Love Me Tender (film)
Love Me Tender is a 1956 American musical Western film directed by Robert D. Webb, and released by 20th Century Fox on November 15, 1956. The film, named after the song, stars Richard Egan, Debra Paget, and Elvis Presley in his acting debut. As Presley's movie debut, it was the only time in his acting career that he did not receive top billing.
|Love Me Tender|
|Directed by||Robert D. Webb|
|Screenplay by||Robert Buckner|
|Story by||Maurice Geraghty|
|Produced by||David Weisbart|
|Edited by||Hugh S. Fowler|
|Music by||Lionel Newman|
|Distributed by||20th Century Fox|
|Box office||$4.5 million (US rentals)|
Love Me Tender was originally to be titled The Reno Brothers, but when advanced sales of Presley's "Love Me Tender" single passed one million—a first for a single—the film's title was changed to match. This was the only time that Presley played a historical figure.
Presley plays Clint Reno, the youngest of the four Reno brothers, who stays home to take care of his mother and the family farm as older brothers Vance, Brett and Ray fight in the American Civil War for the Confederate Army. The family is mistakenly informed that eldest brother Vance has been killed on the battlefield. After four years of war, the brothers return home and find that Vance's former girlfriend Cathy has married Clint. Although Vance accepts this wholeheartedly ("We always wanted Cathy in the family"), the family has to struggle to reach stability with this issue. The subplot of unresolved passion carries the film; it is made clear from the outset upon the Reno brothers' return home that Cathy still loves Vance, although she is true to the younger Clint. Honor prevails for Vance, but jealousy leads Clint into irrational rivalry for the Cathy's love.
In the film's opening scenes, the three Reno brothers, serving as Confederate cavalrymen, attack a Union train carrying a federal payroll of $12,000, not knowing that the war had ended only a day before. The Confederates come to a decision to keep the money as spoils of war, an issue that will come back into the plot after the Reno brothers return home. A conflict of interest ensues when Vance tries to return the money against the wishes of some of his fellow Confederates, all of whom are being sought by the U.S. Government for robbery. The film reaches its tragic climax with Clint's death during a final shootout. In the end, the money is returned, the Reno brothers are released, the other three ex-Confederates are arrested, and Clint is laid to rest at the family farm.
- Richard Egan as Vance Reno – Oldest brother
- Debra Paget as Cathy Reno – Clint's wife
- Elvis Presley as Clint Reno – Youngest brother
- Mildred Dunnock as Martha Reno – Mother
- William Campbell as Brett Reno – Brother
- James Drury as Ray Reno – Brother
- Neville Brand as Mike Gavin – Vance war buddy
- Russ Conway as Ed Galt – Vance war buddy
- L. Q. Jones as Pardee Fleming (uncredited) – Vance war buddy
- Robert Middleton as Mr. Siringo
- Bruce Bennett as Major Kincaid
- Ken Clark as Mr. Kelso
- Barry Coe as Mr. Davis
- Paul E. Burns as Jethro (uncredited)
- Dick Sargent as Confederate Soldier (uncredited)
Presley had shown interest in becoming an actor before achieving major success as a singer. His first No. 1 hit single, "Heartbreak Hotel", topped Billboard's Top 100 chart in April 1956, a few weeks after his screen test for this film. He had worked as a cinema usher in his youth and would often watch his screen idols James Dean, Marlon Brando, and Tony Curtis during shifts, studying their acting and learning lines from their movies. When he first met his future manager, Colonel Tom Parker, he expressed an interest in acting in film.
In interviews during his rise to fame, Presley would often talk about his hopes of attending somewhere like the Actors Studio. He also insisted that he would not like to sing in any of his movies because he wished to be taken seriously as a film star. However, Parker had a plan to cross-promote Presley's films with his music and this led to soundtracks being as important, if not more important, than the scripts.
Presley screen-tested for Hal Wallis on March 26, 1956 at Paramount Studios. The test lasted three days and included Presley performing two scenes from The Rainmaker, and lip-syncing to Blue Suede Shoes.
Wallis' partner, Joe Hazen, commented: "As a straight actor, the guy has great potentialities." His first screen test, a scene from the William Inge play The Girls of Summer, resulted in drama coach Charlotte Clary declaring to her class of students, "Now that is a natural born actor".
On April 2, Wallis offered Presley a contract for one motion picture, with options on six more. The contract was finalized on April 25, and also stipulated that Presley was free to make at least one picture a year for other studios.
Wallis, who had produced classics such as Casablanca, Little Caesar, and The Maltese Falcon, had promised Presley that he would look for dramatic roles to let the singer take his acting career seriously.
