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Luis Enríquez Bacalov (30 August 1933 – 15 November 2017) was an Argentine-Italian composer of film scores. Early on in his career, he composed scores for Spaghetti Western films. In the early 1970s, he collaborated with Italian progressive rock bands. Bacalov was nominated twice for the Academy Award for Best Original Score, winning it in 1996 for Il Postino. Bacalov composed significant works for chorus and orchestra. Before his death, he was the artistic director of the Orchestra della Magna Grecia in Taranto, Italy.
Bacalov in 2014
Luis Enríquez Bacalov
30 August 1933
|Died||15 November 2017 (aged 84)|
|Nationality||Argentinian, Italian, Bulgarian|
|Occupation||Composer of film scores|
Life and careerEdit
Luis Bacalov was born in Buenos Aires to a family of Bulgarian Jewish origin, but even though he identified as a Jew, he did not practice Judaism. His paternal grandparents were Banat Bulgarians who emigrated to Argentina. His film credits include westerns such as Django, A Bullet for the General, and The Grand Duel, and Italian crime films such as Caliber 9, Il Boss and Mister Scarface. He also scored Fellini's City of Women in 1980.
Bacalov had been nominated twice for Academy Award for Original Score—music adaptation or treatment— in 1967 for Pasolini's The Gospel According to St. Matthew, and winning the award for Il Postino in 1996.
In the early 1970s, he collaborated with Italian progressive rock bands such as New Trolls, on their 1971 album, Concerto grosso per i New Trolls, Osanna, on the band's second album, Preludio Tema Variazioni e Canzona released in 1972, and Il Rovescio della Medaglia for the 1973 release of their third album, Contaminazione.
Bacalov composed significant works for chorus and orchestra, including his Misa Tango (1997), a work setting a Spanish-language adaptation of the classic liturgical Mass to the tango rhythms of his native Argentina. The standard Mass text was significantly truncated in accordance with Bacalov's desire that the work appeal to those of all Abrahamic faiths: Christians, Muslims and Jews. All references to Christ — except for the Lamb of God (Latin: Agnus Dei) — have been deleted. Credo, the third and longest text part of a sung Mass, has been reduced to most of its first strophe and part of the second one: "Credo in unum Deum, ... omnipotentem, factorem cœli et terrae." (" I believe in one God, ... Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth") plus "Amen" at the end. Misa Tango debuted in Rome with Plácido Domingo as solo tenor in 2000 and was later recorded by Deutsche Grammophon with Plácido Domingo (tenor), Ana María Martínez (mezzo-soprano) and Héctor Ulises Passarella (bandoneón).
Bacalov composed Portena for 2 pianos and orchestra (given a performance and live recording by Argentinian pianist Martha Argerich at the 2015 Lugano Festival).
Bacalov composed Cantones de Nuestro Tiempos (Psalms for our Times: The Cambridge Psalms) (2006), a commissioned work with text from the Psalms of David for baritone and soprano soloists, orchestra and chorus, which had its world premiere at Sanders Theatre in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in spring 2006 by the Cambridge Community Chorus (William E. Thomas, Music Director). This followed the 19 May 2002 U.S. premiere performance of "Misa Tango" also at Harvard University's Sanders Theatre (William E. Thomas, Music Director).
Two of his songs, "The Grand Duel (Parte Prima)" and "Summertime Killer", were used in Quentin Tarantino's film Kill Bill (2003). Tarantino also used three Bacalov songs from the Spaghetti western era in his 2012 movie Django Unchained: "Django" and "La Corsa (2nd Version)" originally from Django (1966), and "Lo Chiamavano King" from His Name Was King.
He was considered a brilliant pianist in his time.
