List of wars involving Russia

This is a list of wars and armed conflicts in and involving Russia in chronological order, from the 9th to the 21st century.

Russian troops took part in a large number of wars and armed clashes in various parts of the world. Starting from the princely squads, opposing the raids of nomads, and fighting for the expansion of the territory of the Old Russian state, through the period of significant territorial growth of Russia in the 15th-20th centuries, marked by wars of conquest in Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, the Volga region, Siberia, Central Asia and the Far East, to the world wars of the 20th century and today.

The list includes:

  • external wars
  • foreign intervention in domestic conflicts
  • anti-colonial uprisings of the peoples conquered during the Russian expansion
  • princely feuds
  • peasant uprisings

Legends of results:

  Victory
  Defeat
  Another result (e.g. a treaty or peace without a clear result, status quo ante bellum, result of civil or internal conflict, result unknown or indecisive)
  Ongoing conflict

Novgorodian and Kievan Rus'

Date Conflict Location Russia (and its allies) Opponent(s) Result
907 Rus'–Byzantine War (907) Kievan Rus'   Byzantine Empire Victory[1]
920–1036 Rus'-Pechenegs' campaigns Kievan Rus' Pechenegs Different results, Eventually victory.
941 Rus'–Byzantine War (941) Kievan Rus'   Byzantine Empire Defeat
944/945 Rus'-Byzantine War (944/945) Kievan Rus'   Byzantine Empire Victory[2]
964–965 Sviatoslav's campaign against Khazars Kievan Rus' Khazar Khaganate Victory
  • Destruction of the Khazar Khaganate.
967/968–971 Sviatoslav's invasion of Bulgaria Kievan Rus'   Byzantine Empire Defeat
981 Vladimir the Great's campaign on Cherven Cities Kievan Rus'   Duchy of Poland Victory
985 Vladimir the Great's campaign against Volga Bulgaria Kievan Rus' Volga Bulgaria Military victory, then agreement.
987 Rus'-Byzantine War (987) Kievan Rus'   Byzantine Empire Military victory and agreement.
  • Baptism of Vladimir and further Christianization of Kievan Rus'
1022 Yaroslav the Wise's attack on Brest Kievan Rus'   Duchy of Poland Defeat
1024 Rus'–Byzantine War (1024) Kievan Rus'   Byzantine Empire Defeat
1030 Yaroslav the Wise's campaign against Chud Kievan Rus' Chud Victory
  • Estonian tribes start pay tribute to Rus
1030–1031 Yaroslav the Wise's campaign on Cherven Cities Kievan Rus'   Duchy of Poland Victory
1042-1228 Finnish–Novgorodian wars Kievan Rus' (until 1136) Baltic Finnic peoples of Fennoscandia (Yem people) Mostly Victory
1043 Rus'–Byzantine War (1043) Kievan Rus'   Byzantine Empire Defeat
1055–1223 Rus'-Cumans' campaigns Kievan Rus' Cumans Different results, Mostly victories
1061 Sosols raid against Pskov Kievan Rus' Sosols Defeat. Yaroslav the Wise's conquests in Estonia are lost.
1132-1445 Swedish–Novgorodian Wars Kievan Rus' (until 1136)   Kingdom of Sweden

  Kingdom of Norway (from 1319)

Stalemate after Black Death
1147 Bolesław IV the Curly's raid on Old Prussians   Bolesław IV the Curly
Kievan Rus'
Old Prussians Victory
1203-1234 Campaigns of Russian princes against the Order of the Sword (see also Livonian Crusade) Kievan Rus'

  Novgorod Republic

  Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Baltic peoples

Baltic Finnic peoples

  Livonian Brothers of the Sword Defeat
  • The capture by the crusaders of the Baltic lands up to the borders of Russia and Lithuania
1223–1240 Mongol invasion of Rus'(see also List of Tatar and Mongol raids against Rus') Vladimir-Suzdal
 Principality of Kiev
  Galicia-Volhynia
  Novgorod Republic
Smolensk
Turov and Pinsk
Rostov
Chernigov
Ryazan
Pereyaslavl
  Mongol Empire Decisive defeat
  • Principalities of the Russian State became vassals of the Mongol Empire
1240-1242 Livonian campaign against Rus' (see also Northern Crusades) Kievan Rus'

  Novgorod Republic

 Teutonic Order

  Kingdom of Sweden

  Kingdom of Denmark

Victory:
  • Defeat of the Germans, peace with Prince Alexander Nevsky, waive of claims of Northern Russia.
1268 Battle of Wesenberg   Novgorod Republic

