Roman Catholic Diocese of Bayeux and Lisieux
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Bayeux and Lisieux (Latin: Dioecesis Baiocensis et Lexoviensis; French: Diocèse de Bayeux et Lisieux) is a diocese of the Catholic Church in France. It is coextensive with the Department of Calvados and is a suffragan to the Archdiocese of Rouen, which is also in Normandy.
Diocese of Bayeux and Lisieux
Dioecesis Baiocensis et Lexoviensis
Diocèse de Bayeux et Lisieux
|Metropolitan||Archdiocese of Rouen|
|Area||5,548 km2 (2,142 sq mi)|
|(as of 2015)|
416,500 (est.) (60.8%)
|Sui iuris church||Latin Church|
|Cathedral||Cathedral of Notre Dame in Bayeux|
|Co-cathedral||Co-Cathedral of St. Peter in Lisieux|
|Secular priests||136 (diocesan)|
50 (Religious Orders)
|Metropolitan Archbishop||Jean-Charles Marie Descubes|
|Bishops emeritus||Jean-Claude Boulanger|
At the time of the Concordat of 1802, the ancient Diocese of Lisieux was united to that of Bayeux. A pontifical brief in 1854 authorized the Bishop of Bayeux to call himself Bishop of Bayeux and Lisieux.
A local legend, found in the breviaries of the 15th century, makes St. Exuperius to be an immediate disciple of St. Clement (Pope from 88 to 99), and thus the first Bishop of Bayeux. His see would therefore be a foundation of the 1st century. St. Regnobertus, the same legend tells us, was the successor of St. Exuperius. But the Bollandists, Jules Lair, and Louis Duchesne found no ground for this legend; it was only towards the end of the 4th century or beginning of the 5th century that Exuperius might have founded the See of Bayeux.
Certain successors of St. Exuperius were honored as popular saints: Referendus, Rufinianus, and Lupus (about 465); Vigor (beginning of the 6th century), who destroyed a pagan temple, then still frequented; Regnobertus (about 629), who founded many churches, and whom the legend, owing to an anachronism, made first successor to Exuperius; and Hugues (d. 730), simultaneously bishop of two other sees, Paris and Rouen.
An important bishop was Odo of Bayeux (1050–97), brother of William the Conqueror, who built the cathedral, was present at the Battle of Hastings, who was imprisoned in 1082 for attempting to lead an expedition to Italy to overthrow Pope Gregory VII, and who died a crusader in Sicily; Cardinal Agostino Trivulzio (1531–48), papal legate in the Roman Campagna, who was trapped in the Castel Sant'Angelo during the siege and pillage of Rome by the Imperial forces led by the Constable de Bourbon; Arnaud Cardinal d'Ossat (1602–04), a prominent diplomat identified with the conversion of Henry IV of France from Protestantism to Catholicism (the second time). Claude Fauchet, who after being court preacher to Louis XVI, became one of the "conquerors" of the Bastille, was chosen Constitutional Bishop of Bayeux in 1791, and was beheaded 31 October 1793. Léon-Adolphe Amette, Archbishop of Paris was, until 1905, Bishop of Bayeux.
In the Middle Ages Bayeux and neighbouring Lisieux were very important sees.[why?] The Bishop of Bayeux was senior among the Norman bishops,[disputed ] and the chapter was one of the richest in France.
Important councils were held within this diocese, one at Caen, in 1042, summoned by Duke William ('the Conqueror') and the bishops of Normandy. The Truce of God was proclaimed, not for the first time. Again in 1061 a council was summoned, again by Duke William, commanding the attendance of both clergy and laity (bishops, abbots, political and military leaders). The statutes of a synod held at Bayeux about 1300, furnish a very fair idea of the discipline of the time.
In the Diocese of Bayeux are the Abbey of St. Stephen (Abbaye-aux-Hommes) and the Abbey of the Holy Trinity (Abbaye-aux-Dames), both founded at Caen by William the Conqueror (1029–87) and his wife Matilda, in expiation of their unlawful marriage. The Abbey of Saint-Étienne was first governed by Lanfranc (1066–1070), who afterwards became Archbishop of Canterbury. Other abbeys were those of Troarn of which Durand, the successful opponent of Berengarius, was abbot in the 11th century; and the Abbaye du Val, of which Armand-Jean de Rancé (1626–1700) was abbot, in 1661, prior to his reform of La Trappe Abbey. The Abbey of St. Evroul (Ebrulphus) in the Diocese of Lisieux, founded about 560 by St. Evroul, a native of Bayeux, was the home of Ordericus Vitalis, the chronicler (1075–1141).
In 1308 Bishop Guillaume Bonnet was founder of the Collège de Bayeux in Paris, which was intended to house students from the dioceses of Bayeux, Mans, and Angers, who were studying medicine or civil law.
