Long Island City
Long Island City (LIC) is a residential and commercial neighborhood located on the extreme western tip of Queens, New York City, at the western edge of Long Island. It is bordered by Astoria to the north; the East River to the west; Hazen Street, 49th Street, and New Calvary Cemetery in Sunnyside to the east; and Newtown Creek—which separates Queens from Greenpoint, Brooklyn—to the south.
Long Island City
Location within New York City
|City||New York City|
|Community District||Queens 1, Queens 2|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
11101–11106, 11109, 11120
|Area codes||718, 347, 929, and 917|
Incorporated as a separate city in 1870, Long Island City was originally the seat of government of the Town of Newtown, before becoming part of New York City in 1898. Starting in the early 21st century, Long Island City became known for its rapid and ongoing residential growth and gentrification, its waterfront parks, and its thriving arts community. The area has a high concentration of art galleries, art institutions, and studio space.
Long Island City is the eastern terminus of the Queensboro Bridge, the only non-tolled automotive route connecting Queens and Manhattan. Northwest of the bridge are the Queensbridge Houses, a development of the New York City Housing Authority and the largest public housing complex in the Western Hemisphere.
Long Island City is part of Queens Community District 1 to the north and Queens Community District 2 to the south. It is patrolled by the New York City Police Department's 108th Precinct. Politically, Long Island City is represented by the New York City Council's 26th District.
As independent cityEdit
Long Island City was formerly a city of its own, created in 1870 from the merger of the Village of Astoria and the hamlets of Ravenswood, Hunters Point, Blissville, Sunnyside, Dutch Kills, Steinway, Bowery Bay and Middleton in the Town of Newtown. At the time of its incorporation, Long Island City had between 12,000 and 15,000 residents. Its charter provided for an elected mayor and a ten-member Board of Alderman with two representing each of the city's five wards. City ordinances could be passed by a majority vote of the Board of Aldermen and the mayor's signature.
Long Island City held its first election on July 5, 1870. Residents elected A.D. Delmars the first mayor; Delmars ran as both a Democrat and a Republican. The first elected Board of Aldermen was H. Rudolph and Patrick Lonirgan (Ward 1); Francis McNena and William E. Bragaw (Ward 2); George Hunter and Mr. Williams (Third Ward); James R. Bennett and John Wegart (Ward Four); and E.M. Hartshort and William Carlin (Fifth Ward). The mayor and the aldermen were inaugurated on July 18, 1870.
In the 1880s, Mayor De Bevoise nearly bankrupted the Long Island City government by embezzlement, of which he was convicted. Many dissatisfied residents of Astoria circulated a petition to ask the New York State Legislature to allow it to secede from Long Island City and reincorporate as the Village of Astoria, as it existed prior to the incorporation of Long Island City, in 1884. The petition was ultimately dropped by the citizens.
Long Island City continued to exist as an incorporated city until 1898, when all of Queens was annexed to New York City. The last mayor of Long Island City was an Irish-American named Patrick Jerome "Battle-Axe" Gleason.
The Common Council of Long Island City in 1873 adopted the coat of arms as "emblematical of the varied interest represented by Long Island City." It was designed by George H. Williams, of Ravenswood. The overall composition was inspired by New York City's coat of arms. The shield is rich in historic allusion, including Native American, Dutch, and English symbols. In 1898, Long Island City became part of New York City.
After incorporation into New York CityEdit
The city surrendered its independence in 1898 to become part of the City of Greater New York. However, Long Island City survives as ZIP code 11101 and ZIP code prefix 111 (with its own main post office) and was formerly a sectional center facility (SCF). The Greater Astoria Historical Society, a nonprofit cultural and historical organization documenting the Long Island City area's history, has operated since 1985.
Through the 1930s, three subway tunnels, the Queens-Midtown Tunnel, and the Queensboro Bridge were built to connect the neighborhood to Manhattan. By the 1970s, the factories in Long Island City were being abandoned. In 1981, Queens West on the west side of Long Island City was developed to revitalize the area.
In 2001, the neighborhood was rezoned from an industrial neighborhood to a residential neighborhood, and the area underwent gentrification, with developments such as Hunter's Point South being built in the area. Since then, there has been substantial commercial and residential growth in Long Island City, with 41 new residential apartment buildings being built just between 2010 and 2017. A resident of nearby Woodside proposed establishing a Japantown in Long Island City in 2006, though this did not occur.
In addition to the Hunters Point Historic District and Queensboro Bridge, the 45th Road – Court House Square Station (Dual System IRT), Long Island City Courthouse Complex, and United States Post Office are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. New York City designated landmarks include the Pepsi-Cola sign along the East River, which was designated in April 2016.
Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of the combined Queensbridge-Ravenswood-Long Island City neighborhood was 20,030, a decrease of 1,074 (5.1%) from the 21,104 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 540.94 acres (218.91 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 37.0 inhabitants per acre (23,700/sq mi; 9,100/km2).
The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 14.7% (2,946) White, 25.9% (5,183) African American, 0.3% (62) Native American, 15.5% (3,096) Asian, 0.0% (6) Pacific Islander, 1.2% (248) from other races, and 1.9% (385) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 40.5% (8,104) of the population.
