Ludwig Yehuda Wolpert

Ludwig Yehuda Wolpert (Yehuda Wolpert), (7 October 1900 - 6 November 1981) was an Israeli-American goldsmith and designer, born in Germany. He is celebrated as the first artist to design Judaica in modern styles.[1][2]

BiographyEdit

 
The Twelve Tribes Balustrade (detail), 1940
Rosenblum Building, Faculty of Law, Hebrew University, Mount Scopus, Jerusalem

Ludwig Yehuda Wolpert was born in a small village near Heidelberg, Germany to a poor religious orthodox family. During his childhood he suffered as a result of his family's Lithuanian Jewish (immigrant) origin and was often teased because of his cleft lip. In 1916-1920, he began his studies in sculpture at the Frankfurt School of Art. In 1925-1928, he studied goldsmithing at the Frankfurt School of Art

Art careerEdit

Following the presentation of the works in the 1930 exhibition "Kult und Form" ("Ritual and form") at the Jewish Museum in Berlin, his works became well known in the German Jewish world. His works were greatly influenced by Modernism design, especially the Bauhaus movement. Wolpert works avoid decorations, and rely on clean, geometric shapes. In 1933, following the Nazi rise to power in Germany, he immigrated to the Land of Israel with his family. There, he worked in the B. Friedland Workshop where he designed and manufactured silver tableware and Jewish ceremonial art. Together with Victor Solomon Reese] he made the sculpture "The Flying Camel", the symbol of the "Levant Fair", under the architect Aryeh Elhanani.

Teaching careerEdit

In 1935 he began teaching at Bezalel Academy of Arts and Design in Jerusalem, where he headed the Department of Metal together with jeweler David Heinz Gumbel. Wolpert placed an emphasis on the use of Hebrew typography in Jewish ceremonial art and employed modern lines within works. In addition to his teaching continued to create modern Judaica works at the school’s workshop. In 1942 he established an independent workshop in Jerusalem.

In 1956, Wolpert moved to the United States, where he headed the Tobe Pascher Workshop for Modern Jewish Art at the Jewish Museum in New York City.

Awards and recognitionEdit

 
Inscription and Doors to the Weizmann Institute of Science, 1951-1952 Rehovot

ExhibitionsEdit

  • 1933 "Kult und Form", Jewish Museum of Berlin, Germany
  • 1939 The Judaica Pavilion, New York World's Fair, New York
  • 1953 One-man exhibition, Bezalel Museum, Jerusalem
  • 1957 Retrospective exhibition, Jewish Museum of New York
  • 1976 Retrospective exhibition, Jewish Museum of New York
  • 1976 Retrospective exhibition, Spertus Institute for Jewish Learning and Leadership, Chicago
  • 1977 "Wolpert: A Retrospective", The Hebrew Union College Skirball Museum, L.A.
  • 2012 "Forging Ahead: Wolpert and Gumbel, Israeli Silversmiths for the Modern Age", Israel Museum, Jerusalem

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sherman, Randi (14 September 2007). "The Joy Of Alloy". The Jewish Week.
  2. ^ "Ludwig Yehuda Wolpert". imj.org.il. Israel Museum. Retrieved 15 October 2015.

Further readingEdit

  • Sharon Weiser-Ferguson, Forging Ahead: Wolpert and Gumbel, Israeli Silversmiths for the Modern Age, Israel Museum, Jerusalem, 2012

External linksEdit