List of wars involving Russia

This is a list of wars involving the Russian Federation, by Russians, and predecessor states of Russia, from antiquity to the present day. It also includes wars fought outside Russia by Russian military.

Novgorodian and Kievan Rus'Edit

Date Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
907 Rus'–Byzantine War (907) Kievan Rus'   Byzantine Empire Victory[1]
920–1036 Rus'-Pechenegs' campaigns Kievan Rus' Pechenegs Different results. Eventually victory.
941 Rus'–Byzantine War (941) Kievan Rus'   Byzantine Empire Defeat
944/945 Rus'–Byzantine War (944/945) Kievan Rus'   Byzantine Empire Victory[2]
964–965 Sviatoslav's campaign against Khazars Kievan Rus' Khazar Khaganate Victory. Destruction of the Khazar Khaganate.
967/968–971 Sviatoslav's invasion of Bulgaria Kievan Rus'   Byzantine Empire Defeat
981 Vladimir the Great's campaign on Cherven Cities Kievan Rus'   Duchy of Poland Victory
985 Vladimir the Great's campaign against Volga Bulgaria Kievan Rus' Volga Bulgaria Military victory, then agreement.
987 Rus'–Byzantine War (987) Kievan Rus'   Byzantine Empire Military victory. Agreement. Baptism of Vladimir and further Christianization of Kievan Rus'.
1022 Yaroslav the Wise's attack on Brest Kievan Rus'   Duchy of Poland Defeat
1024 Rus'–Byzantine War (1024) Kievan Rus'   Byzantine Empire Defeat
1030 Yaroslav the Wise's campaign against Chud Kievan Rus' Chud Victory. Estonian tribes start pay tribute to Rus.
1030–1031 Yaroslav the Wise's campaign on Cherven Cities Kievan Rus'   Duchy of Poland Victory
1043 Rus'–Byzantine War (1043) Kievan Rus'   Byzantine Empire Defeat
1055–1223 Rus'-Cumans' campaigns Kievan Rus' Cumans Different results. Mostly victories.
1061 Sosols raid against Pskov Kievan Rus' Sosols Defeat. Yaroslav the Wise's conquests in Estonia are lost.
1147 Bolesław IV the Curly's raid on Old Prussians   Bolesław IV the Curly
Kievan Rus'
Old Prussians Bolesław IV the Curly's victory
1223–1240 Mongol invasion of Rus'
(see also List of Tatar and Mongol raids against Rus')
Vladimir-Suzdal
  Principality of Kiev
  Galicia-Volhynia
  Novgorod Republic
Smolensk
Turov and Pinsk
Rostov
Chernigov
Ryazan
Pereyaslavl
Mongol Empire Defeat. Principalities of the Russian State became vassals of the Mongol Empire.

Grand Principality of Moscow (1283–1547)Edit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Result
Lithuanian–Muscovite War (1368–72)   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Principality of Tver

Inconclusive
Muscovite–Volga Bulgars war (1376)   Grand Duchy of Moscow Volga Bulgaria Victory
Battle on Pyana River   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Golden Horde Defeat
Battle of the Vozha River   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Golden Horde Victory
Battle of Kulikovo   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Golden Horde Victory
Siege of Moscow (1382)   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Golden Horde Defeat
Ulugh Muhammad's Campaign (1438–1445)   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Khanate of Kazan Defeat
Qasim War (1467–1469)   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Khanate of Kazan Victory
  • Kazan releases all ethnic Christian Russians enslaved in the past four decades
Battle of Shelon (14 July 1471)   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Novgorod Republic Victory
Great stand on the Ugra river (8 October 1480)   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Golden Horde Victory
  • End of Mongol rule
Capture of Tver (1485) [ru]   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Principality of Tver Victory
  • End of the Principality of Tver
Siege of Kazan (1487)   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Khanate of Kazan Victory
First Muscovite-Lithuanian War (1492–1494)   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Grand Duchy of Lithuania Victory
Russo-Swedish War (1495–1497)   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Sweden Inconclusive
Second Muscovite-Lithuanian War (1500–1503)   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Grand Duchy of Lithuania

  Livonian Order

Victory
Russo-Kazan War (1505–1507)   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Khanate of Kazan Inconclusive
Third Muscovite-Lithuanian War (1507–1508)   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Grand Duchy of Lithuania

