Love Devotion Surrender
Love Devotion Surrender is an album released in 1973 by guitarists Carlos Santana and John McLaughlin, with the backing of their respective bands, Santana and The Mahavishnu Orchestra. The album was inspired by the teachings of Sri Chinmoy and intended as a tribute to John Coltrane. It contains two Coltrane compositions, two McLaughlin songs, and a traditional gospel song arranged by Santana and McLaughlin. It was certified Gold in 1973.
|Love Devotion Surrender|
|Studio album by|
|Released||July 20, 1973|
|Recorded||October 1972, March 1973|
|Producer||Carlos Santana & Mahavishnu John McLaughlin|
|Carlos Santana chronology|
|John McLaughlin chronology|
In 2003, Love Devotion Surrender was released on CD with alternative versions as bonus tracks.
Both men were recent disciples of the guru Sri Chinmoy, and the title of the album echoes basic concepts of Chinmoy's philosophy, which focused on "love, devotion and surrender". Chinmoy spoke about the album and the concept of surrender:
Unfortunately, in the West surrender is misunderstood. We feel that if we surrender to someone, he will then lord it over us....But from the spiritual point of view...when the finite enters in the Infinite, it becomes the Infinite all at once. When a tiny drop enters into the ocean, we cannot trace the drop. It becomes the mighty ocean.
For both men the album came at a transitional moment spiritually and musically: Love Devotion Surrender was a "very public pursuit of their spiritual selves." Carlos Santana was moving from rock toward jazz and fusion, experiencing a "spiritual awakening", while McLaughlin was about to experience the break-up of the Mahavishnu Orchestra after being criticized by other band members. Santana had been a fan of McLaughlin, and McLaughlin had introduced Santana to Sri Chinmoy in 1971, at which time the guru bestowed the name "Devadip" on him, and the two had started playing and recording together in 1972. According to his biographer Marc Shapiro, Santana had much to learn from McLaughlin: "He would sit for hours, enthralled at the new ways to play that McLaughlin was teaching him," and his new spirituality had its effect on the music: "the feeling was that Carlos's newfound faith was present in every groove."
The first track, "A Love Supreme", is a version of the Coltrane composition "Acknowledgement" from the 1964 landmark album A Love Supreme. It features McLaughlin and Santana, both playing electric guitar, in an extended, improvised trading of bars. For the most part, Santana is panned to the left channel and McLaughlin to the right. As with the original, toward the end a chant of "A love supreme" is heard. (Only Armando Peraza is credited as a singer.)
"The Life Divine" again returns to Coltrane's A Love Supreme, opening with the chanted phrase "the love divine" – which one writer inaccurately referred to as "bovine chanting". The song's first part is extensive, high-tempo improvisation by Santana, alternating between quick phrases and long, sustained notes (including one that runs from 3:29 to 4:03). Midway through the song and introduced by the "life divine" chant, McLaughlin takes over with mostly high-speed staccato bursts and riffs. The chant returns, incorporating "it's yours and mine", and Larry Young's organ, with percussion, provide the outro.
"Let Us Go Into the House of the Lord" is a 16-minute-long track based on the traditional gospel song. The arrangement was credited to Santana and McLaughlin but Bob Palmer in Rolling Stone wrote that the arrangement is close enough to Lonnie Liston Smith's "to be described as a cop". Smith's arrangement was recorded in 1970 when he worked with Pharoah Sanders, who had recorded and worked closely with Coltrane. After the slow introductory statement (the part which resembles Smith's arrangement), most of the piece consists of soloing over two chords accompanied by a loping bass and Latin percussion. Of Larry Young's organ contribution here, Paul Stump, in Go Ahead John, wrote: "with its overlapping flurries of triplets, [it] is a moment of pure genius, worthy of mention in its own right, a musical equivalent of a swarm of surreally coloured butterflies." The track closes with a return to the slow introductory statement.
The final track, "Meditation", is a "pretty but light McLaughlin composition" that McLaughlin had previously recorded as a solo for exclusive use by the New York radio station WNEW-FM. McLaughlin plays piano, and Santana the acoustic guitar, on Love Devotion Surrender's version of the tune.
|Christgau's Record Guide||B–|
|The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide|||
|Rolling Stone||(not rated)|
Criticism of the compositions and their execution is varied. In addition to noting the resemblance of "Let Us Go" to Smith's arrangement, Bob Palmer referred to the "superficial treatments" of Coltrane material, while McLaughlin biographer Paul Stump criticizes such elements as a "plink-plonk conga-heavy foursquare vamp all too typical of Santana" in "A Love Supreme". Thom Jurek is much more positive, praising, for instance, "The Life Divine" as "insanely knotty yet intervallically transcendent."
