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The London Cemetery and Extension is a Commonwealth War Graves Commission cemetery at High Wood near Longueval, France. It is the third largest of the Somme battlefield cemeteries, containing 3,872 World War I burials.

London Cemetery and Extension
Commonwealth War Graves Commission
London Cemetery and Extension.jpg
The entrance to the London Cemetery
For World War I and World War II deceased
Established1916
Location50°2′18″N 2°46′53″E / 50.03833°N 2.78139°E / 50.03833; 2.78139Coordinates: 50°2′18″N 2°46′53″E / 50.03833°N 2.78139°E / 50.03833; 2.78139
near 
Designed bySir Herbert Baker
Total burials4037
Unknown burials3113
Burials by war

World War I - 3872

World War II - 165
Statistics source: CWGC

The cemetery stands directly opposite High Wood as it exists today. This area was the centre of fierce fighting in 1916 and the first interments at what would become the London Cemetery were 47 soldiers of the 47th (London) Division killed in the Battle of Flers-Courcelette on 15 September. These soldiers, barely a handful of those who had lost their lives in the attack, were buried in a large shell hole in the days following the battle.[1] By the time of the Armistice, further burials had taken place, bringing the number of graves to 101.

The Extension of the cemetery came in the years following the war when graves from the surrounding battlefields were transferred to the land around the London Cemetery, greatly increasing its size. Like a number of other cemeteries and memorials in the area, the London Cemetery and Extension was designed by architect Sir Herbert Baker.[2] The original battlefield cemetery was left intact within The London Cemetery and Extension following its redesign.

Although the cemetery primarily contains World War I graves, 165 soldiers were reburied there after World War II. These graves are together in one section at the far end of the cemetery.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.iwm.org.uk/server/show/nav.00o003003003003 High Wood, The Somme Revisited, Imperial War Museum
  2. ^ a b http://www.cwgc.org/find-a-cemetery/cemetery/2090400 London Cemetery & Extension CWGC details

External linksEdit