  Vladimir-Suzdal

Pskov Republic

  Kingdom of Denmark

 Teutonic Order

Both sides claimed victory

Grand Duchy of Moscow (1263–1547)

Date Conflict Location Russia (and its allies) Opponent(s) Result
1368–1372 Lithuanian-Muscovite War   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Grand Duchy of Lithuania

Principality of Tver

Inconclusive
1376 Muscovite-Volga Bulgars war   Grand Duchy of Moscow Volga Bulgaria Victory
Battle on Pyana River   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Golden Horde Defeat
Battle of the Vozha River   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Golden Horde Victory
Battle of Kulikovo   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Golden Horde Victory
1382 Siege of Moscow   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Golden Horde Defeat
1438–1445 Ulugh Muhammad's Campaign   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Khanate of Kazan Defeat
1467–1469 Qasim War   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Khanate of Kazan Victory
  • Kazan releases all ethnic Christian Russians enslaved in the past four decades
1471 Battle of Shelon   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Novgorod Republic Victory
1480 Great stand on the Ugra river   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Golden Horde Victory
  • End of Mongol rule
Capture of Tver (1485) [ru]   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Principality of Tver Victory
  • End of the Principality of Tver
1478 Siege of Kazan   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Khanate of Kazan Victory
1492–1494 First Muscovite-Lithuanian War   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Grand Duchy of Lithuania Victory
1495–1497 Russo-Swedish War   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Sweden Inconclusive
1500–1503 Second Muscovite-Lithuanian War   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Grand Duchy of Lithuania
  Livonian Order
Victory
1505–1507 Russo-Kazan War   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Khanate of Kazan Inconclusive
1507–1508 Third Muscovite-Lithuanian War   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Grand Duchy of Lithuania
  Crimean Khanate
Inconclusive
1512–1522 Fourth Muscovite-Lithuanian War   Grand Duchy of Moscow
  Livonian Order
  Grand Duchy of Lithuania Victory
1534–1537 Fifth Muscovite-Lithuanian War   Grand Duchy of Moscow   Grand Duchy of Lithuania Indecisive

Tsardom of Russia (1547–1721)

Date Conflict Location Russia (and its allies) Opponent(s) Result
1552 Siege of Kazan
 
Ivan IV enters the defeated Kazan
Tatarstan   Russia   Khanate of Kazan Victory
  • Annexation of Kazan into Russia
1552–1556 Tatar Rebellion Tatarstan   Russia Tatar rebels Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
1554–1557 Ivan the Terrible's Swedish War Karelia   Russia   Sweden Inconclusive
1556 Russian conquest of Astrakhan Astrakhan   Russia Astrakhan Khanate Victory
1558–1583 Livonian War
 
Russia troops besiege Narva in 1558
Northern Europe   Russia
Livonia
  Livonian Confederation
  Denmark–Norway
  Sweden
  Poland-Lithuania
(before 1569 the Polish–Lithuanian union)
Defeat
1568–1570 Astrakhan Expedition Astrakhan and Azov   Russia   Turkey
  Crimean Khanate
Victory
  • Treaty of Constantinople (1570)
1570–1572 Ivan the Terrible's Crimean War European Russia   Russia   Crimean Khanate Victory
  • The burning of Moscow by the Crimean Tatars in 1571
  • The defeat of the Crimean Tatars by the Russians at the Battle of Molodi in 1572
  • Preservation of independence of Russia and its conquests in the Volga region
1580–1762 Russian conquest of Siberia
 
Yermak’s Conquest of Siberia
Siberia   Russia Khanate of Sibir (until 1598)

Native Siberians

Victory
  • Start of Russian annexation of Siberia
1590–1595 Boris Godunov's Swedish War Northern Europe   Russia   Sweden Inconclusive
1605–1618 Polish invasions of Russia
 
The Poles surrender the Moscow Kremlin to Prince Pozharsky in 1612
Russia   Russia

  Sweden (1609–1610)

  Poland-Lithuania Inconclusive
  • Russia preserve independence
  • Russia lost Smolensk
  • Vladislav Zhigimondovich remained a contender for the Russian throne
  • Truce of Deulino
1606–1607 Bolotnikov Rebellion
 
Bolotnikov’s battle with the Tsar’s army at Nizhniye Kotly near Moscow
Russia   Russia Rebels under Ivan Bolotnikov Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
1610–1617 Ingrian War
 
Depiction of Russian troops in 1611
Russia   Russia   Sweden Defeat
1632–1634 Smolensk War
 
Russian troops storm Smolensk
Smolensk   Russia   Poland-Lithuania Defeat
1651–1653 Alexis I's Persian War North Caucasus   Russia   Persia Defeat
1652–1689 Sino–Russian border conflicts
 
