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Lousadzak (The Coming of Light), Op. 48, is a 1944 concerto for piano and string orchestra by the American-Armenian composer Alan Hovhaness.[1] The work is known for its use of aleatory.[2][3]


Andrew Farach-Colton of Gramophone lauded Lousadzak, saying, "the music has a spare sensuality that’s [...] delectable."[3] The work was also praised by BBC Music Magazine's Anthony Burton for its "Eastern emphasis on ornamented melody over a drone bass, and its almost complete absence of conventional harmony."[4] On the other hand, John R. White, writing in the mid-1960s before the wider usage of minimalist and aleatoric devices in American art music,[citation needed] singled out the work's aleatory passages as a particular weakness, observing that even though the "delicious humming effect" they produce "may delight an audience that has never before seen an orchestra turned loose on chance music", such basic assumptions mean that "this easily playable work sounds static and after a while simply has to cease on a shimmering sound."[5]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Bret, Anthony (June 27, 2000). "Alan Hovhaness: American composer synthesising music from east and west". The Guardian. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  2. ^ Rohter, Larry (November 4, 2011). "A Composer Echoes in Unexpected Places". The New York Times. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  3. ^ a b Farach-Colton, Andrew (November 2005). "Hovhaness Concerto for 2 Pianos; (3) Pieces for 2 Pianos". Gramophone. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  4. ^ Burton, Anthony (January 20, 2012). "Hovhaness: Concerto for two pianos and orchestra; Three pieces for two pianos; Lousadzak Concerto for piano and strings". BBC Music Magazine. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  5. ^ John R. White, [untitled review], Notes, Second Series 22, no. 1 (Autumn, 1965): 822–23.