Luckenwalde (German pronunciation: [lʊkənˈvaldə]; Upper and Lower Sorbian: Łukowc) is the capital of the Teltow-Fläming district in the German state of Brandenburg. It is situated on the Nuthe river north of the Fläming Heath, at the eastern rim of the Nuthe-Nieplitz Nature Park, about 50 km (31 mi) south of Berlin. The town area includes the villages of Frankenfelde and Kolzenburg.
|• Mayor (2017–25)||Elisabeth Herzog-von der Heide (SPD)|
|• Total||46.75 km2 (18.05 sq mi)|
|Elevation||48 m (157 ft)|
|• Density||440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
The former Slavic settlement of Lugkin was conquered by Margrave Conrad Wettin of Meissen in the course of the 1147 Wendish Crusade. Lukenwalde Castle was first mentioned in a 1216 deed as a burgward of the Bishopric of Brandenburg, it was acquired by Zinna Abbey in 1285. Together with Zinna it remained under the rule of the Archbishopric of Magdeburg and its successor, the Prussian Duchy of Magdeburg until it was attached to the Margraviate of Brandenburg in 1773.
Originating in the 17th century, Luckenwalde's cloth and wool factories did not spring up till the reign of King Frederick II of Prussia and soon were among the most extensive in Germany. Other traditional industries were cotton printing and a dye works, brewing, and the making of metal and bronze goods. In 1808 Luckenwalde officially received town privileges.
By the turn of the 20th Century Luckenwalde became renowned as a key manufacturer of hats. In 1921 the two biggest hat ateliers, Herrmann and Steinberg, merged and set up their factory on an industrial estate in Luckenwalde. The factory was designed by German architect Erich Mendelsohn in 1923, the factory is considered a milestone of Expressionist architecture. The hat factory fell into disrepair during and after the war period and was restored in 2001, but as of 2013 the building remains empty.
During World War II, there was a Stalag for prisoners of war (Stalag III-A). There was also a work camp for civilians. The Nazis forced people to work for their war effort or else the families of people who worked there would perish. Lack of food and hard work killed thousands. Among them were Poles, Italians, French and many more. There were several places in the town and surrounding areas where they worked. Luckenwalde was taken by the Red Army on 22 April 1945.
Recent Population Development and Projections (Population Development before Census 2011 (blue line); Recent Population Development according to the Census in Germany in 2011 (blue bordered line); Official projections for 2005-2030 (yellow line); for 2017-2030 (scarlet line); for 2020-2030 (green line)
Seats in the municipal assembly (Stadtverordnetenversammlung) as of 2014 elections:
- Marianne Adam (born 1951), shot putter
- Carl (Carlos) Anwandter (1801–1889), 1848 revolutionary, emigre to Chile
- Ilka Bessin (born 1971), comedian (Cindy aus Marzahn)
- Rudi Dutschke (1940–1979), spokesman of the German 1968 student movement, attended school in Luckenwalde
- Hans Freudenthal (1905–1990), mathematician
- Hans Grohe (1871–1955), industrialist
- Michael Hanack (1931–2019), chemist
- Carl Harries (1866–1923), chemist
- Hans-Joachim Hecht (born 1939 ), chess master
- David Hollwitz (born 1989), footballer
- Bernhard Kadenbach (born 1933), biochemist
- Paul Koebe (1882–1945), mathematician
- Niklas Kohrt (born 1980), actor
- Hans Krueger (1909–1988), Gestapo officer and Holocaust perpetrator, attended school in Luckenwalde
- Susanne Lahme (born 1951), volleyball player
- Werner Lamberz (1929–1978), senior politician in the GDR, apprenticed in Luckenwalde
- Carla Nelte (born 1990), badminton player
- Maria Nicklisch (1904–1995), stage actress
- Katherina Reiche (born 1973), politician (CDU)
- Heinz-Joachim Rothenburg (born 1944), shot putter
- Herbert Schoen (1929–2014), footballer
- Franz Urbig (1864–1944), banker
Luckenwalde is twinned with:
- Landkreis Teltow-Fläming Wahl der Bürgermeisterin / des Bürgermeisters, accessed 4 July 2021.
- "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2020". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). June 2021.
- Hat Factory on Architectuul
- Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons
- "Municipal election 25.05.2014 - STVV Luckenwalde". Stadt Luckenwalde. Retrieved 19 October 2014.
Media related to Luckenwalde at Wikimedia Commons
Notgeld (emergency banknotes) depicting the industries Luckenwalde was known for in the early 20th century. http://webgerman.com/Notgeld/Directory/L/Luckenwalde.htm