Saint Jean Eudes founded in 1641 in Caen the Congregation of Notre Dame de Charité du Refuge, which was devoted to the protection of reformed prostitutes. The mission of the nuns has been expanded since that time, to include other services to girls and women, including education. In 1900 the Order included 33 establishments in France and elsewhere, each an independent entity. At Tilly, in the Diocese of Bayeux, Michel Vingtras established, in 1839, the politico-religious society known as La Miséricorde, in connexion with the survivors of La Petite Eglise, which was condemned in 1843 by Gregory XVI. Daniel Huet, the famous savant (1630–1721) and Bishop of Avranches, was a native of Caen.
Bishop de Nesmond authorized the establishment of the priests of the Congregation of the Mission of Saint-Lazare in the diocese of Bayeux in 1682.
During World War I, the diocese of Bayeux sent 260 priests and 75 seminarians into military service. Seventeen priests and sixteen seminarians died. In c. 1920 there were 716 parishes in the diocese.
- Rufinianus ...–434
- Lupus c. 434 – c. 464
- Leodoaldus or Leudovald c. 581 – c. 614
- Gérétran of Bayeux (Geretrandus) or Gertran c. 615
- Ragnobertus 625–668
- Gereboldus Gerbold 689–691
- Framboldus 691?–722?
- Hugo of Champagne 723–730
- Leodeningus, c. 765
- Thior (Thiorus)
- Careviltus (Carveniltus) c. 833
- Harimbert or Ermbart 835–837
- Saint Sulpice (Sulpicius) 838–844
- Baltfridus c. 843–858
- [Tortoldus 859]
- Erchambert 859–c. 876
- Henricus (I.) c. 927–after 933
- Richard (I.)
- Hugo (II.) c. 965
- Radulfus[disambiguation needed], Radulphus 986–1006
1000 to 1300Edit
- Hugo III. d'Ivry 1011/1015–1049
- Odo of Bayeux 1049–1097
- Turold de Brémoy (Turoldus) or d'Envermeu 1097–1106
- Richard (II.) of Dover 1107–1133
- Richard (III.) of Gloucester 1135–1142
- Philippe d'Harcourt 1142–1163
- Henri (II.) 1163–1205
- Robert des Ablèges 1206–1231
- Thomas de Freauville 1232–1238
- Sede vacante (1238–1241)
- Guy 1241–1260
- Eudes de Lory (Odo de Lorris) 1263–1274
- Gregory of Naples 1274–1276
- Pierre de Beneis 1276–1306
- Guillaume (I.) Bonnet 1306–1312
- Guillaume (II.) de Trie 1312–1324
- Pierre (II.) de Lévis. 1324–1330
- Guillaume (III.) de Beaujeu 1330–1337
- Guillaume (IV.) Bertrand 1338–1347
- Pierre (III.) de Villaine 1347–1360
- Louis (I.) Thézart 1360–1373
- Milon de Dormans 1374–1375
- Nicolas du Bos 1375–1408
- Jean de Boissey or Jehan de Boissey 1408–1412
- Jean Langret 1412–1419
- Nicolaus II. Habart 1421–1431
- Zanon de Castiglione 1434–1459
- Ludwig II. d'Harcourt or Louis de Harcourt 1460–1479
- Charles de Neufchâtel 1480–1498
- René de Prie 1498–1516
- Louis de Canossa, O.Cist. 1516–1531
- Pierre (IV.) de Martigny 1531
- Agostino Trivulzio 1531–1548 (Administrator)
- Charles II. d'Humières 1549–1571
- Bernardin de Saint-François 1573–1582
- Mathurin de Savonnières, O.S.A. 1583–1586
- Charles de Bourbon 1586–1590 (Administrator)
- Sede vacante (1590–1598)
- René de Daillon du Lude 1590–1600 (Administrator of temporalities?, 1590–1598)
- Arnault d'Ossat 1600–1604
- Jacques d'Angennes 1606–1647
- Édouard Molé 1647–1652
- François I. Servien 1654–1659
- François II de Nesmond 1661–1715
- Joseph-Emmanuel de la Tremoille 1716–1718
- François Armand of Lothringen-Armagnac 1719–1728
- Paul d'Albert de Luynes 1729–1753
- Pierre-Jules César de Rochechouart-Montigny 1753–1776
- Joseph-Dominique de Cheylus 1776–1797
- Claude Fauchet 1791–1793 (Constitutional Bishop)
- Julien-Jean-Baptiste Duchemin 1796–1798 (Constitutional Bishop)
- Louis-Charles Bisson 1799–1801 (Constitutional Bishop)
- Charles Brault (9 Apr 1802 Appointed – 8 Aug 1817
- Jean de Pradelles (1817–1818)
- Charles-François Duperrier-Dumourier (13 Jan 1823 Appointed – 17 Apr 1827 Died)
- Jean-Charles-Richard Dancel (2 Jun 1827 Appointed – 20 Apr 1836 Died)
- Louis-François Robin (25 May 1836 Appointed – 30 Dec 1855 Died)
- Charles-Nicolas-Pierre Didiot (7 Apr 1856 Appointed – 15 Jun 1866 Died)
- Flavien-Abel-Antoinin Hugonin (13 Jul 1866 Appointed – 2 May 1898 Died)
- Léon-Adolphe Amette (8 Jul 1898 Appointed – 21 Feb 1906
- Thomas-Paul-Henri Lemonnier (13 Jul 1906 Appointed – 29 Dec 1927 Died)
- Emmanuel Célestin Suhard (6 Jul 1928 Appointed – 23 Dec 1930
- François-Marie Picaud (12 Sep 1931 Appointed – 5 Aug 1954 Retired)
- André Jacquemin (29 Oct 1954 Succeeded – 10 Dec 1969 Resigned)
- Jean-Marie-Clément Badré (10 Dec 1969 Appointed – 19 Nov 1988 Retired)
- Pierre Auguste Gratien Pican, S.D.B. (19 Nov 1988 Succeeded – 12 Mar 2010 Retired)
- Jean-Claude Boulanger (12 Mar 2010 Appointed – 27 Jun 2020 Retired)
- Jacques Léon Jean Marie Habert (10 Nov 2020 Appointed – present)
- ^ Duchesne, pp. 215, 219.
