Louis, Duke of Montpensier

Louis de Bourbon (10 June 1513 – 23 September 1582) was the second Duke of Montpensier.

Louis de Bourbon
Duke of Montpensier
Louis de Bourbon duc de Montpensier.jpg
Born10 June 1513
Died23 September 1582
SpouseJacqueline de Longwy
Catherine de Lorraine
IssueFrançoise, Duchess of Bouillon
Anne, Duchess of Nevers
François, Duke of Montpensier
Charlotte, Princess of Orange
FatherLouis, Prince of La Roche-sur-Yon
MotherLouise de Bourbon


Louis was the son of Louis de Bourbon, Prince of La Roche-sur-Yon, and of Louise de Bourbon, first Duchess of Montpensier.[1] By his mother, he was the nephew of Charles de Bourbon, Duke of Bourbon, whose lands were confiscated after his treason. As a member of the House of Bourbon, he was a Prince of the Blood.

Under the orders of Anne de Montmorency, Louis defended in 1536 Provence, then Artois against the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.

In 1538, Louis married Jacqueline de Longwy,[1] Countess of Bar-sur-Seine, daughter of John IV de Longwy, Baron of Pagny, and Jeanne of Angoulême, illegitimate half-sister of King Francis I. On the occasion of his marriage, the King of France returned the lands of Gilbert, Count of Montpensier, and the Counties of Forez, Beaujeu and Dombes to his mother. In 1543, Louis received the dauphinate of Auvergne.

Louis took part in a number of wars against Charles V. He fought again at the Battle of St. Quentin (1557) where his horse was killed under him and where he was taken prisoner.[2] Louis's involvement in the French Wars of Religion reflected his opportunist character. He was initially favourable to the Protestants, under the influence of his wife.

In 1561, having inherited his mother's Duchy of Montpensier, Louis changed his alliance to satisfy his ambitions. He was made governor of Touraine and Anjou in 1562, and was charged with attacking the Huguenots.

In 1563, Louis reconquered Angoulême and Cognac. In 1569, he participated in the Battle of Jarnac, was named governor of Brittany and married, on February 4, 1570, Catherine de Lorraine (1552-1596), sister of Henry I, Duke of Guise and of Charles of Lorraine, Duke of Mayenne. He approved of the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre, and fought the Protestants again in 1575 in Poitou.


Louis and Jacqueline had:


  1. ^ a b c d George 1885, p. table XXVII.
  2. ^ Pitts 2009, p. 13.
  3. ^ Potter 2004, p. 60.


  • George, Hereford B. (1885). Genealogical Tables Illustrative of Modern History (2nd ed.). Oxford at the Clarendon Press.
  • Pitts, Vincent J. (2009). Henri IV of France: His Reign and Age. The Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Potter, David, ed. (2004). Foreign Intelligence and Information in Elizabethan England. Vol. 25: Two English Treatises on the State of France, 1580–1584. Cambridge University Press.