Loimaa (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈloimɑː]; Swedish (historically):"Loimijoki") is a town and municipality of Finland.

Loimaa
Town
Loimaan kaupunki
Loimaa stad
The church of Loimaa Proper in Hirvikoski
The church of Loimaa Proper in Hirvikoski
Coat of arms of Loimaa
Coat of arms
Location of Loimaa in Finland
Location of Loimaa in Finland
Coordinates: 60°51′N 023°03.5′E / 60.850°N 23.0583°E / 60.850; 23.0583Coordinates: 60°51′N 023°03.5′E / 60.850°N 23.0583°E / 60.850; 23.0583
Country Finland
RegionSouthwest Finland
Sub-regionLoimaa sub-region
Market town1921
Town privileges1969
Government
 • Town managerJari Rantala
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total851.93 km2 (328.93 sq mi)
 • Land847.97 km2 (327.40 sq mi)
 • Water3.96 km2 (1.53 sq mi)
Area rank92nd largest in Finland
Population
 (2019-01-31)[2]
 • Total16,018
 • Rank71st largest in Finland
 • Density18.89/km2 (48.9/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish98.6% (official)
 • Swedish0.2%
 • Others1.2%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1415.4%
 • 15 to 6462.2%
 • 65 or older22.3%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Postal code
32200
Municipal tax rate[5]20.5%
ClimateDfc
Websitewww.loimaa.fi

It is located in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Southwest Finland region. The municipality has a population of 16,018 (31 January 2019)[2] and covers an area of 851.93 square kilometers (328.93 sq mi) of which 3.96 km2 (1.53 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 18.89 inhabitants per square kilometer (48.9/sq mi).

Loimaa's neighboring municipalities are Huittinen, Humppila, Koski Tl, Marttila, Oripää, Punkalaidun, Pöytyä, Somero, Säkylä and Ypäjä.

HistoryEdit

First mentions of Loimaa come from the year 1439 but a parish was founded in the area already a decade earlier. The town was founded in its current form in 1876 as the railway between Turku and Toijala was completed.[6]

A legend of Prättäkitti is heavily associated with Loimaa.

The town of Loimaa merged with Loimaan kunta (literally "Municipality of Loimaa") on January 1, 2005 and with the municipalities of Alastaro and Mellilä on January 1, 2009.

The name Loimaa comes from the river Loimijoki which flows through the town.

CultureEdit

A local speciality is piapo, a version of kama.[7]

Rompepäivät (lit. "junk days") is an annual event that takes place in August. It brings together trunk show enthusiasts selling both old and new merchandise as well as food and entertainment. The trunk show is located at the historic market square of Loimaa, now known as Peltoinen, and draws in 8,000–10,000 visitors.[8]

The local newspaper is called Loimaan Lehti. It first started publishing in 1915 and today comes out three times a week: Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays.[9]

Subdivisions and villagesEdit

Alastaron-Mäenpää, Eura, Haara, Haaroinen, Haitula, Hartoinen, Hattula, Hirvikoski, Hurskala, Ilmarinen, Inkilä, Joenperä, Juva, Karhula, Karsattila, Kauhanoja, Kemppilä, Kesärlä, Klockarla, Koenperä, Kojonkulma, Krekilä, Kuninkainen, Kurittula, Kuttila, Köyliö, Lappijoki, Levälä, Lähde, Metsämaa, Mäenpää, Niemi, Niinijoki, Onkijoki, Pahikainen, Pappinen, Peltoinen, Piltola, Puujalkala, Raikkola, Seppälä, Sieppala, Torkkala, Vesikoski, and Vilvainen.

SightsEdit

 
Mill of Vesikoski in the shores of river Loimijoki. Visible in the background are old industrial buildings.

Notable peopleEdit

SportsEdit

The city is home to the Bisons Loimaa basketball club, 2012 and 2013 Champion of the Korisliiga. The club regularly qualifies for international competitions. It plays its home games at the Loimaa Sports Center and on some occasions moves to the Energia Areena. The city is also home to the Hurrikaani Loimaa volleyball club, regularly qualifies for international competitions such as CLvolleyM and SM-league.

International relationsEdit

Twin towns — sister citiesEdit

Loimaa is twinned with the following towns.

Loimaa, Skien, Uddevalla, Thisted and Mostfellsbær form the oldest Nordic network of twin towns, which is still active.[10]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Suomen virallinen tilasto (SVT): Väestön ennakkotilasto [verkkojulkaisu]. Tammikuu 2019" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  6. ^ "Loimaa Paas poiketen! HD". YouTube (in Finnish). 27 September 2016. Retrieved 17 February 2020.
  7. ^ "Ruoka". Loimaa-Seura (in Finnish). 2020. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
  8. ^ "Rompeloimaa". Rompepäivät (in Finnish). 2020. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
  9. ^ "Yhteystiedot". Loimaan Lehti (in Finnish). 2020. Retrieved 16 February 2020.
  10. ^ "Ystävyyskaupungit". Loimaan kaupunki (in Finnish). 2020. Retrieved 28 April 2020.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Loimaa at Wikimedia Commons