closed down unknown time.||Designed and built by Ingersoll.|
|Luna Park, Houston||Houston, USA||1924 to c. 1934|
|Luna Park, Hull||Hull, Canada||1925 to 1928|
|Luna Park, Johnstown||Johnstown, USA||Originally Roxbury Park; renamed Luna Park in 1905; sold to Johnstown in 1922; renamed Roxbury Park|
|Luna Park, Los Angeles||Los Angeles, USA||1911 to 1914||Was Chutes Park 1900–1910|
|Luna Park, Mansfield||Mansfield, USA||1905 to ?||Also known as Casino Park|
|Luna Park, Mexico City||Mexico City||1906 to ?||Designed by Ingersoll. On the same site as Luna Loca.|
|Luna Park, Olcott Beach||Olcott Beach, USA||1898 to 1926||Destroyed by fire in 1927|
|Luna Park, Pittsburgh||Pittsburgh, USA||1905 to 1909||Was first of the Ingersoll Luna Parks and first amusement park to be covered with electric lighting|
|Luna Park, Portland||Portland, USA||1903 to 1944|
|Luna Park, San Jose||San Jose, USA||1910 to 1916||Included a baseball stadium that served as home for the San Jose Prune Pickers and San Jose Bears of the California State League.|
|Luna Park, Schenectady||Rexford, USA||1901 to 1933||Designed and built by Ingersoll. Was also known as Dolle's Park, Colonnade Park, Palisades Park, and Rexford Park|
|Luna Park, Scranton||Scranton, USA||1906 to 1916||Constructed by Ingersoll. Most of grounds now covered by Interstate 81.|
|Luna Park, Seattle||Seattle, USA||1907 to 1913||Designed by Looff.|
|Luna Park, Sylvan Beach||New York City, USA||?||Absorbed by nearby Carnival Park|
|Luna Park, West Hartford||West Hartford, USA||1906 to 1930||Name changed from White City just before the park's grand opening.|
|Luna Park, Wheeling||Wheeling, USA||1905 to 1907|
|Luna Park Glenelg||Glenelg, South Australia||1930 to 1934||Closed due to objections of local populace to Sunday operations and expansion plans; moved to Milsons Point (1935) and became Luna Park Sydney.|
|Luna Park Melbourne||Melbourne, Victoria||1912 to present||Designed and built by Ingersoll. Oldest operational Luna Park and famous for having the oldest continually operating roller coaster in the world.|
|Luna Park Redcliffe||Redcliffe, Queensland||1944 to 1966||Erected on an unused section of the foreshore just north of Sutton's Beach at Redcliffe Point in late 1944. Owners, Redcliffe Town Council appointed Messrs W. Scott and Philip Wirth as amusement managers. Later the enterprise was sold by the Redcliffe Town Council to local businessman Hal Buchanan who sold it on to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Brisbane, which sold it again in 1952. Amusements included a steam train, ferris wheel, sideshows and car-rides as well as a salt-water swimming pool.|
|Luna Park Sydney||Sydney, New South Wales||1935 to 1979, 1980 to 1988, 1995 to 1996, 2004 to present||Originally known as Luna Park Milsons Point|
|Luna Park Scarborough||Scarborough, Western Australia||November 25, 1939 to 1972|
|Luna Park Auckland||Auckland, New Zealand||1926 to 1931||Established on Auckland's Waitemata Harbour, using rides and equipment from the New Zealand and South Seas Exhibition, a world fair that ran in Dunedin, New Zealand, from 1925–1926. Due to the depression, Luna Park began to run at a loss and was shut down in 1931.|
In South AmericaEdit
|Luna Park, Buenos Aires||Buenos Aires, Argentina||1934 to present||Designed and built by Ingersoll. Became site of a sports arena built 1931–1934. As of 2013, it still runs, serving as a venue for stage concerts & presentations, both national and international, and as a sports arena. Acclaimed international shows such as Disney on Ice and the Harlem Globetrotters have performed in Argentinean Luna Park. It is known for its adaptability to host ice-skating rinks, multiple stages, sports courts, and others.|
|Luna Park, Rio de Janeiro||Rio de Janeiro, Brazil||? to 2006||Now used to store portable amusement rides by owner Orlando Orfei; often called Luna Park, Nova Iguaçu|
|Lunapark, Lima||Lima, Peru||? to 2007|
|Lunapark, Lecherias||Anzoátegui, Venezuela||2003 to present||Also known as Parque de Atracciones Plaza Mayor|
|Luna Park, Santa Fé||Bogotá, Colombia||1921 to 1948||Designed and built by Don Nicolás Liévano where today sits the neighborhood of Barrio Restrepo. The park was built around a lake fed by the Fucha River. It counted with several attractions including the Chicago Ferris wheel, a carrousel, a building for events, and more. Designed to entertain families and children of the south of Bogotá it was also used for parades and events during special occasions. By 1948 the luna park construction company decided to fill the lake and build residential areas on top which was supported by the secretary of public works of Bogotá disregarding the protests by the locals against the project.|
- In the animated series Futurama, Luna Park is the name of an amusement park located on the moon.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Luna Park.|
- Caves, R. W. (2004). Encyclopedia of the City. Routledge. p. 439. ISBN 9780415252256.