- ^ Lupus is said, in the Life of Saint Lupus, to have been the third (bishop) from S. Exuperius. That makes a first-century date for Exuperius impossible. Duchesne, Fastes episcopaux... II, p. 214.
- ^ J.-D. Mansi (ed.), Sacrorum conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio, editio novissima, Tomus XIX (Venice 1774), pp. 597-600.
- ^ Guillaume Bessin, ed. (1717). Concilia Rotomagensis provinciae (in Latin). Rouen: apud Franciscum Vaultier. p. 48.
- ^ Fisquet, pp. 51-53.
- ^ Jules Lieure (1912). Les bâtiments de l'Abbaye aux Hommes fondée par Guillaume le Conquérant, aujourd'hui le Lycée Malherbe (in French). Caen: L. Jouan. pp. 1–3.
- ^ Auguste Lefournier (1865). Essai historique sur l'abbaye de Nôtre-Dame-Du-Val (in French). Caen: E. Le Gost-Clerisse.
- ^ A. J. Krailsheimer (1974). Armand-Jean de Rancé, Abbot of La Trappe: His Influence in the Cloister and in the World. Oxford University Press, Incorporated. ISBN 978-0-19-815744-1.
- ^ Jean-Aimar Piganiol de la Force (1765). Description historique de la ville de Paris et de ses environs (in French). Vol. Tome sixieme (6) (nouvelle ed.). Paris. pp. 317–319. Fisquet, p. 54.
- ^ Fisquet, p. 113.
- ^ The Catholic Encyclopedia: Supplement 1 (c1922). New York: Encyclopedia Press. 1922. p. 88. Almanach catholique français pour 1920 (in French). Paris: Bloud & Gay. 1920. p. 72.
- ^ Exuperius is also known as Spire (Spirius), Soupir, Soupierre, and Exupère in later French references. His real dates are unknown: Gallia christiana XI, pp. 346–347. Fisquet, pp. 6–8, assigns the arbitrary dates of 'towards 490–505'. There are no contemporary documents. Duchesne, p. 219 no. 1.
- ^ Regnobert,or Renobert, Rennobert, Raimbert: His name occurs in the episcopal list of Bayeux (eleventh century). There is a legendary life, attributed to his successor Lupus. Gallia christiana XI, p. 347, omits him. Fisquet, p. 7, discusses the legend, but does not give him a place in the list of bishops. Duchesne, p. 219, omits him, discussing the hagiographic and liturgical matter at pp. 216–217.
- ^ Fisquet, p. 8, expresses the belief (Nous craignons bien) that his legend, in the Life of Saint Regnobert, is not apocryphal. Duchesne, pp. 219–220, no. 3. A reign of thirty-two years is attributed to him.
- ^ The name Patricius (Patrice) occurs in the episcopal list (9th–11th century), but as Duchesne remarks (p. 217), "Il est sûr, que ni l'un ni l'autre des deux listes ne saurait être considerée comme digne de foi." Patricius' feast day is the same as that of St. Exuperius and Saint Patrick of Nevers. Duchesne does not admit the name into his list of bishops of Bayeux. The dates assigned to him by Fisquet, pp. 8–9, are imaginary. Fisquet admits that the ecclesiastical remains of the name Patricius refer to the British Patrick who evangelized Ireland.
- ^ Manveus is also called Manvé, Mange, Manvieu, Manvien, Mar-Wig. The only document that mentions him is the episcopal list of the 9th to 11th century. Duchesne, p. 217, excludes him, and speculates that his name might have wandered onto the epsicopal list from a list of saints. Fisquet, p. 9, repeats hagiographical details, such as a forty-seven day period in which he ate nothing but the Holy Eucharist.
- ^ Contestus is also called Contès, Context, and even Content, or Contentius. There are no contemporary documents or references. Fisquet, pp. 9–10. Duchesne, p. 219, points out that he is a legend from the Breviary, and that he is sextus a S. Exuperio, part of the later reconstruction of the episcopal list.
