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This is a listing of the major works of Louis Botinelly, a French sculptor born in Digne on 2 January 1883 and dying in Marseille on 26 March 1962. His father was a mason, originally from Tessin in Switzerland, who had a workshop in Digne before the family moved to Marseille when his father inherited a workshop there from his brother. Thanks to a bursary from the city of Marseille, Botinelly was able to stay in Italy for a period in 1902 and then study in Paris under Jules Coutan. He moved to Paris in 1906. In 1914 he was conscripted and joined the 7th Regiment of Engineers in Avignon. The huge demand for war memorials after 1918 meant that in the early 1920s he received many commissions for war memorial sculptures as evidenced in the listing below. In some records the sculptor's name is recorded as "Botinelli".

Contents

Public monuments and memorialsEdit

Name Location Date Notes
"Le Dresseur d'oursons" Marseille 1911 This bronze depiction of a "bear trainer" is located on Marseille's Esplanade de la Tourette, facing the Église Saint-Laurent. Botinelly started work on this composition in 1909 and actually hired a bear named "Nenette" to ensure a true representation of the animal. A plaster version of the composition was shown at the Paris Salon of 1911. A bronze version was shown subsequently in 1913; the sculptor had difficulty in raising funds to pay a foundry to carry out the casting until his young wife managed to pay the costs. Finally, in 1927 the bronze was purchased by the city of Marseille.

[1]

"Atlantes" see Atlas (architecture) Palais des arts du parc Chanot. Marseille 1922 For the "Exposition coloniale", an international fair held in Marseille in 1922, Botinelly was commissioned to add sculptural decoration to the " Palais de Marseille et des Arts de la Provence" building which was to become a museum devoted to "Vieux-Marseille" when the fair was over. He created two Atlantes to support the balcony of the building. A plaster model of one of these Atlantes was shown at the 1922 Paris Salon.

[2]

"Tête d'enfant" Musée des Beaux-Arts Marseille. 1923 A sculpture in white marble.

[3]

"Les Colonies d'Asie" and  "Les Colonies d'Afrique" La gare Saint-Charles de Marseille 1923 to 1924 This main railway station has a large flight of stairs designed by the architects Eugène Sénès and Léon Arnal and using reinforced concrete.  The competition for the designs of the stairway, intended to improve movement between the town centre and the railway station forecourt, was opened in 1911 but the 1914-1918 war delayed completion of the project until 1925.  The stairs run from the railway station to the Boulevard d'Athènes.  The area is the site of much sculptural work including a group of lions and children by Arry Bitter[4] and the works  "Marseille Colonie Grecque" and  "Marseille Porte d'Orient" by Auguste Carli.  There are also six small bronze groups representing the produce of Provence.  These are by Henri Raybaud and cover "les vendages", "les fruits", "la pêche", "les fleurs", "la moisson" and  "la chasse".  At the bottom of either side of the main stairs are two large sculptures by Botinelly. One, called "Colonies d'Asie" represents colonial Asia and the other, called "Colonies d'Afrique", represents colonial Africa.[5][6]
 
'Colonies d'Afrique' by Louis Botinelly along the main staircase of the Gare Saint-Charles
Monument to Louis Capazza and Alphonse Fondère Marseille 1930 On the 14 November 1886 Capazza and Fondère became the first men to cross the Mediterranean sea in a balloon travelling from Marseille to Appietto in Corsica.The architect Gaston Castel and the sculptor Botinelly were commissioned to create this ornate plaque in their honour. The commission came from the French Air Ministry, the "Conseil Général" of the Bouches du Rhône, the Aéro-club de France and the municipalities of Ajaccio, Bastia and Marseille. The inauguration took place on 16 November 1930, the unveiling performed by the aviators Dieudonné Costes and Maurice Bellonte.

[7]

Monument to Charles Rieu aka Charloun Rieu Les Baux-de-Provence 1930 This monument located on Les Baux-de-Provence's Esplanade du château commemorates the Provence farmer and poet. It stands on a rocky promontory facing the Baux plain.  At the back of the monument there is a bas-relief depicting the shepherds of Baux whilst at the front a bust of Rieu has further bas-reliefs on either side. That to the left of the bust is called "li proumieri viouleto" and depicts a young girl from Arles sniffing a bouquet of flowers and that to the right, called "li pastre di Baus" depicts a young shepherd standing at a church door holding a lamb in his arms.