  Crimean Khanate

Inconclusive
Fourth Muscovite-Lithuanian War (1512–1522)   Grand Duchy of Moscow

  Livonian Order

  Grand Duchy of Lithuania

  Crimean Khanate

Victory
Fifth Muscovite-Lithuanian War (1534–1537)   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Grand Duchy of Lithuania

  Crimean Khanate

Indecisive

Tsardom of Russia (1547–1721)Edit

Conflict Russia (and its allies) Opponent(s) Result
Siege of Kazan (1552)
Location: Tatarstan
 
Qolsharif and his students defend their madrassa and the Qolsharif mosque
  Russia   Khanate of Kazan Victory
  • Annexation of Kazan into Russia
Tatar Rebellion (1552–1556)
Location: Tatarstan
  Russia Tatar rebels Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Ivan the Terrible's Swedish War (1554–1557)
Location: Karelia
  Russia   Sweden Inconclusive
Russian conquest of Astrakhan (1556)
Location: Astrakhan
  Russia Astrakhan Khanate Victory
Livonian War (1558–1583)
Location: Northern Europe
 
Russia troops besiege Narva in 1558
  Russia
Livonia
  Livonian Confederation
  Denmark–Norway
  Sweden
  Poland–Lithuania

(before 1569 the Polish–Lithuanian union)

Defeat
Astrakhan Expedition (1568–1570)
Location: Astrakhan and Azov
  Russia   Turkey

  Crimean Khanate

Victory
  • Treaty of Constantinople (1570)
Ivan the Terrible's Crimean War (1570–1572)
Location: European Russia
  Russia   Crimean Khanate Victory
  • The burning of Moscow by the Crimean Tatars in 1571
  • The defeat of the Crimean Tatars by the Russians at the Battle of Molodi in 1572
  • Preservation of independence of Russia and its conquests in the Volga region
Russian conquest of Siberia (1580–1762)
Location: Siberia
 
Yermak's Conquest of Siberia
  Russia Khanate of Sibir (until 1598)
Native Siberians
Victory
  • Start of Russian annexation of Siberia
Boris Godunov's Swedish War (1590–1595)
Location: Northern Europe
  Russia   Sweden Inconclusive
Polish invasions of Russia (1605–1618)
Location: Russia
 
The Poles surrender the Moscow Kremlin to Prince Pozharsky in 1612
  Russia
  Sweden (1609–1610)
  Poland–Lithuania Inconclusive
  • Russia preserve independence
  • Russia lost Smolensk
  • Vladislav Zhigimondovich remained a contender for the Russian throne
  • Truce of Deulino
Bolotnikov Rebellion (1606–1607)
Location: Russia
 
Bolotnikov's battle with the Tsar's army at Nizhniye Kotly near Moscow
  Russia Rebels under Ivan Bolotnikov Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Ingrian War (1610–1617)
Location: Russia
 
Depiction of Russian troops in 1611
  Russia   Sweden Defeat
Smolensk War (1632–1634)
Location: Smolensk
 
Russian troops storm Smolensk
  Russia   Poland–Lithuania Defeat
Alexis I's Persian War (1651–1653)
Location: North Caucasus
  Russia   Persia Defeat
Sino–Russian border conflicts (1652–1689)
Location: Heilongjiang and Amur
 
Russian fort under attack by Chinese troops
  Russia
Cossacks
  China
  Korea
Defeat
First Northern War (1654–1667)
Location: Eastern Europe
  Russia
  Cossack Hetmanate
  Poland–Lithuania

  Crimean Khanate

Victory
Second Northern War (1656–1658)
Location: Northern Europe
 
Russian troops besiege Riga in 1656
  Russia   Sweden Inconclusive
First Bashkir Rebellion (1662–1664)
Location: Bashkortostan
  Russia Bashkir rebels Inconclusive
Political defeat
  • Russian government forced to accept Bashkir demands
Razin's Rebellion (1670–1671)
Location: Russia
 
Razin's rebels in Astrakhan
  Russia Cossacks under Stepan Razin Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Feodor III's Turkish War (1676–1681)
Location: Ukraine
  Russia   Turkey

  Crimean Khanate

Indecisive[3]
Great Turkish War (1683–1700)
Location: Eastern Europe
 
Russian troops capture Azov
  Russia (from 1686)
  Austria
  Poland–Lithuania

  Cossack Hetmanate

  Turkey

  Crimean Khanate

Victory
Great Northern War (1700–1721)
Location: Europe
 
Russian troops assault the island fortress of Nöteborg

 
Russian troops capture Narva
  Russia
  Denmark–Norway
(1700, 1709–)
  Saxony
(1700–6, 1709–)
  Poland–Lithuania
(1700–4, 1709–)
  Cossack Hetmanate (1700–8)
  Prussia (1715–)
  Hanover (1715–)

