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Luba, officially the Municipality of Luba, (Ilokano: Ili ti Luba; Tagalog: Bayan ng Luba), is a 5th class municipality in the province of Abra, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 6,339 people.
|Municipality of Luba|
Map of Abra with Luba highlighted
|Region||Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)|
|Barangays||8 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Rosalina C. Biscarra|
|• Vice Mayor||Casimiro A. Molina|
|• Congressman||Joseph Sto. Niño B. Bernos|
|• Electorate||4,312 voters (2016)|
|• Total||148.27 km2 (57.25 sq mi)|
|• Density||43/km2 (110/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)74|
|Climate type||tropical rainforest climate|
|Income class||5th municipal income class|
|Revenue (₱)||104.1 million (2016)|
|Native languages||Itneg language|
This section may need to be rewritten to comply with Wikipedia's quality standards. (October 2016)
The earliest known settlement in the municipality of Luba was in Barit. It was then a thickly forested area with tall and big trees interconnected with myriads of rattan vines called barit. The early settlers were hunters as the place was abundant with wild pigs, deer and fruit trees.
The home of fine quality of rattan, Barit increased in population so that another settlement in a nearby place emerged. They called this Barit-Luzong. Southwest of Barit, another settlement occurred and they called this Barit-Lulluno. Barit-Amtuagan soon followed. It is only after a considerable period of time that the settlement of Bancagan (now the capital of the municipality) took place. The old folks has it that the river banks were being avoided due to the presence of a deadly reptiles called buaya. But in the middle part of the 18th century settlement near river banks begun to flourish the old folks surmised that half a century earlier, settlers from the uplands had turn to “slash and burn” farming. A destructive method that almost dissipated the tall and big premium hardwood trees. As a consequence flash flood occurred that resulted to siltation in the deep river bed portion virtually neutralized the hiding place of these buayas. Exposed to attack, their number were kept into a minimum.
The first formal collective name of the municipality of Luba was Barit-Amtuagan, presumably to include all other settlers from the east side of the “kayan” (river). This is located south east of Barit near the Damalin River, the biggest tributary of the Abra river. After sometime, some influential leaders from Barit-Lulluno had caused the transfer of collective capital from Barit-Amtuagan to Barit-Lulluno. For many years, Barit-Lulluno lingered until the onset of the American Regime.
In 1917 or probably earlier, the name of Luba was formally adopted as the official name of the municipality. Accordingly, it was a fusion of the first two letters of Lulluno and Barit.
Creation of the Municipality Luba, founded in 1912 or probably earlier finally appeared in the population census in 1918. One and a half centuries earlier, the core settlement at Barit has gradually transformed into a “pueblo” in the middle part of the 18th century and believed to be a part of the military district of Villavieja.
The first capital of the town and seat of the municipal government was in Luzong, 4 km away from the original settlement at Barit. But in 1920, Caoatig Valera, the third “presidente” of the municipality of Luba transferred the town capital to Bancagan (now Poblacion) in answer to the clamor of some influential people in that sitio.
Luba now consist of 8 barangays scattered in a 20,850 hectares territory with an average of 3 km apart. It has 2 valleys-the upper and the lower. The town’s geographical location has been a major factor in her slow-paced development that she is often tagged as a marginalized community of Abra.
According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 148.27 square kilometres (57.25 sq mi)  constituting 3.56% of the 4,165.25-square-kilometre- (1,608.21 sq mi) total area of Abra.
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
In the 2015 census, Luba had a population of 6,339. The population density was 43 inhabitants per square kilometre (110/sq mi).
Luba is accessible from Benguet/Baguio by vehicle via the Naguilian Road down to San Fernando City, traversing the province of Ilocos Sur to the municipality of Narvacan, then continuing to Bangued. The Bangued–Luba route is seasonal for vehicular traffic (November–June). However the Bangued–Salnec Bucay Road is an all-weather one, and an intermittent section along the Manabo-Luba Road is not passable during typhoons/storms, so the only way to go to and from the town is by crossing the Abra River twice.
- "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- "Province: Abra". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Census of Population (2015). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "Municipal: Luba, Abra". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
- "Province of Abra". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.