[8]

 
Monument to Charloun Rieu
Bust of Frédéric Mistral Jardin botanique du Palais Longchamp. Marseille 1932 Mistral's bust sits on top of a pedestal which has a bas-relief depicting "Mireille" (Mirèio), Mistral's famous creation.

[9]

"Le Génie de la sculpture grecque" 14 rue Buffon. Marseille 1933 This bas-relief decorates Botinelly's old studio in the rue Buffon.

[10]

"La Loi et la Justice protégeant le Droit" Tribunal de Commerce Marseille 1933 This sculpture was carved from Senozan stone. The building is located in Marseille's rue Émile Pollack and the sculpture is located in the "Salon d'honneur". The designing architect was Gaston Castel.  In Botinelly's composition the figure of "le Droit" stands between two female allegories representing " la Loi" and "la Vérité".

[11]

Monument commemorating Alexander Ist of Yugoslavia and Louis Barthou Marseille 1938 This monument, carved from Lens stone, commemorates the assassination in Marseille of the Yugoslavian king and Bathou in 1934 and was given the name "Paix et Travail" by the designing architect Gaston Castel who used the services of the sculptors Antonio Sartorio, Elie-Jean Vézin and Botinelly. The inauguration took place in 1941. Two columns support a shield flanked by female allegories of Yugoslavia and France. The columns bear several bas-reliefs. The column on the right hand side has bas-reliefs by Élie-Jean Vézien which depict scenes associated with France whilst the left side column has Botinelly bas-reliefs depicting scenes from Yugoslavia. At the front of the monuments, medallions depicting the two victims are held by allegories by Sartorio representing "La Justice", "Le Droit", "La Liberté" et "Le Travail". The monument stands on the corner of the Rue de Rome and the Avenue Paul Peytral in Marseille's 6th arrondissement. The Musée d'histoire de la Ville de Marseille hold the design drawings and the plaster maquette which was shown at the agricultural section of the Paris Salon and won the gold prize.

[12][13][14]

"Méditerranée" Marseille. 1940 This composition can be seen in Marseille's Mairie.

[15]

"Labour en Provence" Present whereabouts not known. 1947 Botinelly was a regular exhibitor at the annual Paris Salon and this composition was his submission for the year 1947.

[16]

"Nul bien sans peine" L'île de Bendor near Bandol 1950 Paul Ricard purchased this island in 1950 and commissioned Botinelly to execute a statue paying homage to the sculptor Pierre Puget. Botinelly called his work "nul bien sans peine".

[17]

"La Mer et La Camargue" Marseille 1951 Intricate bas-reliefs surround the two entrances of a building in Marseille's Rue de la Loge.

[18]

"Le Docker" Bourse du travail Marseille 1936 The Labour Exchange at 23 boulevard Charles-Nédélec in the Saint-Charles district of Marseille sports two reliefs on its façade. "Le Docker" is by Botinelly and "Le conducteur de tracteur" is by Raymond Servian. The building was designed by the architect Eugène Sénès who was one of the designing architects for the great staircase by Marseille's railway station another project which used Botinelly's sculptural skills.

[19]

Monument to Auguste and Louis Lumière La Ciotat In the Boulevard Beau Rivage on the La Ciotat seafront is this monument dedicated to the memory of the Lumière brothers who played an important role in the history of film making.[20]

[21]

The tomb of Louis Henry Saint-Pierre cemetery. Marseille Botinelly executed a depiction of a grieving woman for the tomb of Henry who was killed in 1915 fighting at Souain in the Marne.

[22]

Works in cathedrals and churchesEdit

Name Location Date Notes
La cathédrale Sainte-Marie-Majeure (Marseille Cathedral) Marseille 1935 to 1937 Botinelly executed statues of the four apostles for the Cathedral.[23]
"Sainte Thérèse de l'Enfant Jésus et de la Sainte Face" Marseille. Église Saint-Vincent-de-Paul (known as the "Église des Réformés") 1931 and 1943 This 1931 work was carved from Brouzet stone. There is also a Botinelly statue of Christ in the church, this based on the Turin shroud image and on the church's forecourt is his 1943 statue of Joan of Arc. This statue stands on a pedestal decorated with four reliefs by Botinelly- "La Levée du siége d'Orléans", "Jeanne d'Arc et Charles VII", "Le Sacre de Charles VII" and "Le Martyre de Jeanne d'Arc". The statue was "blessed" on the 19 May 1943 by Monseigneur Delay, the Bishop of Marseille.[24]

[25][26][27]

"Pietà" Basilique du Sacré-Cœur de Marseille 1948 This work can be seen in the Basilique's chapelle de Notre-Dame de Pitié. When working as a student with Jules Coutan in Paris, Botinelly assisted Coutan with his work on the Sacré-Coeur Pietà in Montmartre. Botinelly also sculpted a Pietà for the Cathédrale Notre Dame de L'Assomption in Riez.