  Great Britain (1717–19)

  Sweden
  Holstein-Gottorp
  Poland–Lithuania (1704–09)
  Turkey (1710–4)
  Cossack Hetmanate (1708–09)

  Great Britain (1700, 1719–21)

Victory

Victory against Sweden

Defeat against Turkey

Third Bashkir Rebellion (1704–1711)
Location: Bashkortostan and Tatarstan
  Russia Bashkir rebels Military victory
Political defeat
  • Russian government forced to accept some Bashkir demands
Bulavin Rebellion (1707–1708)
Location: Southern Russia
  Russia   Don Cossack rebels Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Peter the Great's Khivan War (1717)
Location: Khanate of Khiva
  Russia   Khanate of Khiva Defeat
Kazakh-Russian conflicts (1717–1847)
Location: Kazakhstan
  Russia

Bashkirs
Cossack rebels

  Kazakhstan
Kyrgyz tribes
  Khanate of Khiva
Victory

Russian Empire (1721–1917)Edit

Conflict Russia (and its allies) Opponent(s) Result
Persian Expedition of Peter the Great (1722–1723)
Location: Caucasus and northern Iran
  Russia
  Cossack Hetmanate
Armenia
Georgia
  Persia
  Turkey
Victory
War of the Polish Succession (1733–1738)
Location: Poland and Rhineland
 
Depiction of the Siege of Danzig by Russian and Saxon forces in 1734
  Poland under

  Augustus III of Poland
  Russia
  Austria
  Saxony
  Prussia

  Poland under

  Stanisław Leszczyński
  France
  Spain
  Sardinia

Indecisive
Russo–Austro–Turkish War (1735–1739)
Location: Eastern Europe
  Russia

  Austria

  Turkey Victory
Fourth Bashkir Rebellion (1735–1740)
Location: Bashkortostan
  Russia
  •   pro-Russian Bashkirs
Bashkir rebels Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
  • Establishment of Orenburg
War of the Austrian Succession (1740–1748)
Location: Europe
  Austria
  Britain
  Hanover

  Russia (1741–43, 1748)
  Dutch Republic
  Saxony (1743–45)
  Sardinia

  Prussia
(1740–42) (1744–45)
  Spain (1740–1746)
  France
  Bavaria (1741–45)
  Saxony (1741–42)
  Naples and Sicily
  Genoa

  Sweden (1741–43)

Inconclusive

Victory against Sweden

Seven Years' War (1756–1763)
Location: Europe
 
Russian troops in Kolberg in 1761
  France
  Austria
  Spain
  Sweden
  Russia (1756–1762)
  Saxony
  Prussia
  Britain
  Hanover
  Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
  Portugal
  Hesse-Kassel
  Schaumburg-Lippe

  Iroquois Confederacy

White peace
Koliyivshchyna Rebellion (1768–1769)
Location: Ukraine
 
Camp of Haidamakas
  Russia
  Poland–Lithuania
Haidamaky Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
War of the Bar Confederation (1768–1772)
Location: Poland
 
The Bar Confederates pray before the Battle of Lanckorona
  Russia   France

  Bar Confederation

Victory
Catherine the Great's First Turkish War (1768–1774)
Location: Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Mediterranean
 
Destruction of the Turkish fleet in the Battle of Chesma
  Russia   Turkey Victory
Pugachev's Rebellion (1773–1775)
Location: Russia
 
Russian Cossack troops march during the rebellion
  Russia Rebels under Yemelyan Pugachev
  Turkey
Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Catherine the Great's Second Turkish War (1787–1792)
Location: Eastern Europe
 
Russian troops storm the fortress of Ochakov
  Russia   Turkey Victory
Catherine the Great's Swedish War (1788–1790)
Location: Finland, western Sweden and Baltic Sea
 
Russian fleet during the Battle of Vyborg Bay
  Russia   Sweden Inconclusive
Catherine the Great's Polish War (1792)
Location: Poland
  Russia
Targowica Confederation
  Poland–Lithuania Victory
Kościuszko Uprising (1794)
Location: Poland
  Russia
  Prussia
  Poland–Lithuania Victory
Persian Expedition of Catherine the Great (1796)
Location: North Caucasus and South Caucasus
  Russia   Persia Withdrawal
War of the Second Coalition (1799–1802)
Location: Europe
 