- ^ Vigor is known from the hagiographic Life of Saint Pair, Bishop of Avranches. According to Venantius Fortunatus he was a contemporary of Bishops Melaine of Rennes and Lô of Coutances, who attended the Council of Orléans in 511. He was the founder of a monastery at Crisy, between Caen and Bayeux, which, in the 11th century, came to be named after him. Fisquet, pp. 10–11. Duchesne, p. 220 no. 4.
- ^ Bishop Leucadius took part in the Third Council of Orléans in May 538. He sent the priest Theodorus as a representative to the Council of Orleans of 541 and again to the Council of Orléans of October 549. Duchesne, p. 220 no. 5. Carolus De Clercq, Concilia Galliae, A. 511 – A. 695 (Turnholt: Brepols 1963), pp. 129, 145, 160.
- ^ A Bishop Lascivus (Lascivius, Lauscius) subscribes to the acts of a Council of Paris that took place between 556 and 573. His diocese is not indicated. Duchesne, p. 220 no. 6. De Clercq, p. 210.
- ^ Bishop Leodoaldus was present at the Council of Paris in October 614. Fisquet, 11–12. Duchesne, p. 220 no. 7. De Clercq, p. 281.
- ^ Fisquet, p. 12.
- ^ Bishop Regnobertus was present at the Council of Clichy in 627. Fisquet, pp. 12–15. Duchesne, pp. 220–221, no. 8. De Clercq, p. 297.
- ^ Gerebauld: Alexandre-Pierre-Charles Noget-Lacoudre (1865). Notice historique et critique sur Saint Gerbold, Évêque de Bayeux au VIIe siècle (in French). Caën: Chénel.
- ^ There is no evidence for Frambold, or Framboldus, outside the 9th century episcopal list. He had been a monk and abbot of the diocese of Mans. Fisquet, pp. 15–16. Duchesne, pp. 212, 219, who does not admit Framboldus to his list of actual bishops.
- ^ Hugh also held the dioceses of Paris and Rouen, and the abbeys of Jumièges and Abbot of Fontenelle at the same time. This is one of the earliest examples of corrupt plurality of benefices. He died on 8 April 730. Fisquet, pp. 16–17. Duchesne, p. 221 no. 10.
- ^ Bishop Leodeningus was present at the assembly of Attigny in 762 (or 765). J.-D. Mansi (ed.), Sacrorum conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio, editio novissima, Tomus XII (Florence: Antonius Zatta 1766), p. 675. Duchesne, p. 221, no. 11.
- ^ Thiorus: no evidence. Duchesne, p. 221 note 4.
- ^ Careviltus subscribed a charter of Aldric of Sens in favor of Saint-Remi in 833. Duchesne, p. 221 no. 12.
- ^ Harimbertus was present at the Conventus Carisiacensis (Kiersey) in 838: J.-D. Mansi (ed.), Sacrorum conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio, editio novissima, Tomus XIV (Venice: Antonius Zatta 1769), p. 740. Duchesne, p. 221 no. 13.
- ^ Sulpicius is included in the episcopal list of Bayeux only because he is named in a hagiographical text: Gallia christiana XI, p. 351, which Duchesne, p. 221 note 5, considers "des moins recommendables".
- ^ Baltfridus is also called Badfridus, Waltfride, Baufroy, and Vaufroy. Gallia christiana XI, p. 351. Duchesne, p. 221 no. 14.
- ^ Tortoldus was a usurper, installed by the intrigues of Archbishop Wenilo of Sens. His intrusion was denounced by the Council of Savonnières (14 June 859). Gallia christiana XI, p. 352. Fisquet, pp. 18–19. Duchesne, pp. 221–222.
- ^ Erchambertus: Gallia christiana XI, p. 352. Fisquet, p. 19. Duchesne, pp. 221–222, no. 15.
- ^ Henricus: Gallia christiana XI, p. 352. Fisquet, pp. 19–20.
- ^ Richard: Fisquet, p. 20.
- ^ Hugh is known only from a charter of the foundation of the Priory of Saint-Georges-sur-Moulon Gallia christiana XI, p. 352. Fisquet, p. 20.
- ^ Radulfus, or Raoul "d'Avranches", was from Dol, but studied in Avranches. He was present at the dedication of the church of S. Trinité at Fécamp in 990. In 1006 a fire destroyed the cathedral of Bayeux, and Radulfus died shortly thereafter. Fisquet, p. 20.
- ^ After the Conquest, Odo (sometimes called Odo or Eudes of Conteville) was also Earl of Kent. He founded seven prebends in the Cathedral Chapter. He died in February 1097, at Palermo in Sicily, while on crusade. Gallia christiana XI, pp. 353–360. Fisquet, pp. 21–32. Trevor Rowley (2011). Man Behind the Bayeux Tapestry: Odo, William the Conqueror's Half-Brother. Stroud, Gloucetershire UK: History Press. ISBN 978-0-7524-7867-8.
