List of wars involving Norway

This is a list of wars involving the Kingdom of Norway in some capacity, both the modern polity and its predecessor states.

ListEdit

Unification of Norway (860–872)Edit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results
Viking raid on Nekor[1][2][3]
(ca. 859)
Norse Vikings Kingdom of Nekor Viking victory
  • Vikings occupied Nekor for 8 days.
Battle of Hakadal
(ca. 860)
Vestfold Álfheimr Vestfold victory
  • Death of Hake Gandalfsson.
Battle of Orkdal
(ca. 870)
Vestfold Orkdal Vestfold victory
First Battle of Solskjel
(ca. 870)
Vestfold Nordmøre
Romsdal
Vestfold victory
  • Death of the kings of Nordmøre and Romsdal.
Second Battle of Solskjel
(ca. 870)
Vestfold Sunnmøre
Firda
Vestfold victory
Götaland Campaign
(ca. 870)
Vestfold Geats Vestfold victory
Battle of Fjaler
(ca. 870)
Earldom of Lade Earldom of Sogn Indecisive
Battle of Hafrsfjord
(872)
Vestfold Hordaland
Rogaland
Agder
Vestfold victory

Kingdom of Norway (872–1397)Edit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results
Battle of Rastarkalv
(955)
Haakon the Good Eric Bloodaxe
Denmark
Victory of Haakon the Good
  • Destruction of Danish force
Battle of Fitjar
(961)
Haakon the Good Eric Bloodaxe
Denmark
Pyrrhic victory to Haakon the Good
Sack of Santiago de Compostela
(968)
  Norwegian Vikings   Kingdom of Galicia Victory
Battle of Hjörungavágr
(986)
Norway Jomsvikings Victory
  • Danish fleet defeated
Battle of Maldon
(991)
Norway Anglo-Saxons Victory
Battle of Svolder
(999/1000)
Norway Denmark
Sweden
Earls of Lade
Defeat
Battle at Herdaler
(1007/8)
Norway Finns of Herdaler Defeat
Battle of Nesjar
(1016)
Olaf II Sweyn Haakonsson
Various farmer-chieftains
Victory to Olaf II
  • Sweyn Haakonsson driven into exile
Battle of the Helgeå
(1026)
Norway
Sweden
Anglo-Danish Kingdom Defeat
Battle of Stiklestad
(1030)
Olaf II Peasant Army Peasant victory
  • Death of Olaf II
Invasions of Denmark
(1048–1064)
Norway Denmark Stalemate
  • Peace agreement, mutual recognition and withdrawal
Battle of Fulford
(1066)
Norway England Victory
  • Norwegians gain Fulford and later York
Battle of Stamford Bridge
(1066)
Norway England Defeat
First Irish Sea Campaign
(1098)
Norway England

Irish Kingdoms[clarification needed]

Victory
Campaign in Sweden
(1099)
Norway Sweden Victory
Second Irish Sea Campaign
(1101/1102–1103)
Norway England

Irish Kingdoms[clarification needed]

Defeat
Norwegian Crusade
(1107–1110)
  Kingdom of Jerusalem
  Kingdom of Norway
  Republic of Venice
  Fatimid Caliphate
  Almoravid Empire
Taifa of Badajoz
Taifa of Majorca
Barbary pirates of Majorca
Victory
Kalmare ledung
(1123)
  Kingdom of Norway Norse pagans Victory
  • The pagans converted to Christianity.
Civil war era in Norway
(1130–1240)
Birkebeiners Baglers Birkebeiner victory
Battle of the Neva
(1240)
Sweden
Finns
Tavastia
Norway
Novgorod Republic
Karelians
Defeat
Halland Campaign
(1256)
Norway Denmark Defeat
  • Norway renounces its claim on Halland
Scottish–Norwegian War
(1261–1264)
Norway Scotland Defeat
War of the Outlaws
(1288–1295)
Norway
Danish outlaws
Denmark Victory
  • The outlaws were granted their demands
Swedish Brother's Feud
(1304–1310)
Norway
Duke Eric and Valdemar
Denmark
Birger Magnusson
Defeat

Kalmar Union (1397–1523)Edit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results
War with the Victual Brothers
(1392–1398)
  Kalmar Union Victual Brothers Victory
  • Formation of the Kalmar Union.
Dano-Hanseatic War
(1410–1435)
  Kalmar Union   House of Schaumburg
  Hanseatic League
Defeat
  • Treaty of Vordingborg
Dano-Swedish War (1501–12)
(1501–1512)
  Kalmar Union   Sweden
  Free City of Lübeck
  Norwegian Rebels[5]
Victory
Swedish War of Liberation
(1521–1523)
  Kalmar Union   Sweden
  Free City of Lübeck
Defeat