Suvorov victorious at the Battle of Trebbia
  Austria
  Holy Roman Empire
  Britain
  Russia (until 1799)
  French Royalists
  Portugal
  Two Sicilies

  Turkey

  France
  Spain
  Denmark-Norway
  Polish Legions

French client states

Withdrawal (in 1799)
  • French victory in 1802
War of the Third Coalition (1803–1806)
Location: Europe
 
Capture of a French regiment's standard by the cavalry of the Russian Guards
  Austria
  Russia
  United Kingdom
  Sicily
  Naples
  Portugal
  Sweden
  France

French client states

Defeat
Alexander I's Persian War (1804–1813)
Location: North Caucasus, South Caucasus and northern Iran
 
Russian troops storm the fortress of Lankaran
  Russia   Persia Victory
War of the Fourth Coalition (1806–1807)
Location: Eastern and Central Europe
 
Russia troops clash with French troops at the Battle of Eylau
  Prussia
  United Kingdom
  Saxony
  Sweden
  Russia

  Sicily

  France

French client states

  Spain
Confederation of the Rhine
  Italy
  Naples

Polish Legions

Defeat
Alexander I's Turkish War (1806–1812)
Location: Romania, Moldova, Caucasus and Black Sea
 
Russian Fleet after the Battle of Athos
  Russia   Turkey Victory
Anglo-Russian War (1807–1812)
Location: Baltic Sea and Barents Sea
  Russia   United Kingdom Inconclusive
Finnish War (1808–1809)
Location: Finland and Sweden
  Russia   Sweden Victory
War of the Fifth Coalition (1809)
Location: Central Europe
  France
Confederation of the Rhine
  Italy
  Spain
  Warsaw
  Russia
  Austria
  United Kingdom
  Sicily
  Sardinia
Victory (limited involvement)
French invasion of Russia (1812)
Location: Russia
 
General Raevsky leading a detachment of the Russian Imperial Guard at the Battle of Saltanovka
  Russia   France

French client states

Victory
  • French invasion repelled
  • Destruction of Napoleon's Grand Army
War of the Sixth Coalition (1813–1814)
Location: Europe
 
Russian troops entering Paris in 1814
  Austria
  Prussia

  United Kingdom
  Sweden
  Russia
  Spain
  Portugal
  Sicily
  Sardinia

  France

French client states

Victory
War of the Seventh Coalition (1815)
Location: Europe
  Austria
  Prussia
  United Kingdom
  Russia
  Hanover

  Nassau
  Brunswick
  Sweden
  United Netherlands
  Spain
  Portugal
  Sardinia
  Sicily
  Tuscany
   Switzerland
  French Royalists

  France
  Naples
Victory
Caucasian War (1817–1864)
Location: Caucasus
 
Imam Shamil surrenders to Russian forces
  Russia
Mingrelia
  Guria
  Caucasian Imamate
  Circassia
  Big Kabarda (until 1825)
  Abkhazian insurgents
  Kazi-Kumukh
Dagestan free people
  Avaria (1829–1859)
  Svaneti
Victory
Decembrist revolt (1825)
Location: Saint Petersburg
 
Decembrists at the Senate Square
  Russia Decembrist rebels Victory
  • Crushing of the revolt
Nicholas I's Persian War (1826–1828)
Location: South Caucasus and northern Iran
 
Russian and Persian troops clash near Elisabethpol
  Russia   Persia Victory
Battle of Navarino
 
Russian squadron bombarding the Ottoman fleet
  United Kingdom
  France
  Russia
  Turkey Victory
Nicholas I's Turkish War (1828–1829)
Location: Balkans and Caucasus
 
Russian troops besiege Kars in 1828
  Russia   Turkey Victory
November uprising (1830–1831)
Location: Poland
 
Russian and Polish forces clash during the Battle of Ostrołęka
  Russia   Poland Victory
  • Crushing of the uprising
Second Turko–Egyptian War (1839–1841)
Location: Syria and Lebanon
  Britain
  Austria
  Russia
  Turkey
  Egypt
  France
  Spain
Victory
  • Egypt renounced its claim to Syria
Russian conquest of Central Asia (1839–1895)
Location: Central Asia
 
