Long Beach Branch

The Long Beach Branch is an electrified rail line and service owned and operated by the Long Island Rail Road in the U.S. state of New York. The branch begins at Valley Interlocking, just east of Valley Stream station, where the Atlantic Branch tracks from the west are redesignated Long Beach Branch and the Far Rockaway Branch curves south. East from there the Long Beach Branch parallels the Montauk Branch to Lynbrook, where it turns south toward Long Beach.[1][2]

Long Beach Branch
LIRR Train 853 leaves Lynbrook.jpg
Long Beach Branch train #853 departs Lynbrook, en route
to New York Penn Station.
Overview
TypeCommuter rail
SystemLong Island Rail Road
StatusOperational
LocaleNassau County, New York, USA
TerminiLynbrook
Long Beach
Stations6
Services
Operation
Opened1880 (New York and Long Beach R.R.)
OwnerLong Island Rail Road
Operator(s)Metropolitan Transportation Authority
Technical
Track gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Electrification750 V (DC) Third rail
Route map

10.8 mi
17.4 km
Jamaica
AirTrain JFK notext logo.svg "E" train​​"J" train"Z" train
Locust Manor
Laurelton
Rosedale
Zone 3
Zone 4
15.7 mi
25.3 km
Valley Stream
Far Rockaway Branch
to Far Rockaway
West Hempstead Branch
to West Hempstead
19.5 mi
31.4 km
Lynbrook
Babylon Branch
via Montauk to Babylon
Zone 4
Zone 7
20.4 mi
32.8 km
Centre Avenue
20.9 mi
33.6 km
East Rockaway
21.4 mi
34.4 km
Oceanside
Simpsons Channel
Jekyl Island
closed
23.6 mi
38 km
Island Park
Reynolds Channel
Wreck Lead
closed
Queenswater
closed
Club House
closed
24.9 mi
40.1 km
Long Beach
Distances shown from Pennsylvania Station.

HistoryEdit

 
The Long Beach Train Station

The Long Beach Branch began as the New York and Long Beach Railroad Company (NY&LB) Company from Lynbrook to Long Beach in 1880. The original southern terminus was along the Atlantic Ocean. The LIRR leased the NY&LB in 1880 and operated it until 1904 when it merged with the LIRR. Five years later, Long Beach station was moved from the ocean front to Reynolds Channel, where it remains today.

A five-mile (8 km) extension to Point Lookout, New York owned by the Long Beach Marine Railway Company existed between 1881 and 1895. When the LIRR bought the line in 1886, they continued to operate passenger trains along the line until 1890.[3]

The branch was extended westward from Lynbrook to Valley Stream in 1910 as part of its integration into the Atlantic Branch. The line was double-tracked from Valley Stream to Lynbrook in late 1910, then from East Rockaway to Wreck Lead ("WL") on January 15, 1927. Electrification of the main tracks from Valley Stream to Long Beach was finished in September 1910. Electrification came to freight sidings between 1928 and 1930. Color light signals were installed in January 1927; they were later replaced by PRR-style position light signals.

Hurricane Sandy service disruptionsEdit

Hurricane Sandy struck Long Island on October 29–30, 2012, and the Long Beach Branch was the most seriously affected of all the LIRR lines. Third rail power was lost, as three of the four substations on the line were knocked out. The line between Island Park and Long Beach was strewn with debris, and switch motors at Long Beach station, along with other signal and communications components on the line, were rendered inoperative due to immersion in salt water. Partial service was restored on November 14, when a diesel-operated shuttle between Lynbrook and Long Beach began operating on a modified weekday schedule, with shuttle buses being utilized on weekends and Thanksgiving in place of train service. Full electric service, initially not expected to return until January 2013,[4] was restored much earlier than anticipated, on November 25, 2012.[5]

ServiceEdit

On weekdays, many Long Beach Branch trains serve Penn Station, with limited service to/from Atlantic Terminal, and run non-stop between Valley Stream and Jamaica. On weekends and on some trains during weekday peak periods, trains also stop at Locust Manor, Laurelton and Rosedale on the Atlantic Branch. On weekends, all trains serve Penn except for some post-midnight trains to/from Atlantic Terminal and one to Jamaica.[2]

StationsEdit

Zone Station Miles (km)
from NYP[6]
Date
opened
Date
closed
Connections / notes
3 For continuing service to Jamaica and points west, see Atlantic Branch
4 Lynbrook   19.5 (31.4) 1867[7]   LIRR: Babylon Branch
  NICE Bus: n4, n25, n31, n32
Originally Pearsall's Corners, then Pearsall's
7 Centre Avenue   20.4 (32.8) 1898 Originally South Lynbrook
East Rockaway   20.9 (33.6) 1880
Atlantic Avenue 1898 1951
Oceanside   21.4 (34.4) 1897
Barnum Island Channel Bridge
Jekyl Island 1901 1922 Originally named Barnum Island, then Island Park
Island Park   23.6 (38.0) 1898   NICE Bus: n15
Originally The Dykes
Reynolds Channel Bridge
Wreck Lead 1888 1927
Queenswater 1898 1936 Originally Inner Beach, then Queenswater
Club House 1898 1909
Long Beach   24.9 (40.0) 1880   NICE Bus: n15, n33
  Long Beach Bus: Point Lookout, East Loop, West End Route, Shoppers Special

ReferencesEdit

External video
  LIRR Time Lapse: Penn Station to Long Beach, MTA's LIRR; May 20, 2010; 2-minute YouTube video clip
  LIRR Time Lapse: Long Beach to Penn Station, MTA's LIRR; May 20, 2010; 2-minute YouTube video clip
  1. ^ "MTA LIRR - LIRR Map". mta.info.
  2. ^ a b LIRR Long Beach Branch Timetable
  3. ^ "LIRR Branch Notes". trainsarefun.com.
  4. ^ "LIRR Restores Limited Weekday Train Service on Long Beach Branch". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
  5. ^ "LIRR Restores Weekend & Weekday Electric Train Service on Long Beach Branch starting Nov. 25". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved November 25, 2012.
  6. ^ Station pages linked from LIRR Stations Archived September 7, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Vincent F. Seyfried, The Long Island Rail Road: A Comprehensive History, Part One: South Side R.R. of L.I., © 1961

External linksEdit

Route map:

KML is not from Wikidata

  Media related to Long Beach Branch (category) at Wikimedia Commons