Lixheim is a commune of France in the northeastern Moselle department of Grand Est, a kilometre southeast of another commune, Vieux-Lixheim.

The town hall in Lixheim
The town hall in Lixheim
Coat of arms of Lixheim
Location of Lixheim
Lixheim is located in France
Lixheim is located in Grand Est
Coordinates: 48°46′32″N 7°08′34″E / 48.7756°N 7.1428°E / 48.7756; 7.1428
RegionGrand Est
IntercommunalityCC du Pays de Phalsbourg
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Christian Untereiner[1]
3.96 km2 (1.53 sq mi)
 • Density150/km2 (380/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
57407 /57635
Elevation268–336 m (879–1,102 ft)
(avg. 350 m or 1,150 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

History edit

The first Lixheim (now Vieux-Lixheim) was founded by a Benedictine priory in the 12th century.

The new town was founded by Count Palatine George Gustavus in 1608 to replace Phalsbourg, which his father Count Palatine George John I had had to cede. In their small principality of the county of Lutzelstein (La Petite-Pierre), the Counts Palatine wanted to create fortified towns capable of accommodating their Reformed co-religionists, who had been expelled from the Duchy of Lorraine.[3]

Nevertheless, Lixheim was sold to the Duke of Lorraine in 1623; despite his commitment to freedom of Protestant worship, Duke Henry II The Good did little to resist the pressures that drove many of the Reformed inhabitants into exodus.[4]

In 1629-1660, Lixheim and Phalsbourg formed the short-lived principality of Phalsbourg and Lixheim, for the benefit of Henriette de Lorraine and her three successive husbands, including Louis de Guise. The princess had coins minted in Lixheim.[3]

On the death of the princess, the principality's territories reverted to the Duchy of Lorraine. Duke Leopold observed in his own way the tolerance promised by Henry II: the Reformed were allowed to worship in the neighboring county of Nassau-Sarrewerden (Alsace bossue), a modest but commendable concession from a sovereign whose House had always fiercely defended Catholicism.[3]

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires"., Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2021". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2023.
  3. ^ a b c "Principauté de Lixheim". Vosges Matin. 20 March 2020.
  4. ^ "Lixheim (Liexheim)". Archives de Moselle.

External links edit

  •   Media related to Lixheim at Wikimedia Commons