Llandrindod Wells (/ /, / /; (Welsh: Llandrindod, lit. "Trinity Parish"), sometimes known colloquially as Llandod, or Dod, is a town and community in Powys, within the historic boundaries of Radnorshire, Wales. It serves as the seat of Powys County Council and thus the administrative centre of Powys.
Junction of South Crescent and Temple Street, with the Old Town Hall centre right
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||LLANDRINDOD WELLS|
|Fire||Mid and West Wales|
|Senedd Cymru – Welsh Parliament|
It was developed as a spa town in the 19th century, with a boom in the late 20th century as a centre of local government. Before the 1860s the site of the town was common land in Llanfihangel Cefn-llys parish. Llandrindod Wells is the fifth largest town in Powys and the largest in Radnorshire.
During the mid-18th century, the 'healing qualities' of the local spring waters attracted visitors to the area resulting in an economic boom with the building of a 'splendid' hotel at Llandrindod Hall. A period of relative decline during the late 18th and early 19th centuries was reversed with the construction of the Heart of Wales line making Llandrindod accessible from south Wales, the Midlands and northwest England. Enclosure of the common in 1862 enabled the expansion of the town with the construction of new streets, hotels, shops and houses.
During the 'season' between May and mid-September, visitors would take the waters at the pump rooms at the Rock Park and Pump House Hotel, entertained by orchestras. Hotels, boarding houses and shops—including the Central Wales Emporium on the corner of Temple Street and Station Crescent—provided for the visitors. In the early 1870s, an ornamental lake was formed by draining marshland near the Pump House Hotel (on the current site of the Council offices), and in 1893 a 9-hole golf course was opened on the common beside the lake (later replaced by the present 18-hole course on the hills above). Horse races (and later air displays) were held on the Rock Ddole meadow beside the river.
In 1893 the archdeacon with responsibility for the area had Llandrindod old church and Cefnllys church unroofed in order to persuade the congregations to attend the new church in the centre of the town. In 1895 both churches were restored.
Llandrindod was the place of the election of the first Archbishop of Wales in 1920, which occurred at the Old Parish Church. Elections for every Archbishop since have continued to be held in Llandrindod, now at Holy Trinity Church in the Town Centre. In 1907, a Catholic church was founded in the town, Our Lady of Ransom and the Holy Souls Church.
The town has maintained an important profile in the world of motoring and motorsport. Apart from two of its most symbolic recent buildings being the Tom Norton's Automobile Palace and Pritchard's Garage, it served as the base for many International motorcycle events such as the International Six Days Trial ISDT starting in 1933 with the last visit taking place in 1961, often drawing in crowds of thousands to watch. The Welsh International Two Day Trial organised by locals is still a popular event as well as many rallies that rely on the infrastructure of Llandrindod's Hotels and public spaces.
The town's boom continued until the First World War during which time soldiers on training courses were billeted in hotels and boarding houses, and refugees and wounded soldiers were accommodated in the town. The depression of the late-1920s and 1930s led to many hotels and boarding houses being turned into private homes and flats. During the Second World War the town was again used for military hospitals and billets, followed by a slump in the post-war years. The Beeching Axe resulted in the closure in the mid-1960s of the Mid-Wales line and with it Llandrindod's connection from nearby Builth Wells direct to Cardiff and to north and west Wales. The town does retain connections to Swansea and Shrewsbury from Llandrindod railway station on the Heart of Wales line. The A483 road is the main route through the town.
Prior to 1974, the town housed much of the administration of Radnorshire, although the official county town was Presteigne. The reorganisation of local government in 1974 resulted in Llandrindod becoming the county town of the newly formed administrative county of Powys. This led to an influx of people employed by the new bureaucracies, on salaries determined by national pay scales. The new County Hall was based on Spa Road East in Llandrindod Wells.
In more recent years the economy has again flagged. The town's carpet and stationery factories closed. Many shops are either empty or occupied by charities. An open-air market is held once a week in the High Street Car Park. The town has larger business chains, including Tesco, Aldi, Spar, Greggs, Mica Hardware and a Post Office.
