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Louis-Ernest Dubois (1 September 1856 – 23 September 1929) was a Roman Catholic Cardinal and Archbishop of Paris. He played a leading role in the period of adjustment to the separation of Church and State in France.
|Cardinal, Archbishop of Paris|
Cardinal Dubois, the new archbishop of Paris, in front of Notre Dame in 1920
|Term ended||23 September 1929|
|Other posts||Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria in Aquiro|
|Born||1 September 1856|
|Died||23 September 1929 (aged 73)|
|Buried||Notre Dame de Paris|
|Previous post||Bishop of Verdun (1901–1909)|
Cardinal Archbishop of Bourges (1910–1920)
Cardinal Archbishop of Rouen, Primate of Normandy (1916–1920)
|Coat of arms|
|Reference style||His Eminence|
|Spoken style||Your Eminence|
Pope Leo XIII appointed him Bishop of Verdun on 18 April 1901. Verdun was one of only two French cities where the bishop was not obliged to leave his palace following the 1905 French law on the Separation of the Churches and the State.
He was transferred to become Archbishop of Paris on 13 December 1920. He took part in the 1922 papal conclave that elected Pope Pius XI. Dubois played a conciliatory role in relations with French authorities. He established an ordinariate (under auxiliary bishop Emmanuel Chaptal, a descendant of Jean-Antoine Chaptal) to co-ordinate, thereby increasing French clerical control of the work of foreign language Catholic chaplaincies in Paris. He remained Archbishop of Paris until his death in 1929. He is buried in Notre-Dame de Paris.
When the existence of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople was under threat from the Turkish Government, and the incumbent patriarch forced to leave the country, he led an unofficial mission on behalf of the French Government. The British Government reacted to this incident by sending a naval squadron, thus giving rise to the Perote saying (Pera was the diplomatic and cosmopolitan quarter of Constantinople) "les Anglais ont envoyé de l'acier et les Français Dubois".
|Catholic Church titles|
| Archbishop of Paris
13 December 1920 – 23 September 1929