Lower Green, Esher

Lower Green is a residential and commercial area within Esher, in Surrey, England, and is situated on the bank of the River Ember and River Mole. There is no high street, however there is a cafe, corner shop and brewery that has a tap room open to the public.[1] There are many businesses located in Lower Green, most of which are located in the commercial complex comprising Sandown Industrial Complex and Royal Mills where the historic Royal Mills were once located. There is a retail restaurant-lined street (A307 High Street) to the south west, which is a 10-minute walk. Lower Green is divided into two wards of the United Kingdom: Hinchley Wood & Weston Green and Esher both in Surrey.

Lower Green
Lower Green is located in Surrey
Lower Green
Lower Green
Location within Surrey
OS grid referenceTQ138658
• Charing Cross13 mi (21 km) NE
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townEsher
Postcode districtKT10
Dialling code020
PoliceSurrey
FireSurrey
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Surrey
51°22′58″N 0°21′57″W / 51.382817°N 0.365835°W / 51.382817; -0.365835Coordinates: 51°22′58″N 0°21′57″W / 51.382817°N 0.365835°W / 51.382817; -0.365835
DJ at The Big Smoke Brewery

HistoryEdit

The Royal MillsEdit

 
Site of The Royal Mills in Lower Green Esher

The mills were located on the bank of the River Mole and were one of many such mills along the river, as many as 20 were recorded in the doomsday book.[2] The Esher Mills were mentioned in the court rolls of King John of England where a payment from Roger the Miller for an annual sum of 12 broches of eels was recorded in 1199.[3] The mill was originally used for corn milling.[4]

Industrial activity was recorded in the 17th century when a copper wire mill was established in 1649 by two Dutch settlers, Mommer and Demetrus, who acquired the mill. The mill was later purchased by Dockwra's Copper Mill and copper and brass wire were produced until c.1800.[4][3] Under the ownership of Lord Hotham it became a paper mill, and it is assumed the title 'Royal' came from the production of either banknotes or paper in 'royal' sizes. Later the mill became a linoleum factory until it was burnt down in 1897.[3] In 1902 the mill was acquired and rebuilt by the bookbinders James Burn & Co Ltd, who installed a steam engine. The site was the scene of another fire in 1908, however the company survived and became renowned for spiral binding.[3][5] In 1939 a hangar was built for Vickers as part of the wartime dispersal of work where the hangar was used for aircraft parts. The hangar was later used by the council from 1969 to 1988.[3][5] In 1968 salvage work was carried out on the Royal Mills due to heavy flooding that year.[3]

HousingEdit

Small cottages have been seen in Lower Green from maps dating back as far as 1871, with the slow extension of housing emanating west from the Royal Mill. The 1923 Housing Act saw the completion of some council cottages, provisioning of such housing was suspended in 1939 and was restarted in 1949.[3] It was not until the 1950s that the density of housing increased drastically with the building of the houses to the west towards Thames Ditton. Wolsey Grange, the home of the solicitor and church warden Robert Hamilton Few, no longer exists but was prominent on early maps of the area.[3]

Sandown ParkEdit

Built in the 1870s with land acquired from J W Spicer of Esher Place, Sandown Park's first meeting was held in 1875.[3]

Esher Place Gate HouseEdit

 
Esher Place Gate

In 1929 the Esher Place estate was broken up and sold, part of this included The Gate House which was acquired by Shaftesbury Home for Girls. The Gate House is now private residences.[4]

RailwayEdit

In 1938 a line was proposed from Nine Elms to Woking and in the same year a station was opened in Surbiton. London and South Western Railway bought land in Lower Green to circumnavigate Esher town and Ditton Marsh station, now Esher station, was opened in 1846. The station had an exclusive waiting room for the Duchess of Albany for race-day attendances.[4]

Coal Tax PostEdit

 
Coal Tax Post

Originally set up to pay for the Great fire in 1666 the coal tax posts were established around London to pay for improvements, two of which can be found in Lower Green. One is located on Lower Green Road, TQ 138 657, and the other on Douglas Road, TQ 140 685, was moved in 1861.[5]

MapsEdit

A history of Lower Green can also be seen through the rich cartography of the area. Lower Green can be identified as far back as John Rocque's 1762 map,[6] where the map identifies the Esher Wire Mill on the banks of the River Mole and River Ember. Lower Green Road is also on the map with agricultural land to the north. By 1871 The Six-inch England and Wales Ordnance Survey Maps[7] identify the addition of the London and South Western Railway and Lower Green is clearly marked on the map. The map also identifies the Mill Cottages, The Old Papermills, Papermills Road (now Mill Road), a Boat House, City Post, Wolsey Grange, a Wells, The Grove and Pound Farm.

In the 1896 Ordnance Survey (OS) map[8] Island Barn can be seen but it was not until 1897 that the water treatment facility becomes visible and much later the reservoir. The maps show that the mill's name changed from Old Paper Mill to Royal Mills and Paper Mill Road changed to Mill Lane. The map also identifies the addition of Mill Mead and several new buildings and detailed views of The Grove and Wolsey Grange.

