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List of Lord High Admirals (United Kingdom)

  (Redirected from Lord High Admiral (United Kingdom))

The Lord High Admiral (of England, Great Britain and then the United Kingdom, beginning in the 15th century) is the titular head of the Royal Navy. Most have been courtiers or members of the Royal Family, and not professional naval officers. The office of Lord High Admiral is one of the nine English Great Officers of State.

Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom
Prince Phillip of Edinburgh.jpg
Incumbent
HRH The Duke of Edinburgh

since 2011
Appointer British Monarch, Elizabeth II
Formation 1413
First holder The Duke of Exeter
Unofficial names Lord High Admiral

From the 17th century onwards, when an individual Lord High Admiral was appointed, there was also a Council of the Lord High Admiral which assisted him and performed some of the duties of the Admiralty.

When the office was not occupied by an individual, it was "put into commission" and exercised by a board of Lords Commissioners headed by a First Lord of the Admiralty, and this was the usual arrangement from 1709 until 1964, when the office of First Lord of the Admiralty was finally abolished and the functions of the Lords Commissioners were transferred to the Admiralty Board of the tri-service Defence Council of the United Kingdom. At the same time, the ancient title of Lord High Admiral was then resumed by the sovereign personally.

Elizabeth II held the title for the next 47 years, until in 2011 she conferred the office upon her husband, the Duke of Edinburgh as part of the celebrations for his 90th birthday.[1] The Queen chose this title to honour her husband with as he served in the Royal Navy during the Second World War, and gave up a promising naval career to support her as consort.[2]

Contents

Lord High Admirals of England, 1413 to 1628Edit

Lord High Admirals of England, 1638–1708Edit

Lord High Admirals since 1708Edit

Before 1707 a separate office of Lord High Admiral existed for Scotland, following the Act of Union 1707 all jurisdictions were placed under the office of Lord High Admiral of Great Britain.

Portrait Name Term of Office Ref
  Her Majesty
Queen Anne
23 October
1708
1708 [3]
  The Right Honourable
Thomas Herbert
8th Earl of Pembroke
1708 1709
  Vacant
Office in commission
1709 10 May
1827
  His Royal Highness
Prince William Henry
The Duke of Clarence
10 May
1827
19 September
1828
[4]
  Vacant
Office in commission
19 September
1828
1 April
1964
[5]
  Her Majesty
Queen Elizabeth II
1 April
1964
10 June
2011
[6]
  His Royal Highness
Prince Philip
The Duke of Edinburgh
10 June
2011
Incumbent [2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Duke of Edinburgh Appointed Lord High Admiral". royal.gov.uk. Retrieved 4 May 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Prince Philip receives Navy title for 90th birthday". BBC News. Retrieved 4 April 2017. 
  3. ^ a b National Archives, Kew, ref. ADM 4/410 List of the Lords High Admiral and Commissioners for executing that Office, which have been appointed since the year 1660 (1915)
  4. ^ "No. 18360". The London Gazette. 11 May 1827. p. 1033. 
  5. ^ "No. 18506". The London Gazette. 19 September 1828. p. 1733. 
  6. ^ "No. 43288". The London Gazette. 3 April 1964. p. 2895.