Russian troops cross the Oxus at Sheik Arik on 30 May 1873
  Russia   Kazakhstan
  Bukhara
  Khiva
  Kokand
Turkmen tribes
Kyrgyz tribes
  Afghanistan
Victory
  • Russian annexation of Central Asia
Gurian Rebellion (1841)
Location: Georgia
  Russia Gurian rebels Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Shoorcha rebellion (1842)
Location: Tatarstan and Ulyanovsk
  Russia Tatar, Mari and Chuvash peasants Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Hungarian Revolution of 1848 (1848–1849)
Location: Hungary
 
Hungarian troops surrender to the Russians at Világos
  Austria

  Russia

  Hungary

  Polish legions
  German legion
Viennese legion
  Italian legion

Victory
  • Crushing of the revolution
Crimean War (1853–1856)
Location: Crimea, Balkans, Caucasus, Black Sea, Baltic Sea, White Sea and Far East
 
Russian troops and French zouaves engaged in hand-to-hand combat at Malakhov Kurgan
  Russia   France
  Turkey
  Britain
  Sardinia
Defeat
Mahtra Rebellion (1858)
Location: Estonia
  Russia Estonian peasants Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Bezdna Revolt (1861)
Location: Tatarstan
  Russia Peasants Victory
  • Crushing of the revolt
January uprising (1863–1864)
Location: Poland
 
Russian troops in Warsaw during the uprising
  Russia   Polish, Lithuanian and Ukrainian insurgents Victory
  • Crushing of the uprising
Polish Rebellion in Siberia (1866)
Location: Siberia
  Russia Polish political exiles Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
Alexander II's Turkish War (1877–1878)
Location: Balkans and Caucasus
 
Russian crossing of the Danube in June 1877
  Russia
  Bulgarian volunteers
  Romania
  Serbia
  Montenegro
  Turkey Victory
Boxer Rebellion (1899–1901)
Location: China
 
Russian officers in Manchuria during the rebellion
Eight-Nation Alliance:

  Japan
  United Kingdom
  Russia
  France
  United States
  Germany
  Austria-Hungary
  Italy

  Yìhéquán
  China
Victory
Russo-Japanese War (1904–1905)
Location: Manchuria, Korean Peninsula and Yellow Sea
 
Russian cavalry in a reconnaissance mission during the Battle of Mukden
  Russia   Japan Defeat
Russian Revolution of 1905 (1905–1907)
Location: Russia
 
A barricade erected by revolutionaries in Moscow
  Russia   Revolutionaries Victory
  • Crushing of the revolution
Persian Constitutional Revolution (1905–1911)
Location: Iran
 
Russian flag over Arg of Tabriz
  Persia
  Russia (from 1906)
Iranian constitutionalists Victory
World War I (1914–1918)
Location: Europe and Asia
 
Russian troops going to the front

 
Attack of Russian cavalry

 
Russian trenches in the forests of Sarikamish
Allied Powers:

  France
  British Empire

  Russia
  United States
  Italy
  Serbia
  Montenegro
  Belgium
  Japan
  Romania
  Portugal
  Brazil
  Hejaz
  Greece
  Armenia
  Nejd and Hasa
  China
  Siam

Central Powers:

  Germany
  Austria-Hungary
  Turkey
  Bulgaria

Defeat[4][5][6]

Allied Victory (without Russia)

Central Asian Revolt (1916–1934)
Location: Central Asia
 
Soviet troops on Turkestan front in 1922
  Russian Empire (until 1917)
  Russian SFSR

  Soviet Union (from 1922)

  Basmachi

  Khiva
  Bukhara
  Afghanistan

Victory
  • Crushing of the revolt

Russian SFSR (1917–1922)Edit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results
Russian Civil War
(1917–1922)
  Russian SFSR
  Far Eastern Republic
  Mongolian Communists

  Makhnovshchina
  Left SR
  Green armies

  White Movement
  Mountain Republic
  Makhnovshchina
  Left SR
  Green armies

  British Empire
  Japan
  Czechoslovakia
  Greece
  United States
  France
  Serbia
  Romania
  Italy
  China


  Mongolia

Victory
Ukrainian War of Independence
(1917–1921)
  Russian SFSR
  Ukrainian SSR
  Makhnovshchina
  Ukrainian People's Republic

  West Ukrainian People's Republic
  German Empire (1918)
  Poland (1920–1921)


  Hetmanate of Ukraine

  White Movement
  German Empire (1917–1918)

  Romania (1918)

  Poland (1918–1919)

  France (1919)
  Greece (1919)

