A lucky loser is a sports competitor (player or team) who loses a match in a knockout tournament or loses in qualifying, but who then enters the main draw, usually when another competitor withdraws during the tournament because of illness, injury, or other reasons. The lucky loser then re-enters the competition, normally in place of the withdrawn competitor.
In the event of a lucky loser's re-entry to a competition, it usually occurs before all competitors in the main draw have started their first match in the tournament.
Lucky losers as tennis tournament winners and finalistsEdit
It is rare for a lucky loser to win an ATP or WTA tournament; Heinz Gunthardt did it in 1978 (at Springfield), Bill Scanlon in 1978 (at Maui), Francisco Clavet in 1990 in Hilversum, Christian Miniussi in 1991 in São Paulo, Sergiy Stakhovsky in 2008 in Zagreb, Rajeev Ram in 2009 in Newport, Andrey Rublev in 2017 in Umag, Leonardo Mayer in the following week in 2017 in Hamburg and Marco Cecchinato at the Hungarian Open in 2018. In total, nine men have done it since 1978. Three men's doubles teams have won a tournament as lucky losers.
In March 1980, Kay McDaniel won a WTA minor league title in Atlanta as a lucky loser, but the WTA recognizes Andrea Jaeger as the first lucky loser to win a WTA title, in Las Vegas in 1980. Olga Danilović won a WTA event as a lucky loser in Moscow in 2018, where some sources have claimed she is the first women to win a main tour WTA singles title as a lucky loser. In October 2019, Coco Gauff defeated Jeļena Ostapenko 6-3, 1-6, 6-2 at the Upper Austria Ladies Linz tournament in Austria at the age of 15 to become the third woman to accomplish the feat.
Vitalia Diatchenko joined the list of such winners when triumphing in the inaugural WTA 125K series tournament in Angers in 2021, although this is not regarded as a full WTA title. Not only did she win the title as a Lucky Loser, but she came back from a set and 0-4 down in the second round to defeat Daniela Vismane, the player who had beaten her in the final qualifying round.
Lucky losers who have reached the finals of a tennis tournament and lost include Andreas Haider-Maurer, who reached the final in 2010 Vienna before losing to top-seeded Jürgen Melzer, Marcel Granollers who lost against David Ferrer in 2010 Valencia, and Pablo Cuevas, beaten in the 2019 Estoril Open final by Stefanos Tsitsipas. Cuevas had lost to Salvatore Caruso in the second round of qualifying, but beat him when they met again in the first round proper. On the women's side, Melinda Czink reached the final of the 2005 Canberra International but lost to Ana Ivanovic, who had also defeated Czink in the final round of qualifying. In 2012, Coco Vandeweghe finished runner-up to Serena Williams at the Bank of the West Classic in Stanford.
Ethical issues and change in policy in tennisEdit
In tennis, the rule for choosing a player to enter the main draw as a lucky loser is as follows: from all players eliminated in the final round of qualifying, the highest-ranked player in the ATP or WTA rankings is the first one to enter the draw, followed by the second highest-ranked player and so on (if more players withdrew before the start of the tournament). On rare occasions that there are more late withdrawals than losers in the last qualifying rounds or players eligible for lucky losers are not available, a player who lost in the penultimate round of qualifying may enter as lucky loser.
Prior to the 2005 Wimbledon Championships, American player Justin Gimelstob faced George Bastl from Switzerland in the final qualification round. Gimelstob, who was the highest-ranked player remaining in the qualifying tournament, aggravated a chronic back complaint during his second qualification match against Vladimir Voltchkov. Gimelstob planned to withdraw before the match with Bastl, and informed his opponent of his intent. However, officials suggested that Gimelstob play at least one game, as it was almost certain someone would withdraw from the main draw before the tournament started, giving Gimelstob a good chance of getting a berth as a lucky loser (as well as giving him time for his back to recover). Gimelstob did indeed enter the main draw as a lucky loser after the withdrawal of Andre Agassi, reaching the third round, where he lost to Lleyton Hewitt.
While Gimelstob's behavior was not generally considered unethical, it raised concerns by pointing out that any player in a similar position would have little incentive to play a competitive match. For example, a high-ranking player paired against a lower-ranked friend might deliberately lose the match to help his friend gain entry to the tournament, if the first player had already clinched a lucky loser spot. The possibility of bribery was also a concern.