Denmark–Norway (1523–1814)Edit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results
Livonian War
(1558–1583)
  Livonian Confederation
  Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
(before 1569 the Polish–Lithuanian union)
  Denmark–Norway
  Kingdom of Sweden
  Tsardom of Russia
Qasim Khanate
 Kingdom of Livonia
Victory
Northern Seven Years' War
(1563–1570)
  Denmark–Norway
  Poland-Lithuania
  Lübeck
  Sweden Stalemate
Kalmar War
(1611–1613)
  Denmark–Norway   Sweden Victory
Thirty Years' War
(1625–1629)
  Denmark–Norway
  Sweden
  Holy Roman Empire
  The Catholic League
Defeat
Torstenson War
(1643–1645)
  Denmark–Norway
  Holy Roman Empire
  Sweden Defeat
First Karl Gustav War
(1657–1658)
  Denmark–Norway   Sweden Defeat
Second Karl Gustav War
(1658–1660)
  Denmark–Norway
  Dutch Republic
  Holy Roman Empire
  Poland-Lithuania
  Brandenburg-Prussia
  Sweden Victory
Battle of Vågen
(1665)
  Denmark–Norway
  Dutch Republic
  England Victory
  • British fleet repelled with Norwegian aid
Scanian War
(1675–1679)
  Denmark–Norway
  Dutch Republic
  Holy Roman Empire
  Brandenburg-Prussia
  Sweden
  France
Stalemate
Great Northern War
(1700–1721)
  Russia
  Denmark–Norway
  Saxony
  Poland–Lithuania
  Prussia
  Hanover
  Great Britain
  Sweden
  Poland–Lithuania
  Ottoman Empire
  Cossack Hetmanate
  England
  Great Britain
  Dutch Republic
  Brunswick-Lüneburg
Victory
Danish–Algerian War
(1770–1772)
  Denmark–Norway   Dey of Algiers Defeat
Theatre War
(1788–1789)
  Denmark–Norway   Sweden Defeat
Action of 16 May 1797
(1797)
  Denmark–Norway   Tripolitania Victory
  • Peace treaty with the Bey of Tripoli
Battle of Copenhagen
(1801)
  Denmark–Norway   United Kingdom Defeat
  • Strategical defeat of the Danish-Norwegian fleet
Gunboat War
(1807–1814)
  Denmark–Norway   United Kingdom Defeat
Dano-Swedish War of 1808–09
(1808–1809)
  Denmark–Norway
  France
  Sweden
  United Kingdom
Stalemate
Dano-Swedish War of 1813–14
(1813–1814)
  Denmark–Norway   Sweden
  United Kingdom
Defeat

Kingdom of Norway (1814–present)Edit

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results Prime Minister Casualties
Swedish–Norwegian War
(1814)
  Norway   Sweden Defeat (but Swedish acceptance of the Eidsvoll Constitution)
~400 killed
World War II
(1940–1945)
  Soviet Union
  United States
  United Kingdom
  China
  France
  Poland
  Yugoslavia
  Greece
  Denmark
  Norway
  Netherlands
  Belgium
  Luxembourg
  Czechoslovakia
  Canada
  Australia
  New Zealand
  South Africa
  Ethiopia
  Brazil
  Mexico
  Colombia
  Cuba
  Philippines
  Mongolia
  Germany
  Japan
  Italy
  Romania
  Hungary
  Bulgaria
  Slovakia
  Croatia
Victory
10,262 killed
Congo Crisis
(1960–1964)
  Congo-Léopoldville
  Katanga
  South Kasai
Victory
None
Bosnian War
(1992–1995)
  Republika Srpska Victory
None
Kosovo War
(1998–1999)
  UÇK
  FR Yugoslavia Victory
None
War in Afghanistan
(2001–2021)
  Afghanistan
  Taliban Defeat
  • Fall of the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan
  • Taliban retake Kabul
10 killed
Libyan Civil War
(2011)
  NTC
  NATO and allies
  Libya Victory
  • The NTC assumed interim control of Libya
None

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Vikings raided Africa and then took slaves back to Ireland | Smash Company".
  2. ^ "History: The Viking Adventure In Morocco".
  3. ^ Ibn-Adhari, translated in Stefansson, Jon, "The Vikings in Spain. From Arabic (Moorish) and Spanish Sources". In Saga-Book of the Viking Club: Vol. VI Proceedings. University of London King's College, 1909, pp. 40–41.
  4. ^ "Heimskringla: Saga of Olaf Haraldson: Part I". mcllibrary.org. Retrieved 2018-03-22.
  5. ^ Erik Opsahl. "Knut Alvsson". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved 1 June 2017.