Edwin Lloyd Meeds (December 11, 1927 – August 18, 2005), an American politician, served as a member of the United States House of Representatives from 1965 to 1979. He represented the second district of Washington as a Democrat.
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Washington's 2nd district
January 3, 1965 – January 3, 1979
|Preceded by||Jack Westland|
|Succeeded by||Al Swift|
|Born||December 11, 1927|
|Died||August 18, 2005 (aged 77)|
Church Creek, Maryland
|Resting place||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Spouse(s)||Mary Yang Meeds (his death)Barbara Meeds (divorce)|
|Alma mater||Gonzaga University, (LL.B. 1958)|
Everett Junior College, 1950
|Branch/service||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1946–1947|
Born in Dillon, Montana, Meeds moved with his family to Monroe, Washington, northeast of Seattle, in 1944. He graduated from Monroe High school in 1946, served in the United States Navy from 1946 to 1947, and graduated from Everett Junior College in 1950. Meeds owned and operated a gas station until 1954, when he returned to school. He earned his law degree from Gonzaga University in Spokane in 1958, and passed the bar; he was a prosecutor, briefly in Spokane County, then in Snohomish County.
Meeds first won election to Congress in 1964 by defeating incumbent Republican Alfred Westland. Meeds won each of his subsequent bids for re-election with comfortable margins from 1966 up to 1974. In that year, when U.S. District Court Judge George Hugo Boldt ruled that treaties entitled Native Americans to half of the fish caught in their usual and customary fishing grounds, Meeds angered many of his constituents with his comment that the tribes had the law on their side and that people needed to move on. As a result, he won his 1976 reelection by only 542 votes, which led to his announcement in late 1977 that he would not seek re-election in 1978; he retired from the House and returned to practicing law in early 1979. His seat was won by former aide Al Swift.
While a congressman, Meeds was known for his work on conservation and education issues. He helped create the Alpine Lakes Wilderness Area and the North Cascades National Park. A memorial to Meeds was erected in 2007 at the Snow Lake trailhead near Snoqualmie Pass, in honor of his work for the creation of Alpine Lakes Wilderness. Snow Lake lies within Alpine Lakes and is one of the most popular day-hike destinations in it. Harvey Manning describes Meeds' work in wilderness preservation efforts in his 2007 book Wilderness Alps: Conservation and Conflict in Washington's North Cascades published by the North Cascades Conservation Council.
In contrast to his conservation efforts in Washington state, Meeds was central to efforts to limit land preservation in the bill that eventually became the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act, signed into law by President Jimmy Carter in December, 1980. Following his retirement from the House in 1979, he became a Washington lobbyist and worked closely with the state of Alaska, Representative Don Young (R-AK), and the Citizens for the Management of Alaskan Lands to limit the scope of federal land preservation in Alaska in the final bill.
After his service in Congress ended in 1979, he stayed in the nation's capital as a partner in the law firm of Preston Gates Ellis, & Rouvelas Meeds, the D.C. office of Seattle-based Preston Gates & Ellis.
After a lengthy battle with lung cancer, Meeds died at age 77 at his home in Church Creek, Maryland, and is buried at Arlington National Cemetery. He was survived by his wife of 38 years, Mary Yang Meeds, and their daughter; he had two children from a previous marriage.
This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov.
- United States Congress. "Lloyd Meeds (id: M000626)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Meeds, Lloyd (1974). "Legislative history of OSHA". Gonzaga Law Review. NANOPDF. p. 327, Winter. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
- Ammons, David (August 21, 2005). "Cancer claims Lloyd Meeds, ex-congressman". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. p. B4.
- "Rep. Meeds bowing out". Spokane Daily Chronicle. (Washington). Associated Press. December 29, 1977. p. 1.
- Nelson, Daniel (2004). Northern Landscapes: The Struggle for Wilderness Alaska. Washington, D.C.: Resources for the Future. pp. 200–207. ISBN 1-891853-84-8.
- Nelson, Daniel (2004). Northern Landscapes: The Struggle for Wilderness Alaska. Washington, D.C.: Resources for the Future. pp. 227, 235. ISBN 1-891853-84-8.
- "Preston Gates Ellis & Rouvelas Meeds partner and former congressman Lloyd Meeds passes away". K&L Gates. August 18, 2005. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
- "E. Lloyd Meeds, 77; U.S. House Democrat". Washington Post. August 19, 2005. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
- Lloyd Meeds entry at The Political Graveyard
- HistoryLink.org – E. Lloyd Meeds (1927–2005)
- Gonzaga University School of Law – Lloyd Meeds Memorial Law Scholarship
- Arlington Cemetery.net
- Lloyd Meeds at Find a Grave
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Washington's 2nd congressional district
January 3, 1965 – January 3, 1979