Logan County, Kentucky
Logan County is a county in the southwest Pennyroyal Plateau area of the U.S. Commonwealth of Kentucky. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 26,835. Its county seat is Russellville.
|Founded||1 September 1792 (created)|
|Named for||Benjamin Logan|
|• Total||557 sq mi (1,440 km2)|
|• Land||552 sq mi (1,430 km2)|
|• Water||4.9 sq mi (13 km2) 0.9%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||48.9/sq mi (18.9/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
The county is named for Benjamin Logan, who had been second in command of the Kentucky militia during the American Revolutionary War and was a leader in bringing statehood to the area. Created from Lincoln County on September 1, 1792, Logan was the 13th Kentucky county in order of formation. Its original territory stretched from the Mississippi in the west to the Little Barren River in the east, and from the Green and Ohio Rivers in the north to the Tennessee border on the south; since then, 28 other counties have been formed within that area. The settlement of Logan Court House was made the county seat at its incorporation under the name Russellville.
During the post-Reconstruction period, there was considerable racial violence by white mobs against black citizens in Logan County; white gangs used terrorism to re-establish and maintain white supremacy. Racist mobs lynched 12 African Americans in the county during the years between 1877 and 1908; most were killed around the turn of the 20th century. This is a higher total than in all but one other county in the state. Four men were killed in a mass lynching on August 1, 1908 in Russellville, during the civil unrest associated with the Black Patch Tobacco Wars. Sharecroppers Joseph Riley, and Virgil, Robert, and Thomas Jones, the last three members of the same family, were all hanged from the same cedar tree. They were the last persons lynched in Logan county.
Logan was a major tobacco-growing county, with Dark Fired Tobacco produced by a special smoke processing. From 1906 some of its farmers became involved in the violent Black Patch Tobacco Wars, joining the Dark Tobacco District Planters' Protective Association of Kentucky and Tennessee to mobilize against the monopoly power of the American Tobacco Company, which had driven down prices to where farmers could barely make a living. Paramilitary Night Riders threatened other tobacco planters to "persuade" them to join the PPA. In late 1907 and early 1908, hundreds of Night Riders conducted raids against tobacco warehouses in some Kentucky towns. They struck Russellville on January 3, 1908, taking over the city and dynamiting two tobacco factories.
In 2009, the Logan County/Russellville Little League Baseball team won the Little League World Series Great Lakes Regional Tournament as the 4th team from Kentucky to do so (as of 2017, Kentucky has had seven teams win the Great Lakes Tournament) to represent the Great Lakes Region in the Little League World Series.
Logan County is on the south border of Kentucky; its south line abuts the north line of Tennessee. Its low hills are completely devoted to agriculture or urban development. Its highest point (868 feet/265 meters ASL) is Rainbow Rock Knob WSW, located 3.6 miles (5.8 km) ESE from Russellville. The Red River flows northwestward through the central and west part of the county, discharging into Todd County on the west.
- Briggs Lake
- Boy Scout Lake
- Lake Herndon
- Lake Malone (part)
|US Decennial Census|
As of the 2000 United States Census, of 2000, there were 26,573 people, 10,506 households, and 7,574 families in the county. The population density was 48 per square mile (19/km2). There were 11,875 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile (8.1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 90.70% White, 7.62% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 0.96% from two or more races. 1.08% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 10,506 households, out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.20% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.90% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.96.
The county population contained 25.70% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 93.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.40 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $32,474, and the median income for a family was $39,307. Males had a median income of $29,750 versus $20,265 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,962. About 10.80% of families and 15.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.50% of those under age 18 and 18.60% of those age 65 or over.
- "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Vol. 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 36.
- Collins, Lewis (1877). History of Kentucky. p. 479. ISBN 9780722249208.
- Collins, Lewis (1882). Collins' Historical Sketches of Kentucky: History of Kentucky, Vol. 2. Collins & Company. p. 26.
- Richardson, Evelyn B. Kentucky Encyclopedia, p. 568. "Logan County". University Press of Kentucky (Lexington), 1992. Accessed July 27, 2013.
- Lynching in America/ Supplement: Lynchings by County[permanent dead link], 3rd Ed. (2015) p. 5
- "Lynching in Russellville, Logan County, Kentucky", Photographic postcard, Oshkosh Public Museum
- George C. Wright, Racial Violence in Kentucky, 1865--1940: Lynchings, Mob Rule, and "Legal Lynchings", LSU Press (1996) pp. 124-125
- Griffin, Mark. Stand There and Tremble: When the Night Riders Came to Russellville . Pumpkin Bomb Press (2008)
- "Little League Baseball". www.littleleague.org. Archived from the original on June 11, 2010. Retrieved August 9, 2017.
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- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 17, 2014.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 29, 2019.
- "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved August 17, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 17, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved August 17, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved August 17, 2014.
- "US Census website". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- Richelieu KY (Google Maps, accessed 29 August 2020)
- Richelieu (Auburn KY). Accessed 29 August 2020)
- Alex C. Finley. 1876, Reprint c. 2000. The History of Russellville and Logan County, Ky. Reprint: Russellville, Ky.: A. B. Willhite. 21–23, 25, 42 (numbering from reprint).
- Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved July 4, 2018.