Russian fort under attack by Chinese troops
Heilongjiang and Amur   Russia

Cossacks

  China

  Korea

Defeat
1654–1667 First Northern War Eastern Europe   Russia

  Cossack Hetmanate

  Poland-Lithuania

  Crimean Khanate

Victory
1656–1658 Second Northern War
 
Russian troops besiege Riga in 1656
Northern Europe   Russia   Sweden Inconclusive
1662–1664 First Bashkir Rebellion Bashkortostan   Russia Bashkir rebels Inconclusive, Political defeat
  • Russian government forced to accept Bashkir demands
1670–1671 Razin's Rebellion
 
Razin's rebels in Astrakhan
Russia   Russia Cossacks under Stepan Razin Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
1676–1681 Feodor III's Turkish War Ukraine   Russia   Turkey

  Crimean Khanate

Indecisive[3]
1683–1700 Great Turkish War
 
Russian troops capture Azov
Eastern Europe   Russia (from 1686)
  Austria
  Poland-Lithuania
  Cossack Hetmanate
  Turkey
  Crimean Khanate
Victory
1700–1721 Great Northern War
 
Russian troops assault the island fortress of Nöteborg
 
Russian troops capture Narva
Europe   Russia
  Denmark–Norway
(1700, 1709-)
  Saxony
(1700–6, 1709-)
  Poland-Lithuania
(1700–4, 1709-)
  Cossack Hetmanate (1700–8)
  Prussia (1715-)
  Hanover (1715-)
  Great Britain (1717–19)
  Sweden
  Holstein-Gottorp
  Poland-Lithuania (1704–09)
  Turkey (1710–14)
  Cossack Hetmanate (1708–09)
  Great Britain (1700, 1719–21)
Victory

Victory against Sweden

1704–1711 Third Bashkir Rebellion Bashkortostan and Tatarstan   Russia Bashkir rebels Military victory, Political defeat
  • Russian government forced to accept some Bashkir demands
1707–1708 Bulavin Rebellion Southern Russia   Russia   Don Cossack rebels Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
1717 Peter the Great's Khivan War Khanate of Khiva   Russia   Khanate of Khiva Defeat
1717–1847 Kazakh-Russian conflicts Kazakhstan   Russia
Bashkirs
Cossack rebels
  Kazakhstan

Kyrgyz tribes

  Khanate of Khiva

Victory

Russian Empire (1721–1917)

Date Conflict Location Russia (and its allies) Opponent(s) Result
1722–1723 Persian Expedition of Peter the Great Caucasus and northern Iran   Russia
  Cossack Hetmanate
Armenia
Georgia
  Persia Victory
1733–1738 War of the Polish Succession Rhineland
 
Depiction of the Siege of Danzig by Russian and Saxon forces in 1734
Poland   Poland under   Augustus III of Poland
  Russia
  Austria
  Saxony
  Prussia
  Poland under   Stanisław Leszczyński
  France
  Spain
  Sardinia
Indecisive
1735–1739 Russo-Austro-Turkish War Eastern Europe   Russia   Turkey Victory
1735–1740 Fourth Bashkir Rebellion Bashkortostan   Russia
  •   pro-Russian Bashkirs
Bashkir rebels Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
  • Establishment of Orenburg
1740–1748 War of the Austrian Succession Europe   Austria
  Britain
  Hanover
  Russia (1741–43, 1748)
  Dutch Republic
  Saxony (1743–45)
  Sardinia
  Prussia (1740–42, 1744–45)
  Spain (1740–1746)
  France
  Bavaria (1741–45)
  Saxony (1741–42)
  Naples and Sicily
  Genoa
  Sweden (1741–43)
Inconclusive
1756–1763 Seven Years' War
 
Russian troops in Berlin in 1760
Europe   France
  Austria
  Spain
  Sweden
  Russia (1756–1762)
  Saxony
  Prussia
  Britain
  Hanover
  Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
  Portugal
  Hesse-Kassel
  Schaumburg-Lippe
Iroquois Confederacy
White peace
1768–1769 Koliivshchyna Rebellion
 
Camp of Haidamakas
Ukraine   Russia

  Poland-Lithuania

Haidamaky Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
1768–1772 War of the Bar Confederation
 
Krakow capitulates to Suvorov
Poland   Russia   France
  Bar Confederation
Victory
1768–1774 Catherine the Great's First Turkish War
 
Destruction of the Turkish fleet in the Battle of Chesma
Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Mediterranean   Russia   Turkey Victory
1773–1775 Pugachev's Rebellion
 