In a 2017 survey undertaken by Rightmove, Llandrindod was voted the Happiest Place in Wales. A survey by the Royal Mail over the Easter 2018 period showed that Llandrindod had the highest online shopping rates for that period in the whole of the country.
|Climate data for Llandrindod Wells (212m elevation) 1981–2010|
|Average high °C (°F)||6.5
|Average low °C (°F)||0.9
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||114.8
|Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm)||16.4||12.8||13.6||12.3||11.3||11.7||10.5||11.8||11.9||15.2||16.2||15.8||159.3|
Llandrindod Wells Town Council has up to 15 town councillors (elected from five community wards) and one clerk. In March 2019, the Mayor and Chair of three years, Cllr Jon Williams, resigned amid bullying claims.
The architecture of the town includes many buildings in ornate styles dating from the boom period of the Victorian and Edwardian eras including the Metropole and the Glen Usk hotels, the Albert Hall theatre, Llandrindod railway station built in 1865, and County Council building adjacent to it.
There are also buildings in the Art Deco style including two former garages, Pritchard's and the Automobile Palace. The latter was notable for a collection of antique bicycles owned by the proprietor, Tom Norton, which were displayed suspended from ceilings in the building. The building has in recent years been renovated and is now home to several small businesses and the National Cycle Collection, featuring some of the bicycles originally displayed in the garage.
The largest of the town's hotels are the Metropole (with 120 bedrooms of 4 star standard, an indoor swimming pool and leisure centre), the Glen Usk and the Commodore. The Hotel Metropole's swimming pool used to be open-air and was open to the public when it was the only pool in the town, but a public pool is available now at the sports centre attached to the local comprehensive school.
A large man-made lake in the town is used for fishing and model boating. The lake houses a sculpture of a water serpent and leaping carp, the scales of which are made of thousands of copper plates initialed by local people and visitors during construction of the work. Beside the lake, sits a distinctive tree-trunk sculpture known as a 'Llandoddie', one of many such sculptures distributed throughout the town. In May 2018, pedalo boats for hire were launched onto Llandrindod Lake, as part of a £158,000 regeneration project. The boats returned in 2019, after being supported by Powys County Council and Llandrindod Wells Town Council.
An 18-hole golf course, established in 1905, features challenging topology and views over the lake, the town and surrounding countryside.
The town has three international standard outdoor bowling greens dating from 1912 which hosts national and international events and has recently been voted ‘the best facilities in the whole of the British Isles’. A newer indoor bowling centre, can also be found in the centre of the town.
Llandrindod Wells Victorian Festival is held in the town every year at the end of August. Many locals and some visitors dress in Victorian, Edwardian or other antique costumes, and many of the town's shops and other high-street businesses dress their windows or otherwise join in the spirit of the event. The festival typically offers open-air and street theatre and music, a fairground, a craft fair, an historical re-enactment, entertainments at The Albert Hall and exhibitions of "things old-time". For 2015 and 2016 this grew into a weekend steampunk festival, first as part of the Victorian festival and then as an independent event, however, did not return in 2017.
The town hosts annual Welsh 2 Day Enduro in June. This attracts motorbike riders from all over the UK and brings much tourism to the town.
There is a wide range of entertainment available in the town each year. The Albert Hall is the town’s Victorian Theatre, owned and run by the community of Llandrindod. The Theatre is managed by a group of volunteers from the local area. The theatre hosts a wide range of performances and activities suitable for all. Llandrindod Wells Theatre Company (LWTC) host their annual Pantomime and Summer Season Shows at The Albert Hall. Radnor YFC’s annual Drama week is also held at the Theatre. Pavilion Mid Wales  (formerly known as The Grand Pavilion) brings a wide range of entertainment to the town. Radnor Fringe Festival was an annual free festival held within the Rock Park. Three days of Live Music, Comedy, and much more. The festival has gathered momentum and popularity over the few years that it has run, however the last festival was held in 2018.
There are over a hundred different community groups in Llandrindod Wells, all of whom contribute to the town’s event calendar.
A typical year of events within the town looks like this:
|January||LWTC Pantomime, Wassailing|
|February||YFC Drama Week|
|June||Welsh Two Day Enduro, Radnor Fringe Festival|
|July||Carnival, LWTC Summer Season|
|August||Llandrindod Wells Victorian Festival and Firework Display, LWTC Summer Season|
|September||Llandrindod Raft Race|
|October||The Albert Hall Talent Night|
|November||Ysgol Trefonnen Fireworks Display|
|December||The Albert Hall Christmas Singalong, Welsh Carol Service, School Christmas Fayres, Muddy Santa.|
Llandrindod has two primary schools and one secondary school.
