Lothar Bolz

Lothar Bolz (3 September 1903 – 28 December 1986) was an East German politician. From 1953 to 1965 he served as Minister of Foreign Affairs of East Germany (GDR).

Lothar Bolz
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-64094-006-Teil 2, Genf, Aussenministerkonferenz, Ankunf Dr. Bolz (cropped).jpg
Minister of Foreign Affairs of the German Democratic Republic
In office
July 1953 – June 24, 1965
Preceded byAnton Ackermann
Succeeded byOtto Winzer
Chairman of the National Democratic Party of East Germany
In office
Preceded byoffice established
Succeeded byHeinrich Homann
Personal details
Born(1903-09-03)3 September 1903
Gleiwitz, Province of Silesia, Prussia, German Empire
Died28 December 1986(1986-12-28) (aged 83)
East Berlin, German Democratic Republic
Political partyNational Democratic Party of Germany (NDPD)
ProfessionLawyer, politician


Lothar Bolz was born in Gleiwitz in Upper Silesia, now Poland, on 3 September 1903.[1] His father was a watchmaker.[2]

He studied law at the universities of Breslau and Kiel.[1] After his study he worked as a lawyer in Breslau[2] In 1930, he joined the Communist Party of Germany. After the Nazis came to power in 1933 he was no longer allowed to work as a lawyer because of his political affiliation.[2] Bolz went to Moscow, finding work as a teacher at the Marx-Engels Institute. From 1941 to 1945 he was headteacher of the anti-fascist school, which aimed to indoctrinate German prisoners of war against fascism. During his stay in the Soviet Union, he became a Soviet citizen and retained dual citizenship.[3]

In 1947, he returned to Germany and joined the East German Socialist Unity Party, but in 1948 he founded the Communist-sponsored National Democratic Party of Germany (NDPD). Many members of the NDPD were former Nazis and former Wehrmacht officers. From 1948 to 1972 he was the chairman of the NDPD. In 1949 he became a member of the People's Chamber (Parliament) and from 1949 to 1953 he was the Minister of Construction. From 1950 to 1967 he was one of the Deputy Prime Ministers of the GDR. In 1953,[1] being the successor of Foreign Minister Anton Ackermann. He stayed in the office until 1965. From 1950 to his death he was a member of the Presidium of the National Front. He also acted as the chairman of Society for German-Soviet Friendship from 1968 to 1978.

Bolz died on 28 December 1986 in East Berlin at the age of 83.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d "Deaths elsewhere. Lothar Bolz". Toledo Blade. Berlin. AP. 29 December 1989. Retrieved 12 September 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b c "Lothar Bolz". Elections and Political Parties in Germany, 1945-1952. Salisbury, NC: Documentary Publications. 1952. p. 28. Retrieved 13 September 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ Kaplan, Bernard (6 June 1959). "Grinning Red in Geneva". The Milwaukee Journal. Retrieved 12 September 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)