Long Island City is split between Community Board 1 to the north of Queens Plaza and Community Board 2 south of Queens Plaza. The entirety of Community Board 1, which comprises northern Long Island City and Astoria, had 199,969 inhabitants as of NYC Health's 2018 Community Health Profile, with an average life expectancy of 83.4 years.:2, 20 The entirety of Community Board 2, which comprises southern Long Island City, Sunnyside and Woodside, had 135,972 inhabitants as of NYC Health's 2018 Community Health Profile, with an average life expectancy of 85.4 years.:2, 20 Both figures are higher than the median life expectancy of 81.2 for all New York City neighborhoods.:53 (PDF p. 84) In both community boards, most inhabitants are middle-aged adults and youth.:2:2
As of 2017, the median household income was $66,382 in Community Board 1 and $67,359 in Community Board 2. In 2018, an estimated 18% of Community Board 1 and 20% of Community Board 2 residents lived in poverty, compared to 19% in all of Queens and 20% in all of New York City. The unemployment rate was 8% in Community Board 1 and 5% in Community Board 2, compared to 8% in Queens and 9% in New York City. Rent burden, or the percentage of residents who have difficulty paying their rent, is 47% in Community Board 1 and 51% in Community Board 2, slightly lower than the citywide and boroughwide rates of 53% and 51% respectively. Based on this calculation, as of 2018[update], northern LIC is considered to be gentrifying, while southern LIC is considered to be high-income relative to the rest of the city and not gentrifying.:7:7
Commerce and economyEdit
Developments and buildingsEdit
Long Island City was once home to many factories and bakeries, some of which are finding new uses. The former Silvercup bakery is now home to Silvercup Studios, which has produced notable works such as NBC's 30 Rock and HBO's Sex and the City. The Silvercup sign is visible from the IRT Flushing Line and BMT Astoria Line trains going into and out of Queensboro Plaza (7, <7>, N, and W trains). The former Sunshine Bakery is now one of the buildings which houses LaGuardia Community College. Other buildings on the campus originally served as the location of the Ford Instrument Company, which was at one time a major producer of precision machines and devices. Artist Isamu Noguchi converted a photo-engraving plant into a workshop; the site is now the Noguchi Museum, a space dedicated to his work.
The Standard Motor Products headquarters, a manufacturing site producing items like distributor caps, was once located in the industrial neighborhood of Long Island City until purchased by Acuman Partners in 2008 for $40 million. The Standard Motor Products Building was put on the market by Acuman in 2014 and acquired by RXR Realty, LLC for $110 million. The former factory built in 1919 now houses the Jim Henson Company, Society Awards, and a commercial rooftop farm run by Brooklyn Grange.
High-rise housing is being built on a former Pepsi-Cola site on the East River. From June 2002 to September 2004, the former Swingline Staplers plant was the temporary headquarters of the Museum of Modern Art. Other former factories in Long Island City include Fisher Electronics and Chiclets Gum. Long Island City's turn-of-the-century district of residential towers, called Queens West, is located along the East River, just north of the LIRR's Long Island City Station. Redevelopment in Queens West reflects the intent to have the area as a major residential area in New York City, with its high-rise residences very close to public transportation, making it convenient for commuters to travel to Manhattan by ferry or subway. The first tower, the 42-floor Citylights, opened in 1998 with an elementary school at the base. Others have been completed since then and more are being planned or under construction.
Today, the most prominent structure, other than Queensboro Bridge, is the community's green skyscraper, the 658-foot (201 m) Citicorp Building built in 1990 on Courthouse Square. It is the tallest building in the borough of Queens, and the second tallest building on Long Island, following the topping out of the Brooklyn Point Tower in April 2019. Socioeconomic diversity is very visible in Long Island City; the Queensbridge Houses are composed of over 3,000 units, making it the largest public housing complex in North America.
Eagle Electric, now known as Cooper Wiring Devices, was one of the last major factories in the area, before it moved to China; Plant No. 7, which was the largest of their factories and housed their corporate offices, is being converted to residential luxury lofts.
Long Island City is currently home to the largest fortune cookie factory in the United States, owned by Wonton Foods and producing four million fortune cookies a day. Lucky numbers included on fortunes in the company's cookies led to 110 people across the United States winning $100,000 each in a May 2005 drawing for Powerball.
Online grocery company FreshDirect serves the greater New York metropolitan area via deliveries from a warehouse and administrative offices on Borden Avenue. A customer can also order online and come to the warehouse for pickup.
Long Island City is the new home of independent film studio Troma.
In spring 2010, JetBlue Airways announced it was moving its headquarters from Forest Hills to Long Island City, also incorporating the jobs from its Darien, Connecticut, office. The airline, which operates its largest hub at JFK Airport, also operates from LaGuardia Airport, and made the Brewster Building in Queens Plaza its home. The airline moved there around mid-2012.
In November 2018, news media claimed that Amazon.com was in final talks with the government of New York State to construct one of two campuses for its proposed Amazon HQ2 at Queens West in Long Island City. The other campus would be located at National Landing in Crystal City, Arlington, Virginia. Both campuses would have 25,000 workers. The selection was confirmed by Amazon on November 13, 2018. On February 14, 2019, Amazon announced it was pulling out, citing unexpected opposition from local lawmakers and unions.
