Lumban, officially the Municipality of Lumban (Tagalog: Bayan ng Lumban), is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. It can reach this town Passing Through Rizal Province via Manila East Road or SLEX. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 32,330 people. [5]

Municipality of Lumban
Rice fields of Lumban
Rice fields of Lumban
Official seal of Lumban
Embroidery Capital of the Philippines[1][2]
Map of Laguna with Lumban highlighted
Map of Laguna with Lumban highlighted
Lumban is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°17′49″N 121°27′32″E / 14.297°N 121.459°E / 14.297; 121.459Coordinates: 14°17′49″N 121°27′32″E / 14.297°N 121.459°E / 14.297; 121.459
District 4th district
FoundedSeptember 22, 1578
Barangays16 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorRolando G. Ubatay
 • Vice MayorBelen B. Raga
 • RepresentativeMaria Jamina Katherine B. Agarao
 • Municipal Council
 • Electorate22,037 voters (2019)
 • Total40.53 km2 (15.65 sq mi)
Highest elevation
724 m (2,375 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
 (2020 census) [5]
 • Total32,330
 • Density800/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
 • Households
 • Income class3rd municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence2.29% (2018)[6]
 • Revenue₱136,020,671.20 (2020)
 • Assets₱170,985,379.60 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱130,658,823.07 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱66,946,463.51 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityFirst Laguna Electric Cooperative (FLECO)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)49
Native languagesTagalog

Lumban is one of Laguna's oldest towns, located 104 kilometres (65 mi) southeast of Manila. It got its name from Aleurites moluccanus, a tree locally named "lumbang".[7] The province's capital town, Santa Cruz, as well as Cavinti and Pagsanjan, were once part of Lumban. The town is the location of the river, wherein the Laguna Copperplate Inscription was found. The copperplate is the oldest known document found in the Philippines, dating to 900AD.

The Laguna Copperplate Inscription (key) is inscribed with small writing hammered into its surface. It shows heavy Indian cultural influence (by way of Srivijaya) present in the Philippines prior to European colonization in the 16th century.

Lumban is the home of Lake Caliraya, a man-made lake often visited by nature lovers and sports people. It is known as the "Embroidery Capital of the Philippines".[2] Fine Jusi and Piña cloth are embroidered by hand, and the finished product is worn by males as Barong Tagalog and by females as Saya (Filipiñana). These are export-quality items. Lumban is also known for its many designs of shoes, sandals, slippers, and step-ins - all made from local materials. They are usually sold in shopping malls in Metro Manila, albeit at slightly higher prices than what can be found in Laguna.[citation needed]



Lumban is politically subdivided into 16 barangays.[8]

  • Bagong Silang
  • Balimbingan (Poblacion)
  • Balubad
  • Caliraya
  • Concepcion
  • Lewin
  • Maracta (Poblacion)
  • Maytalang I
  • Maytalang II
  • Primera Parang (Poblacion)
  • Primera Pulo (Poblacion)
  • Salac (Poblacion)
  • Santo Niño (Poblacion)
  • Segunda Parang (Poblacion)
  • Segunda Pulo (Poblacion)
  • Wawa

Lake CalirayaEdit

Lumban is the home of Lake Caliraya, a man-made lake. Created in 1939, the lake has developed as a spot for water sports and outdoor recreation including fishing. Surrounding the lake are a number of resorts catering to tourists and vacation homes abound because of the local scenery and climate.[citation needed]

Caliraya DamEdit

Caliraya Dam is an embankment dam located in the town of Lumban province of Laguna, in the Sierra Madre Mountain Range of the Philippines. The reservoir created by the dam, Lake Caliraya, initially supplied one of the oldest hydroelectric plants in the Philippines, and later became a recreational area for water sports and fishing. The dam construction was started in 1939 and a small hydroelectric plant was operated in 1942.

Lake Caliraya was later connected with another man-made lake, Lumot Lake, to provide more water through a 2.3 km (1.4 mi) underground penstock. Later still the dam and lake were used as the upper reservoir for the Kalayaan Pumped-Storage Hydroelectric plant located west of Lake Caliraya, with Laguna de Bay as the lower reservoir.


