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Lolol (Mapudungun: "land of crabs and holes"; Spanish pronunciation: [loˈlol]) is a Chilean commune and town in Colchagua Province, O'Higgins Region. Lolol was founded in 1830.[4]

Lolol
View of one of the streets of Lolol, near the Esperanza neighborhood.
View of one of the streets of Lolol, near the Esperanza neighborhood.
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of the commune of Lolol in the O'Higgins Region
Location of the commune of Lolol in the O'Higgins Region
Lolol is located in Chile
Lolol
Lolol
Location in Chile
Coordinates (city): 34°43′34″S 71°38′41″W / 34.72611°S 71.64472°W / -34.72611; -71.64472Coordinates: 34°43′34″S 71°38′41″W / 34.72611°S 71.64472°W / -34.72611; -71.64472
CountryChile Chile
RegionO'Higgins Region O'Higgins
ProvinceColchagua Province Colchagua
Founded1830
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • AlcaldeMarco Marín (2008–2012)
Area
 • Total596.9 km2 (230.5 sq mi)
Elevation
92 m (302 ft)
Population
 (2012 Census)[1]
 • Total6,630
 • Density11/km2 (29/sq mi)
 • Urban
2,118
 • Rural
4,073
Sex
 • Men3,235
 • Women2,956
Time zoneUTC-4 (CLT [2])
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (CLST [3])
Area code(s)(+56) 72
WebsiteMunicipality of Lolol

Contents

HistoryEdit

During the 17th century, several Haciendas were created throughout the Colchagua Valley; they were great lands which the King of Spain granted to his conquistadores. After the Chilean Independence in 1818, several mansions were created in the Lolol area, some of which are still standing today, and are part of the local tourism.

From the late 19th century, and until the mid-20th century, the Hacienda Lolol and Hacienda Santa Teresa de Quiahue (located southwest of Lolol) were an important part of the local economy.

In 2003, central Lolol has declared [National Monument of Chile], in the category of Typical and Picturesque Zone, due to the conservation of its colonial structures, culture, and traditions

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Lolol spans an area of 596.9 km2 (230 sq mi) and has 6,191 inhabitants (3,235 men and 2,956 women). Of these, 2,118 (34.2%) lived in urban areas and 4,073 (65.8%) in rural areas. The population grew by 4.2% (247 persons) between the 1992 and 2002 censuses.[1]

AdministrationEdit

As a commune, Lolol is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years.

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Lolol is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Mr. Ramón Barros (UDI) and Mr. Juan Carlos Latorre (PDC) as part of the 35th electoral district, (together with Placilla, Nancagua, Chépica, Santa Cruz, Pumanque, Palmilla, Peralillo, Navidad, Litueche, La Estrella, Pichilemu, Marchihue and Paredones). The commune is represented in the Senate by Andrés Chadwick Piñera (UDI) and Juan Pablo Letelier Morel (PS) as part of the 9th senatorial constituency (O'Higgins Region).

TourismEdit

 
Several houses in the historical center of Lolol were damaged following the 2010 earthquake.

The most important part of the town of Lolol is the historical center, where the Iglesia de la Santísima Natividad de la Virgen de la Merced (Church of the Holy Nativity of Our Lady of Mercy) is located. The church has a painting of Chilean painter Alberto Valenzuela Llanos, a portrait of the appearance of the Virgin of Mercy to King James I of Spain.

Lolol is known as "Tierra Huasa" (Country Land); traditional events such as rodeos, Trilla a yegua suelta, Carreras a la Chilena, amid others, take place in the town. In the local medialuna, besides the rodeos, massive events are also performed because of its public capacity.

Santa Teresa de QuiahueEdit

The Santa Teresa de Quiahue area is located southwest of Lolol, near to the border with Maule Region. Its principal productions as a hacienda were mostly based in the cultivation of wheat and wine grapes, and the rearing of sheep. The old casa patronal (manor house) of Santa Teresa de Quiahue is one of the main attractions; it is the property of Tomás Correa Hogg, grandson of Aliro Correa Fuenzalida, who was its proprietary since the late 19th century. The casa patronal was constructed in height due to the regular floodings of Estero Quichua. The old part of the building suffered great damage after the earthquake of 27 February 2010.

Hacienda de LololEdit

Hacienda Lolol is located 75 kilometres (47 mi) from San Fernando, and 25 kilometres (16 mi) from Santa Cruz, through the I-72 route. The hacienda compresses lands used for agriculture and animal husbandry, an agricultural y Ganado, a reservoir of ten kilometers where mackerel fishing is common, known as the "Tranque de Lolol", and a four feet high monument near the dam erected to Saint Isidore the Laborer.

Dedicated to tourism, tourists to Hacienda Lolol may visit the place riding horses, and visit Casas patronales with lunches of typical Chilean food, accompanied by wines of the Colchagua Valley.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "National Statistics Institute" (in Spanish). Retrieved 3 December 2010.
  2. ^ "Chile Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Archived from the original on 2007-09-11. Retrieved 2010-07-28.
  3. ^ "Chile Summer Time". WorldTimeZones.org. Archived from the original on 2007-09-11. Retrieved 2010-07-28.
  4. ^ MUNICIPIO DE TIMAUKEL FIRMÓ CONVENIO EDUCATIVO Y CULTURAL CON COMUNA DE LOLOL

External linksEdit