Dutch Kills was a hamlet, named for its navigable tributary of Newtown Creek, that occupied what today is centrally Queensboro Plaza. Dutch Kills was an important road hub during the American Revolutionary War, and the site of a British Army garrison from 1776 to 1783. The area supported farms during the 19th century. The canalization of Newtown Creek and the Kills at the end of the 19th century intensified industrial development of the area, which prospered until the middle of the 20th century. The neighborhood is currently undergoing a massive rezoning of mixed residential and commercial properties.
Blissville, which has the ZIP code 11101, is a neighborhood within Long Island City, located at 40°44'4.87"N73°56'9.81"W and bordered by Calvary Cemetery to the east; the Long Island Expressway to the north; Newtown Creek to the south; and Dutch Kills, a tributary of Newtown Creek, to the west. Blissville was named after Neziah Bliss, who owned most of the land in the 1830s and 1840s. Bliss built the first version of what was known for many years as the Blissville Bridge, a drawbridge over Newtown Creek, connecting Greenpoint, Brooklyn and Blissville; it was replaced in the 20th century by the Greenpoint Avenue Bridge, also called the J. J. Byrne Memorial Bridge, located slightly upstream. Blissville existed as a small village until 1870 when it was incorporated into Long Island City. Historically an industrial neighborhood, it has Triangle 54, a small park with a monument at 54th Avenue and 48th Street.
Hunters Point Historic District
Religious procession crossing 50th Avenue, 1989.
Church at rear is undergoing repair.
|Location||Along 45th Ave., between 21st and 23rd Sts., New York City|
|Area||1.5 acres (0.61 ha)|
|Architectural style||Mixed (More Than 2 Styles From Different Periods)|
|NRHP reference #||73001251 |
|Added to NRHP||September 19, 1973|
Hunters Point is on the south side of Long Island City. It contains the Hunters Point Historic District, a national historic district that includes 19 contributing buildings along 45th Avenue between 21st and 23rd Streets. They are a set of townhouses built in the late 19th century. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973.
Arts and cultureEdit
Long Island City is home to a large and dynamic artistic community.
- Long Island City was the home of 5 Pointz, a building housing artists' studios, which was legally painted on by a number of graffiti artists and was prominently visible near the Court Square station on the 7 and <7> trains. The 5 Pointz building was painted over and demolished, starting in 2013.
- The Fisher Landau Center for Art is a private foundation that offers regular exhibitions of contemporary art that closed to the public in November 2017.
- Across the street from Socrates Sculpture Park is the Isamu Noguchi Foundation and Museum, founded in 1985 by Japanese-American sculptor Isamu Noguchi. After undergoing a two-and-a-half-year renovation completed at a cost of $13.5 million, the museum reopened in 2004 with newer and advanced facilities.
- MoMA PS1, an affiliate of the Museum of Modern Art, is the oldest and second-largest non-profit arts center in the United States solely devoted to contemporary art. It is named after the former public school in which it is housed.
- SculptureCenter is New York City's only non-profit exhibition space dedicated to contemporary and innovative sculpture. SculptureCenter re-located from Manhattan's Upper East Side to a former trolley repair shop in Long Island City, Queens renovated by artist/designer Maya Lin in 2002. Founded by artists in 1928, SculptureCenter has undergone much evolution and growth, and continues to expand and challenge the definition of sculpture. SculptureCenter commissions new work and presents exhibits by emerging and established, national and international artists. The museum also hosts a diverse range of public programs including lectures, dialogues, and performances.
- Socrates Sculpture Park is an outdoor sculpture park located one block from the Noguchi Museum at the intersection of Broadway and Vernon Boulevard.
- See.me is web-based arts organization located in Long Island City. The organization is dedicated to supporting artistic talent, harnessing online creative communities, and promoting artists' work.
Police and crimeEdit
Woodside, Sunnyside, and Long Island City are patrolled by the 108th Precinct of the NYPD, located at 5-47 50th Avenue. The 108th Precinct ranked 25th safest out of 69 patrol areas for per-capita crime in 2010. With a non-fatal assault rate of 19 per 100,000 people, Sunnyside and Woodside's rate of violent crimes per capita is less than that of the city as a whole. The incarceration rate of 63 per 100,000 people is lower than that of the city as a whole.:8
The 108th Precinct has a lower crime rate than in the 1990s, with crimes across all categories having decreased by 88.2% between 1990 and 2018. The precinct saw 2 murders, 12 rapes, 90 robberies, 108 felony assaults, 109 burglaries, 490 grand larcenies, and 114 grand larcenies auto in 2018.
