Llanelli (UK Parliament constituency)
Llanelli is a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. From 1918 to 1970 the official spelling of the constituency name was Llanelly. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Llanelli in Wales.
|Electorate||59,266 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Llanelli, Burry Port, Llangennech|
|Member of parliament||Nia Griffith (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||East Carmarthenshire (UK Parliament constituency)|
|Welsh Assembly||Mid and West Wales|
|European Parliament constituency||Wales|
The Llanelli Welsh Assembly constituency was created with the same boundaries in 1999.
1918 The constituency was established in 1918, as a division of Carmarthenshire, located in the south east of the county. This area had, until 1918, been the southern part of the constituency of East Carmarthenshire.
It consisted of the then local authority areas of the Municipal Borough of Llanelly; the Urban Districts of Ammanford, Burry Port and Cwmamman; the Rural Districts of Lanelly and part of Llandilofawr (namely the civil parishes of Betws, Llandybie and Quarter Bach, and Ward I of the civil parish of Llandilo Rural)
1950 In the next redistribution of constituencies in Wales, which took effect in 1950, the northern boundary of the constituency was slightly altered. Llanelly no longer bordered Brecon and Radnor and Gower was extended north and took over the part of the 1918 Neath constituency that had previously adjoined Carmarthenshire. The constituency area continued to include the same local authorities as in 1918 (apart from a spelling change to Llandilo for the part RDC included):
- The borough of Llanelly;
- The urban districts of Ammanford, Burry Port and Cwmamman;
- The rural district of Llanelly and the parish of Bettws in the rural district of Llandilo.
1974 The constituency appears to have been unchanged by the redistribution. The local authorities remained the same (apart from spelling changes):
- The borough of Llanelli;
- the urban districts of Ammanford, Burry Port and Cwmamman;
- the rural district of Llanelli and the parish of Bettws in the rural district of Llandeilo.
The substantial local government changes which took effect in 1974 did not affect this redistribution as it used the boundaries as they existed in November 1970 to construct parliamentary constituencies.
1983 The redistribution altered the constituency by 8.4%. 96.2% of the new constituency had been in the old one. 3.8% of the electors came from the former Carmarthen constituency.
The area now formed part of the new county of Dyfed. The district level local government units contained in the constituency were the Borough of Llanelli and Wards 2–6 and 9 of the Borough of Dinefwr.
1997 In this redistribution the constituency was reduced so that it covered the same area as the Borough of Llanelli.
2010 After the United Kingdom general election in May 2010, the constituency has comprised the Carmarthenshire County electoral divisions of Bigyn, Burry Port, Bynea, Dafen, Elli, Felinfoel, Glanymor, Glyn, Hendy, Hengoed, Kidwelly, Llangennech, Llannon, Lliedi, Llwynhendy, Pembrey, Pontyberem, Swiss Valley, Trimsaran, Tycroes and Tyisha.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1918||Josiah Towyn Jones||Coalition Liberal|
|1922||John Henry Williams||Labour|
|1936 by-election||Jim Griffiths||Labour|
Llanelli has traditionally been an ultra-safe Labour seat, with a Labour MP representing the constituency since 1922. It was represented by one-time deputy leader of the Labour Party, Jim Griffiths, from 1936 until his retirement in 1970. In recent years however Labour's majority has been somewhat eroded by Plaid Cymru, who as of 2016 have won the equivalent seat in the Welsh Assembly in two of the five Assembly elections to date. At the 2015 general election, however, the Labour majority increased once again.