- The Empty Canvas (1963)
- The Gospel According to St. Matthew (1964)
- Questa volta parliamo di uomini (1965)
- OSS 77 – Operazione fior di loto (1965)
- Django (1966)
- A Bullet for the General (1966)
- Sugar Colt (1966)
- A Rose for Everyone (1967)
- Catch as Catch Can (1967)
- We Still Kill the Old Way (1967)
- Ghosts – Italian Style (1967)
- The Protagonists (1968)
- The Vatican Affair (1968)
- The Black Sheep (1968)
- Appointment in Beirut (1969)
- The Price of Power (1969)
- L'amica (1969)
- Lonely Hearts (1970)
- La supertestimone (1971)
- The Designated Victim (1971)
- His Name Was King (1971)
- Roma Bene (1971)
- Caliber 9 (1972)
- It Can Be Done Amigo (1972)
- The Grand Duel (1972)
- The Summertime Killer (1972)
- Il Boss (1973)
- The Police Serve the Citizens? (1973)
- Stateline Motel (1973)
- The Man Called Noon (1973)
- La seduzione (1973)
- Shoot First, Die Later (1974)
- Loaded Guns (1975)
- Kidnap Syndicate (1975)
- Colpita da improvviso benessere (1976)
- The Sicilian Cross (1976)
- Nick the Sting (1976)
- Mister Scarface (1976)
- The Last Round (1976)
- Blood and Diamonds (1978)
- City of Women (1980)
- Entre Nous (1983)
- La maschera (1988)
- Il Postino (1996)
- Stella's Favor (1996)
- The Truce (1997)
- Polish Wedding (1998)
- Milonga (1999)
- Secret of the Andes (1999)
- Children of the Century (1999)
- Almost America (2001)
- Assassination Tango (2002)
- The Dust Factory (2004)
- 1968 We Still Kill the Old Way (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack) (LP; United Artists)
- 1971 Pitturamusica (LP; Generalmusic)
- 1972 Paesaggi (LP; Generalmusic)
- 1975 Desbandes by Gato Barbieri and Luis Bacalov (LP; Vista)
- 1979 Sincretic 1 by Luis Bacalov and Giovanni Tommaso
- 1980 La cité des femmes (LP; Général Music France)
- 1984 Le Juge (CD; Ltd; Music Box Records)
- 1985 Le Transfuge (CD; Ltd; Music Box Records)
- 1985 Django (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack) (Intermezzo, Generalmusic)
- 1986 Quién Sabe? (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack) (Intermezzo, Generalmusic)
- 1992 Il Prezzo del potere (Original Soundtrack) (CD; CAM)
- 1993 Luis Bacalov Plays Nino Rota (CD; CAM)
- 1994 The Postman (Il Postino) (CD; Miramax Records)
- 1994 Anni Ribelli (Original Soundtrack) (CD; CAM)
- 1995 A ciascuno il suo / Una questione d'onore (Original Soundtracks) (CD, RE; Point Records
- 1995 La più grande rapina del west / L'oro dei bravados (Original Soundtracks) (CD, RE, Ltd.; GDM Music)
- 1995 Il grande duello / Si può fare... amigo (Original Soundtracks) (CD; Point Records)
- 1995 Ricatto alla Mala / La polizia è al servizio del cittadino? (Original Soundtracks) (CD; Point Records)
- 1996 Il Vangelo secondo Matteo (Original Soundtrack) (CD, RE, RCA)
- 1997 Concerto Premio Rota 1996' (CD, RM; CAM)
- 1997 La tregua ("The Truce") (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack) (CD; CAM)
- 1999 Milonga (Original Soundtrack) (CD; RCA)
- 2000 Lo chiamavano King... / Monta in sella!! Figlio di... / Partirono preti, tornarono... curati (Original Soundtracks) (CD, RM, Ltd.; Screen Trax)
- 2003 Sugar Colt (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack) (CD; GDM Music)
- 2007 Per amore by Ennio Morricone and Luis Bacalov (Colonna Sonora Originale) (CD, RE, RM; GDM Music)
- 2007 I quattro del pater noster (Original Soundtrack) (CD, R; Verita Note