Preterm births are more common in southern Long Island City than in other places citywide, but are less common in northern Long Island City; teenage births are less common than citywide in both areas.:11:11 In northern Long Island City, there were 84 preterm births per 1,000 live births (compared to 87 per 1,000 citywide), and 15.1 teenage births per 1,000 live births (compared to 19.3 per 1,000 citywide).:11 In southern Long Island City, there were 90 preterm births per 1,000 live births, and 14.9 teenage births per 1,000 live births.:11 Long Island City has a high population of residents who are uninsured. In 2018, this population of uninsured residents was estimated to be 12% in Community Board 1 and 16% in Community Board 2, compared to the citywide rate of 12%.:14
The concentration of fine particulate matter, the deadliest type of air pollutant, is 0.0078 milligrams per cubic metre (7.8×10−9 oz/cu ft) in northern Long Island City and 0.0093 milligrams per cubic metre (9.3×10−9 oz/cu ft) in southern Long Island City.:9 Nineteen percent of Community Board 1 residents and fourteen percent of Community Board 2 residents are smokers, compared to the city average of 14% of residents being smokers.:13:13 In Community Board 1, 19% of residents are obese, 11% are diabetic, and 29% have high blood pressure—compared to the citywide averages of 24%, 11%, and 28% respectively.:16 In Community Board 2, 20% of residents are obese, 9% are diabetic, and 23% have high blood pressure.:16 In addition, 22% of children in northern Long Island City and 19% of children in southern Long Island City are obese, compared to the citywide average of 20%.:12:12
Eighty-nine percent of Community Board 1 residents and ninety-two percent of Community Board 2 residents eat some fruits and vegetables every day, which is higher than the city's average of 87%. In 2018, 79% of residents in both areas described their health as "good," "very good," or "excellent," slightly higher than the city's average of 78%.:13:13 For every supermarket, there are 17 bodegas in southern Long Island City and 10 in northern Long Island City.:10:10
Post office and ZIP codeEdit
Long Island City generally has a slightly higher ratio of college-educated residents than the rest of the city. In Community Board 1, half of residents (50%) have a college education or higher, while 16% have less than a high school education and 33% are high school graduates or have some college education. In Community Board 2, 45% of residents age 25 and older have a college education or higher, 19% have less than a high school education and 35% are high school graduates or have some college education. By contrast, 39% of Queens residents and 43% of city residents have a college education or higher.:6:6 The percentage of Community Board 1 students excelling in math rose from 43 percent in 2000 to 65 percent in 2011, and reading achievement rose from 47% to 49% during the same time period. Similarly, the percentage of Community Board 2 students excelling in math rose from 40% in to 65%, and reading achievement rose from 45% to 49%, during the same time period.
Long Island City's rate of elementary school student absenteeism is about equal to the rest of New York City. Nineteen percent of elementary school students in Community Board 1 and eleven percent in Community Board 2 missed twenty or more days per school year, less than the citywide average of 20%.:24 (PDF p. 55):6:6 Additionally, 78% of high school students in Community Board 1 and 86% of high school students in Community Board 2 graduate on time, more than the citywide average of 75%.:6:6
Long Island City is served by the New York City Department of Education. Long Island City is zoned to:
- P.S. 17 Henry David Thoreau School
- P.S. 70
- P.S. 76 William Hallet School
- P.S. 78
- P.S. 85 Judge Charles Vallone
- P.S. 111 Jacob Blackwell School
- P.S. 112 Dutch Kills School
- P.S. 150
- P.S. 166 Henry Gradstein School
- P.S. 171 Peter G. Van Alst School
- P.S. 199 Maurice A. Fitzgerald School
- I.S. 10 H. Greeley School
- I.S. 141 The Steinway School
- I.S. 204 Oliver W. Holmes
- I.S. 126 Albert Shanker School For Visual And Performing Arts
Additionally, Long Island City is home to:
- Baccalaureate School for Global Education, a 7–12 school
- Queens Paideia School, an independent progressive school that offers personalized learning and group activities for its mixed-age student body, K-8
- St. Raphael School's campus
High schools offering specializationsEdit
Long Island City is home to numerous high schools, some of which offer specializations, as indicated below. These specialized schools are not to be confused with the elite specialized high schools. Rather, these schools offer programs that are included at specialized high schools.
- Academy of American Studies (Q575), a history high school
- Academy for Careers in Television & Film (Q301)
- Academy of Finance and Enterprise (Q264)
- Aviation Career and Technical High School (Q610)
- Bard High School Early College II (Q299)
- Frank Sinatra School of the Arts (Q501)
- High School of Applied Communication (Q267)
- Information Technology High School (Q502)
- The International High School (Queens) at LaGuardia Community College (Q530)
- Long Island City High School (Q450)
- Middle College High School at LaGuardia Community College (Q520)
- Newcomers High School - Academy for New Americans (Q555)
- Queens Vocational and Technical High School (Q600)
- Robert F. Wagner Jr. Institute For Arts & Technology (Q560)
- William Cullen Bryant High School (Q445)
Numerous institutions of higher education have (or have had) a presence in Long Island City.
- Briarcliffe College has a campus on Thomson Avenue.
- City University of New York School of Law is located at 2 Court Square.
- Columbia University's Depression Project is located at 3718 34th Street.
- DeVry University – New York Metro (also known as DeVry College of New York), maintained headquarters at 3020 Thomson Avenue until March 2011, at which time New York Metro's main campus relocated to 180 Madison Avenue in Manhattan, and DCNY relocated its Queens presence to 99–21 Queens Boulevard in Rego Park
- LaGuardia Community College is located at 3110 Thomson Avenue.
- Middle College National Consortium is located at 27–28 Thomson Avenue, #331
- Touro College is located at 2511 49th Avenue.