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Plaid Cymru||Mari Arthur||7,351||18.2||-4.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Rory Daniels||548||1.4||-0.6|
|Plaid Cymru||Vaughan Williams||8,853||23.0||−7.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Cen Phillips||751||1.9||−8.5|
|People First||Siân Caiach||407||1.1||N/A|
|Plaid Cymru||Myfanwy Davies||11,215||29.9||+3.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Myrddin Edwards||3,902||10.4||−2.5|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Plaid Cymru||Neil Baker||9,358||26.5||−4.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Ken Rees||4,550||12.9||+4.4|
|Plaid Cymru||Dyfan Jones||11,183||30.9||+11.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Ken Rees||3,065||8.5||−0.7|
|Socialist Labour||John Willock||407||1.1||−0.7|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Plaid Cymru||Marc Phillips||7,812||19.0||+3.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Nick Burree||3,788||9.2||−3.5|
|Socialist Labour||John Willock||757||1.8||N/A|
|Conservative||Graham L. Down||8,532||16.9||−0.3|
|Plaid Cymru||Marc Phillips||7,878||15.6||+5.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Keith L. Evans||6,404||12.7||−0.8|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|SDP–Liberal Alliance (Liberal)||Martyn Shrewsbury||6,714||13.5||−5.4|
|Plaid Cymru||Adrian Price||5,088||10.2||−2.0|
|SDP–Liberal Alliance (Liberal)||K. D. Rees||9,076||18.9||+7.4|
|Plaid Cymru||Hywel Teifi Edwards||5,880||12.2||+4.8|
|Communist||Robert E. Hitchon||371||0.8||−0.4|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Conservative||G. D. J. Richards||10,471||20.5||+8.1|
|Liberal||K. D. Rees||5,856||11.5||-3.0|
|Plaid Cymru||H. Roberts||3,793||7.4||-6.3|
|Communist||Robert E. Hitchon||617||1.2||N/A|
|Liberal||E. J. Evans||7,173||14.5||+0.2|
|Plaid Cymru||R. Williams||6,797||13.7||+1.7|
|Liberal||E. J. Evans||7,140||14.3||+6.6|
|Plaid Cymru||R. Williams||6,060||12.0||-4.8|
|Communist||Robert E. Hitchon||507||1.0||-0.2|
|Plaid Cymru||Carwyn James||8,387||16.8||+5.9|
|Conservative||Mary A. Jones||5,777||11.6||-3.6|
|Communist||Robert E. Hitchon||603||1.2||-1.4|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Conservative||Jeremy C. Peel||7,143||15.2||+2.4|
|Plaid Cymru||Pennar Davies||5,132||10.9||+3.9|
|Communist||Robert E. Hitchon||1,211||2.6||+0.4|
|Conservative||Philip A. Maybury||6,300||12.8||-6.7|
|Liberal||Esyr G. Lewis||6,031||12.2||N/A|
|Plaid Cymru||Pennar Davies||3,469||7.0||-6.8|
|Communist||Robert E. Hitchon||1,061||2.2||N/A|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Plaid Cymru||David Eirwyn Morgan||7,176||13.8||+1.3|
|Plaid Cymru||David Eirwyn Morgan||6,398||12.5||+5.6|
|Plaid Cymru||David Eirwyn Morgan||3,765||6.9||+3.1|
|Conservative||D. P. Owen||6,362||11.5||-7.4|
|Plaid Cymru||David Eirwyn Morgan||2,134||3.8||N/A|
Elections in the 1940sEdit
|Conservative||G. O. George||10,397||18.9||N/A|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Liberal National||William Albert Jenkins||15,967||33.3||N/A|
|Conservative||Frank J. Rees||18,163||34.7||+26.5|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Liberal||Richard Thomas Evans||19,075||36.9||-10.2|
|Unionist||James Purdon Lewes Thomas||3,969||7.7||N/A|
|Liberal||Richard Thomas Evans||18,259||47.1||+16.8|
|Liberal||Richard Thomas Evans||11,765||30.7||-10.4|
|National Liberal||George Clark Williams||15,947||40.7||-12.4|
|Labour gain from National Liberal||Swing||+12.4|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|C||Liberal||Josiah Towyn Jones||16,344||53.1||N/A|
|Liberal win (new seat)|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Notes and referencesEdit
- "Beyond 20/20 WDS – Table view". 2011 Electorate Figures. StatsWales. 1 December 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Representation of the People Act 1918, Ninth Schedule, Part II, Parliamentary Counties: Wales and Monmouthshire.
- Schedule 1, Representation of the People Act 1948, c. 65.
- "Over 1,800 candidates for 630 seats in Commons". The Times. 9 June 1970. p. 10.
- The borough was renamed on 4 March 1966 and the rural district on 3 May 1966 Census of England and Wales 1961. County Report: Carmarthenshire. HMSO.
- "No. 43915". The London Gazette. 4 March 1966. p. 2444.
- Llanelli is the spelling Craig uses in his compilation of results from 1950–1973, despite the entry in his book on parliamentary boundaries for the 1950 redistribution following the statute in using Llanelly.
- The Parliamentary Constituencies (Wales) Order 1970 (1970/1675).
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 3)
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Llanelli result". The Newsroom. Carmarthenshire County Council. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-10-24. Retrieved 2014-10-24.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
-  BBC News – Llanelli.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, F. W. S. Craig.
- Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885–1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1972)
- British Parliamentary Constituencies: A Statistical Compendium, by Ivor Crewe and Anthony Fox (Faber and Faber 1984)