London Buses route 19
|Peak vehicle requirement||28|
|Night-time||Night Bus N19|
|End||Finsbury Park bus station|
Route 19 began operating in 1906 between Highbury and Clapham Junction. In 1934 route 19 operated from Finsbury Park to Tooting Bec station with a Sundays only extension to Streatham Common. By 17 October 1956 the Sunday extension had been withdrawn between Streatham and Tooting, although it was reintroduced the following year on 1 May 1957 for a short period until its withdrawal on 16 October 1957.
On 23 January 1966, the route was once again given a Sunday extension, this time to Streatham Bus Garage and by 15 February 1969 the Sunday route was renumbered 19A, which was reverted to 19 by March 1971. The Sunday extension was finally withdrawn on 8 January 1972. Later that year, on 15 July, the Sunday service was cut back to Clapham Junction. During August 1972, the AEC Regent III RTs were replaced by AEC Routemasters. It was not until 5 October 1974 that the Sunday service reverted to Tooting Bec, following the withdrawal of route 19A. During 1975 garage journeys were extended to Tufnell Park, with the whole route being extended further to Archway by 1984. On 3 August 1985, the route was withdrawn between Finsbury Park and Archway.
On 24 April 1993, route 19 became the first Routemaster operated service to be awarded to a company that was not a subsidiary of London Buses Limited following the route being awarded to Kentish Bus after a competitive tender. Kentish Bus painted their Routemasters in a cream and maroon livery with route branding. Following nearly five years with Kentish Bus, operation transferred to Arriva London South in January 1998, with the Sunday service operated by sister Arriva company Grey-Green. A departure from the cream and maroon livery saw a return to the traditional London Bus red to comply with a contractual requirement for London buses to be 80% red.
A little over a year later, and after a period of 14 years, the Sunday allocation reverted to crew operation using Routemasters from Battersea. The Brixton allocation was retained for some early and late journeys run off the N19. In August 2002, in preparation for the introduction London congestion charge, the service was increased from 18 Routemasters to 26. The extra buses were released from route 13.
On 2 April 2005 the route was converted to one man operation with 28 new Wright Pulsar Gemini bodied DAF DB250LFs. Although Battersea was able to house all of the Routemasters needed to run the route, the newer and longer buses presented capacity problems, with six buses being outstationed at Norwood garage.
On 28 March 2015, part of the route's allocation was transferred to Northumberland Park. Route 19 was one of the routes used to test automatic speed-limiting technology, beginning in July 2015.
In popular cultureEdit
Route 19 has been mentioned at various points in popular culture. In Graham Greene's novel The Ministry of Fear (1943), which he classified as an "entertainment", the protagonist, Arthur Rowe, catches "a number 19 bus from Piccadilly" to Battersea in the London of the Blitz and observes how the bombs have struck some areas and spared others: "After the ruins of St James's Church, one passed at that early date into peaceful country. Knightsbridge and Sloane Street were not at war, but Chelsea was, and Battersea was in the front line" 
The 1978 Dire Straits song Wild West End (about the London area of the same name) contains the line "And my conductress on the number 19...". The route is also referenced in the first line of Rudie Can't Fail by The Clash. In November 2007, the route was featured in Vogue as "one of the 14 most stylish locations in Britain"  The opening pages of Linda Grant's novel The Dark Circle (published in 2016) describe the hero, Lenny, riding on a 19 bus from Finsbury Park to Cambridge Circus in 1949.
Route 19 operates via these primary locations:
- Warren, Kenneth (1986). The Motorbus in Central London. Shepperton: Ian Allan Publishing. pp. 78–79. ISBN 0 7110 1568 6.
- Blacker, Ken (2007). Routemaster: 1970–2005. 2 (2nd ed.). Harrow Weald: Capital Transport. pp. 119, 120, 142, 165, 173. ISBN 978-1-85414-303-7.
- Team 19 Relegated London Bus Routes 1 April 2005
- Millar, Alan (May 2005). "STL rekindles memories as more Routemasters retire". Buses. Ian Allan Publishing (602): 12.
- Stewart, David (2006). London’s Last Routemasters. Harrow Weald: Capital Transport. p. 59. ISBN 978-1-85414-295-5.
- Battersea's Roite 19 celebrates 100 years of service Arriva London
- New routes gained following tender successes Bus Talk (Go-Ahead London) issue 10 August 2011
- "London buses to test automatic speed-limiting technology". BBC News. 26 June 2015. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
- Pultarova, Tereza (26 June 2015). "Automatic speed-limit technology tested on London buses". Engineering and Technology Magazine. Archived from the original on 27 June 2015. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
- Williams, David (26 June 2015). "London's buses to be fitted with high tech kit that stops them from breaking speed limits". Evening Standard. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
- "Arriva sees success in latest London tender results" Coach & Bus Week issue 1255 30 August 2016 page 9
- Bus Service Changes 11 March to 16 April 2017 Transport for London 24 March 2017
- Greene, Graham (1943; 1973). The Ministry of Fear. Harmondsworth: Penguin, p. 81.
- No19: London's glamour bus Evening Standard 5 November 2007
- Route 19 Map Transport for London