- ^ Turoldus was appointed by King William Rufus, nephew of Bishop Odo of Bayeux. Turoldus' brother Hugues had founded the Priory of Saint-Laurent de Brémoy. Though appointed in 1097, Turoldus did not take possession until 1199. In 1105 Henry I of England made war on Robert Curthose, and burned the cathedral and town of Bayeux. After the Battle of Tinchebray on 27 September 1106, Turoldus resigned his diocese and retired to the Abbey of Bec, where he died in 1146. Fisquet, pp. 34–35.
- ^ Richard of Dover was the son of Samson, Bishop of Worcester. Fisquet, pp. 35–37.
- ^ Richard of Gloucester, called Richart Fitz Robert, was the bastard son of Robert of Kent, Earl of Gloucester, and nephew of Bishop Richard (I.). Fisquet, p. 37
- ^ Robert was already Bishop-elect on 22 April 1205, when Innocent III assigned the investigation of his credentials to the Bishop of Dol. He was consecrated on 26 February 1206. He died on 29 January 1231. Fisquet, pp. 44–46. Gams, p. 507. Eubel, I, p. 124 with note 1.
- ^ Thomas de Freauville had been a competitor for the Archbishopric of Rouen in 1229, but he was not approved by Rome. He was consecrated bishop on 20 March 1232 by Archbishop Maurice of Rouen. He died on 29 (or 31) May 1238. Fisquet, p. 46. Gams, p. 507. Eubel, I, p. 124.
- ^ Guy died on 27 February 1260 (1259 in the contemporary calendar, when New Year's Day was on March 25). Gallia christiana XI, p. 368. Fisquet, pp. 46–47. Gams, p. 507. Eubel, I, p. 324.
- ^ Eudes was the eldest son of the Duke of Burgundy. There was a contested election in the cathedral Chapter of Bayeux, and the matter was submitted to the pope. Pope Urban IV appointed Eudes, a Canon of the Cathedral, on 9 May 1263. He was consecrated at Rouen in July by Archbishop Eudes Rigaud. He died on 8 August 1274. Fisquet, pp. 47–48. Eubel, I, p. 124.
- ^ Gregory, a member of the family of the Counts of Segni, Gregory was a nephew of Pope Gregory IX. He was a Canon and Dean (1260) of the Chapter of Bayeux. He might have been consecrated at Lyon by Pope Gregory X, after the conclusion of the Second Council of Lyon. He died on 11 July 1276. Fisquet, p. 49. Eubel, I, p. 124.
- ^ Pierre de Beneis died on Christmas Eve 1306. Fisquet: pp. 49–51.
- ^ Bonet had been Treasurer of the Cathedral Chapter of Angers. He was named as bishop of Bayeux by Pope Clement V on 27 August 1306, without election by the Chapter, and was one of the bishops appointed by Pope Clement in 1308 to examine the case of the Templars. That charge kept him in Paris from August 1309 to May 1311. He was founder of the Collège de Bayeux in Paris in 1308, which was intended to house students from the dioceses of Bayeux, Mans, and Angers. He died on 3 April 1312. Fisquet, pp. 53–54. Eubel, I, p. 124.
- ^ Guillaume de Trie, Archdeacon of Normandie in the diocese of Rouen, was preceptor of Philip IV of France. Philip had written (too late) to Pope Clement V in 1309, requesting the appointment of Guillaume as Archbishop of Sens. Instead he was appointed Bishop of Bayeux on 12 April 1312. He was named Archbishop of Reims on 28 March 1324, and died on 26 September 1334. Fisquet, pp. 54–56. Eubel, I, pp. 124, 419.
- ^ Pierre de Lévis, once a Canon of Paris, had previously been Bishop of Maguelonne (1306–1309) and Bishop of Cambrai (1309–1324). He was appointed on 28 March 1324, and died on 21 July 1330. Fisquet, pp. 56–58. Eubel, I, pp. 124, 160, 320.
- ^ Boujeau was the nephew of Archbishop Henri de Villars of Lyon. Boujeau held a canonry in the Cathedral of Lyon; he became Cantor and then Provost of the Collegiate Church of Fourvières. He was named to the diocese of Bayeux by Pope John XXII on 3 January 1330. He died on 26 October 1337. Fisquet, pp. 58–59. Eubel, I, p. 125.
- ^ Bertrand, whose brother was a Marshal of France, and became Canon of Beauvais in 1318. He had been Bishop of Noyon (1331–1338). He was transferred to the diocese of Bayeux by Pope Benedict XII on 23 January 1338, and then to the diocese of Beauvais on 14 May 1347. He took part in the coronation of King John II at Reims on 26 September 1350. He died on 19 May 1356. Fisquet, pp. 59–61. Eubel, I, pp. 125, 132, 372.
- ^ Pierre de Villaine had been Bishop of Auxerre (1345–1347). He was transferred to the diocese of Bayeux on 14 May 1347 by Pope Clement VI. He died on 3 September 1360. Eubel, I, pp. 120, 125.