Russian Cossack troops march during the rebellion
Russia   Russia Rebels under Yemelyan Pugachev
  Turkey
Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
1787–1792 Catherine the Great's Second Turkish War
 
Russian troops storm the fortress of Ochakov
Eastern Europe   Russia   Turkey Victory
1788–1790 Catherine the Great's Swedish War
 
Russian fleet during the Battle of Vyborg Bay
Finland, western Sweden and Baltic Sea   Russia   Sweden Inconclusive
1792 Catherine the Great's Polish War Poland   Russia

Targowica Confederation

  Poland-Lithuania Victory
1794 Kościuszko Uprising Poland   Russia
  Prussia
  Poland-Lithuania Victory
1796 Persian Expedition of Catherine the Great North Caucasus and South Caucasus   Russia   Persia Withdrawal
1799–1802 War of the Second Coalition
 
Suvorov victorious at the Battle of Trebbia (1799)
Europe   Austria
  Holy Roman Empire
  Britain
  Russia (until 1799)
  French Royalists
  Portugal
  Two Sicilies
  Turkey
  France
  Spain
  Denmark-Norway
  Polish Legions
French client states
Withdrawal (in 1799)
  • French victory in 1802
1803–1806 War of the Third Coalition
 
Capture of a French regiment’s standard by the cavalry of the Russian Guards
Europe   Austria
  Russia
  United Kingdom
  Sicily
  Naples
  Portugal
  Sweden
  France
French client states
Defeat
1804–1813 Alexander I's Persian War
 
Russian troops storm the fortress of Lankaran
North Caucasus, South Caucasus and northern Iran   Russia   Persia Victory
1806–1807 War of the Fourth Coalition
 
Russia troops clash with French troops at the Battle of Eylau
Eastern and Central Europe   Prussia
  United Kingdom
  Saxony
  Sweden
  Russia
  Sicily
  France
French client states
  Spain
Confederation of the Rhine
  Italy
  Naples
Polish Legions
Defeat
1806–1812 Alexander I's Turkish War
 
Russian Fleet after the Battle of Athos
Romania, Moldova, Caucasus and Black Sea   Russia   Turkey Victory
1807–1812 Anglo-Russian War Baltic Sea and Barents Sea   Russia   United Kingdom Inconclusive
1808–1809 Finnish War
 
Russian troops cross the Gulf of Bothnia on ice
Finland and Sweden   Russia   Sweden Victory
1809 War of the Fifth Coalition Central Europe   France Confederation of the Rhine
  Italy
  Spain
  Warsaw
  Russia
  Austria
  United Kingdom
  Sicily
  Sardinia
Victory (limited involvement)
1812 French invasion of Russia
 
General Raevsky leading a detachment of the Russian Imperial Guard at the Battle of Saltanovka
Russia   Russia   France
French client states
Victory
  • French invasion repelled
  • Destruction of Napoleon's Grand Army
1813–1814 War of the Sixth Coalition
 
Russian troops entering Paris in 1814
Europe   Austria
  Prussia
  United Kingdom
  Sweden
  Russia
  Spain
  Portugal
  Sicily
  Sardinia
  France

French client states

Victory
1815 War of the Seventh Coalition Europe   Austria
  Prussia
  United Kingdom
  Russia
  Hanover
  Nassau
  Brunswick
  Sweden
  United Netherlands
  Spain
  Portugal
  Sardinia
  Sicily
  Tuscany
   Switzerland
  French Royalists
  France
  Naples
Victory
1817–1864 Caucasian War
 
Imam Shamil surrenders to Russian forces
Caucasus   Russia
Mingrelia
  Guria
  Caucasian Imamate
  Circassia
  Big Kabarda (until 1825)
  Abkhazian insurgents
  Kazi-Kumukh
Dagestan free people
  Avaria (1829–1859)
  Svaneti
Victory
1825 Decembrist revolt
 
Decembrists at the Senate Square
Saint Petersburg   Russia Decembrist rebels Victory
  • Crushing of the revolt
1826–1828 Nicholas I's Persian War
 
Russian and Persian troops clash near Elisabethpol
South Caucasus and northern Iran   Russia   Persia Victory
1827 Battle of Navarino Greece   United Kingdom
  France

  Russia

  Turkey Victory
1828–1829 Nicholas I's Turkish War
 
Russian troops besiege Kars in 1828
Balkans and Caucasus   Russia   Turkey Victory
1830–1831 November uprising
 
