Louis Jean Nicolas Abbé

Louis Jean Nicolas Abbé (28 August 1764 – 9 April 1834) became a French general during the Napoleonic Wars. He enlisted as a foot soldier in the royal army in 1784 and was a non-commissioned officer by 1792. He spent most of the French Revolutionary Wars fighting in Italy. In 1802 he joined the Saint-Domingue expedition. He was appointed colonel in command of the 23rd Light Infantry Regiment in 1803 and led the unit at Caldiero, Campo Tenese, Maida, and Amantea. Promoted to general of brigade in 1807, he led a brigade in 1809, fighting at Sacile, Caldiero, the Piave, Tarvis, Raab, and Wagram.

Louis Jean Nicolas Abbé
Born28 August 1764 (1764-08-28)
Trépail, France
Died9 April 1834 (1834-04-10) (aged 69)
Chalons-sur-Marne, France
AllegianceFrance France
Service/branchInfantry
Years of service1784–1816, 1830–1832
RankGeneral of Division
Battles/warsItalian campaigns (1793-1799)
Saint-Domingue expedition (1802)
Battle of Caldiero (1805)
Battle of Campo Tenese (1806)
Battle of Maida (1806)
Siege of Amantea (1807)
Battle of Sacile (1809)
Battle of Caldiero (1809)
Battle of Piave River (1809)
Battle of Tarvis (1809)
Battle of Raab (1809)
Battle of Wagram (1809)
Battle of La Bisbal de Falset (1810)
Siege of Tortosa (1810)
Siege of Tarragona (1811)
Battle of Montserrat (1811)
Battle of the Pyrenees (1813)
Battle of San Marcial (1813)
Battle of the Bidassoa (1813)
Battle of Nivelle (1813)
Battle of the Nive (1813)
Battle of Bayonne (1814)
Action of Dannemarie (1815)
AwardsLégion d'Honneur, CC 1808
Order of Saint-Louis, 1814
Other workBaron of the Empire, 1810

RecognitionsEdit

 
The tomb of General Abbé

Starting in 1810, Abbé served in the Peninsular War in Spain. He fought under Marshal Louis Gabriel Suchet at Falset, Tortosa, Tarragona, and Montserrat. He was promoted to general of division in 1811. He led a division under Marshal Nicolas Soult at the Pyrenees, San Marcial, the Bidassoa, Nivelle, the Nive, and Bayonne. He joined Napoleon in 1815 and fought the Austrians before being retired from the army in 1816. He was reactivated from 1830 to 1832 when he retired again. He died in 1834. ABBE is one of the names inscribed under the Arc de Triomphe, on Column 36.

ReferencesEdit

  • Broughton, Tony (2006). "French Light Infantry Regiments and the Colonels Who Led Them: 1791 to 1815". The Napoleon Series. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  • Gates, David (2002). The Spanish Ulcer: A History of the Peninsular War. London: Pimlico. ISBN 0-7126-9730-6.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Glover, Michael (2001). The Peninsular War 1807-1814. London: Penguin. ISBN 0-141-39041-7.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Mullié, Charles (1852). Biographie des célébrités militaires des armées de terre et de mer de 1789 a 1850 (in French). Paris.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Oman, Charles (1996). A History of the Peninsular War Volume III. Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole. ISBN 1-85367-223-8.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Oman, Charles (1996). A History of the Peninsular War Volume IV. Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole. ISBN 1-85367-224-6.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Smith, Digby (1998). The Napoleonic Wars Data Book. London: Greenhill. ISBN 1-85367-276-9.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)