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Lucius Caninius Gallus (consul 2 BC)

Lucius Caninius Gallus (fl. late 1st century BC – early 1st century AD) was a Roman senator who was appointed suffect consul in 2 BC.


Caninius Gallus was a member of the Plebeian gens Caninia. Originally from Tusculum, he was either the son or grandson of Lucius Caninius Gallus, the consul of 37 BC.[1] The stemma provided by an inscription commemorating his daughter, Caninia Galla, strongly suggests that he is the son rather than grandson of the consul of 37, pace Syme.[2]

Gallus was triumvir monetalis in 12 BC.[3] His praetorian career is unknown, although it is speculated that he was an aedile at Tusculum at some point.[1] In early 2 BC Gallus was appointed consul suffectus, replacing Marcus Plautius Silvanus, and he had the emperor Augustus as his consular colleague for a period of time before Augustus relinquished the consulship in that year. This indicates that Gallus was held in some esteem by the ruling regime.

Possibly around AD 9/10, Gallus was appointed the proconsular governor of Africa.[4] Under the following emperor, Tiberius, he was the president of the curatores alvei Tiberis et riparum et cloacarum urbis (or officials responsible for maintaining the banks of the Tiber River and the sewers of the city of Rome).[5]

Gallus was a member of the college of quindecimviri sacris faciundis.[6] In AD 32 he asked the senate to vote on a resolution about including a new collection of Sibylline oracles in the state’s official collection of Sibylline Books. Although the senate agreed, the emperor Tiberius rebuked Caninius Gallus for being rash and not following correct religious procedures, and the matter was referred to the full college of the quindecimviri sacris faciundis.[7]

Gallus was also a member of the college of the Arval Brethren, becoming magister of the college by AD 36.[8]



  1. ^ a b Syme, p. 88
  2. ^ CIL II 4129 = AE 2006 693
  3. ^ RIC I(2) Augustus 416-419
  4. ^ Syme, p. 370; AE 1938 2 and 2008 1617 (Lepcis Magna)
  5. ^ CIL VI 31543
  6. ^ Syme, p. 49
  7. ^ Tacitus, Annals, 6.12
  8. ^ CIL VI 2024, 2025, 2027
Political offices
Preceded by
Imp. Caesar Divi f. Augustus XIII,
and Marcus Plautius Silvanus

as Ordinary consuls
Suffect Consul of the Roman Empire
2 BC
with Caesar Divi f. Augustus XIII,
followed by Gaius Fufius Geminus (suffect),
followed by Quintus Fabricius (suffect)
Succeeded by
Cossus Cornelius Lentulus Gaetulicus,
and Lucius Calpurnius Piso

as Ordinary consuls