Lucid Motors

Lucid Group, Inc. is an American electric vehicle manufacturer headquartered in Newark, California.[4] The company was founded in 2007.[5] Deliveries of the Dream Edition launch versions were made available to the first group of 520 reservation holders on October 30, 2021.[6][7]

Lucid Motors
FormerlyAtieva, Inc.
TypePublic company
ISINUS5494981039
Industry
Founded2007; 15 years ago (2007)
Founders
  • Bernard Tse
  • Sam Weng
  • Sheaupyng Lin
HeadquartersNewark, California, U.S.
Key people
RevenueIncrease US$27 million (2021)
Decrease US$−1.5 billion (2021)
Decrease US$−2.6 billion (2021)
Total assetsIncrease US$7.9 billion (2021)
Total equityIncrease US$3.9 billion (2021)
OwnerPublic Investment Fund (61.1%) (2022)
Number of employees
c. 3,900 (December 2021)
Websitewww.lucidmotors.com Edit this at Wikidata
Footnotes / references
[1][2][3]

HistoryEdit

 
Lucid Studio at Brickell City Centre, Miami

Lucid was founded in 2007 under the name Atieva and originally focused on building electric vehicle batteries and powertrains for other vehicle manufacturers.[8]

Lucid's CEO and CTO, Peter Rawlinson, formerly served as VP of Engineering and Chief Engineer of the Model S at Tesla, Inc.,[4] and Vice President Derek Jenkins previously worked as Head of Design at Mazda North American Operations.[9] The company has seen investments from Tsing Capital, Mitsui, Venrock, JAFCO, and others.[9][10]

The company rebranded to Lucid Motors in October 2016 and officially announced its intent to develop an all-electric, high-performance luxury vehicle.[8]

On November 29, 2016, state and company officials announced the planned construction of Lucid's US$700 million manufacturing plant in Casa Grande, Arizona, which was projected to employ up to 2,000 workers by the mid-2020s,[11][12][13] initially building 20,000 cars and expanding up to 130,000 cars per year. The factory was then to be designed to support a maximum capacity of 380,000 cars per year.[14] As of November 2016, the company had planned to break ground in 2017, and have cars in production by early 2019.[15] The first vehicles began rolling off the assembly line on September 28, 2021.[16]

On September 17, 2018, Lucid Motors announced that they were in talks with the Public Investment Fund, which is the Saudi Arabian sovereign investment fund, for funding valued at over US$1 billion.[17][18] The investment was completed in April 2019.[19] The investment will fund: the final engineering and testing of the Lucid Air model; the first-phase construction of its manufacturing plant in Casa Grande, Arizona;[18] the commercial production of the Lucid Air; and Lucid's worldwide retail strategy, beginning in North America.[17][18][20] Construction of the plant began in late 2019, the first-phase was completed in December 2020.[21][22] The second-phase construction is ongoing and will increase production capacity from 34,000 to 90,000 vehicles a year. The completed factory (4 phases) will have a combined manufacturing capacity of about 400,000 cars per year.[23]

In February 2021, Lucid Motors announced a deal valued at US$11.75 billion to merge with Churchill Capital Corp IV, a publicly traded special-purpose acquisition company (SPAC).[24] CEO Rawlinson announced Lucid's intention to produce its Project Gravity SUV by 2023, then offer a competitor to Tesla's Model 3 by 2024 or 2025.[25][26]

In July 2021, The Wall Street Journal reported that the Public Investment Fund will own over 60 percent of Lucid when the company goes public.[27] The fund will record a profit of nearly US$20 billion from its investment in Lucid in 2018.[27]

Lucid began building its first all-electric Air sedans in Arizona in September 2021 and started delivering them to customers in late October.[28]

On February 28, 2022, Lucid decreased its 2022 production outlook from 20,000 vehicles to 12,000–14,000 vehicles, citing supply chain issues.[29][30]

VehiclesEdit

Lucid mainly developed battery technology in its early years, but began development of its first car in 2014.[10]

Development prototypeEdit

The company initially used a Mercedes Metris van named "Edna", to develop the powertrain.[10][31]

Lucid AirEdit

A prototype of the Lucid Air fully electric car was unveiled in December 2016. Lucid Air production was expected to start in spring 2021.[32] In November 2020, The Lucid Air Pure was announced with 406 mi (653 km) of projected range and 480 hp (360 kW) and a starting price of US$77,400. The full range of models includes Lucid Air Touring, Grand Touring, and Dream Edition versions. The top spec cars have an output of over 1,000 hp (750 kW).[33]