Shortly thereafter, a new policy was introduced in Grand Slam tournaments. Since 2006, a random draw has been held to determine the order in which players enter the Main Draw rather than using rankings. This element of uncertainty helps to ensure that final-round qualifying matches remain competitive. However, this rule does not apply in all other tournaments.
After three teams which qualified for the 1950 World Cup withdrew, several teams which had failed to qualify were invited to replace them, but declined.
In qualification for the 1958 World Cup, Israel won the Asia–Africa group without playing a match, after its opponents withdrew as part of a sports boycott. FIFA then required Israel to play off against a team drawn from among the other groups' runners up. Italy and Uruguay declined to enter the draw; Belgium was selected but withdrew. Ultimately Wales, who had lost to Czechoslovakia in UEFA Group 4, were drawn, beat Israel, and reached the quarterfinals of the tournament.
The 1960–1999 European Cup Winners' Cup was intended for the winners of each UEFA member's domestic knockout cup competition. However, where a club won the double of both the cup and the round-robin league, it entered the more prestigious European Cup reserved for league champions, with the losing cup finalist entering the Cup Winners' Cup. Five domestic-cup runners-up won the Cup Winners' Cup: Fiorentina (1960–61), Rangers (1971–72), Anderlecht (1977–78), Dinamo Tbilisi (1980–81), and Barcelona (1996–97). Similar provisions now apply for the Champions League and Europa League as respective successors to the European Cup and Cup Winners' Cup.
The Intercontinental Cup was intended to be contested by the winners of the European Cup and the Copa Libertadores, but on several occasions the European champions declined to participate and were replaced by the runners-up. Atlético Madrid in 1975 became the only European loser to win the Intercontinental Cup.
Denmark lost to Yugoslavia in Qualifying Group 4 for UEFA Euro 1992. When Yugoslavia was suspended by UN sports boycott owing to the Yugoslav Wars, Denmark replaced them and went on to win the tournament.
Manchester United withdrew from the 1999-2000 FA Cup as their first fixture in the tournament clashed with the 2000 FIFA Club World Championship in Brazil. A lucky loser from the second round ties was selected to take the final place in the third round draw, guaranteed an away tie. Darlington F.C., who were defeated by Gillingham F.C. in the second round, were selected and drawn away to Aston Villa F.C. Villa won the tie 2-1 and proceeded to the final where they were defeated by Chelsea F.C.
- "Finger Lakes Times: Scanlon win in Hawaii" (PDF). Retrieved 19 May 2015.
- "Champion Cecchinato: Italian Wins Maiden Title". Retrieved 2018-04-30.
- "Why losing can be lucky in tennis". Retrieved 19 May 2015.
- "Tecau clinches Bucharest treble with Rojer; Huta Galung/Robert win in Barcelona". Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP). 27 April 2014.
- "Czink fails to go from loser to champ". 15 January 2005. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
- "Lucky losers take a chance on chance". Retrieved 19 May 2015.
- "Danilovic claims first title in Moscow after all-teen tussle". 29 July 2018. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
- "Coco Gauff becomes youngest tennis finalist in 15 years". 12 October 2019. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
- "Lucky loser Diatchenko beats Zhang in Angers to capture third WTA 125 title". 12 December 2021. Retrieved 17 December 2021.
- Ivanovic wins Canberra Classic - ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)
- Bricker, Charles (June 19, 2005), "Gimelstob is a lucky loser", South Florida Sun-Sentinel
- Rothenberg, Ben (24 June 2014). "In Wimbledon Lottery, Lucky Losers Win a Second Chance". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
- Doyle, Paul (13 November 2015). "The Joy of Six: international football play-offs". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 July 2018.
- Stokkermans, Karel (15 December 2016). "Lucky Losers". www.rsssf.com. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 13 July 2018.
- "BBC News | UK | Man Utd confirm exit from FA Cup".
- "BBC News | Football | FA Cup to have 'wild card' entry".
- "Football FA Cup: Darlington close to cracking the code". 23 October 2011.
- "BBC News | FA CUP | Chelsea claim FA Cup glory".