Russian and Polish forces clash during the Battle of Ostrołęka
Poland   Russia   Poland Victory
  • Crushing of the uprising
1839–1841 Second Turko-Egyptian War Syria and Lebanon   Britain
  Austria
  Russia
  Turkey
  Egypt
  France
  Spain
Victory
  • Egypt renounced its claim to Syria
1839–1895 Russian conquest of Central Asia
 
Russian troops entering Samarkand in 1868
Central Asia   Russia   Kazakhstan
  Bukhara
  Khiva
  Kokand
Turkmen tribes
Kyrgyz tribes
  Afghanistan
Victory
  • Russian annexation of Central Asia
1841 Gurian Rebellion Georgia   Russia Gurian rebels Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
1842 Shoorcha rebellion Tatarstan and Ulyanovsk   Russia Tatar, Mari and Chuvash peasants Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
1848–1849 Hungarian Revolution of 1848
 
Hungarian troops surrender to the Russians at Világos
Hungary   Austria   Hungary Victory
  • Crushing of the revolution
1853–1856 Crimean War
 
Russian troops and French zouaves engaged in hand-to-hand combat at Malakhov Kurgan
Crimea, Balkans, Caucasus, Black Sea, Baltic Sea, White Sea and Far East   Russia   France
  Turkey
  Britain
  Sardinia
Defeat
1858 Mahtra Rebellion Estonia   Russia Estonian peasants Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
1861 Bezdna Revolt Tatarstan   Russia Peasants Victory
  • Crushing of the revolt
1863–1864 January uprising
 
Russian troops in Warsaw during the uprising
Poland   Russia   Polish, Lithuanian and Ukrainian insurgents Victory
  • Crushing of the uprising
1866 Polish Rebellion in Siberia Siberia   Russia Polish political exiles Victory
  • Crushing of the rebellion
1877–1878 Alexander II's Turkish War
 
Russian troops entering Adrianople
Balkans and Caucasus   Russia
  Bulgarian volunteers
  Romania
  Serbia
  Montenegro
  Turkey Victory
1897–1898 Cretan Revolt (1897–1898) Crete   Cretan revolutionaries
  Kingdom of Greece
  British Empire
  France
  Italy
  Russian Empire
  Austria-Hungary (until April 12, 1898)
  German Empire (until March 16, 1898)
  Ottoman Empire Victory
  • Establishment of the Cretan State.
  • Withdraw of Ottoman forces from Crete.
1899–1901 Boxer Rebellion
 
Russian troops in Pekin
China Eight-Nation Alliance:
  Japan
  United Kingdom
  Russia
  France
  United States
  Germany
  Austria-Hungary
  Italy
  Yìhéquán
  China
Victory
1904–1905 Russo-Japanese War
 
Russian cavalry in a reconnaissance mission during the Battle of Mukden
Manchuria, Korean Peninsula and Yellow Sea   Russia   Japan Defeat
1905–1907 Russian Revolution of 1905
 
A barricade erected by revolutionaries in Moscow
Russia   Russia   Revolutionaries Victory
  • Crushing of the revolution
1905–1911 Persian Constitutional Revolution
 
Russian flag over Arg of Tabriz
Iran   Persia
  Russia (from 1906)
Iranian constitutionalists Victory
1914–1918 World War I
 
Russian troops going to the front
 
Attack of Russian cavalry
 
Russian trenches in the forests of Sarikamish
Europe and Asia Allied Powers:
  France
  British Empire   Russia
  United States
  Italy
  Serbia
  Montenegro
  Belgium
  Japan
  Romania
  Portugal
  Brazil
  Hejaz
  Greece
  Armenia
  Nejd and Hasa
  China
  Siam
Central Powers:
  Germany
  Austria-Hungary
  Turkey
  Bulgaria
Defeat
Allied Victory (without Russia)[4][5][6]
1916–1934 Central Asian Revolt
 
Soviet troops on Turkestan front in 1922
Central Asia   Russian Empire (until 1917)
  Russian SFSR

  Soviet Union (from 1922)

  Basmachi
  Khiva
  Bukhara
  Afghanistan
Victory
  • Crushing of the revolt

Russian SFSR (1917–1922)

Date Conflict Location Russia (and its allies) Opponent(s) Result
1917–1922 Russian Civil War   Russian SFSR
  Far Eastern Republic
  Mongolian Communists
  Makhnovshchina
  Left SR
  Green armies
  White Movement