[28]

Statue du Sacré-Cœur Église_Saint-Philippe_de_Marseille This statue is in the church's transept. The church also has a Botinelly statue of St.Philippe.[29]
Saint Bruno Marseille. Église des Chartreux de Marseille (L’église Sainte-Marie-Madeleine des Chartreux) 1956 Statues of Mary Magdalene, St Bruno and St Anthony of Padua are located in this church.

[30][31]

L’Église Saint-Louis Marseille For this church Botinelly executed a bas-relief in Carrara marble depicting Sainte Fortunée.

[32]

Église Saint-Ferréol les Augustins Marseille 1947 Botinelly's sculpture located in a side chapel depicts Joan "listening to her voices".

[33]

War memorialsEdit

Name Location Date Notes
La Belle de Mai War memorial (monument aux morts) La Belle de Mai This memorial stands in the Place Bernard Cadenat of this Marseille suburb.

[34]

Moustiers-Sainte-Marie War memorial (monument aux morts) Moustiers-Sainte-Marie 1920 A helmeted woman stands on rocks. Next to her, a large rock bears the names of the dead.

[35]

Monument aux instituteurs bas-alpins morts pour la patrie  IUFM Iinstitut universitaire de formation des maitres  Digne-les-Bains 1920 This monument in marble is located in the courtyard of the institute's building in 15 avenue Joseph Reinach.  It comprises an obelisk with carvings of oak and olive leaves at the top. Two schoolchildren, a boy and a girl, stand before the obelisk and offer flowers in tribute to those men remembered; members of the institute who gave their lives in the 1914-1918 war.

[36][37]

Sisteron War memorial (monument aux morts) Sisteron 1921 A female allegory for France holds aloft an olive branch. She is enveloped in an unfurling flag. The inscription reads

Aux enfants de Sisteron morts pour la France guerre 1914-1918

The monument stands in front of Sisteron's Notre Dame cathedral (Cathédrale Notre Dame des Pommiers et Saint Thyrse) [38][39]

Digne-les-Bains War memorial (monument aux morts) Rond-point du Onze Novembre. Digne-les-Bains 1922 This memorial to the dead of the 1914-1918 war can be seen in the centre of a roundabout as one enters the town. Botinelly had been born in Digne-les-Bains. In his composition a female figure, an allegory for France, comforts a dying French soldier who lays across her lap whilst she proudly holds an unfurling French national flag and to underline the sense of victory a German eagle lies at her feet. The figure stands on a pedestal which has a bas-relief showing soldiers fighting at the front guided and protected by a winged "angel of victory".

[40]

Monument in honour of the French resistance. Aix-en-Provence This monument remembering the French resistance stands in Saint-Pierre cemetery. A figure of a member of the resistance stands in front of a memorial in the form of a wall which is inscribed with the names of those who fought and lay down their lives fighting the Nazi forces and two bas-reliefs showing them in action fighting in a local wood.

[41]

Riez War memorial (monument aux morts) Riez The memorial consists of an obelisk at the top of which are helmets and a garland of oak leaves. In front of the obelisk stands a woman, an allegory for France. She is reading the inscription on the obelisk and holds a sprig of laurel. The names of two important battles of the war, the Somme and Verdun, are inscribed on the upper part of the obelisk.

[42][43]

Valréas War memorial (monument aux morts) Valréas 1921 The memorial stands in Valréas' avenue Charles de Gaulle and consists of a statue and a small bas-relief. The inscription reads

Valréas à ses morts glorieux 1914, 1918

The limestone statue, an allegory for France, holds a draped flag and offers out a branch of laurel. [44] The bas-relief depicts soldiers carrying a wounded comrade on a stretcher. [45][46]

 
Valréas war memorial
Avignon War memorial ("Monument aux morts du jardin des Doms") Avignon 1924 This memorial is situated at the entry of the "jardin du rocher des Doms" by the Cathédrale Notre Dame des Doms. A 3-metre-high figure in Carrara marble, an allegory for "Souvenir" (remembrance), dominates the memorial which is completed by two bas-reliefs. One depicts a dead soldier being buried at the front by his comrades and another depicts "grief"; a woman kneels before a dead soldier. It was inaugurated at a ceremony on 11 November 1924 officiated by Edouard Daladier and François Albert.