In 1899 the Railway Clearing House map[9] shows the addition of Sandown racecourse and the station which was at the time named Claremont and Esher - the station had many names over the years. In a map containing Sandown Farm from 1804 you are able to see the topography before the racetrack was built.[10] By 1913 in the OS map[11] Royal Mills becomes Royal Mills Bookbinding and a short stretch of Douglas Road with houses on the south can be seen. There are some new houses on what is now Farm Road and a row of now non-existent Mill Cottages in the Royal Mill Ait, between the Ember and Mole rivers, with additional cottages to the east of Mill Lane.

By 1920 houses can be seen on the east end of Lower Green Road.[12] John Bartholomew & Co.'s 1922 map shows Lower Green cut by the district zoning.[13] By 1934 [14] Farm Road is established and houses are built on the north side of Douglas Road, with 1939[15] seeing the addition of yet more houses on Farm Road and the completion of the Island Barn Reservoir.[16]

It is not until 1956 in the TQ16 map[17] that you can see the densely populated area in the east of Lower Green which is connected by the extension of Douglas Road into the Woodlands, the addition of the properties built by Esher District Council can also be seen. In 1960 the Lower Green area is shown to include Esher Place and Waynflete Tower.[18]

LocalityEdit

 
Lower Green Recreation Ground
 
Emberside Recreation Ground
 
Cobb Green

LandmarksEdit

AmenitiesEdit

Notable residentsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Business Directory". Lower Green Esher. 30 March 2020. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  2. ^ Anderson, Ian G (1948). History of Esher. Wolsey Press.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Mitchell, Anthony. (1995). Esher : a pictorial history. Chichester: Phillmore. ISBN 0-85033-961-8. OCLC 36060071.
  4. ^ a b c d Hutchins, Lisa. (2001). Esher and Claygate past. London [England]: Historical Publications. ISBN 0-948667-66-4. OCLC 50014504.
  5. ^ a b c Tarplee, Peter. (1998). A guide to the industrial history of the borough of Elmbridge. Surrey Industrial History Group. Guildford: Surrey Industrial History Group. ISBN 0-9523918-6-4. OCLC 1000982567.
  6. ^ "A topographical map of the county of Surrey [cartographic material] : in which is expressed all the roads, lanes, churches, noblemen and gentlemen's seats, &c. &c". nla.gov.au. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  7. ^ "View: Surrey XII (includes: East Molesey; Esher; Thames Ditton; Walton upon Thames.) - Ordnance Survey Six-inch England and Wales, 1842-1952". maps.nls.uk. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  8. ^ "View: Surrey XII.6 (East Molesey; Esher; Thames Ditton; Walton Upon Thames) - Ordnance Survey 25 inch England and Wales, 1841-1952". maps.nls.uk. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  9. ^ "Harvard Image Delivery Service". iiif.lib.harvard.edu. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  10. ^ Wright, Colin. "Hampton Court 20". www.bl.uk. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  11. ^ "View: Surrey XII.6 (East Molesey; Esher; Thames Ditton; Walton Upon Thames) - Ordnance Survey 25 inch England and Wales, 1841-1952". maps.nls.uk. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  12. ^ "View: Middlesex XXV.SE (includes: East Molesey; Long Ditton; Surbiton; Thames Ditton; ... - Ordnance Survey Six-inch England and Wales, 1842-1952". maps.nls.uk. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  13. ^ "London. - David Rumsey Historical Map Collection". www.davidrumsey.com. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  14. ^ "View: Surrey XII.6 (East Molesey; Esher; Thames Ditton; Walton Upon Thames) - Ordnance Survey 25 inch England and Wales, 1841-1952". maps.nls.uk. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  15. ^ "View: Surrey XII.6 (East Molesey; Esher; Thames Ditton; Walton Upon Thames) - Ordnance Survey 25 inch England and Wales, 1841-1952". maps.nls.uk. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  16. ^ "View: Surrey XII.6 (East Molesey; Esher; Thames Ditton; Walton Upon Thames) - Ordnance Survey 25 inch England and Wales, 1841-1952". maps.nls.uk. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  17. ^ "View: TQ16 (includes: Esher; Kingston Upon Thames; London; Sunbury; Surbiton; Walton-O... - Ordnance Survey 1:25,000 maps of Great Britain, 1937-1961". maps.nls.uk. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  18. ^ "View: One-inch Seventh Series, Great Britain: Sheet 170 - London SW - Ordnance Survey One-inch to the mile maps of Great Britain, Seventh Series, 1952-1961". maps.nls.uk. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  19. ^ "THE OLD COTTAGE". Historic England.
  20. ^ "Esher Place Gatehouse, Lower Green Esher". Lower Green Esher. 18 November 2019. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  21. ^ "Coal Tax Post, Lower Green Esher". Lower Green Esher. 11 November 2019. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  22. ^ Prater, Violet. My Life from the Beginning. Authorhouse. ISBN 978-1-5246-3673-9.
  23. ^ "Big Smoke Brew Co". Big Smoke Brew Co. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  24. ^ "Lower Green Community Centre". Lower Green Community Centre. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  25. ^ "Latest News -". www.embersportsclub.org.uk. Retrieved 1 April 2020.

External linksEdit

Map of Lower Green EsherEdit