Parks and recreationEdit
There are several waterfront parks in Long Island City. These include or have included:
- Gantry Plaza State Park, a 12-acre (4.9 ha) park on the East River waterfront between Anable Basin to the north and 50th Avenue to the south
- Hunters Point South Park, a 10-acre (4.0 ha) park on the East River waterfront at Hunter's Point South, near Newtown Creek
- Queensbridge Park, a park on the East River waterfront north of Queensboro Bridge, within the Queensbridge Houses
- Water Taxi Beach was New York City's first non-swimming urban beach, and was located on the East River in Long Island City. City Hall planned to build 5,000 moderate income apartments in this area, a 30-acre (12 ha) development called Hunter's Point South. The beach later closed and the apartments have been constructed.
Other parks include:
- Andrews Grove, on 49th Avenue between Fifth Street and Vernon Boulevard
- Bridge and Tunnel Park, between the Pulaski Bridge, 50th Avenue, 11th Place, and the Queens–Midtown Tunnel entrance ramp
- City Ice Pavilion, with 33,000 square feet (3,100 m2) of skating surface, opened in Long Island City in late 2008. The ice skating rink is on the roof of a two-story storage facility.
- Hunters Point Community Park, a 600-by-60-foot (183 by 18 m) linear park located on the south side of 48th Avenue between Fifth Street and Vernon Boulevard
- Murray Playground, between 45th Avenue, 45th Road, and 11th and 21st Streets
- Old Hickory Playground, at Jackson Avenue and 51st Avenue
Long Island City is served by the New York City Subway via the elevated BMT Astoria Line (N and W trains) at Queensboro Plaza and 39th Avenue, and the IRT Flushing Line (7 and <7> trains) at Vernon Boulevard–Jackson Avenue, Hunters Point Avenue, Court Square, and Queensboro Plaza. It is also served by the underground IND 63rd Street Line (F train) at 21st Street–Queensbridge, the IND Queens Boulevard Line (E, M, and R trains) at Queens Plaza and Court Square–23rd Street, and IND Crosstown Line (G train) at Court Square and 21st Street. The Long Island City and Hunterspoint Avenue stations of the Long Island Rail Road (LIRR) are also located within Long Island City. The US$11.1 billion East Side Access project, which will bring LIRR trains to Grand Central Terminal in Manhattan, is under construction and is scheduled to open in 2022; this project will create a new train tunnel beneath the East River, connecting Long Island City and Queens with the East Side of Manhattan.
During the summer, the New York Water Taxi Company used to operate Water Taxi Beach, a public beach artificially created on a wharf along the East River, accessible at the corner of Second Street and Borden Avenue. It was discontinued in 2011 due to new construction on the site of the old landing.
Cars enter from Brooklyn by the Pulaski Bridge from Brooklyn; from Manhattan by the Queensboro Bridge and the Queens–Midtown Tunnel; and from Roosevelt Island by the Roosevelt Island Bridge. Major thoroughfares include 21st Street, which is mostly industrial and commercial; I-495 (Long Island Expressway); the westernmost portion of Northern Boulevard (New York State Route 25A), which becomes Jackson Avenue (the former name of Northern Boulevard) south of Queens Plaza; and Queens Boulevard, which leads westward to the bridge and eastward follows New York State Route 25 through Long Island; and Vernon Boulevard.
In June 2011, NY Waterway started service to points along the East River. On May 1, 2017, that route became part of the NYC Ferry's East River route, which runs between Pier 11/Wall Street in Manhattan's Financial District and the East 34th Street Ferry Landing in Murray Hill, Manhattan, with five intermediate stops in Brooklyn and Queens. One NYC Ferry stop for the East River route is located at Hunters Point South, while another NYC Ferry stop for a route to Astoria is located at Gantry Plaza State Park.
There are plans to build the Brooklyn–Queens Connector (BQX), a light rail system that would run along the waterfront from Red Hook in Brooklyn through Long Island City to Astoria. However, the system is projected to cost $2.7 billion, and the projected opening has been delayed until at least 2029.
Long Island City was incorporated and had elected mayors beginning in 1870. Long Island City, and the rest of Queens, were annexed to New York City in 1898.
|A.D. Ditmars||1870–1873||Democrat, Republican[a]|
|Henry S. De Bevoise[b]||1873–1874||Democrat|
|George H. Hunter (acting)[b]||1873–1874||Democrat|
|Henry S. De Bevoise[b]||1874–1875||Democrat|
|John Quinn (acting)||1875–1876||Democrat|
|Henry S. De Bevoise||1876–1883||Democrat|
|George Petry||1883–1887||Independent Democrat, Republican|
|Patrick J. Gleason||1887–1897||Democrat|
- Ditmars' candidacy was endorsed by the Democratic and Republican parties. In 1873, Ditmars unsuccessfully ran for reelection as an Independent Democrat.
- Mayor Debevoise was temporarily removed from office following accusations of embezzlement in September 1873. George H. Hunter served as acting mayor until the Board of Aldermen withdrew the articles of impeachment in April 1874.
- Mayor Ditmars resigned due to financial embarrassments, ill health, and intention to move south.