[47]

 
Monument aux morts du jardin des Doms

Recommended readingEdit

"Louis Botinelly, sculpteur provençal : Catalogue raisonné" by Laurent Noet. Published in 2006 in Paris by Mare & Martin.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Le Dresseur d'oursons". Retrieved 7 May 2014.
  2. ^ "Atlantes". Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  3. ^ "Tête d'enfant". Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  4. ^ "Arry Bitter". Retrieved 28 April 2014.
  5. ^ Richard Dreiss, The Cathedral of the Winged Wheel and the Sugarbeet Station, BoD – Books on Demand, 2013, p. 59 [1]
  6. ^ "Gare Saint-Charles". Retrieved 28 April 2014.
  7. ^ "Capazza and Fondère". Retrieved 7 May 2014.
  8. ^ "Monument to Charles Rieu". Retrieved 11 May 2014.
  9. ^ "Mistral". Retrieved 7 May 2014.
  10. ^ "Le Génie de la sculpture grecque". Retrieved 11 May 2014.
  11. ^ "La Loi et la Justice protégeant le Droit". Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  12. ^ "Paix et Travail". Retrieved 11 May 2014.
  13. ^ "Paix et Travail 2". Archived from the original on 14 May 2014. Retrieved 11 May 2014.
  14. ^ "Paix et Travail 3". Retrieved 11 May 2014.
  15. ^ "Méditerranée". Retrieved 11 May 2014.
  16. ^ "Labour en Provence" (PDF). Retrieved 8 May 2014.
  17. ^ "nul bien sans peine". Retrieved 8 May 2014.
  18. ^ "La Mer et La Camargue". Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  19. ^ "Le Docker". Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  20. ^ "Lumière brothers". Retrieved 7 May 2014.
  21. ^ "Lumière brothers 2". Retrieved 7 May 2014.
  22. ^ "Saint-Pierre cemetery. Marseille". Retrieved 9 May 2014.
  23. ^ "Cathédrale de la Major". Retrieved 7 May 2014.
  24. ^ "Sainte Thérèse de l'Enfant Jésus et de la Sainte Face". Retrieved 6 May 2014.
  25. ^ "Christ". Retrieved 6 May 2014.
  26. ^ "Joan of Arc". Retrieved 6 May 2014.
  27. ^ "Joan of Arc 2". Retrieved 6 May 2014.
  28. ^ "Pietà". Retrieved 11 May 2014.
  29. ^ "Statue du Sacré-Cœur". Retrieved 8 May 2014.
  30. ^ "Église des Chartreux de Marseille". Retrieved 8 May 2014.
  31. ^ "Saint Bruno". Retrieved 6 May 2014.
  32. ^ "Sainte Fortunée". Retrieved 12 May 2014.
  33. ^ "Église Saint-Ferréol les Augustins". Retrieved 11 May 2014.
  34. ^ "La Belle de Mai". Retrieved 11 May 2014.
  35. ^ "Moustiers-Sainte-Marie". Retrieved 8 May 2014.
  36. ^ "Monument aux instituteurs bas-alpins morts pour la patrie". Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  37. ^ "Monument aux instituteurs bas-alpins morts pour la patrie 2". Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  38. ^ "Sisteron war memorial". Retrieved 6 May 2014.
  39. ^ "Sisteron war memorial 2". Retrieved 6 May 2014.
  40. ^ "Digne-les-Bains". Retrieved 5 May 2014.
  41. ^ "Aix-en-Provence-monument to the French resistance". Retrieved 6 May 2014.
  42. ^ "Riez war memorial". Retrieved 6 May 2014.
  43. ^ "Riez war memorial 2". Retrieved 6 May. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  44. ^ "Valréas war memorial". Retrieved 4 May 2014.
  45. ^ "Valréas war memorial 2". Retrieved 4 May 2014.
  46. ^ "Valréas war memorial 3". Retrieved 4 May 2014.
  47. ^ "Avignon war memorial". Retrieved 3 May 2014.