On September 16, 2020, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) rated the range of the Lucid Air to be 520 mi (840 km) on a single charge.[34][35]

Lucid has agreed with Mobileye to use their EyeQ4 chips and eight cameras for driver assist features,[36] and will make the car "autonomous ready".[37] This 4-door sedan is able to reach a software-limited top speed of 217 mph (349 km/h).[38] In July 2017, running on the high-speed track at the Transportation Research Center in Ohio, a special version of the car (with the speed limiter disabled via software and other modifications) hit 235 mph (378 km/h).[38]

Lucid is collaborating with Amazon to build in compatibility with Amazon's Alexa voice assistant, allowing drivers to use the voice assistant for navigation, phone calls, media streaming, smart home control, and other activities while driving.[39]

The infotainment system is based on Android Automotive.[40]

A Lucid Air is used by the character of Samantha Margolis in several episodes of season four of the Amazon Studios TV series Goliath.[41]

In September 2021, Lucid released the EPA estimated range for both the Dream Edition Air and Air Grand Touring; the Dream Air had a range of 520 miles on a single charge while the Grand Touring offered 516 miles, making the Dream the longest range of any EV rated by the EPA and the Grand Touring the first to top 400 miles in a test drive.[42][43]

Lucid Motors unveiled its 2022 Lucid Air Grand Touring model in November 2021. This version of the Air Grand Touring is powered by two electric motors that combine for 819 hp (611 kW) and 885 lb⋅ft (1,200 N⋅m) of torque.[43][44]

On May 5, 2022, Lucid announced that it was raising prices of the variants of its luxury Air sedan, beginning June 1, 2022. The price hikes were expected to push the base price of the Air sedan up as much as 13%.[45]

Lucid Air was named Motor Trend’s 2022 Car of the Year, being the first time a brand new car model won the award.[46]

Project GravityEdit

Lucid teased an electric SUV concept in September 2020 called Project Gravity with only a brief image and short video segment.[32]: 43:38–44:25  Additional details were found in the patents that Lucid filed for the Gravity. The patents show that the Gravity features sleek headlamps similar to those of the Lucid Air as well as a visibly short hood and a large windscreen. In addition, the patents show that the side of the vehicle has a horizontal beltline as well as a sleek, wide windows, and quarter glass panels.[47]

Lucid Gravity
Overview
TypeSUV
Also calledProject Gravity
Model years2023—
Body and chassis
ClassSUV
LayoutFront-engine SUV
Doors4
RelatedLucid Air
Powertrain
Power output480–1080 hp
Chronology

BatteriesEdit

The Lucid Air will debut with a 900V+ electrical architecture, and custom lithium-ion battery cells.[48] Lucid's car uses the 2170[9] standard for its lithium-ion battery cells,[49] and supply agreements have been signed with both Samsung SDI[50] and LG Chem.[51]

Lucid designs, develops, manufactures, and supplies battery packs for gen2 Formula E race teams beginning in the 2018-2019 season[52] thru the 2021-2022 racing season,[4][53] in collaboration with McLaren Applied Technologies and Sony.[54][55] The Formula E specification[56] calls for a battery weight of 250 kg (550 lb), 54 kWh energy, and peak power of up to 250 kW.[57]

ChargingEdit

Lucid Motors partnered with Electrify America to use their nationwide charging network as an option for recharging Lucid's electric vehicles on the road.[58][59] The Lucid Air will be able to add 300 miles (480 km) in 20 minutes when using the station's 350 kW charging capability.[60]

Manufacturing facilitiesEdit

In December 2019, Lucid broke ground on a factory in Casa Grande, Arizona, the first greenfield facility for EV manufacturing in the United States.[61] On December 1, 2020, Lucid completed factory construction, dubbed AMP-1, and "aims to ramp up to 400,000 electric cars per year."[62]

The US$700 million facility was expected to begin producing the Lucid Air by spring 2021. The initial phase includes an initial 999,000 square feet (92,800 m2). Phase 2 of construction was expected to begin in early 2021. The land upon which this facility is built is owned by Pinal County, Arizona, who leases the 500-acre (200 ha) plot to Lucid. The land was bought by Pinal County for $29.94 million, which was financed by issuing bonds.[63]

On February 28, 2022, Lucid announced a long-term plan to build a new manufacturing plant in Saudi Arabia with the capability of producing 150,000 vehicles per year. Lucid has partnered with the Ministry of Investment of Saudi Arabia (MISA), The Saudi Industrial Development Fund (SIDF), and the King Abdullah Economic City (KAEC).[64]