Victory
Kazakhstan Campaign
(1917–1920)
  Russian SFSR   Alash Autonomy
  White Movement
Victory
Finnish Civil War
(1918)
  Russian SFSR
  Red Guard
  White Guard
  Germany
Defeat
  • Independence of Finland
Latvian War of Independence
(1918–1920)
  Russian SFSR
  Latvian SSR
  Latvian Army
  Estonia
  Lieven
  Poland
  Lithuania

Supported by the Allied Powers


  VI Reserve Corps:

merged into the
  West Russian Volunteer Army in September 1919

Defeat
  • Independence of Latvia
Estonian War of Independence
(1918–1920)
  Russian SFSR
  Commune of Estonia
  Estonia
  Latvia
  United Kingdom
  White Movement
Finnish, Danish, and Swedish volunteers

  Baltische Landeswehr

Defeat
Lithuanian–Soviet War
(1918–1919)
  Russian SFSR
  LBSSR
  Republic of Lithuania
  Saxon Volunteers
Defeat
Georgian-Ossetian Conflict
(1918–1920)
  Russian SFSR
  Ossetian rebels
  Transcaucasian Federation
  Georgia
Defeat
Polish–Soviet War
(1919–1921)
  Russian SFSR
  Ukrainian SSR
  Poland
  Ukraine
Defeat
Turkish War of Independence
(1919–1923)
  Turkey
  Russian SFSR[7]
  Greece
  United Kingdom
  Armenia
Victory
Invasion of Azerbaijan
(1920)
  Russian SFSR
  Azerbaijan SSR
  Azerbaijan Victory
Red Army invasion of Armenia
(1920)
  Russian SFSR   Armenia Victory
Invasion of Georgia
(1921)
  Russian SFSR
  Armenian SSR
  Azerbaijan SSR
  Turkey
  Georgia Victory
East Karelian Uprising
(1921–1922)
  Russian SFSR   Forest Guerrillas
  Finnish volunteers
Victory
  • Crushing of the uprising

Soviet Union (1922–1991)Edit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results
August Uprising
(1924)
  Soviet Union   Damkom Victory
Tatarbunary Uprising
(1924)
  Soviet Union   Kingdom of Romania Defeat
  • Crushing of the Soviet-inspired rebellion
Urtatagai conflict   Soviet Union   Emirate of Afghanistan Peace treaty
  • Afghanistan forced to restrain Basmachi border raids
  • Urtatagai is captured, then ceded back to Afghanistan
Sino-Soviet conflict
(1929)
  Soviet Union   China Victory
  • Upholding of the provisions of 1924 agreement
Red Army intervention in Afghanistan (1929)
Part of the Afghan Civil War (1928–1929)
  Soviet Union
In support of:
  Amānullāh Khān
  Basmachi

  Saqqawists

Mixed
  • Reduction of Basmachi offensive capabilities
  • Failure to restore Amanullah Khan as king of Afghanistan
Red Army intervention in Afghanistan (1930)   Soviet Union   Basmachi Victory
Chechen uprising of 1932 [ru]   Soviet Union Chechen rebels Victory
  • Uprising suppressed
Soviet–Japanese border conflicts
(1932–1941)
  Soviet Union
  Mongolia
  Japan
  Manchukuo
Victory
Islamic Rebellion in Xinjiang
(1937)
  Xinjiang
  Soviet Union
  White Movement
  China Victory
  • Establishment of the rule of Sheng Shica's regime over the whole territory of Xinjiang province
Spanish Civil War
(1937–1939)
  Republicans
Supported by:
  Soviet Union
  Mexico
  Nationalists
  Germany
  Italy
Defeat
Invasion of Poland
(1939) (Part of World War II)
  Germany
  Soviet Union
  Slovak Republic
  Poland Victory
Winter War
(1939–1940) (Part of World War II)
  Soviet Union   Finland Victory
Occupation of the Baltic states
(1940) (Part of World War II)
  Soviet Union   Estonia
  Latvia
  Lithuania
Victory
Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina
(1940) (Part of World War II)
  Soviet Union   Romania Victory
World War II
(1941–1945)
Allied Powers:

  Soviet Union
  United States
  United Kingdom
  China
  France
  Poland
  Canada
  Australia
  New Zealand
  India
  South Africa
  Yugoslavia
  Greece
  Denmark
  Norway
  Netherlands
  Belgium
  Luxembourg
  Czechoslovakia
  Brazil
  Mexico

Axis Powers:

