Louis-Ernest Dubois

Louis-Ernest Dubois (1 September 1856 – 23 September 1929) was a Roman Catholic Cardinal and Archbishop of Paris. He played a leading role in the period of adjustment to the separation of Church and State in France.

His Eminence

Louis-Ernest Dubois
Cardinal, Archbishop of Paris
Louis-Ernest Dubois-1920.jpg
Cardinal Dubois, the new archbishop of Paris, in front of Notre Dame in 1920
ChurchRoman Catholic
Term ended23 September 1929
PredecessorLéon-Adolphe Amette
SuccessorJean Verdier
Other postsCardinal-Priest of Santa Maria in Aquiro
Personal details
Born(1856-09-01)1 September 1856
Saint-Calais France
Died23 September 1929(1929-09-23) (aged 73)
Paris France
BuriedNotre Dame de Paris
Previous postBishop of Verdun (1901–1909)
Cardinal Archbishop of Bourges (1910–1920)
Cardinal Archbishop of Rouen, Primate of Normandy (1916–1920)
Coat of armsLouis-Ernest Dubois's coat of arms
Styles of
Louis-Ernest Dubois
External Ornaments of a Cardinal Bishop.svg
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal styleCardinal

Early lifeEdit

He was born in Saint-Calais (Sarthe) to a family from the adjacent commune of St. Gervais. He was educated at the Seminary of Le Mans. He was ordained priest on 20 September 1879.

After his ordination he worked in the diocese of Le Mans from 1879 until 1898. He was editor of Semaine du fidèle in 1888. He served as Vicar general of the diocese of Le Mans from 1898 until 1901.


Pope Leo XIII appointed him Bishop of Verdun on 18 April 1901. Verdun was one of only two French cities where the bishop was not obliged to leave his palace following the 1905 French law on the Separation of the Churches and the State.

He was promoted to the Archbishop of Bourges in 1909. He spent until 1916 in Bourges until he was transferred to Archbishop of Rouen on 13 March 1916.


He was created Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria in Aquiro (deaconry elevated pro hac vice to title) in the consistory of December 4, 1916.

He was transferred to become Archbishop of Paris on 13 December 1920. He took part in the 1922 papal conclave that elected Pope Pius XI. Dubois played a conciliatory role in relations with French authorities. He established an ordinariate (under auxiliary bishop Emmanuel Chaptal, a descendant of Jean-Antoine Chaptal) to co-ordinate, thereby increasing French clerical control of the work of foreign language Catholic chaplaincies in Paris. He remained Archbishop of Paris until his death in 1929. He is buried in Notre-Dame de Paris.


When the existence of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople was under threat from the Turkish Government, and the incumbent patriarch forced to leave the country, he led an unofficial mission on behalf of the French Government. The British Government reacted to this incident by sending a naval squadron, thus giving rise to the Perote saying (Pera was the diplomatic and cosmopolitan quarter of Constantinople) "les Anglais ont envoyé de l'acier et les Français Dubois".


Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Léon-Adolphe Amette
Archbishop of Paris
13 December 1920 – 23 September 1929
Succeeded by
Jean Verdier