Lucius Valerius Flaccus (consul 195 BC)

Lucius Valerius Flaccus (died 180 BC) was a Roman politician and general. He was consul in 195 BC and censor in 183 BC, serving both times with his friend Cato the Elder, whom he brought to the notice of the Roman political elite.

FamilyEdit

Flaccus was a patrician and son of the Publius Valerius Flaccus who was consul in 227 BC with M. Atilius Regulus. His brother was the flamen dialis Gaius Valerius Flaccus, who made a respectable political career as praetor, though not consul.

CareerEdit

The patrician Flaccus became a friend, political patron, and ally of the young plebeian senator Marcus Porcius Cato, later called Cato the Elder, during the earlier years of the Second Punic War. Flaccus is possibly the Valerius Flaccus who was a military tribune in 212 BC, serving under the consuls who captured Hanno's camp at Beneventum.[1]

Flaccus was curule aedile in 201 BC.[2] He was probably the L. Valerius Flaccus who was a legate under the praetor L. Furius Purpureo in Gaul in 200.[3] As praetor in 199, he was assigned to the province of Sicily. Flaccus received Italy as his province when he was consul in 195 BC, and continued to wage war as proconsul the following year against the Gauls, with a victory over the Insubres at Mediolanum (Milan).[4] In 191 Flaccus was a legate under Manius Acilius Glabrio in the war against the Aetolians and at the Battle of Thermopylae.[5]

In 190, Flaccus served on the three-man commission (triumviri coloniis deducendis) created to strengthen Placentia and Cremona. His fellow commissioners were M. Atilius Serranus (praetor 174 BC) and L. Valerius Tappo (praetor 192 BC). The following year, the commission founded Bononia (modern Bologna) as a Roman colony (colonia).[6]

In a "hotly contested" election,[7] Flaccus became censor along with Cato in 184. Their censorship was noted for its severity: Lucius Quinctius Flamininus, the consul of 192, was kicked out of the senate; Scipio Asiaticus, the consul of 190, lost his equestrian rank; and public contracts were leased stringently.[8] The two men shared common conservative political sympathies and cultural outlook, and were loyal to the military and political views of the older generation represented by Quintus Fabius Maximus Verrucosus.[citation needed] Both he and Cato sought to defend Roman tradition against Hellenism. He initiated condtruction of the Via Flacca, named after him.

Flaccus was a member of the College of Pontiffs from 196, when he succeeded M. Cornelius Cethegus, until his death.

Flaccus became princeps senatus when Scipio Africanus died in 183. He himself died three years later.

ReferencesEdit

Dates, offices, and citations of ancient sources for the career of Flaccus from T.R.S. Broughton, The Magistrates of the Roman Republic, unless otherwise noted.

  1. ^ Livy 25.14.6; Valerius Maximus 3.2.20. Münzer regarded this tribune as the fictional creation of Valerius Antias to bolster the Valerian family tradition. See T.R.S. Broughton, The Magistrates of the Roman Republic (American Philological Association, 1951, 1986), vol. 1, pp. 269 and 272 (note 6).
  2. ^ Livy 31.4.5–6.
  3. ^ Livy 31.21.8.
  4. ^ Livy 33.43.5, 34.22.1–3 and 46.1, 42.2.4; Plutarch, Cato Maior 10.1.
  5. ^ Livy 36.19.1, 22.7, 27.3–8, 28.8; Appian, Syrian War 19.
  6. ^ Livy 37.46.10–11 and 37.57.7–8.
  7. ^ Broughton, MRR1 p. 374; Livy 39.40–41; Plutarch, Cato Maior 16.1–6.
  8. ^ Broughton, MRR1 pp. 374–375, with various ancient sources.

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities. London: John Murray. {{cite encyclopedia}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)

Political offices
Preceded by Roman consul
195 BC
With: M. Porcius Cato
Succeeded by
Preceded by Roman censor
184–183 BC
With: M. Porcius Cato
Succeeded by