Climate data for Lumban, Laguna
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 26
Average low °C (°F) 22
Average precipitation mm (inches) 58
Average rainy days 13.4 9.3 9.1 9.8 19.1 22.9 26.6 24.9 25.0 21.4 16.5 16.5 214.5
Source: Meteoblue[9]


Population census of Lumban
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 3,905—    
1918 4,288+0.63%
1939 5,954+1.58%
1948 7,516+2.62%
1960 9,719+2.16%
1970 13,289+3.17%
1975 14,842+2.24%
1980 17,360+3.18%
1990 19,773+1.31%
1995 21,996+2.02%
2000 25,936+3.60%
2007 28,443+1.28%
2010 29,470+1.30%
2015 30,652+0.75%
2020 32,330+1.05%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[10][11][12][13]

In the 2020 census, the population of Lumban, Laguna, was 32,330 people, [5] with a density of 800 inhabitants per square kilometre or 2,100 inhabitants per square mile.



The town fiesta is held every 20'th of January in honor of San Sebastian, the town's patron saint. Lupi is held every last Sunday of January.

Feast of San SebastianEdit

The San Sebastian Festival is a procession held at the Lumban River, where the icon of the patron saint San Sebastian together with hundreds of devotees is afloat on “Kaskitos”, or a fleet of large boats.

The San Sebastian Festival began after the people had adopted Saint Sebastian the Martyr as their patron saint during the 18th century when the Franciscans did their mission assignment in the town. On this annual celebration, observed every 4th Sunday of January at Lumban, which is the Embroidery Capital of the Philippines, boasts of two noteworthy events that take place side by side the town fiesta.

The Moro-Moro or the “Komedya” is staged on the evening prior to the Festival. Local talents are tapped to perform the demanding roles that the comedia necessitates. Wearing colorful costumes, local actors and actresses showcase their acting prowess before spectators.

The “Paligong Poon” takes place at the Lumban River, where the Icon of the Patron Saint, San Sebastian, together with hundreds of devotees are float on “Kaskitos” (a fleet of large boats), holding lit candles and performing rituals across the river, known as “Lupi”.

Participating are civic and religious organizations and groups of bands in the locality. The icon is then paraded around the town while locals take turns in dousing the saint and devotees. Witnessed by spectators from the municipality and neighboring towns.

On this feast, each barangays of Lumban has its own icon of the patron saint which was included on their respective float. It is also included in here the 9-days novena of the Hermanas of the town.

On this feast, the people of the town make themselves totally wet in accordance to the ritual ceremony of the patron saint of Lumban.

Burdang Lumban FestivalEdit

Normally tranquil, Lumban bursts with sounds and colors every third week of September for its Burdang Lumban Festival. Aside from the fiesta in January, which has been celebrated for centuries, the town has added a festival. It has been a recent fashion in the Philippines to create festivals to attract tourism, provide citizens cause for merriment and honor and promote a unique product, industry or heritage. For Lumban, the festival promotes its centuries-old craft and industry of hand embroidery, burda in Tagalog.

Fashion designers, prominent personalities and people in the know go all the way to Lumban for its barong Tagalog, wedding gowns and embroidery, which flourished only in this town in Laguna. Lumban wants to strengthen and further its reputation for hand embroidery, and establish itself as the Embroidery Capital of the Philippines.

Embroidery remains to be the queen attraction of Lumban. And this was shown in the festival, whose highlight is the street dancing competition, in which school children dance in bright and colorful costumes inspired by the barong Tagalog and embellished with known embroidery designs. They started at the multi-purpose covered hall in front of the municipal building, marched in front of the church, through the narrow streets, and ended at the entrance of the barangay of Wawa with a showdown. Larger-than-life tambors and bastidors served as props. It was an amusing watch. Their zest and choreography led them to win a prize at the Anilag Festival, Laguna's “festival of festivals."



  1. ^ Department of Tourism - The Philippine's Ultimate Travel Guide for Tourist
  2. ^ a b Provincial Government of Laguna
  3. ^ Municipality of Lumban | (DILG)
  4. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  5. ^ a b c Census of Population (2020). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  6. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  7. ^ Philippine Native Trees 101: Up Close and Personal. Green Convergence for Safe Food, Healthy Environment and Sustainable Economy (Organization), Hortica Filipina Foundation, Inc, Binhi Project (Philippines). 2012. pp. 307 pages. ISBN 9789719546900.
  8. ^ "Province: Laguna". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  9. ^ "Lumban: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 11 May 2020.
  10. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  11. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  12. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-A (Calabarzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  13. ^ "Province of Laguna". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  14. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  15. ^; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  16. ^; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  17. ^; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  18. ^; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  19. ^; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  20. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.

External linksEdit