Seven Major League Baseball players were born in Long Island City, and two have died there:
- Joe Benes (1901–1975, born in Long Island City)
- Ed Boland (1908–1993, born in LIC)
- Al Cuccinello (1914–2004, born in LIC)
- Tony Cuccinello (1907–1995, born in LIC)
- Billy Loes (1929–2010, born in LIC)
- John Hatfield (1847–1909, died in LIC)
- Gus Sandberg (1895–1930, born in LIC)
- Dike Varney (1880–1950, died in LIC)
- Billy Zitzmann (1895–1985, born in LIC)
Other notable residents of Long Island City include:
- Sonam Dolma Brauen (born 1953), Swiss-Tibetan sculptor and painter
- Richard Christy (born 1974), musician and writer on The Howard Stern Show
- John T. Clancy (1903–1985), lawyer, politician and surrogate judge from Queens.
- Roy Gussow (1918–2011), abstract sculptor
- Steve Hofstetter (born 1979), actor and comedian; operates the Laughing Devil Comedy Club in the area
- Zenon Konopka (born 1981), ice hockey forward; lived in Long Island City during the 2010–11 NHL season
- Blanche Merrill (1883–1966), songwriter
- Natalia Paruz, musician and director of the annual NYC Musical Saw Festival
- Jessica Valenti (born 1978), feminist writer, founder of the website Feministing and columnist for The Guardian
- Henry Goldman (October 30, 2018). "NYC's Fastest-Growing Neighborhood Gets $180 Million Investment". Bloomberg, L.P. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
- "NYC Planning | Community Profiles". communityprofiles.planning.nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
- "NYC Planning | Community Profiles". communityprofiles.planning.nyc.gov. New York City Department of City Planning. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
- Silver, Nate (April 11, 2010). "The Most Livable Neighborhoods in New York". New York. Retrieved July 3, 2010.
- Roleke, John. "Long Island City Art Tour". About.com. Retrieved July 3, 2010.
- Cite error: The named reference
NYCPlanning1was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
- "NYPD – 108th Precinct". www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved October 3, 2016.
- Current City Council Districts for Queens County, New York City. Accessed May 5, 2017.
- "The New Long Island City--Provisions of the Proposed Charter". The New York Times. February 20, 1870. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
- "Long Island City--Ordinances of the Common Council". The New York Times. August 6, 1870. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
- "The Election in Long Island City". The New York Times. July 5, 1870. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
- "Inauguration of the Long Island City Officers--Message of the Mayor". The New York Times. July 19, 1870. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
- "UNHAPPY LONG ISLAND CITY". The New York Times. February 18, 1884. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
- "CITY AND SUBURBAN NEWS; NEW-YORK. BROOKLYN. LONG ISLAND. WESTCHESTER COUNTY. NEW-JERSEY". The New York Times. March 8, 1884. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
- Greater Astoria Historical Society; Jackson, Thomas; Melnick, Richard (2004). Long Island City. Images of America. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. p. 10. ISBN 0-7385-3666-0.
- "History Topics: LIC Coat of Arms". Greater Astoria Historical Society. Archived from the original on July 7, 2018. Retrieved July 3, 2010.
- "Queens West Villager". Queens West Villager. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
- Curbed (June 28, 2017). "Long Island City's unstoppable development boom, mapped". Curbed NY. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
- "Amazon's HQ2? Make That Q for Queens". The New York Times. November 5, 2018. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
- Gill, John Freeman. "For a Big Dreamer, a Little Tokyo." The New York Times. February 5, 2006. Retrieved September 5, 2013.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
- "Pepsi-Cola Sign in Queens Gains Landmark Status". The New York Times. April 13, 2016. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
- Table PL-P5 NTA: Total Population and Persons Per Acre – New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division – New York City Department of City Planning, February 2012. Retrieved June 16, 2016.
- Table PL-P3A NTA: Total Population by Mutually Exclusive Race and Hispanic Origin – New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division – New York City Department of City Planning, March 29, 2011. Retrieved June 14, 2016.
- "Community Boards". nyc.gov. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
- "Long Island City and Astoria (Including Astoria, Astoria Heights, Queensbridge, Dutch Kills, Long Island City, Ravenswood and Steinway)" (PDF). nyc.gov. NYC Health. 2018. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
- "Woodside and Sunnyside (Including Blissville, Hunters Point, Long Island City, Sunnyside, Sunnyside Gardens and Woodside)" (PDF). nyc.gov. NYC Health. 2018. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
- "2016-2018 Community Health Assessment and Community Health Improvement Plan: Take Care New York 2020" (PDF). nyc.gov. New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2017.
- "New Yorkers are living longer, happier and healthier lives". New York Post. June 4, 2017. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
- "NYC-Queens Community District 1--Astoria & Long Island City PUMA, NY". Census Reporter. Retrieved July 17, 2018.
- "NYC-Queens Community District 2--Sunnyside & Woodside PUMA, NY". Census Reporter. Retrieved July 17, 2018.
- Zlomek, Erin. "Redeveloping New York Factories into Small Business Hubs". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved September 12, 2014.
- "Extell's 720-foot Brooklyn Point tops out, becomes tallest tower in borough". NewYorkYimby.com. Retrieved April 17, 2019.
- "Citicorp Building". Emporis. Retrieved January 6, 2007.