  Mountain Republic
  Makhnovshchina
  Left SR
  Green armies


  British Empire
  Japan
  Czechoslovakia
  Greece
  United States
  France
  Serbia
  Romania
  Italy
  China
  Mongolia
Victory
1917–1921 Ukrainian War of Independence   Russian SFSR
  Ukrainian SSR
  Makhnovshchina
  Ukrainian People's Republic
  West Ukrainian People's Republic
  German Empire (1918)
  Poland (1920–1921)
  Hetmanate of Ukraine
  White Movement
  German Empire (1917–1918)
  Romania (1918)
  Poland (1918–1919)
  France (1919)
  Greece (1919)
Victory
1917–1920 Kazakhstan Campaign   Russian SFSR   Alash Autonomy
  White Movement
Victory
1918 Finnish Civil War   Russian SSR
  Red Guard
  White Guard
  Germany
Defeat
  • Victory of White Guard in Finland
1918–1920 Latvian War of Independence   Russian SFSR
  Latvian SSR
  Latvian Army
  Estonia
  Lieven
  Poland
  Lithuania
Supported by the Allied Powers
  VI Reserve Corps:
Defeat
  • Independence of Latvia
1918–1920 Estonian War of Independence   Russian SFSR
  Commune of Estonia
  Estonia
  Latvia
  United Kingdom
  White Movement

Finnish, Danish, and Swedish volunteers


  Baltische Landeswehr
Defeat
1918–1919 Lithuanian–Soviet War   Russian SFSR
  LBSSR
  Republic of Lithuania
  Saxon Volunteers
Defeat
1918–1920 Georgian-Ossetian Conflict   Russian SFSR
  Ossetian rebels
  Transcaucasian Federation
  Georgia
Defeat
1919–1921 Polish–Soviet War   Russian SFSR
  Ukrainian SSR
  Byelorussian SSR
  Polrewkom
  Poland
  Ukrainian nationalists
Defeat
1919–1923 Turkish War of Independence   Turkey

  Russian SFSR[7]

  Greece
  United Kingdom
  Armenia
Victory
1920 Invasion of Azerbaijan   Russian SFSR
  Azerbaijan SSR
  Azerbaijan Victory
1920 Red Army invasion of Armenia   Russian SFSR   Armenia Victory
1921 Invasion of Georgia   Russian SFSR
  Azerbaijan SSR
  Turkey
  Georgia Victory
1921 Soviet intervention in Mongolia   Russian SFSR
  Mongolian People's Party
  Mongolia Victory
  • Provisional People's Government established
1921–1922 East Karelian Uprising   Russian SFSR   Forest Guerrillas
  Finnish volunteers
Victory
  • Crushing of the uprising

Soviet Union (1922–1991)

Date Conflict Location Russia (and its allies) Opponent(s) Result
1924 August Uprising   Soviet Union   Damkom Victory
1925–1926 Urtatagai conflict   Soviet Union   Emirate of Afghanistan Peace treaty
  • Afghanistan forced to restrain Basmachi border raids
  • Urtatagai is captured, then ceded back to Afghanistan
1929 Sino-Soviet conflict   Soviet Union   China Victory
  • Upholding of the provisions of 1924 agreement
1929 Red Army intervention in Afghanistan (1929)
Part of the Afghan Civil War (1928–1929)
  Soviet Union
  Amānullāh Khān
  Basmachi
  Saqqawists
  • The operation of the Red Army in Afghanistan did not change the situation in the country.
1930 Red Army intervention in Afghanistan (1930)   Soviet Union   Basmachi Victory
1932 Chechen uprising of 1932 [ru]   Soviet Union Chechen rebels Victory
  • Uprising suppressed
1932–1941 Soviet–Japanese border conflicts   Soviet Union
  Mongolia
  Japan
  Manchukuo
Victory
1937 Islamic Rebellion in Xinjiang   Xinjiang
  Soviet Union
  White Movement
  China Victory
  • Establishment of the rule of Sheng Shica's regime over the whole territory of Xinjiang province
1939 Invasion of Poland (Part of World War II)   Germany
  Soviet Union
  Slovak Republic
  Poland Victory
1939–1940 Winter War (Part of World War II)   Soviet Union   Finland Victory
1940 Occupation of the Baltic states (Part of World War II)   Soviet Union   Estonia
  Latvia
  Lithuania
Victory
1940 Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina (Part of World War II)   Soviet Union   Romania Victory
1941–1945 World War II Allied Powers:
  Soviet Union
  United States
  United Kingdom
  China
  France
  Poland
  Canada
  Australia
  New Zealand
  India
  South Africa
   Yugoslavia
  Greece
  Denmark
  Norway
  Netherlands
  Belgium
  Luxembourg
  Czechoslovakia
  Brazil
  Mexico
Axis Powers:
  Germany
  Japan
  Italy
  Hungary
  Romania
  Bulgaria
  Slovakia
  Croatia
  Thailand
  Manchukuo
  Mengjiang
  Wang Jingwei regime
Victory
1944–1956 Guerrilla war in the Baltic states   Soviet Union   Estonia
  Latvia
  Lithuania
Victory
  • Defeat of national partisans
1944–1953 Guerrilla war in Ukraine (Part of World War II from 1944–1945)   Soviet Union   Ukrainian Insurgent Army Victory
  • Defeat of national partisans
1944-1953 Anti-communist resistance in Poland (1944–1953)   Soviet Union
  Polish People's Republic
Polish Underground State Victory
  • Defeat of national partisans
1945 Soviet–Japanese War (Part of World War II)   Soviet Union
  Mongolia
  Japan
  Manchukuo
Victory
1946–1954 First Indochina War   Việt Minh
  Pathet Lao
  Khmer Issarak
Supported by:
  Soviet Union
  France