Llandrindod Wells CP School - Cefnllys (Ysgol Cefnllys) is an English Medium Local Authority Primary school. Llandrindod Wells Church in Wales School - Ysgol Trefonnen is an English and Welsh Medium Local Authority Primary School.
Ysgol Calon Cymru is the town's Local Authority secondary school. The school has two campuses, which replaced the former Llandrindod High School (and Builth Wells High School) and opened in September 2018. The Llandrindod site provides an English-medium education for 11 to 18 year olds.
Llandrindod Wells is twinned with:
Llandrindod Wells Twinning Association host annual trips to and from the Twinned towns.
- "Town population 2011". Retrieved 11 November 2015.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. 16 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 829. .
- Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust - Radnorshire Churches Survey - Church of Holy Trinity, Llandrindod
- Clwyd-Powys Archaeological Trust - Radnorshire Churches Survey - Church of St Michael, Cefnllys
- Owen, Eluned E. (1961). The Later Life of Bishop Owen. Llandyssul: Gomerian Press. p. 434.
- "Bishop John Davies chosen as new Archbishop of Wales". BBC News. 6 September 2017. Retrieved 6 September 2017.
- Wilson, Chris. Around Llandrindod Wells. The Chalford Publishing Company Limited. ISBN 0-7524-0191-2.
- Whitaker's Almanack 1979, p. 677
- "'Happiest place to live' status is no surprise says Llandrindod Wells mayor". County Times. 13 October 2017. Retrieved 21 October 2019.
- "Online shopping: Llandrindod Wells tops the list | Wales - ITV News". Itv.com. 4 April 2018. Retrieved 21 October 2019.
- "Climate Normals 1981–2010". Met Office. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
- "Your Councillors". Llandrindod Wells Town Council. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
- Llandrindod Wells Town Council
- "The Mayor of Llandrindod Wells has stepped down". Retrieved 12 June 2019.
- "Welcome to The National Cycle Museum Llandrindod Wells." www.cyclemuseum.org.uk.
- Llandoddie in a BBC article.
- Mike Sheridan (16 May 2018). "Completion of regeneration works to breathe new life into Llandrindod Wells boating lake". Powys County Times. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
- History of Llandrindod Wells Golf Club Archived 17 April 2007 at the Wayback Machine (from club's website)
- "BBC mid-Wales walks".
- "History of Llandrindod Wells Bowling Club". Archived from the original on 24 February 2007.
- "Home". Radnorshire Indoor Bowls Association.
- "Llandrindod Wells War Memorial Hospital; Convalescent Home (764)". Coflein. RCAHMW. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
-  - official site.
- http://thealberthall.co.uk | The Albert Hall Official Site
- https://www.pavilionmidwales.org.uk | Pavilion Mid Wales Website
- Anwen Parry (6 September 2018). "Ysgol Calon Cymru: Hundreds of pupils start back at Powys' newest school". Powys County Times. Retrieved 14 January 2019.
- "Llandrindod Wells Twinning Association". Llandrindod Wells Twinning Association.
- "News and events". 22 February 2008.
- Jane Griffiths, Walking Around Llandrindod Wells: Historic Spa Town, Kittiwake Press, 2007, ISBN 1-902302-51-6
- Olivia Harries, Llandrindod Wells in Old Postcards, C Davies, 1986, ISBN 0-7154-0663-9
- Reginald Campbell Burn Oliver, Bridging a century: [the Hotel Metropole, Llandrindod Wells, 1872-1972], a century of growth in the story of Llandrindod Wells, Radnorshire, Sayce Brothers Printers, 1972, ISBN 0-9502337-0-6
- Reginald Campbell Burn Oliver, The centenary of the Church of the Holy Trinity, Llandrindod Wells, 1871-1971, R.C.B. Oliver, 1971, ISBN 0-9501480-1-6
- Bruce Osborne, Llandrindod Wells, New Millennium Spa Heritage Series, 1999, ISBN 1-873614-06-3
- Joel Williams, Voices of Llandrindod Wells, Red Dragon, 2000, ISBN 1-903610-00-1
- Chris Wilson, Around Llandrindod Wells, The Chalford Publishing Company, 1995, ISBN 0-7524-0191-2
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Llandrindod Wells.|