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Little wattlebird

The little wattlebird (Anthochaera chrysoptera), also known as the brush wattlebird, is a honeyeater, a passerine bird in the family Meliphagidae. It is found in coastal and sub-coastal south-eastern Australia.

Little wattlebird
Anthochaera chrysoptera 4.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Meliphagidae
Genus: Anthochaera
Species:
A. chrysoptera
Binomial name
Anthochaera chrysoptera
(Latham, 1801)

TaxonomyEdit

The species was originally described by the ornithologist John Latham in 1801 under the binomial name Merops chrysoptera.[2][3]

The International Ornithologists' Union recognise three subspecies:[3]

  • A. c. chrysoptera (Latham, 1801) – eastern and southeastern Australia
  • A. c. halmaturina (Mathews, 1912) – Kangaroo Island (off southern Australia)
  • A. c. tasmanica (Mathews, 1912) – Tasmania

The western wattlebird (A. lunulata) was at one time considered as a subspecies.[4]

DescriptionEdit

The little wattlebird is a medium to large honeyeater, but the smallest wattlebird.[5] The appearance is similar to the yellow wattlebird and the red wattlebird.[6] The little wattlebird lacks the wattles which characterise the wattlebirds.

Juveniles are duller with less streaking and have a browner eye.[5]

Distribution and habitatEdit

The little wattlebird is found in banksia/eucalypt woodlands, heathlands, tea-tree scrub, sandplain-heaths, lantana thickets, wild tobacco, parks and gardens.[6]

BehaviourEdit

 
Victoria, Australia

CallEdit

Calls include a strident cookay-cok, a raucous fetch the gun, a mellow guttural yekkop, yekkop and many squeaky, musical lilting notes. The alarm call is a kwock or shnairt!.[6]

BreedingEdit

 
Wattlebird feeding nestlings,
September 2002, NSW

Breeding takes place from June to December.[6] The female wattlebird generally constructs the nest,[5] a loose, untidy cup of twigs lined with shredded bark and placed from 1 to 10m high in the fork of a banksia, tea-tree or eucalypt sapling.[6] 1-2 eggs are laid and may be spotted red-brown, purplish red or salmon-pink in colour.[6] The female incubates the eggs alone.[5] Both sexes care for young chicks.[5]

FeedingEdit

 
Feeding on a flowering Corymbia ficifolia

Little wattlebirds feed on nectar obtained with a long, brush-tipped tongue, adapted for probing deep into flowers.[5] They also feed on insects, berries and some seeds.[5] Most feeding is done perched but some insects are caught in mid-air. Birds may feed alone or in groups.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Anthochaera chrysoptera". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ Latham, John (1801). Supplementum indicis ornithologici sive systematis ornithologiae (in Latin). London: Leigh & Sotheby. p. xxxiii.
  3. ^ a b Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Honeyeaters". World Bird List Version 5.4. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 26 December 2015.
  4. ^ Salomonsen, F. (1967). "Family Maliphagidae, Honeyeaters". In Paynter, R.A. Jnr. (ed.). Check-list of birds of the world (Volume 12). Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 446.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Birds in Backyards - Little Wattlebird
  6. ^ a b c d e f Pizzey, Graham; Knight, Frank (1997). Field Guide to the Birds of Australia. Sydney, Australia: HarperCollinsPublishers. p. 111. ISBN 0-207-18013-X.