Fans of Santana were, apparently, disappointed; according to Thom Jurek, Love Devotion Surrender was a "hopelessly misunderstood record in its time by Santana fans", though Marc Shapiro's biography of Santana suggests otherwise. Paul Stump, author of Go Ahead John, a McLaughlin biography, is negative about the album's execution and direction, saying it was, "in retrospect, a spiritually-hobbled album", alternately criticizing Santana's tone and McLaughlin's "technophiliac tendencies" and "electronic gimmickry".
Thom Jurek, reviewing the album for AllMusic, praises the album highly: "After three decades, Love Devotion Surrender still sounds completely radical and stunningly, movingly beautiful." Robert Palmer, writing for Rolling Stone, is ambivalent about the album, calling it "loud and insistent...depend[ent] on monochord drones and simple modes for its structure and on sheer screaming force for much of its effect." He thinks more highly of Carlos Santana's playing than of McLaughlin's, which he suggests lacks feeling and relies on technicality: "Here, at his most inspired, McLaughlin is exhilarating if a bit monolithic." Later, in a positive review of Santana's Welcome (1973), Palmer said the album "was simply a series of ecstatic jams on Coltrane and Coltrane-influenced material."
Many reviewers praise organist Larry Young. Thom Jurek says Young is the gel that holds the two very different guitar players together; Robert Palmer says "that the sensitive organ solos on Love Devotion Surrender were the best things on that album."
In 2001, Bill Laswell, responsible for remixes of albums by Bob Marley and Miles Davis, mixed and remixed excerpts of Santana's Illuminations and Love Devotion Surrender, on an album called Divine Light.
|1.||"A Love Supreme"||John Coltrane||7:48|
|3.||"The Life Divine"||John McLaughlin||9:30|
|4.||"Let Us Go Into the House of the Lord"||traditional||15:45|
|CD version bonus tracks|
|6.||"A Love Supreme" (take 2)||Coltrane||7:24|
|7.||"Naima" (take 4)||Coltrane||2:51|
- Mahavishnu John McLaughlin – guitar, piano
- Carlos Santana – guitar
- Mahalakshmi Eve McLaughlin – piano
- Larry Young (under his Muslim name Khalid Yasin) – piano, organ
- Doug Rauch – bass guitar
- Jan Hammer – Hammond organ, drums, percussion
- Billy Cobham – drums, percussion
- Don Alias – drums, percussion
- Mike Shrieve – drums, percussion
- Mingo Lewis – percussion
- Armando Peraza – congas, percussion, vocals
- Mahavishnu John McLaughlin – producer
- Carlos Santana – producer
- Glen Kolotkin – engineer
- Ashok – album design & cover photo
- Pranavananda – photography
- Sri Chinmoy – essay
|1973||Pop Albums (U.S.)||14|
|Pop Albums (UK)||7|
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- Quoted in Reynolds, Simon; Joy Press (1996). The Sex Revolts: Gender, Rebellion, and Rock 'n' Roll. Harvard University Press. p. 183. ISBN 978-0-674-80273-5.
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- Jurek, Thom. "Love Devotion Surrender". AllMusic. Retrieved 25 June 2009.
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- Swenson, J., ed. (1985). The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide. US: Random House/Rolling Stone. p. 135. ISBN 0-394-72643-X.
- Palmer, Robert (2 August 1973). "John McLaughlin: Love Devotion Surrender : Music Reviews : Rolling Stone". web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 30 April 2008. Retrieved 27 October 2013.
- Palmer, Robert (1974-01-03). "Rev. of Santana, Welcome". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2009-06-23.
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Carlos was thrilled when feedback indicated this [sic] his old Santana fans were finding much to like in the music as well
- Palmer, Robert (1974-02-14). "Rev. of Larry Young, Lawrence of Newark". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2009-06-23.
- "DiscsEtc: Music CDs". The Independent. 2001-09-16. p. 14.
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