 •   French Indochina   Vietnam (1949–1954)
  Cambodia (1953–1954)
  Laos (1953–1954)

Victory
1950–1953 Korean War   North Korea
  China
  Soviet Union
  United Nations
  South Korea
  United States
  United Kingdom
  Australia
  Belgium
  Canada
  France
  Philippines
  Colombia
  Ethiopia
  Greece
  Luxembourg
  Netherlands
  New Zealand
  South Africa
  Thailand
  Turkey
Ceasefire
  • Establishment of the Korean DMZ
  • Minor territorial changes
1955–1975 Vietnam War   North Vietnam
  Viet Cong and PRG
  Pathet Lao
  GRUNK (1970–1975)
  Khmer Rouge
  China
  Soviet Union
  North Korea
  South Vietnam
  United States
  South Korea
  Australia
  New Zealand
  Laos
  Cambodia (1967–1970)
  Khmer Republic (1970–1975)
  Thailand
  Philippines
Victory
1953 East German Uprising   Soviet Union
  East Germany
  East German demonstrators Victory
  • Uprising suppressed
1956 Hungarian Revolution   Soviet Union
  ÁVH
  Revolutionaries Victory
  • Crushing of the revolution
1968 Invasion of Czechoslovakia   Soviet Union
  Bulgaria
  East Germany
  Hungary
  Poland
  Czechoslovakia Victory
1969 Zhenbao Island Incident   Soviet Union   China Indecisive(status quo ante bellum)[8]
1969–1970 War of Attrition   Egypt
  Soviet Union
  Israel Inconclusive
  • Both sides claimed victory
  • Continuation of Israeli occupation of Sinai until 1982, when Israeli provisional control over the Sinai Peninsula ended in 1982 following the implementation of the 1979 Egypt–Israel peace treaty, which saw Israel return the region to Egypt in exchange for the latter's recognition of Israel as a legitimate sovereign state.
1974–1991 Eritrean War of Independence   Ethiopia
  Cuba (until 1989)
  Soviet Union (until 1990)
  South Yemen
  ELF
  EPLF
Withdrawal (limited involvement)
  • Independence of Eritrea after the fall of the communist government in Ethiopia
1975–1991 Angolan Civil War   MPLA
  Cuba
  Soviet Union
  SWAPO
  MK
  South Africa
  UNITA
  FNLA
  FLEC
Stalemate (limited involvement)
1977–1978 Ethio-Somali War   Ethiopia
  Cuba
  South Yemen
  Soviet Union
  Somalia
  WSLF
Victory
1979–1989 Soviet–Afghan War   Soviet Union
  Afghanistan
  Afghan Mujahideen Withdrawal

Russian Federation (1991–present)

Date Conflict Location Russia (and its allies) Opponent(s) Result
1991–1993 Georgian Civil War Georgia   Georgia
  Russia
  Zviadists Victory
  • Zviadist revolt crushed
1991–1993 War in Abkhazia Abkhazia   Russia
  Abkhazia
  Georgia Victory
  • Abkhazia gained de facto independence
1992 Transnistria War
 
PMR trucks on the bridge between Tiraspol and Bendery
Transnistria   Transnistria
  Russia
  Moldova Victory
  • Transnistria gained de facto independence
1992 East Prigorodny Conflict North Ossetia-Alania   Russia
  North Ossetia-Alania[10]
  Ingush militia Victory
1992–1997 Tajikistani Civil War
 
Spetsnaz troops dismount an APC during the war
Tajikistan  /  Tajikistan
 //>  Uzbekistan
 /  Kazakhstan
 /  Kyrgyzstan
  Turkmenistan
  China
  India
  UNMOT
  United Tajik Opposition
  Taliban factions
Victory
1993 Russian spillover into Azerbaijan Azerbaijan   Russia Withdrawal
  • Reassurance of National Security
  • Huseynov’s Forces are kicked out
  • Russia establishes peace for now in Azerbaijan
  • Strengthens ties with Azerbaijan
1994–1996 First Chechen War
 