Saudi ArabiaEdit

On, 27 April 2022, Government of Saudi Arabia announced to purchase a minimum of 50,000 electric vehicles and up to 100,000 electric vehicles from Lucid Motors over a ten-year period.[65] The Saudi government said the decision was in line with efforts to make its fleet more environmentally friendly and diversify the national economy away from oil. Lucid was selected, the government said, because the company is setting up a full production factory in Saudi Arabia—its first international manufacturing plant, which is aiming to produce 150,000 cars annually.[66]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Board of Directors". Lucid Motors. Retrieved January 27, 2021.
  2. ^ "Lucid Group, Inc. 2021 Annual Report (Form 10-K)". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. February 28, 2022.
  3. ^ "Lucid Group, Inc. 2022 Proxy Statement (Form DEF 14A)". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. April 28, 2022.
  4. ^ a b c "Atieva will launch its Tesla competitor by December". Recode. October 20, 2016. Retrieved October 21, 2016. the factory will be built in Casa Grande, which happens to be one of the locations [for] Gigafactory to produce battery packs for Tesla vehicles. That facility ended up in Nevada. "Arizona is not going to want to lose out a second time"
  5. ^ "On the Move: Lucid's New California Headquarters". Lucid. Lucid Motors Inc. Archived from the original on January 3, 2018. Retrieved January 3, 2018.
  6. ^ "Watch Historic Lucid Rally With 20 Lucid Air Dream Edition Cars". InsideEVs.
  7. ^ "Lucid Air Dream Edition's First Customers Can Take Possession Of Luxury EV Sedan Saturday". finance.yahoo.com.
  8. ^ a b Kirsten Korosec. "EV startup Lucid Motors snaps up Tesla's former production executive". Tech Crunch. Retrieved October 7, 2019.
  9. ^ a b c "Preview: Lucid Motors Prototype Sedan". Motor Trend. November 3, 2016. Retrieved November 4, 2016.
  10. ^ a b c Halvorson, Bengt (October 27, 2016). "Tesla Owners, Will Lucid Make Your Next Electric Car?". Car and Driver. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
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  12. ^ "Lucid Motors Has A 1000HP Tesla Challenger; Now To Find The Cash To Build It". Forbes. November 29, 2016. Retrieved November 30, 2016.
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  14. ^ "Electric Cars Are About to Start Rolling Out of the Arizona Desert". www.bloomberg.com. May 22, 2020.
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  18. ^ a b c Jhaveri, Aakash (September 17, 2018). "Lucid Motors signs investment agreement with PIF, valued at over a billion dollars". Retrieved October 20, 2018.
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  31. ^ "Introducing Edna". Lucid Motors.
  32. ^ a b "Dream Ahead". YouTube. September 9, 2020. Retrieved September 9, 2020.
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  35. ^ "2022 Mod Year Vehicles (Preliminary)" (PDF). fueleconomy.gov.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
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  38. ^ a b "Testing Without Limits: Lucid Air Hits 235 mph". LucidMotors.com. July 10, 2017. Retrieved August 19, 2020.
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  41. ^ Leung, Yasmine (September 25, 2021). "What is the car in Goliath season 4? Meet the Lucid Air car". HITC.com. Retrieved September 25, 2021.
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  43. ^ a b Dorian, Drew (July 18, 2022). "Tested: 2022 Lucid Air Grand Touring Dazzles with Clever Design and Inspired Engineering". Car and Driver.
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  48. ^ "Lucid Air to be the Fastest Charging EV, Featuring a 900V+ Architecture Delivering a Charging Rate of Up to 20 Miles Per Minute". lucidmotors.com. Retrieved December 25, 2020.
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  50. ^ "Would-Be Tesla Rival Lucid Motors Inks Battery Supply Pact With Samsung SDI". Forbes. December 6, 2016. Retrieved December 7, 2016.
  51. ^ Kelly Lin. "Lucid Partners With LG Chem on Battery Cells". Motortrend. Retrieved October 18, 2019.
  52. ^ Dow, Jameson (December 12, 2018). "Formula E's new race season starts this weekend, with much-improved Gen 2 car". Electrek. Retrieved February 3, 2019.
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  56. ^ "Invitation to Tender for Sole Supply Contract" (PDF). legal.fia.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 27, 2016.
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  65. ^ "Saudi Arabia agrees to buy up to 100,000 Electric Vehicles from Lucid". Arab News. April 27, 2022. Retrieved April 27, 2022.
  66. ^ Kalin, Stephen (April 27, 2022). "Saudi Arabia Orders Up to 100,000 Electric Vehicles in Boost to Startup Lucid". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved April 27, 2022.

External linksEdit