- Dale Samuelson, AJP Samuelson, and Wendy Yegoiants, The American Amusement Park ISBN 0-7603-0981-7
- Coney Island's success with electronic attractions and rides also inspired a proliferation of parks named Electric Park (Samuelson, Samuelson, Yegoiants, The American Amusement Park).
- Jim Futrell, Amusement Parks of Pennsylvania (Flagpole Books, 2002) ISBN 0-8117-2671-1
- Luna Park's luminary: Entrepreneur/roller coaster designer deserves his due – Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, September 1, 2008
- Robert Cartmell, The Incredible Scream Machine (Popular Press 1987) ISBN 0-87972-342-4
- "lunapark" in Turkish-English dictionary: retrieved February 2, 2015
- Magda Baraka, The Egyptian Upper Class Between Revolutions, 1919–1952 (Garnet & Ithaca Press 1998) ISBN 0-86372-230-X
- Yasser Elsheshtawy, Planning Middle Eastern Cities: An Urban Kaleidoscope in an Urbanizing World (Routledge 2004) ISBN 0-415-30400-8
- Peter Rees, Other Anzacs: Nurses at War 1914–1918 (Allen & Unwin 2009) ISBN 1-74175-549-2
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- Cameroon:The Centre and East Archived 2008-12-04 at the Wayback Machine – listing on Columbus World Travel Guide]
- Description of Luna Park, Abha from official site
- Official site - Alanya Lunapark
- "Luna Park Baku site". Archived from the original on June 7, 2012. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
- "official site - Luna Grand Park". Archived from the original on December 24, 2017. Retrieved November 6, 2013.
- Luna Grand Park in Haifa Shuts Down Archived 2011-05-25 at the Wayback Machine – Dei'ah veDibur, May 22, 2002
- Luna Grand Park listing in Roller Coaster Database showing reopening of park
- "Luna Grand Park Official Website". Archived from the original on December 24, 2017. Retrieved November 6, 2013.
- Luna Park Tel-Aviv site Archived 2008-12-19 at the Wayback Machine
- Twenty evacuated from stalled roller coaster – rideaccidents.com
- Luna Park, Hong Kong – Gwulo: Old Hong Kong
- From Kansas to Osaka: The Evolution of the Billiken Archived 2011-07-28 at the Wayback Machine
- History of Shinsekai Archived 2009-08-29 at the Wayback Machine
- Sakutarō Hagiwara and Robert Epp, Rats Nests:The Collected Poetry of Hagiwara Sakutarō (Yakusha, 1993) ISBN 1-880276-40-2
- Miodrag Mitrasinovic, Total Landscape, Theme Parks, Public Space (Ashgate Publishing 2006) ISBN 0-7546-4333-6
- Part of Tehran Funfair Will Become Women's Park[permanent dead link] – Iran-Daily June 26, 2006
- Claudia Puttkammer/ Sacha Szabo: Gruß aus dem Luna-Park. Eine Archäologie des Vergnügens. Freizeit- und Vergnügungsparks Anfang des zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts. WVB, Berlin, 2007, ISBN 978-3-86573-248-4 (in German)
- Regina Dahmen-Ingenhoven and Kristin Feireiss, Animation: Form Follows Fun (Birkhäuser 2004) ISBN 3-7643-6631-1
- Les manèges de Lunapark à Brézillet
- Official site: Luna Park Cap d'Agde (in French)
- French Fun Park Bans the Electric Chair – Der Spiegel Online, August 22, 2008
- Order – Time (magazine) February 16, 1931
- Roland Fuller and Allen Levy, The Bassett-Lowke Story (Taylor & Francis, 1984) ISBN 0-904568-34-2
- Eaux-Vives (in French), City of Geneva 2007
- "Lucky Star Park site". Archived from the original on January 5, 2013. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
- Official website
- "одесский лунапарк, аттракционы". lunapark.odessa.ua (in Russian). Retrieved August 31, 2017.
- SCHEDA ANALITICA DEI PARCHI DEL DIVERTIMENTO EUROPEI/DATA ANALYSIS OF THE PARKS ENTERTAINMENT EUROPE Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine – F Erlebnispark (in Italian)
- Entry in Roller Coaster Data Base – closed April 2008
- History of Luna Euro Park Archived 2009-10-01 at the Wayback Machine (in italian)
- History of Moscow parks Archived 2010-02-25 at the Wayback Machine – Carrousel.ru (official site)
- (1) "Luna Park". Arlington Public Library: A Pictorial History of Arlington - Area H Neighborhoods. Government of Arlington County, Virginia. Archived from the original on April 1, 2010.