Wallis considered Presley for a role in The Rat Race, a film about a "naive, innocent boy" who was struggling to make it as a musician in Manhattan, but he decided against it after another studio executive said, "Elvis Presley just doesn't look like that". The film was eventually made in 1960 with Tony Curtis in the lead role. Another possible idea that Wallis mulled over was to pair Presley with Jerry Lewis. Lewis had just separated from his comedy partner Dean Martin after a successful run of seventeen movies together, but again the idea was shelved.
On April 10, Presley confidently announced during a radio interview that his debut feature would be The Rainmaker with Burt Lancaster and Katharine Hepburn. However, despite this belief, and due to Wallis being unable to find a project "good enough for the debut of Elvis Presley", he was loaned out to 20th Century Fox on August 13 and began work on Love Me Tender on August 22.
The film was not put into production immediately. A somewhat more realistic film telling the story of the Reno Brothers, Rage at Dawn starring Randolph Scott, had been released by RKO Radio Pictures in 1955.
Producer Weisbert said "we signed Elvis later for the younger brother (at $100,000) when we heard he was available."
Presley's role had originally been turned down by both Jeffrey Hunter and Robert Wagner because the part was too small. According to Presley's then girlfriend, June Juanico, he was reluctant to take the role after realizing that his character died at the end, but he was persuaded to do it after she told him that the characters audiences were most likely to remember were the ones who had a tragic fate.
By August 17 Fox announced the four brothers would be played by James Drury, Cameron Mitchell, Presley and Egan. The New York Times called Presley's casting "somewhere between fantasy and drama" and said his next film would be for Paramount, The Lonesome Cowboy. William Campbell played another brother. Cameron Mitchell eventually turned down his role and was replaced by Neville Brand.
Presley arrived for filming with all of his lines learned, as well as the lines for all the other parts. He found filming quite tasking, once commenting to a friend that he had spent a whole day "behind a team of mules". In little more than a month Presley had recorded all the songs for the film and had finished filming his scenes.
Filming of the movie's climactic sequence, including the death scene for Presley's character, took place at the Bell Moving Picture Ranch in the Santa Susana Mountains west of the San Fernando Valley on the outskirts of Los Angeles. The exact filming location, sometimes referred to among historians as the "Rocky Hill", remained elusive for almost 60 years, until the site was discovered on an expedition by filming location researchers in early 2015. The researchers were able to locate the site by combining details from Love Me Tender and the Victor Mature movie Escort West, which also filmed on the "Rocky Hill." Additional details on this expedition can be found in the external links, below.
Weibsart said during the shoot Presley was "humble, polite, solicitous... He was co operative with us, never late, and very serious about acting. This was another kind of career for him."
When Presley appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show during a break in filming the movie, on September 9, he performed "Love Me Tender" for the first time. Two weeks later RCA confirmed that advanced sales of the single had resulted in it going Gold before even being released—an industry first. (It sold one million copies pre ordered and ultimately ended up selling two million copies.)
On 2 September, Fox announced the film's title would be changed from The Reno Brothers to Love Me Tender.
"I think he provides tremendous additional value in the role", said Weisbart. "He will surprise a lot of people who go to see him because his presence is just a gimmick. Actually he plays an acting part in a legitimate story and he does it very well. He sings but the script is so constructed that the situations are logical... when the family is together after the war.... [or] at a bazar and picnic. These are folk tunes or hoedowns that – except for the title piece, a ballad – have Elvis' rhythms. With his long brown hair and sideburns he looks legitimate too in terms of the period."
Previews and ReshootsEdit
Test screenings of the film resulted in people being upset at the death of Presley's character. Attempting to reach a compromise between the death and pleasing his fans, Presley filmed an extra scene and recorded an extra verse to the title track to be played over the end credits.
Love Me Tender had its premiere on November 15 at the Paramount Theatre in New York City, and was released nationally on November 21, 1956. 20th Century Fox released 575 prints, a record for its studios at the time; normal releases were only 200–300. Presley attended a private screening of the film on November 20 at Loew's State Theater in Memphis prior to its national release. During this private screening Presley's mother, Gladys, cried at the death of her son's character at the end, leading Presley to insist that his characters would never die on screen again.
In its first week of release the film grossed $540,000, #2 at the box office for that week, beaten only by James Dean's posthumous release Giant, and had made back the money it cost the studio to produce it.
Despite many critics giving it a lukewarm reception, a number of critics viewed it in a positive light. The Los Angeles Times wrote: "Elvis can act. S'help me the boy's real good, even when he isn't singing."
Presley would later express regret at making the film, and was disappointed that the additions of songs had set up the future of his Hollywood career.
In his book Me And A Guy Named Elvis, Jerry Schilling recounts the atmosphere inside Loew's State Theater in Memphis during the premiere screening: "The screams of the girls around me made it just about impossible to follow the story—this was the first time I'd seen an audience treat a film like it was a live concert, loudly responding to every move made and word uttered by their favorite star."
