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Prof. Lokesh Chandra (born 11 April 1927) is a prominent scholar of the Vedic period, Buddhism and the Indian arts. He was the president of Indian Council for Cultural Relations during 2014-2017.[2] He is also the Director of the International Academy of Indian Culture. He has also served as a member of the Indian Rajya Sabha, Vice-President of the Indian Council for Cultural Relations, and Chairman of the Indian Council of Historical Research.[3]

Lokesh Chandra
Lokesh Chandra.jpg
Born11 April 1927 (1927-04-11) (age 92)
EducationM.A., 1947, Ph.D., 1950
TitleEx-President, ICCR[1]

In 2006 he was recognized with India's Padma Bhushan award.[4]

He is the son of the famous Sanskrit scholar, linguist and politician Raghu Vira.After obtaining a master's degree at the University of the Punjab in Lahore in 1947, he edited the Gavamayana portion of the Vedic work Jaiminiya Brahmana with the help of newly discovered manuscripts. Chandra went to the Netherlands to study Old Javanese with the Indologist Jan Gonda at Utrecht University, where he obtained a Ph.D. with the dissertation Jaiminiya Brahmana of the Samaveda II.1-80 in March 1950[5][6]

Prof. Lokesh Chandra has studied many languages including English, Hindi, Sanskrit, Bengali, Pali, Avesta, Old Persian, Japanese, Chinese, Tibetan, Malayalam, Mongolian, Indonesian, Greek, Latin, German, French, Tamil, Old Javanese, and Russian.[7]

He has to his credit over 360 works and text editions.[8] Among them are classics like his Tibetan-Sanskrit Dictionary, Materials for a History of Tibetan Literature, Buddhist Iconography of Tibet, and his Dictionary of Buddhist Art in about 20 volumes.[3]



  • Buddhist Iconography
  • India's Contributions to World Thought and Culture
  • Transcendental Art of Tibet
  • Mudras in Japan
  • Cultural Horizons of India
  • Dictionary of Buddhist Iconography in 15 volumes.
  • With Raghu Vira, Gilgit Buddhist Manuscripts. Facsimile edition. New Delhi: International Academy of Indian Culture, 1959–74.


  • Lokesh Chandra (1984). "The Origin of Avalokitesvara" (PDF). Indologica Taurinenaia. International Association of Sanskrit Studies. XIII (1985–1986): 187–202. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 June 2014. Retrieved 26 July 2014.



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  3. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 February 2015. Retrieved 8 February 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Padma Bhushan Awardees". Government of India. Archived from the original on 27 July 2014. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
  5. ^
  6. ^ Bijzondere promotie in Utrecht ("Special promotion in Utrecht"), Utrecht Nieuwsblad, 4 March 1950 (with a picture)
  7. ^ "Lokesh Chandra New ICCR President". Outlook. 30 October 2014. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
  8. ^ "Bio Data of Prof. Lokesh Ckandra" (PDF). Sanchi University if Buddhist—Indic Studies. Retrieved 26 July 2014.

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