Louis Claude Cadet de Gassicourt

Louis Claude Cadet de Gassicourt (24 July 1731 – 17 October 1799) was a French chemist who synthesised the first organometalic compound.

Louis Claude Cadet de Gassicourt
Born(1731-07-24)24 July 1731
Paris, France
Died17 October 1799(1799-10-17) (aged 68)
Paris, France
Alma materCollège des Quatre-Nations
Known forSynthesis of the first organometallic compound
Scientific career
InstitutionsHotel Royal des Invalides in Paris

He obtained a red liquid by the reaction of potassium acetate with arsenic trioxide. This liquid is known as Cadet's fuming liquid and contains the two compounds cacodyl and cacodyl oxide.

Cadet studied at the Collège des Quatre-Nations and became a pharmacist at the Hotel Royal des Invalides in Paris. He was the brother of the pharmacist Antoine-Alexis Cadet de Vaux.

Marie Thérèse Françoise Boisselet became his wife in 1771, at that time her son, fathered by Louis XV, was two years old. The boy was adopted by Cadet as Charles-Louis Cadet.

Cadet was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1787.[1]

In 1825, botanist Antoine Laurent Apollinaire Fée circumscribed Gassicurtia which is a genus of lichenized fungi in the family Caliciaceae and named in Cadet de Gassicourt's honor.[2]


  1. ^ "Louis C. Cadet-Gassicourt". American Philosophical Society Member History. American Philosophical Society. Retrieved 14 December 2020.
  2. ^ Elix, John A. (2016). "New species of Gassicurtia and Stigmatochroma (Physciaceae, Ascomycota) from Queensland, Australia" (PDF). Australasian Lichenology. 79: 3–9.