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List of Lord High Admirals (United Kingdom)

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The Lord High Admiral (of England, Great Britain and then the United Kingdom, beginning in the 14th century) [1] is the titular head of the Royal Navy. Most have been courtiers or members of the Royal Family, and not professional naval officers. The office of Lord High Admiral is one of the nine English Great Officers of State.

Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom
Flag of the Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom.svg
Flag of the Lord High Admiral
Prince Phillip of Edinburgh.jpg
Incumbent
HRH The Duke of Edinburgh

since 2011
Appointer British Monarch, Elizabeth II
Formation 22 February 1385-current
First holder Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel
Unofficial names Lord High Admiral

From the 17th century onwards, when an individual Lord High Admiral was appointed, there was also a Council of the Lord High Admiral which assisted him and performed some of the duties of the Admiralty.

When the office was not occupied by an individual, it was "put into commission" and exercised by a Board of Admiralty headed by a First Lord of the Admiralty, and this was the usual arrangement from 1709 until 1964, when the office of First Lord of the Admiralty was finally abolished and the functions of the Lords Commissioners were transferred to the Admiralty Board of the tri-service Defence Council of the United Kingdom. At the same time, the ancient title of Lord High Admiral was then resumed by the sovereign personally.

Elizabeth II held the title for the next 47 years, until in 2011 she conferred the office upon her husband, the Duke of Edinburgh as part of the celebrations for his 90th birthday.[2] The Queen chose this title to honour her husband with as he served in the Royal Navy during the Second World War, and gave up a promising naval career to support her as consort.[3]

Contents

Lord High Admirals of England, 1385 to 1628Edit

Name Term of Office Ref
Richard FitzAlan
10th Earl of Arundel
1385 1388 [4]
Edward
1st Earl of Rutland & Cork
Duke of Abermarle
1390 1397 [5]
John Beaufort
1st Earl of Somerset
1397 1398 [6]
Thomas Percy
1st Earl of Worcester
1398 1400 [7]
Thomas Plantagenet
1st Duke of Clarence
1404 1405 [8]
John Beaufort
1st Earl of Somerset
1406 1407 [4]
Edmund Holland
4th Earl of Kent
[4]
1407 1408 [4]
Thomas Beaufort
1st Duke of Exeter
1408 1426 [4]
John of Lancaster
1st Duke of Bedford
1426 1435 [4]
John Holland
2nd Duke of Exeter
1435 1447 [4]
William de la Pole
1st Duke of Suffolk
1447 1450 [4]
Henry Holland
3rd Duke of Exeter
1450 1460 [4]
Richard Neville
16th Earl of Warwick
1461 1462 [4]
William Neville
1st Earl of Kent
1462 1462 [4]
Richard Plantagenet
1st Duke of Gloucester
1462 1470 [4]
Richard Neville
16th Earl of Warwick
1470 1471 [4]
Richard Plantagenet
1st Duke of Gloucester
1471 1483 [4]
John Howard
1st Duke of Norfolk
1483 1485 [4]
John de Vere
13th Earl of Oxford
1485 1512 [4]
Sir Edward Howard 1512 1513 [4]
Thomas Howard
2nd Earl of Surrey
1513 1525 [4]
Henry FitzRoy
1st Duke of Richmond and Somerset
1525 1536 [4]
William FitzWilliam
1st Earl of Southampton
1536 1540 [4]
John Russell
1st Lord Russell
1540 1542 [4]
John Dudley
1st Viscount Lisle
1542 1546 [4]
Thomas Seymour
1st Lord Seymour of Sudeley
1546 1549 [4]
John Dudley
1st Earl of Warwick
1549 1550 [4]
Edward Clinton
9th Lord Clinton
1550 1554 [4]
William Howard
1st Lord Howard of Effingham
1554 1558 [4]
Edward Clinton
1st Earl of Lincoln
1558 1585 [4]
Charles Howard
1st Earl of Nottingham

Baron Howard of Effingham before 1596
Earl of Nottingham from 1596
1585 1619 [4]
George Villiers
1st Duke of Buckingham
1619 1628 [4]

Lord High Admirals of England, 1638–1708Edit

Lord High Admirals since 1708Edit

Before 1707 a separate office of Lord High Admiral existed for Scotland, following the Act of Union 1707 all jurisdictions were placed under the office of Lord High Admiral of Great Britain.

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Ref
  Her Majesty
Queen Anne

(1665–1714)
23 October
1708
1708 [9]
  The Right Honourable
Thomas Herbert
8th Earl of Pembroke
KG PC

(c. 1656–1733)
1708 1709
  Office in commission 1709 10 May
1827
  His Royal Highness
Prince William Henry
The Duke of Clarence

(1765–1837)
10 May
1827
19 September
1828
[10]
  Office in commission 19 September
1828
1 April
1964
[11]
  Her Majesty
Queen Elizabeth II

(born 1926)
1 April
1964
10 June
2011
[12]
  His Royal Highness
Prince Philip
The Duke of Edinburgh

(born 1921)
10 June
2011
Incumbent [3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Lord High Admiral's Divisions takes place at BRNC | Royal Navy". www.royalnavy.mod.uk. Ministry of Defence, 2 May 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2017. 
  2. ^ "The Duke of Edinburgh Appointed Lord High Admiral". royal.gov.uk. Retrieved 4 May 2017. 
  3. ^ a b "Prince Philip receives Navy title for 90th birthday". BBC News. Retrieved 4 April 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac Houbraken, Jacobus; Thoyras, Paul de Rapin; Vertue, George (1747). The History of England, A List of Admirals of England, 1228-1745. J. and P. Knapton. p. 271. 
  5. ^ Schomberg, Isaac (1802). Naval Chronology: Or, An Historical Summary of Naval & Maritime Events, from the Time of the Romans, to the Treaty of Peace, 1802. T. Egerton. p. 188. 
  6. ^ Schomberg, Isaac (1802). Naval Chronology: Or, An Historical Summary of Naval & Maritime Events, from the Time of the Romans, to the Treaty of Peace, 1802. T. Egerton. p. 188. 
  7. ^ Schomberg, Isaac (1802). Naval Chronology: Or, An Historical Summary of Naval & Maritime Events, from the Time of the Romans, to the Treaty of Peace, 1802. T. Egerton. p. 188. 
  8. ^ Schomberg, Isaac (1802). Naval Chronology: Or, An Historical Summary of Naval & Maritime Events, from the Time of the Romans, to the Treaty of Peace, 1802. T. Egerton. p. 188. 
  9. ^ a b National Archives, Kew, ref. ADM 4/410 List of the Lords High Admiral and Commissioners for executing that Office, which have been appointed since the year 1660 (1915)
  10. ^ "No. 18360". The London Gazette. 11 May 1827. p. 1033. 
  11. ^ "No. 18506". The London Gazette. 19 September 1828. p. 1733. 
  12. ^ "No. 43288". The London Gazette. 3 April 1964. p. 2895. 

SourcesEdit

  • Houbraken, Jacobus. Thoyras, Paul de Rapin. Vertue, George. (1747). The History of England, A List of Admirals of England (1224-1745). England. Kanpton. P and J.

External linksEdit