- ^ Thézart, a Canon of Bayeux, was elected by the Chapter, and confirmed by Pope Innocent VI on 6 November 1360. He was transferred to the diocese of Reims on 14 April 1374 by Pope Gregory XI. Eubel, I, pp. 125, 419.
- ^ Milo was the son of Guillaume de Dormans, Chancellor of France, and the nephew of Cardinal Jean de Dormans. He was transferred from the diocese of Angers (1371–1374) on 16 June 1374. He was transferred to the diocese of Beauvais on 31 January 1375. He died on 17 August 1387. Fisquet, pp. 64–66. Eubel, I, pp. 88, 125, 132.
- ^ Jean Langret was appointed by John XXIII on 30 April 1412. He died on 14 July 1419. Fisquet, pp. 69–71. Eubel, I, p. 125.
- ^ Charles de Neufchâtel, elected Archbishop of Besançon in 1463 at the age of 21, was originally a member of the party of Maximilian of Austria, but he went over to that of the King of France. He was elected by the Chapter of Bayeux on 27 January 1480, and approved by Pope Sixtus IV on 6 March. He died on 20 July 1498 at Pot-Audemer, as he was returning from the coronation of Louis XII. Fisquet, pp. 78–79. Eubel, II, p. 101.
- ^ René de Prie was a cousin of Cardinal Georges d'Amboise. He was approved in Consistory on 3 August 1498 by Pope Alexander VI. He was named a cardinal by Pope Julius II on 18 December 1506; he was deprived of his cardinalate in 1511 for his support of the Conciliabulum of Pisa, but was restored in 1514 by Pope Leo X. In September 1514 he also became Bishop of Limoges. He died on 9 September 1516 (or 1519). Fisquet, pp. 79–81. Eubel, II, p. 101; III, p. 11 no. 15.
- ^ Louis de Canossa was the son of Bartolomeo Conte di Canossa. He was papal Nuncio in France. He was nominated by King Francis I in September 1516, and approved by Pope Leo X on 24 November 1516. Because he and his family were disliked by the people of Bayeux, in 1526 he was sent on an embassy by the King to Venice, which lasted three years. He settled in Verona. In 1531 he negotiated his resignation from Bayeux with the King, in exchange for the abbey of Ferrières. He died in Verona in 1532. Fisquet, pp. 82–83. Eubel, III, p. 127.
- ^ Pierre de Martigny's uncle Charles was Bishop of Elne (1475–1494) and then of Castres (1494–1509) Pierre succeeded him as Bishop of Castres (1509–1538), and was appointed Bishop of Bayeux in Consistory by Pope Clement VII on 17 April 1531. He died on 13 September 1531. Fisquet, pp. 83–84. Eubel III, pp. 127, 158.
- ^ Cardinal Trivulzio was nominated Bishop of Bayeux by Francis I on 17 September 1531, and was appointed Perpetual Administrator by Pope Clement VII on 6 October 1531. He had also been Administrator of Toulon (1524–1535). In addition he acquired the dioceses of Asti (1536), Brugnato (1539), Grasse (1540) and Périgueux (1541). All were benefices, not residentiary. He died in Rome on 30 March 1548. Fisquet, pp. 84–86. Eubel, III, p. 127 (Eubel makes the date of appointment 6 October 1541, a typographical error).
- ^ Bernardin de Saint-François died on 14 July 1582. Eubel, III, p. 127.
- ^ Savonnières was nominated by King Henri III, and preconised (approved) in Consistory by Pope Gregory XIII on 9 March 1583. He was consecrated in Paris on 28 July 1583 by Bishop Louis de Brézé of Meaux. He took possession of the diocese by proxy on 25 July; he was installed personally on 17 September. He died on 6/9/11 May 1586. Gallia christiana XI, pp. 389–390. Fisquet, p. 89. Eubel, III, p. 127.
- ^ Charles de Bourbon was nephew of the Cardinal de Bourbon, a leader of 'The Catholic League' in France, and briefly saluted by them as King Charles X of France. At the age of 20 he was named Coadjutor to his uncle, the Archbishop of Rouen, but on the death of his uncle, the Chapter of Rouen contested his right to succeed. He was named a cardinal, the 'Cardinal de Vendôme', in 1583 at the age of 21. He was never consecrated a bishop, and never went to Rome to receive his titular church. He resigned the diocese of Bayeux in 1590. He died on 30 July 1594. Fisquet, pp. 89–91. Eubel, III, pp. 47 no. 32; 127.
- ^ Gallia christiana XI, p. 390. The Papal Nuncio, Francesco Gonzaga, considered the See to be vacant at least from October 1596 to June 1598.
- ^ Daillon had been named Bishop of Luçon in 1553, but was never confirmed or consecrated. Henri III made him a Prelate Commander of the Order of the Holy Spirit in 1579. He was nominated Bishop of Bayeux in 1590 or 1591 by King Henri IV, but was not confirmed by Pope Clement VIII until 11 February 1598. He took possession by proxy on 18 June 1598. He died on 8 March 1600. Gallia christiana XI, p. 390. Fisquet, pp. 91–92. Eubel, III, p. 127 with note 10.