  Germany
  Japan
  Italy
  Hungary
  Romania
  Bulgaria
  Slovakia
  Croatia
  Finland
  Thailand
  Manchukuo
  Mengjiang

Victory
Guerrilla war in the Baltic states
(1944–1956)
  Soviet Union   Estonia
  Latvia
  Lithuania
Victory
  • Defeat of national partisans
Guerrilla war in Ukraine
1944-1953 (Part of World War II from 1944-1945)
  Soviet Union Ukrainian Insurgent Army Victory
  • Defeat of national partisans
Soviet–Japanese War
(1945) (Part of World War II)
  Soviet Union
  Mongolia
  Japan
  Manchukuo
Victory
First Indochina War
(1946–1954)
  Việt Minh
  Pathet Lao
  Khmer Issarak
Supported by:
  Soviet Union
  France
 •   French Indochina
  Vietnam (1949–1954)
  Cambodia (1953–1954)
  Laos (1953–1954)
Victory
Korean War
(1950–1953)
  North Korea
  China
  Soviet Union
  United Nations
  South Korea
  United States
  United Kingdom
  Australia
  Belgium
  Canada
  France
  Philippines
  Colombia
  Ethiopia
  Greece
  Luxembourg
  Netherlands
  New Zealand
  South Africa
  Thailand
  Turkey
Ceasefire (limited involvement)
  • Establishment of the Korean DMZ
  • Minor territorial changes
Vietnam War
(1955–1975)
  North Vietnam
  Viet Cong and PRG
  Pathet Lao
  GRUNK (1970–1975)
  Khmer Rouge
  China
  Soviet Union
  North Korea
  South Vietnam
  United States
  South Korea
  Australia
  New Zealand
  Laos
  Cambodia (1967–1970)
  Khmer Republic (1970–1975)
  Thailand
  Philippines
Victory
East German Uprising
(1953)
  Soviet Union
  East Germany
  East German demonstrators Victory
  • Uprising suppressed
Hungarian Revolution
(1956)
  Soviet Union
  ÁVH
  Revolutionaries Victory
  • Crushing of the revolution
Invasion of Czechoslovakia
(1968)
  Soviet Union
  Bulgaria
  East Germany
  Hungary
  Poland
  Czechoslovakia Victory
Zhenbao Island Incident
(1969)
  Soviet Union   China Status quo ante bellum
Strategic Victory[8]
War of Attrition
(1969–1970)
  Egypt
  Soviet Union
  Israel Inconclusive
  • Both sides claimed victory
  • Continuation of Israeli occupation of Sinai
Eritrean War of Independence
(1974–1991)
  Ethiopia
  Cuba (until 1989)
  Soviet Union (until 1990)
  South Yemen
  ELF
  EPLF
Withdrawal (limited involvement)
  • Independence of Eritrea after the fall of the communist government in Ethiopia
Angolan Civil War
(1975–1991)
  MPLA
  Cuba
  Soviet Union
  SWAPO
  MK
  South Africa
  UNITA
  FNLA
  FLEC
Stalemate (limited involvement)
Ethio-Somali War
(1977–1978)
  Ethiopia
  Cuba
  South Yemen
  Soviet Union
  Somalia
  WSLF
Victory
Soviet–Afghan War
(1979–1989)
  Soviet Union
  Afghanistan
  Afghan Mujahideen Defeat[10]

Russian Federation (1991–present)Edit

Conflict Russia (and its allies) Opponent(s) Result
Georgian Civil War (1991–1993)

Location: Georgia

  Georgia
  Russia
  Zviadists Victory
  • Zviadist revolt crushed
War in Abkhazia (1991–1993)

Location: Abkhazia

  Russia
  Abkhazia
  Georgia Victory
  • Abkhazia gained de facto independence
Transnistria War (1992)

Location: Transnistria

 
PMR trucks on the bridge between Tiraspol and Bendery
  Transnistria
  Russia
  Moldova Victory
  • Transnistria gained de facto independence
East Prigorodny Conflict (1992)

Location: North Ossetia-Alania

  Russia
  North Ossetia-Alania[11]
  Ingush militia Victory
Tajikistani Civil War (1992–1997)

Location: Tajikistan

 
Russian Spetsnaz troops dismount an APC during the war
  Tajikistan
  Russia
  Uzbekistan
  Kazakhstan
  Kyrgyzstan
  Turkmenistan
  China
  India
  UNMOT
  United Tajik Opposition
  Taliban factions
Victory
First Chechen War (1994–1996)