- "Greater Astoria Historical Society – Industries Served by LIRR – Eagle Electric #7". astorialic.org.
- "Inside a To-Be-Converted Long Island City Warehouse".
- Lee, Jennifer (May 11, 2005). "Who Needs Giacomo? Bet on the Fortune Cookie". The New York Times. Retrieved January 17, 2010.
- Snow, Mary (May 12, 2005). "Cookies Contain Fortunes for Powerball Winners". CNN. Retrieved March 10, 2010.
- Olshan, Jeremy (June 6, 2005). "Cookie Master". The New Yorker. Retrieved March 10, 2010.
- Tschorn, Adam (September 10, 2009). "Behind The Knot: A Quick Tour of Brooks Bros. NYC Tie Factory". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 17, 2010.
- McGeehan, Patrick (March 22, 2010). "JetBlue to Remain 'New York's Hometown Airline'". The New York Times. Associated Press. Retrieved March 5, 2011.
- McGeehan, Patrick (March 22, 2010). "JetBlue to Move West Within Queens, Not South to Orlando". The New York Times. Retrieved March 5, 2011.
- "JetBlue Plants Its Flag in New York City with New Headquarters Location" (Press release). JetBlue Airways. March 22, 2010. Archived from the original on July 18, 2014. Retrieved March 5, 2011.
- "Amazon Selects New York City and Northern Virginia for New Headquarters". Amazon. November 13, 2018. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
- "Amazon's Grand Search For 2nd Headquarters Ends With Split: NYC And D.C. Suburb". NPR. November 13, 2018. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
- McCartney/O'Connell, Robert/Jonathan (February 14, 2019). "Amazon Drops Plan For New York City Headquarters". The Washington Post.
- Greater Astoria Historical Society; Jackson, Thomas; Melnick, Richard (2004). Long Island City. Images of America. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. p. 10. ISBN 0-7385-3666-0.
- "Greater Astoria Historical Society – Neighborhoods". astorialic.org.
- "Greater Astoria Historical Society – Biographies – Neziah Bliss". astorialic.org.
- Walsh, Kevin (2006). Forgotten New York: Views of a lost metropolis. New York: HarperCollins.
- Hunters Point, Queens: Neighborhood Profile at About.com
- Queensmark Comes To Hunters Point, Queens Historical Society
- "Greater Astoria Historical Society – Neighborhoods". astorialic.org.
- "HUNTERS POINT, Queens – Forgotten New York". forgotten-ny.com.
- Stephen S. Lash and Betty J. Ezequelle (January 1973). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Hunters Point Historic District". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Archived from the original on October 18, 2012. Retrieved January 16, 2011. See also: "Accompanying photo". Archived from the original on September 24, 2015.
- Bayliss, Sarah (August 8, 2004). "Museum With (Only) Walls". The New York Times. Retrieved March 13, 2008.
- . "Deal Reached For '5Pointz' Development in Queens". NY1. Archived from the original on October 11, 2013. Retrieved November 19, 2013.
- History of the Center and the Collection, Fisher Landau Center. Retrieved November 29, 2017. "The Fisher Landau Center for Art closed on November 20th, 2017, and is no longer open to the public."
- Glueck, Grace. "Noguchi And His Dream Museum", The New York Times, May 10, 1985. Accessed December 13, 2018. "After years of planning, the Japanese-American sculptor has realized a dream, to gather his art in a self-created setting that is also a work of art. The opening tomorrow of his Isamu Noguchi Garden Museum in Long Island City is a feat that surprises no one who knows this dynamic octogenarian, and a very special event in the cultural life of New York."
- Vogel, Carol. "The Renovated Noguchi Museum Is Friendlier but Still Discreet", The New York Times, June 8, 2004. Accessed December 13, 2018. "Were it not for the workers' putting finishing touches on the museum and garden last week for the reopening on Saturday, it would have been hard to tell that the institution had undergone a two-and-a-half-year $13.5 million renovation."
- Socrates Sculpture Park, New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Retrieved November 29, 2017.
- "Sunnyside and Woodside – DNAinfo.com Crime and Safety Report". www.dnainfo.com. Retrieved October 6, 2016.
- "108th Precinct CompStat Report" (PDF). www.nyc.gov. New York City Police Department. Retrieved July 22, 2018.
- "FDNY Firehouse Listing – Location of Firehouses and companies". NYC Open Data; Socrata. New York City Fire Department. September 10, 2018. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- "Engine Company 258/Ladder Company 115". FDNYtrucks.com. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
- "Engine Company 259/Ladder Company 128/Battalion 45". FDNYtrucks.com. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
- Finkel, Beth (February 27, 2014). "Guide To Queens Hospitals". Queens Tribune. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
- "Zip Code 11101, Long Island City, New York Zip Code Boundary Map (NY)". United States Zip Code Boundary Map (USA). Retrieved March 9, 2019.
- "Location Details: Long Island City". USPS.com. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
- "Long Island City/Astoria – QN 01" (PDF). Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy. 2011. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
- "Woodside and Sunnyside – QN 02" (PDF). Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy. 2011. Retrieved October 5, 2016.
- Home page. New York City Department of Education Office of School Support Services. Retrieved May 1, 2013. "2004 The Office of School Support Services 44-36 Vernon Boulevard Long Island City, NY 11101"
- "DeVry College of New York Campus Community Homepage". Retrieved June 16, 2011.