- ^ Arnaud d'Ossat was named a cardinal by Pope Clement VIII on 3 March 1599, after a wait of ten years from the date he was first proposed by Henri IV. He then negotiated the dissolution of the marriage of Henri IV and Marguerite de France (17 December 1599). In 1600 he negotiated the agreement between France and Savoy (17 January 1601), giving France the territories of Bresse, Bugey and Valromey. He never visited Bayeux, and in 1603 requested permission from Henri IV to resign. He died in Rome in 1604. Marie-Genevieve-Charlotte Thiroux d' Arconville (1771). Vie du Cardinal d'Ossat (in French) (tome second ed.). Paris: Herissant. pp. 597–600. Fisquet, pp. 92–104. Gauchat, Hierarchia catholica IV, p. 6 no. 26.
- ^ In 1650 Molé approved the establishment of the religious of Notre-Dame-de-la-Charité in Bayeux. He died in Paris on 6 April 1652. Francois Molé, Abbé de Saint-Croix, the brother of Bishop Édouard Molé was named to succeed him, but was dismissed before his bulls were ever issued; he was never Bishop of Bayeux. Fisquet, pp. 106–107.
- ^ Servien was nominated by King Louis XIV on 23 May 1654, and preconised (approved) by Pope Innocent X on 9 November 1654. He died in Bayeux on 2 February 1659. Fisquet, pp. 108–109. Gauchat, Hierarchia catholica IV, p. 108 with note 6.
- ^ A native of Paris, Nesmond was nominated by King Louis XIV on 22 February 1661, and approved in Consistory by Pope Alexander VII on 8 August 1661. He died at Bayeux on 16 June 1715, at the age of 85. Fisquet, pp. 110–115. Gauchat, Hierarchia catholica IV, p. 108.
- ^ La Tremoille, an Auditor of the Roman Rota, was named a cardinal by Pope Clement XI on 17 May 1706, and Chargé d'Affaires of French interests at the Roman Curia. He was nominated Bishop of Bayeux by the Regent Philippe d'Orleans in the name of King Louis XV on 27 January 1716, and approved by Pope Clement XI on 8 June 1716. He was transferred to the diocese of Cambrai on 11 May 1718, without ever having come to Bayeux. He died on 10 January 1720. Jean, p. 347. Ritzler-Sefrin, Vi, pp. 25 no. 16; 111 with note 3; 139 with note 6.
- ^ Born in Paris in 1665, Armagnac was named a doctor of theology of the Sorbonne at the age of 23. He was named Bishop of Bayeux by the Regent on 7 May 1718; he was finally approved by Pope Clement XI, who had resisted his appointment in the first place, on 18 September 1719. He was consecrated in Paris on 5 November by Cardinal de Noailles. He sent a Jansenist to take possession in his name, and forbade the Jesuits to be in his diocese. He spent most of his time in Paris. His opinions were censured by the University of Caen (28 June 1727), the Archbishop of Rouen and the Parliament of Normandy, and he was deposed by the Provincial Council. He died in Paris on 9 June 1728. Laffetay, I, pp. 289–317, II, pp. 5–17. Jean, pp. 347–348. Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 112 with note 4.
- ^ De Luynes: Jean, p. 348. Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 112 with note 5.
- ^ Rochechouart had been Bishop of Évreux before being nominated by King Louis XV on 9 August 1753, and transferred to Bayeux by Pope Benedict XIV on 26 November 1753. He resigned on 27 December 1776. He died on 24 January 1781. Jean, pp. 348–349. Ritzler-Sefrin, VI, pp. 113 with note 2.
- ^ Born in Avignon, Cheylus had been Vicar General of Lisieux, and Dean of the Cathedral Chapter of Lisieux. He was Bishop of Tréguier (1762–1766), and then Bishop of Cahors (1766–1777). He was nominated by King Louis XVI on 17 November 1776, and transferred by Pope Pius VI on 17 February 1777. In 1791 he fled from France to the Island of Jersey, where he enjoyed the hospitality of the Prince de Bouillon. He died there on 22 February 1797, at the age of 80. Fisquet, pp. 127–130. Jean, p. 349. Ritzler-Sefrin, VI, pp. 113 with note 3; 157 with note 3; 414 with note 4.
- ^ Fauchet was executed on 31 October 1793, by order of the Revolutionary Tribunal. Paul Pisani (1907). Répertoire biographique de l'épiscopat constitutionnel (1791-1802) (in French). Paris: A. Picard et fils. pp. 169–171.
- ^ Duchemin was elected in July 1797, consecrated Paris on 10 February 1798, received in Bayeux on 17 February, and dead on 31 March 1798. Pisani, pp. 172–173.
- ^ Bisson was consecrated in Paris on 6 October 1799. He resigned in October 1801. After the restoration of the Diocese of Bayeux, he was named a Canon of the Cathedral by the new canonically instituted bishop. He died on 28 February 1820. Pisani, pp. 173–174.
