Looc, Romblon

Looc, officially the Municipality of Looc, is a 4th class municipality in the province of Romblon, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 21,799 people. [3]

Looc
Municipality of Looc
Official seal of Looc
Map of Romblon with Looc highlighted
Map of Romblon with Looc highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Looc is located in Philippines
Looc
Looc
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 12°15′38″N 121°59′33″E / 12.2605°N 121.9926°E / 12.2605; 121.9926Coordinates: 12°15′38″N 121°59′33″E / 12.2605°N 121.9926°E / 12.2605; 121.9926
CountryPhilippines
RegionMimaropa
ProvinceRomblon
District Lone district
Founded1730
Incorporated1844
Barangays12 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorLisette Arboleda
 • Vice MayorDianson Taytay
 • RepresentativeEleandro Jesus F. Madrona
 • Councilors
  • Gaga Bernardo
  • Bong Osrio
  • Benrol Palacio
  • Ted Tirol
  • Johnny Aguirre
  • Hermie Lachica
  • Michael Francisco
  • Rolly Bautista
 • Electorate7,684 voters (2019)
Area
 • Total132.82 km2 (51.28 sq mi)
Elevation
31 m (102 ft)
Highest elevation
198 m (651 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total21,799
 • Density160/km2 (430/sq mi)
 • Households
5,363
Economy
 • Income class4th municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence20.17% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱114,673,544.05 (2020)
 • Assets₱323,234,187.13 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱90,921,230.78 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱101,025,183.72 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityTablas Island Electric Cooperative (TIELCO)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
5502
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)42
Native languagesOnhan
Tagalog

HistoryEdit

Early historyEdit

Looc is from the Filipino/Onhan word look, meaning "bay", referring to the body of water the town encloses. The first settlers of Looc where Onhan-speaking tribes from Panay Island which came around 1730. The settlement was originally a barrio of the pueblo (town) of Cabolutan (located in present-day San Agustin) until 1790, when the town's population was wiped-out by a smallpox epidemic and the town was abolished. The abolition transferred Looc under the administration of pueblo de Banton in Banton Island.[5]

In the early 1800s, the settlement continued to progress and increase its population. Thus, in 1844, Spanish colonial authorities converted Looc into a full-pledged pueblo. Back then, Looc was still part of Capiz province, until 19 March 1853, when Romblon was officially declared a district separate from Capiz, and finally a full-pledged province in 1868. Looc was one of the first four municipalities of the newly created province of Romblon, the other three being Romblon (capitol), Banton, and Sibuyan (Cajidiocan). It then comprised the territories of what is now the municipalities of Alcantara and Santa Fe, and Carabao Island. Looc would lose these territories during the American colonial period beginning in 1901.[5]

Modern historyEdit

On 8 June 1940, the municipality was abolished by virtue of Commonwealth Act No. 581, also known as the "Festin Bill" (authored by Congressman Leonardo Festin). Looc was then consolidated into the special municipality of Tablas together with all other municipalities in the island and demoted to a barrio with a representative in the town's capitol in Odiongan. During the Japanese Occupation of the Philippines, the town became one of several emergency municipalities sponsored by the guerilla movement in the province. On 1 October 1946, Commonwealth Act No. 581 was repealed by Republic Act No. 38 (authored by Congressman Modesto Formilleza), thus abolishing the special municipality of Tablas and restoring Looc to its municipal status.[5]

On 21 March 1961, the municipality of Alcantara was created from the eastern barangays of Looc, reducing the municipality to its present size. Looc is a nice place to live.[6]

GeographyEdit

Looc is located along the shores of Looc Bay on the southern portion of Tablas Island. It is bordered to the north by the municipalities of Ferrol and Odiongan, to east by the municipality of Alcantara, to the south by the municipality of Santa Fe and to the west by Looc Bay and Tablas Strait.[7] It has a total land area of 13,282 hectares (32,820 acres).[8] Its topography consists predominantly of slopes which are characterized as nearly level to slightly and strongly undulated rolling hills.[9]

BarangaysEdit

Looc is politically subdivided into 12 barangays.