- 2008 A qualsiasi prezzo (CD; Verita Note)
- 2010 Coup de foudre (CD, Ltd.; Quartet Records)
- 2010 Lo Scatenato / La Pecora / Nera (CD; Verita Note)
- 2010 Summertime Killer (The Complete Original Soundtrack In Full Stereo) (CD, RE, RM, Ltd.; Quartet)
- 1965 Una questione d'onore (Dischi Ricordi SRL 10-412)
- 1973 The Summertime Killer (Seven Seas Music FM-1044S)
- 2002 In Lounge (Giaguaro Records GRC 005)
- "Django" (Franco Migliacci, Robert Mellin, Luis Bacalov) (1966 Django Dischi Parade PRC 5001 – Seven Seas Music HIT-1376; 1967 7", as "Django" / "Django-Thema", Vogue Schallplatten DV 14626)
- "Sugar Colt" (1966 Dischi Parade PRC 5007; 1967 7" Zafiro)
- "A ciascuno il suo" (1967 7" Dischi Parade PRC 5029)
- "Lo scatenato" / "Se chiudi gli occhi" (from Lo scatenato) (1967 7" Dischi Parade PRC 5047)
- "Run and Run Like a Play" / "Country Lovers" (from The Summertime Killers) (1972 7" Delta Italiana ZD 50221)
- "Fandango" (from L'uomo che sfidò l'organizzazione) (1975 7" CBS 3668)
- "Il lungo viaggio" / "Memorie" (from Il lungo viaggio) (1975 7" RCA TBBO 1179)
- "Che ce voj fà / Carrefour (from Colpita da improvviso benessere) (1976 7" RCA TBBO 1187)
- "Che fare?" (1979 7" Generalmusic GMN 5005)
- "A Suitcase Full of Memories" / "Mélodie pour un réve" (from Le jeune marié) (1983 7" Général Music France 801.045)
- "In Lounge" (2002 7" Giaguaro Records)
- 2003 Appears on: Kill Bill Vol. 1 Unreleased Tracks [Various Artists]
- 2009 Appears on: Bicycle, Bicycle, Bicycle, I Want to Ride My Bicycle Mixtape!!! [Various Artists]
- "The 1996 Oscar Winners". Associated Press via the New York Times. March 27, 1996. Retrieved 24 June 2017.
- "Bacalov: "Più attenzione per l'orchestra ICO della Magna Grecia"" [Bacalov: "More care for the Orchestra ICO della Magna Grecia"] (in Italian). 7 July 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
- Luis Bacalov, la vuelta al pago (Interview with Luis Bacalov)
- Luis Bacalov: 'Io, musicista ebreo affascinato da Cristo' Archived 31 May 2015 at the Wayback Machine
- Italian television, TG2 Mizar, 08.09.2014, La musica, il cinema e materia: Il vangelo secondo PPP vis(su)to da Luis E. Bacalov (The Gospels according to Pier Paolo Pasolini seen and lived by Luis E. Bacalov), at 00:10:35. See also Giuseppina Manin, Bacalov in concerto, il tango diventa una messa in Corriere della sera, 1 October 2000, page 35.
- Moskov, Nikolay (1 February 2013). "The composer of Django Unchained — a Banat Bulgarian". 24 Chasa (in Bulgarian). Sofia: VGB. Archived from the original on 11 May 2013. Retrieved 21 June 2013.
- New Trolls. ItalianProg.com.
- Osanna. ItalianProg.com.
- Il Rovescio della Medaglia. ItalianProg.com.
- "L'Orchestra" (in Italian). Orchestra della Magna Grecia. orchestramagnagrecia.it. Retrieved 24 June 2017.
- 88 notes pour piano solo, Jean-Pierre Thiollet, Neva Editions, 2015, p 249. ISBN 978-2-3505-5192-0
- Il Mattino. "Morto a 84 anni il premio Oscar Bacalov. Firmò le musiche de "Il postino" per Troisi". Retrieved 15 November 2017.
- Luis Enríquez Bacalov on IMDb
- Luis Bacalov at AllMusic
- Luis Bacalov discography at Discogs
- Luis Enriquez Bacalov at Epdlp (Spanish)
- Two excerpts of Bacalov's Misa Tango sung by the Ensemble vocal de Villars-sur-Glâne, a Swiss choir
- Two excerpts sung by the Cambridge Community Chorus, including "Misa Tango" and "Cantos Para Neustros Tiempos: The Cambridge Psalms"