A Chechen militiaman takes cover behind a burned-out Russian BMP-2 armoured vehicle
Chechnya   Russia
  •   Chechen Opposition
  Ichkeria
  Mujahideen
Defeat[11]
1999 War of Dagestan
 
Russian federal Spetsnaz forces in Dagestan
Dagestan   Russia   IIPB Victory
1999–2009 Second Chechen War
 
A farewell ceremony for the 331st Airborne Regiment of the 98th Airborne Division withdrawn from Chechnya
Chechnya   Russia   Ichkeria
  Caucasian Front
  Mujahideen
Victory
2008 Russo-Georgian War
 
Russian BMP-2 from the 58th Army in South Ossetia
Georgia, South Ossetia and Abkhazia   Russia
  South Ossetia
  Abkhazia
  Georgia Victory
2009–2017 Insurgency in the North Caucasus
 
FSB Spetsnaz members during an anti-terrorist operation in Makhachkala, Dagestan
North Caucasus   Russia   Caucasus Emirate
  ISIL (from 2015)
Victory
  • Defeat of Islamists
2014–present Russo-Ukrainian War
 
Russian unidentified special forces take control of a Ukrainian military garrison in Crimea
 
Donetsk People’s Republic militiamen checking with civilians in a cellar during the Battle of Ilovaisk (2014)
 
DPR elite Republican Guard troops during the 2018 Victory Day parade in Donetsk
Ukraine (incl. Crimea)   Russia   Ukraine Ongoing
2015–present Russian military intervention in the Syrian Civil War
 
Two Tupolev Tu-22M3s bombing ISIL command posts and weapon warehouses in the Deir ez-Zor area, 2017

 
Sukhoi Su-30 pilot talking to a Russian Air Force technician in the Khmeimim Air Base

Syria
  Russia
  Syria
  Iran
 Hezbollah
  ISIL
  Ahrar al-Sham
  Tahrir al-Sham
  Syrian Opposition
Ongoing
2018–present Central African Republic Civil War
 
Delivery of Russian BRDM-2 armored vehicles to Central African Republic, October 2020
Central African Republic   Russia
  Central African Republic
  Rwanda
  Coalition of Patriots for Change Ongoing

See also

Notes

References

  1. ^ Janet Martin. Treasure of the Land of Darkness: The Fur Trade and Its Significance for Medieval Russia. Cambridge University Press, 2004. P. 115
  2. ^ Vilhelm Ludvig Peter Thomsen. The Relations Between Ancient Russia and Scandinavia, and the Origin of the Russian State. Cambridge University Press. 2010. P. 25
  3. ^ David R. Stone, A Military History of Russia: From Ivan the Terrible to the War in Chechnya, (Greenwood Publishing, 2006), 41.
  4. ^ Legvold, Robert (2007). Russian Foreign Policy in the Twenty-First Century and the Shadow of the Past. Columbia University Press. p. 209. ISBN 978-0-231-51217-6.
  5. ^ Mayayo i Artal, Andreu; Pellegrini, Alberto; Segura i Mas, Antoni (2019). Centenary of the Russian Revolution (1917–2017). Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 38. ISBN 978-1-5275-2465-1.
  6. ^ Cecil, Hugh; Liddle, Peter (1998). At the Eleventh Hour: Reflections, Hopes and Anxieties at the Closing of the Great War, 1918. Pen and Sword Books. p. 321. ISBN 978-1-78383-992-6.
  7. ^ Jelavich, Barbara (1983). History of the Balkans: Twentieth century. Cambridge University Press. p. 131. ISBN 978-0-521-27459-3.
  8. ^ a b c "Exploring Chinese History :: Politics :: Conflict and War :: Soviet Aggression". Retrieved 26 December 2016.
  9. ^ Kuisong p.29
  10. ^ "9. Вооруженные формирования в зоне конфликта". Retrieved 26 December 2016.
  11. ^ "Why the Russian Military Failed in Chechnya". Foreign Military Studies Office. Archived from the original on 15 October 2006. Retrieved 3 April 2016.
  12. ^ Quinn, Rob (12 December 2017). "Putin Announces Russian Withdrawal From Syria". Newser.com. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  13. ^ "Assad and Putin Meet, as Russia Pushes to End Syrian War". New York Times. 21 November 2017.
  14. ^ "How Russian special forces are shaping the fight in Syria". Washington Post. 29 March 2016.