  • Agojo
  • Balatucan
  • Buenavista
  • Camandag
  • Guinhaya-an
  • Limon Norte
  • Limon Sur
  • Manhac
  • Pili
  • Poblacion
  • Punta
  • Tuguis

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Looc, Romblon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
29
(84)
30
(86)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
28
(82)
30
(86)
Average low °C (°F) 23
(73)
22
(72)
23
(73)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
24
(75)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 47
(1.9)
33
(1.3)
39
(1.5)
48
(1.9)
98
(3.9)
150
(5.9)
169
(6.7)
147
(5.8)
163
(6.4)
172
(6.8)
118
(4.6)
80
(3.1)
1,264
(49.8)
Average rainy days 11.4 8.2 9.3 9.7 19.1 25.6 27.4 25.5 25.5 25.2 18.5 14.5 219.9
Source: Meteoblue [10]

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Looc
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 6,056—    
1918 11,021+4.07%
1939 18,448+2.48%
1948 14,830−2.40%
1960 17,427+1.35%
1970 12,813−3.03%
1975 14,864+3.02%
1980 15,341+0.63%
1990 19,285+2.31%
1995 19,196−0.09%
2000 19,898+0.77%
2007 20,787+0.60%
2010 21,841+1.82%
2015 22,262+0.36%
2020 21,799−0.41%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[11][12][13][14]

According to the 2015 census, Looc has a population of 22,262 people.[15] Majority of its citizen speak to local dialect, Onhan.

EconomyEdit


Marine sanctuaryEdit

On 12 January 1999, the 48-hectare Looc Bay Marine Refuge and Sanctuary was officially opened in the municipality after four years of intensive community education on the value and better management of marine resources. The local government, together with the community through their Barangay Fishermen Organization and Looc Baywatch Task Force, worked together to ensure the safety of the Looc's marine resources. The marine sanctuary was awarded two Trailblazing Galing Pook awards in 2000 and 2007 by the Galing Pook Foundation for being the best Coastal Resource Management program. Today, the marine sanctuary is not just a refuge of marine wildlife, but a tourist destination which attracts revenues for the municipality.[23][24]

GovernmentEdit

Pursuant to Chapter II, Title II, Book III of Republic Act 7160 or the Local Government Code of 1991,[25] the municipal government is composed of a mayor (alkalde), a vice mayor (bise alkalde) and members (kagawad) of the legislative branch Sangguniang Bayan alongside a secretary to the said legislature, all of which are elected to a three-year term and are eligible to run for three consecutive terms.

As of 30 June 2019, the incumbent mayor and vice mayor are Lisette Arboleda and Dianson Taytay, respectively.[26]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Municipality of Looc | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b Census of Population (2020). "MIMAROPA". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  5. ^ a b c Looc, Romblon. Archived 2015-04-16 at the Wayback Machine Reference.com Retrieved on 2012-04-18.
  6. ^ About Alcantara. Wikimapia. Retrieved on 2012-04-16.
  7. ^ Looc Municipal Profile: Physical Characteristics Official Website of Looc, Romblon. Retrieved on 2012-04-18.
  8. ^ "Province: Romblon". PSGC Interactive. Makati, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 9 May 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
  9. ^ Profile: Looc Romblon Travel Guide. Retrieved on 2012-04-18.
  10. ^ "Looc: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  11. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  12. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  13. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region IV-B (Mimaropa)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  14. ^ "Province of Romblon". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  15. ^ "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. Philippine Statistics Authority. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2012. Retrieved 31 January 2013.
  16. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  17. ^ "Poverty Incidence, 2000" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. 29 November 2005.
  18. ^ "Poverty Incidence, 2003" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. 23 March 2009.
  19. ^ "Poverty Incidence, 2006" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. 3 August 2012.
  20. ^ "Poverty Incidence, 2012" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. 31 May 2016.
  21. ^ "Poverty Incidence, 2015". Philippine Statistics Authority. 10 July 2019.
  22. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  23. ^ "Directory of CRM Destionations: Looc, Romblon" (PDF). Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR). Retrieved 18 April 2012.
  24. ^ "Gawad Galing Pook 2000 awardees" (PDF). Galing Pook Foundation. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-11-20. Retrieved 18 April 2012.
  25. ^ "An Act Providing for a Local Government Code of 1991". The LawPhil Project. 8th Congress of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
  26. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2019-06-29. Retrieved 2021-05-23.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External linksEdit