Presley would later tell his friend Cliff Gleaves that he found this type of reaction from his cinema-going fans embarrassing, and that it had prevented him from being accepted as a serious actor.
The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:
The film was released on videocassette by Key Video in February 1985 as part of the release of 11 videos to mark the 50th anniversary of Presley's birth. In the summer of 2006, the film was released on DVD in a special 50th anniversary issue. It was featured in a slipcase, and included a set of 4 lobby card reproductions. The disc contains the movie in its original widescreen letterbox format, plus audio commentary by noted Elvis historian, and Memphis Mafia member, Jerry Schilling. The disc includes three featurettes: "Elvis Hits Hollywood", "The Colonel & The King", and "Love Me Tender: The Birth & Boom of the Elvis Hit". Also part of the disc are original trailers for Love Me Tender, Flaming Star and Wild in the Country.
- Solomon, Aubrey. Twentieth Century Fox: A Corporate and Financial History (The Scarecrow Filmmakers Series). Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press, 1989. ISBN 978-0-8108-4244-1. p250
- 'The Top Box-Office Hits of 1956', Variety Weekly, January 2, 1957
- Guralnick/Jorgensen, Elvis: Day by Day, p. 91
- Victor, The Elvis Encyclopedia, pages 314/315
- Guralnick/Jorgensen, Elvis:Day by Day, p.67
- Brown; Broeske, Peter; Pat (1998). Down at the End of Lonely Street: Life and Death of Elvis Presley. Arrow Books Ltd. pp. 102–103. ISBN 978-0-7493-2319-6.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Brown; Broeske, Peter; Pat (1998). Down at the End of Lonely Street: Life and Death of Elvis Presley. Arrow Books Ltd. p. 103. ISBN 978-0-7493-2319-6.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Brown; Broeske, Peter; Pat (1998). Down at the End of Lonely Street: Life and Death of Elvis Presley. Arrow Books Ltd. p. 104. ISBN 978-0-7493-2319-6.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Guralnick/Jorgensen, Elvis:Day by Day, p.68
- Guralnick/Jorgensen, Elvis:Day by Day, p.82
- THOMAS M. PRYOR (August 18, 1952). "3 STORIES ADDED TO MOVIE AGENDA: M-G-M Buys 'Ember Days,' Fox Acquires 'Reno Brothers, Nat Holt to Make 'Adobe Walls'". New York Times. p. 13.
- Hopper, Hedda (August 16, 1956). "Egan Chosen to Star in 'Reno Brothers'". Los Angeles Times. p. B8.
- Scheuer, Philip K. (November 4, 1956). "A Tolen Called Hollywood: Elvis Matches Dean's Skill Doin' What Comes Naturally". Los Angeles Times. p. F2.
- Schallert, Edwin (August 17, 1956). "'Tender Are Roots' Held Good Liberace Venture; 'Nutmeg' Eyed by Saint". Los Angeles Times. p. 23.
- OSCAR GODBOUT (August 17, 1956). "ANOTHER 'OZ' TALE BOUGHT BY DISNEY: 'Dorothy and Wizard' Is 14th Acquired by Studio--M-G-M Will Film Zweig Novel". New York Times. p. 14.
- Schallert, Edwin (August 24, 1956). "'Fifth Miracle' Bought; Mason Spots 'Jane Eyre'; Richards New Cowpoke". Los Angeles Times. p. 25.
- Schallert, Edwin (August 23, 1956). "Jerry Lewis Picks New Find; Molière Comedy Named for Helpmann". Los Angeles Times. p. B9.
- "WTOP'S Eddie Gallaher On Records". The Washington Post and Times Herald. October 21, 1956. p. G18.
- Guralnick/Jorgensen, p. 83
- Guralnick/Jorgensen, p.84
- THOMAS M. PRYOR (September 3, 1956). "WALD WILL FILM 'THE HARD HATS': Producer Plans Third Movie for Fox--TV Announcer Signs Acting Contract Behind Prison Walls". New York Times. p. 11.
- Elvis: His Life from A To Z, p.222-224
- Early Elvis, www.americanmusicpreservation.com, Retrieved 2010-02-18
- Elvis: The Official Collectors Editions part 88, pp. 2092–2093
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Passions Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved August 19, 2016.
- "AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved August 19, 2016.
- "Presley Video Blitz Slated". Daily Variety. December 26, 1984. p. 3.
- Love Me Tender at IMDb
- Love Me Tender at AllMovie
- Love Me Tender at the TCM Movie Database
- Love Me Tender at Rotten Tomatoes
- For Elvis Fans Only Website dedicated to Elvis Presley's Movies.
- The "Rocky Hill", the Bell Ranch shooting location for Love Me Tender where the Elvis death scene was filmed
- Review by Janet Branagan at Apollo Movie Guide.