(2) Luna Park Arlington entry at NorVAPics
- "Buffalo Luna Park Damaged by Fire",New York Times July 15, 1909
- Jim Futrell, Amusement Parks of New York (Stackpole Books 2006) ISBN 0-8117-3262-2
- 20th Century Images: Cooling Off at Luna Park – Charleston Gazette, September 8, 2008
- Pictures of Charleston WV Luna Park Archived 2010-01-07 at the Wayback Machine
- Annual Report of the State Health Department of West Virginia 1920/21 (State of West Virginia 1921)
- Perry Duis, Challenging Chicago: Coping with Everyday Life, 1837–1920 (University of Illinois Press 1998) ISBN 0-252-02394-3
- Reports of Cases Determined in the Appellate Courts of Illinois: Edwin C. Day vs. Luna Park Company and James O'Leary, Gen. No. 16,480 – Harvard Press, 1913: Ruling of an appeal of a case involving Luna Park, Chicago, and a concessionaire who declared bankruptcy in 1908. Case was filed in 1909, ruled and appealed in 1910, with the ruling of the appeal in 1912... the year after Luna Park itself was shut down.
- Jazz Age Chicago - Urban Leisure from 1893 to 1945
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- Chutes & Luna Park Archived 2007-09-28 at the Wayback Machine – Venice, California History Site
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- Ad in the 20 July 1906 edition of New York Times
- Avis A. Townsend, Newfane and Olcott (Arcadia Publishing 2005) ISBN 0-7385-3722-5
- Minor League Park History - Luna Park[permanent dead link] – Society for American Baseball Research
- Some sources refer to it as Luna Park, Clinton Park when not calling it by its longest-used (and most recent) name, Rexford Park
- Susan Rosenthal, Schenectady (Arcadia Publishing 1999) ISBN 0-7385-0339-8
- Rexford Ramble page
- John L. Scherer, Clifton Park (Arcadia Publishing 1996), ISBN 0-7385-5461-8
- Pictures of Rexford Park (Luna Park) ca. 1906, 1920, 1926 – CDLC Digital Collections
- The Way We Were - Town of Clifton Park Archived 2010-05-27 at the Wayback Machine – Saratoga County (New York) official site
- Luna Park, Scranton, Lackawanna County, PA Archived 2009-02-13 at the Wayback Machine – defunctparks.com
- Cheryl A. Kashuba, Darlene Miller-Lanning, and Alan Sweeney, Scranton (Arcadia Publishing 2005) ISBN 0-7385-3859-0
- Alki Beach Park: former site of Seattle Luna Park – official Seattle Parks and Recreation page
- Brandy Ann, Around Sylvan Beach (Arcadia Publishing 2008) ISBN 0-7385-5656-4
- "Connecticut History Online - Luna Park West Hartford". Archived from the original on July 24, 2011. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
- "Picture of entrance - Connecticut History Online". Archived from the original on July 24, 2011. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
- As town's 150th nears, residents share memories[permanent dead link] – Pam Shearer, WestHartfordNews.com, December 5, 2003
- "A Time Line of All You Need to Know in Luna Park Sydney and Everything Else" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on November 21, 2008. Retrieved January 12, 2009.
- Redcliffe Historical Timeline Archived 2012-02-15 at the Wayback Machine – Moreton Bay Regional Council
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- Phote:At Luna Park (Redcliffe), 1946, retrieved March 31, 2017
- "Out Among The People : Wirth Of Circus Fame & Five Sisters In Show". The Advertiser. Adelaide. July 10, 1946. p. 10. Retrieved March 31, 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "SHOWMAN SUED BY WIRTH". Brisbane Telegraph (CITY FINAL) ed.). August 22, 1949. p. 10. Retrieved March 31, 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "NEW OWNERS FOR LUNA PR". Brisbane Telegraph. May 15, 1950. p. 10 (SECOND. Retrieved March 31, 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "No Change Yet In Park Lease". Brisbane Telegraph (CITY FINAL ed.). May 29, 1950. p. 10. Retrieved March 31, 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "BAY ALDERMAN WALKS OUT Amusements At Redcliffe Cause Clash". Brisbane Telegraph (CITY FINAL ed.). June 19, 1950. p. 11. Retrieved March 31, 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- Unidentified (1962), Luna Park at Redcliffe around the early sixties, John Oxley Library, State Library of Queensland, retrieved March 31, 2017
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- "Riding the Surf At Scarborough". Sunday Times (Perth) (2179). Western Australia. October 29, 1939. p. 24. Retrieved March 31, 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
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- Heritage et Al: Luna Park