- "Branch Detailed Info: Long Island City". Queens Library. Retrieved March 7, 2019.
- "Section O: Environmental Conservation and Recreation, Table O-9". 2014 New York State Statistical Yearbook (PDF). The Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government. 2014. p. 672. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 16, 2015. Retrieved February 13, 2016.
- "Hunter's Point South Park : NYC Parks". New York City Department of Parks & Recreation. June 26, 1939. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
- "Queensbridge Park : NYC Parks". New York City Department of Parks & Recreation. June 26, 1939. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
- Bagli, Charles V. (November 10, 2008). "Disputed Queens Housing Faces a Vote This Week". The New York Times. Retrieved August 14, 2009.
- "Andrews Grove : NYC Parks". New York City Department of Parks & Recreation. June 26, 1939. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
- "Bridge and Tunnel Park Highlights : NYC Parks". New York City Department of Parks & Recreation. Retrieved April 21, 2018.
- Kaminer, Ariel (December 27, 2009). "Ice, Served Two Ways: Plain or Glamorous". The New York Times. Retrieved January 17, 2010.
- Martin, Douglas (March 25, 1996). "Welcome to Donnybrook Park;In Long Island City, a Battle Brews Over a Recreational Space". The New York Times. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
- "Murray Playground : NYC Parks". New York City Department of Parks & Recreation. June 26, 1939. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
- "Old Hickory Playground : NYC Parks". New York City Department of Parks & Recreation. June 26, 1939. Retrieved June 10, 2019.
- "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 1, 2019. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
- Siff, Andrew (April 16, 2018). "MTA Megaproject to Cost Almost $1B More Than Prior Estimate". NBC New York. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
- Castillo, Alfonso A. (April 15, 2018). "East Side Access price tag now stands at $11.2B". Newsday. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
- Cline, Francis (August 11, 2005). ""Imagination on The Waterfront" in Queens". The New York Times. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
- "Water Taxi Beach Long Island City". watertaxibeach.com. Archived from the original on November 17, 2011. Retrieved November 15, 2011.
- Grynbaum, Michael M.; Quinlan, Adriane (June 13, 2011). "East River Ferry Service Begins". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 23, 2016.
- "NYC launches ferry service with Queens, East River routes". Daily News. New York. Associated Press. May 1, 2017. Archived from the original on May 1, 2017. Retrieved May 1, 2017.
- Levine, Alexandra S.; Wolfe, Jonathan (May 1, 2017). "New York Today: Our City's New Ferry". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved May 1, 2017.
- "Routes and Schedules: East River". NYC Ferry.
- "Routes and Schedules: Astoria". NYC Ferry.
- "New Plan for City Streetcar: Shorter, Pricier and Not Coming Soon". The New York Times. August 30, 2018. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
- George, Michael (August 30, 2018). "Brooklyn-Queens Connector Streetcar Would Cost $2.7 Billion". NBC New York. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
- "Long Island City Mayorality". The New York Times. June 15, 1873. p. 5.
- "City and Suburban News: Long Island". The New York Times. September 25, 1873. p. 8.
- "Municipal Troubles in Long Island City". The New York Times. April 25, 1874. p. 7.
- "Long Island City Government". The New York Times. July 14, 1875. p. 5.
- "Resignation of a Mayor". The New York Times. November 12, 1875. p. 8.
- "Too Much Government: The Affairs of Long Island City—A Demand for the Amendment of the Charter". The New York Times. February 4, 1879. p. 8.
- "Alleged Ballot Box Stuffing". The New York Times. November 4, 1880. p. 8.
- "Mayor De Bevoise Ousted". The New York Times. January 13, 1883. p. 5.
- "Queens County Elections: The Majority of Mr. Otis—Gleason's Defeat in Long Island City". The New York Times. November 8, 1883. p. 2.
- "Long Island". The New York Times. January 2, 1886. p. 2.
- "The Election in Long Island". The New York Times. November 3, 1886. p. 2
- Lee, Felicia R. (December 3, 1997). "In the Old Neighborhood With: Julie Dash; Home Is Where the Imagination Took Root". The New York Times. Retrieved January 17, 2010.
- Eisenvogel (Across Many Mountains) in: di Giovanni, Janine (March 7, 2011). "Across Many Mountains: Escape from Tibet". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
- Waggoner, Walter H. "John T. Clancy, 82, Ex-Borough Chief", The New York Times, May 17, 1985. Retrieved November 29, 2017. "Mr. Clancy was born in Long Island City, the son of Patrick J. Clancy, a grocer, and Mary Clancy, both natives of Limerick, Ireland. He attended public schools in Long Island City and St. Francis Xavier High School in Manhattan and then graduated from Fordham University Law School."
- Hevesi, Dennis (February 20, 2011). "Roy Gussow, Abstract Sculptor, Dies at 92". The New York Times. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
- Wood, Gaby. "The interview: Jessica Valenti", The Guardian, May 10, 2009. Accessed December 13, 2018. "She and her younger sister, Vanessa, who also works at Feministing, are part of a large Italian-American family, who all lived on the same block in Long Island City."