Location: Chechnya

 
A Chechen militiaman takes cover behind a burned-out Russian BMP-2 armoured vehicle
  Russia
  •   Chechen Opposition
  Ichkeria
  Mujahideen
Defeat[12]
War of Dagestan (1999)

Location: Dagestan

 
Russian federal Spetsnaz forces in Dagestan
  Russia   IIPB Victory
Second Chechen War (1999–2009)

Location: Chechnya

 
A farewell ceremony for the 331st Airborne Regiment of the 98th Airborne Division withdrawn from Chechnya
  Russia   Ichkeria
  Caucasian Front
  Mujahideen
Victory
Russo-Georgian War (2008)

Location: Georgia, South Ossetia and Abkhazia

 
Russian BMP-2 from the 58th Army in South Ossetia
  Russia
  South Ossetia
  Abkhazia
  Georgia Victory
Insurgency in the North Caucasus (2009–2017)

Location: North Caucasus

 
FSB Spetsnaz members during an anti-terrorist operation in Makhachkala, Dagestan
  Russia   Caucasus Emirate
  ISIL (from 2015)
Victory
  • Defeat of Islamists
Russian military intervention in Ukraine (2014–present)

Location: Ukraine (incl. Crimea)

 
Russian unidentified special forces peacefully take control of a Ukrainian military garrison in Crimea
 
Donetsk People's Republic militiamen checking with civilians in a cellar during the Battle of Ilovaisk (2014)
 
DPR elite Republican Guard troops during the 2018 Victory Day parade in Donetsk
  Russia   Ukraine Ongoing
Russian military intervention in the Syrian Civil War (2015–present)

Location: Syria

 
Two Tupolev Tu-22M3s bombing ISIL command posts and weapon warehouses in the Deir ez-Zor area, 2017
 
Sukhoi Su-30 pilot talking to a Russian Air Force technician in the Khmeimim Air Base
  Russia
  Syria
  Iran
  Hezbollah
  ISIL
  Ahrar al-Sham
  Tahrir al-Sham
  Syrian Opposition
Ongoing[13][circular reference]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Janet Martin. Treasure of the Land of Darkness: The Fur Trade and Its Significance for Medieval Russia. Cambridge University Press, 2004. P. 115
  2. ^ Vilhelm Ludvig Peter Thomsen. The Relations Between Ancient Russia and Scandinavia, and the Origin of the Russian State. Cambridge University Press. 2010. P. 25
  3. ^ David R. Stone, A Military History of Russia: From Ivan the Terrible to the War in Chechnya, (Greenwood Publishing, 2006), 41.
  4. ^ Legvold, Robert (2007). Russian Foreign Policy in the Twenty-First Century and the Shadow of the Past. Columbia University Press. p. 209. ISBN 9780231512176.
  5. ^ Mayayo i Artal, Andreu; Pellegrini, Alberto; Segura i Mas, Antoni (2019). Centenary of the Russian Revolution (1917-2017). Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 38. ISBN 9781527524651.
  6. ^ Cecil, Hugh; Liddle, Peter (1998). At the Eleventh Hour: Reflections, Hopes and Anxieties at the Closing of the Great War, 1918. Pen and Sword Books. p. 321. ISBN 9781783839926.
  7. ^ Jelavich, Barbara (1983). History of the Balkans: Twentieth century. Cambridge University Press. p. 131. ISBN 978-0-521-27459-3.
  8. ^ a b c "Exploring Chinese History :: Politics :: Conflict and War :: Soviet Aggression". Retrieved 26 December 2016.
  9. ^ Kuisong p.29
  10. ^ "Soviet Defeat in Afghanistan". GlobalSecurity.org.
  11. ^ "9. Вооруженные формирования в зоне конфликта". Retrieved 26 December 2016.
  12. ^ "Why the Russian Military Failed in Chechnya". Foreign Military Studies Office. Archived from the original on 15 October 2006. Retrieved 3 April 2016.
  13. ^ Syrian Civil War
  14. ^ Quinn, Rob (12 December 2017). "Putin Announces Russian Withdrawal From Syria". Newser.com. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  15. ^ "Assad and Putin Meet, as Russia Pushes to End Syrian War". New York Times. 21 November 2017.
  16. ^ "How Russian special forces are shaping the fight in Syria". Washington Post. 29 March 2016.
  17. ^ "Syrian Expands Territorial Control Fourfold in Two Years With Russian Help". Sputnik News.