- ^ Brault was a Baron of the Empire (1808) and Chevalier of the Legion of Honor. He was named Bishop of Bayeux by Napoleon, and accepted by Cardinal Castiglione on behalf of Pope Pius VII. He was appointed Archbishop of Albi when the diocese was reestablished on 27 July 1817, but did not take possession of his new See until 8 August 1823. Fisqauet, pp. 136–139. Canon Hugonin, in: L'épiscopat français ... (1907), pp. 101–102.
- ^ Jean de Pradelles was a doctor of the Sorbonne. He was Canon of the Collegiate Church of Notre-Dame du Vignan and then Vicar General of Bishop Cheylus at Cahors, and also when Cheylus was transferred to Bayeux. He was made a Canon of Bayeux in 1777, and Archdeacon of Caen. He refused the oath to the Civil Constitution of the Clergy, and went into hiding. He was named Bishop of Bayeux in 1817, and was preconised by Pope Pius VII on 1 October; but he died on 2 April 1818, before being consecrated. Fisquet, p. 140. Canon Hugonin, in: L'épiscopat français ... (1907), p. 102.
- ^ Duperrier-Dumourier was born at Mans in 1746. At the age of twenty he was named a Canon of the Cathedral of Mans. In 1782 he was named Archdeacon of Laval. In 1791, during the French Revolution, he refused to take the oath to the Civil Constitution of the Clergy, and fled to Paderborn, not returning until 1797. On the Restoration of the Bourbons in 1817 he was named Bishop of Tulle, but never received his bulls due to the rejection of the new Concordat by the National Assembly. He was transferred to Bayeux by royal ordonnance of 13 January 1823. He was preconised by Pope Pius VII in the Consistory of 10 March 1823, and was consecrated at Mans on 4 May 1823 by Bishop Myre-Mory. He died suddenly of a stroke on 17 April 1827. Fisquet, pp. 140–142. Canon Hugonin, in: L'épiscopat français ... (1907), pp. 102–103.
- ^ Robin was appointed by King Louis Philippe on 25 May 1836, and preconised (approved) by Pope Gregory XVI on 13 July 1836. He was consecrated in Paris on 13 July by the Archbishop of Paris, Hyacinthe-Louis de Quélen. L'Ami du chrétien: journal du clergé et du monde religieux (in French). Vol. 1. Paris: L'Ami du chrétien. 1855. pp. 409–411. Fisqauet, pp. 144–147. Canon Hugonin, in: L'épiscopat français ... (1907), pp. 105–106.
- ^ Didiot: Canon Hugonin, in: L'épiscopat français ... (1907), pp. 106–108.
- ^ Hugonin: Canon Hugonin, in: L'épiscopat français ... (1907), pp. 108–109.
- ^ Amette was appointed Coadjutor Archbishop of Paris. Canon Hugonin, in: L'épiscopat français ... (1907), p. 109.
- ^ Cardinal Suhard was appointed Archbishop of Reims on 23 December 1930, and made a cardinal on 16 December 1935. He was transferred to Paris on 11 May 1940. Martin Bräuer (2014). Handbuch der Kardinäle: 1846-2012 (in German). Berlin: De Gruyter. p. 1910. ISBN 978-3-11-037077-5. Harris M. Lentz III (2001). Popes and Cardinals of the 20th Century: A Biographical Dictionary. Jefferson, NC USA: McFarland. pp. 182–183. ISBN 978-0-7864-4101-3. During the Occupation of France, he was a collaborator both with the Vichy Government and with the German Occupation forces. Peter Hebblethwaite (2005). John XXIII: Pope of the Century. A&C Black. pp. 96–99. ISBN 978-0-86012-387-3. Michael Neiberg (2012). The Blood of Free Men: The Liberation of Paris, 1944. New York: Basic Books. pp. Introduction, p. 22. ISBN 978-0-465-03303-4. Carmen Callil (2008). Bad Faith: A Forgotten History of Family, Fatherland and Vichy France. New York: Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. p. 556. ISBN 978-0-307-48188-7. The Catholic view is given by: Jean-Pierre Guérend, Cardinal Emmanuel Suhard, archevêque de Paris (1940-1949): Temps de guerre, temps de paix, passion pour la mission, (Paris: Editions du Cerf, 2011).
- ^ Pican died on 23 July 2018. Diocese de Bayeux-Lisieux, Décès de Mgr Pican; retrieved: 2018-07-25. (in French)
- Gams, Pius Bonifatius (1873). Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae: quotquot innotuerunt a beato Petro apostolo. Ratisbon: Typis et Sumptibus Georgii Josephi Manz. (Use with caution; obsolete)
- Eubel, Conradus, ed. (1913). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 1 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana. (in Latin)
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- Du Tems, Hugues (1774). Le clergé de France, ou tableau historique et chronologique des archevêques, évêques, abbés, abbesses et chefs des chapitres principaux du royaume, depuis la fondation des églises jusqu'à nos jours (in French). Vol. Tome premier. Paris: Delalain.
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