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Lobgesang (Hymn of Praise), Op. 52 (MWV A 18[1]), is "A Symphony-Cantata on Words of the Holy Bible, for Soloists, Chorus and Orchestra" by Felix Mendelssohn. After the composer's death it was also published as his Symphony No. 2 in B-flat major, a naming and numbering that is not Mendelssohn's.

Lobgesang
Choral symphony by Felix Mendelssohn
Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy.jpg
Mendelssohn in 1846
EnglishHymn of Praise
Other nameSymphony No. 2
KeyB-flat major
Catalogue
Occasion400th anniversary of printing
TextPsalms, other biblical verses, "Nun danket alle Gott"
LanguageGerman
Composed1840 (1840)
Performed25 June 1840 (1840-06-25)
Movements10
Scoring
  • 2 sopranos
  • tenor
  • choir
  • orchestra
  • organ

It requires two sopranos and a tenor as soloists, along with a chorus and orchestra. It lasts almost twice as long as any of Mendelssohn's other four symphonies.

Contents

HistoryEdit

It was composed in 1840, along with the less-known Festgesang "Gutenberg Cantata", to celebrate the 400th anniversary of the invention of Johannes Gutenberg's movable type printing system.

In 1842 Mendelssohn had published his Scottish Symphony as "Symphony No. 3", however a "Symphony No. 2" had never been published during Mendelssohn's lifetime. Possibly the composer's intention was to spare this number for his earlier Italian Symphony, which he premiered in 1833, but afterwards withheld for a revision that was never completed. The Italian Symphony was published posthumously as "Symphony No. 4". Decades after Mendelssohn's death, the editors of the old Mendelssohn complete edition entered Lobgesang as "No. 2" in the sequence of this symphonies for editorial reasons.[1] However, there is no indication that this represented the composer's intentions. The new Mendelssohn-Werkverzeichnis (MWV), published in 2009 by the Saxonian Academy of Sciences and Humanities, no longer lists Lobgesang among the symphonies, but rather among the sacred vocal works.[1][2]

StructureEdit

Structurally, it consists of three purely orchestral movements followed by 10[3] movements for chorus and/or soloists and orchestra, and lasts approximately 65–70 minutes in total. The English titles of the movements are:

  1. Sinfonia:
    1. Maestoso con moto - Allegro
    2. Allegretto un poco agitato
    3. Adagio religioso
  2. All men, all things, all that have life and breath (Chorus)
  3. Praise thou the Lord, O ye Spirit (Soprano Solo and Semi-Chorus)[n 1]
  4. Sing ye Praise (Tenor Recitative and Aria)
  5. All ye that cried unto the Lord (Chorus)
  6. I waited for the Lord (Soprano Duet and Chorus)
  7. The sorrows of Death (Tenor Aria)
  8. The Night is Departing (Chorus)
  9. Let all men praise the Lord (Chorale of Now Thank We All Our God)
  10. My song shall be always Thy Mercy (Soprano and Tenor Duet)
  11. Ye nations, offer to the Lord (Chorus)

The now-standard harmonisation of Now Thank We All Our God was devised by Felix Mendelssohn in 1840 when he adopted the hymn, sung in the now-standard key of F major and with its original German lyrics, as the chorale to Lobgesang.

InstrumentationEdit

The symphony is scored for two sopranos, tenor, chorus, two flutes, two oboes, two clarinets, two bassoons, four horns, two trumpets, three trombones, timpani, organ and strings.

TextEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ This is sometimes printed as Movement 2½

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Wehner, Ralph (2009). Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy. Thematisch-systematisches Verzeichnis der musikalischen Werke (MWV). Wiesbaden: Breitkopf & Härtel. pp. 22–23. ISBN 978-3-7651-0317-9.
  2. ^ Grouping and overview of MWV numbers
  3. ^ Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Lobgesang: eine Symphonie-Cantate nach Worten der heiligen Schrift; op. 52, p. 198-223.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit