Lochaber, Quebec

Lochaber is a township municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec, located within the Papineau Regional County Municipality. The township had a population of 415 in the 2016 Canadian Census.

Lochaber
Lochaber QC.jpg
Location within Papineau RCM
Location within Papineau RCM
Lochaber is located in Western Quebec
Lochaber
Lochaber
Location in western Quebec
Coordinates: 45°38′N 75°13′W / 45.633°N 75.217°W / 45.633; -75.217Coordinates: 45°38′N 75°13′W / 45.633°N 75.217°W / 45.633; -75.217[1]
CountryCanada
ProvinceQuebec
RegionOutaouais
RCMPapineau
ConstitutedJuly 1, 1855
Government
 • MayorGeorges Leduc
 • Federal ridingArgenteuil—Papineau—Mirabel
 • Prov. ridingPapineau
Area
 • Total70.00 km2 (27.03 sq mi)
 • Land62.04 km2 (23.95 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[3]
 • Total415
 • Density6.8/km2 (18/sq mi)
 • Pop 2011-2016
Increase 1.5%
 • Dwellings
183
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)819
Highways
A-50

Route 148
Route 317

HistoryEdit

In 1807, a group of Scots settled in the southern part of the Blanche River valley, the same year the geographic township of Lochaber Gore was created. They came from Thurso in Scotland, as well as from the Highlands, near Lochaber and other parts of northern Scotland.[4]

In 1845, the township municipality was formed but abolished in September 1847 when it became part of Ottawa County. In 1855, it was reestablished.[1]

In 1886, the village municipality of Thurso separated from the township,[4] and in 1891, the western half the township was split off to form the township municipality of Lochaber-Partie-Ouest.[5]

DemographicsEdit

Canada census – Lochaber, Quebec community profile
2016 2011
Population: 415 (1.5% from 2011) 409 (-17.7% from 2006)
Land area: 60.70 km2 (23.44 sq mi) 62.04 km2 (23.95 sq mi)
Population density: 6.8/km2 (18/sq mi) 6.6/km2 (17/sq mi)
Median age: 42.0 (M: 44.8, F: 39.5) 42.4 (M: 45.3, F: 38.5)
Total private dwellings: 183 167
Median household income: $58,880 $32,110
References: 2016[6] 2011[7] earlier[8]
YearPop.±%
1986 505—    
1991 521+3.2%
1996 510−2.1%
2001 456−10.6%
2006 497+9.0%
2011 409−17.7%
2016 415+1.5%
Source: Statistics Canada

Mother tongue:[3]

  • English as first language: 7.2%
  • French as first language: 89.2%
  • English and French as first language: 0%
  • Other as first language: 2.4%

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Reference number 36335 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. ^ a b Geographic code 80055 in the official Répertoire des municipalités (in French)
  3. ^ a b c "(Code 2480055) Census Profile". 2016 census. Statistics Canada. 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Thurso" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  5. ^ "Lochaber-Partie-Ouest" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  6. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  7. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2020-01-20.
  8. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Lochaber, Quebec at Wikimedia Commons