List of wars involving Denmark

This is a list of wars involving the Kingdom of Denmark.

700–1300Edit

Year War Belligerents (excluding Denmark) Outcome
Allies Enemies
793–1066 Viking invasions of England   Denmark
  Kingdom of England Victory (first phase)

Defeat (second phase)

859 Viking raid on Nekor [1][2][3]
(ca. 859)
Norse Vikings Kingdom of Nekor Viking victory
  • Vikings occupied Nekor for 8 days.
1048-1064 Invasion of Denmark   Denmark   Norway Stalemate
  • Peace agreement, mutual recognition and Norwegian withdrawal.
1131-1157 Danish Civil War (Civil war)[4]   Valdemar I of Denmark   Sweyn III of Denmark
  Canute V of Denmark
Victory
  • Valdemar I is made king of all of Denmark
1144-1147 Wendish Crusade   Denmark
  Kingdom of Poland
 Kingdom of Germany
Polabian Slavs
West Slavs
Victory
1203-1290 Livonian Crusade   Sword-Brothers
  Livonian Order
  Denmark
  Sweden
Indigenous peoples Victory
1227 Danish–German war   Denmark   County of Holstein
   Hanseatic League
Defeat
1274-1275 The war against Valdemar Birgersson   Denmark
Magnus III of Sweden
  Sweden Victory
1276-1278 6000-mark war   Denmark   Sweden Victory
1289-1295 Danish-Norwegian War   Denmark   Norway
Danish outlaws
Defeat

1300–1500Edit

Year War Belligerents (excluding Denmark) Outcome
Allies Enemies
1304-1310 The Swedish brother's feud   Denmark
  Birger Magnusson
  Norway
Duke Eric and Valdemar
Victory
1343–1345 St. George's Night Uprising  Teutonic Order

  Denmark

Revala
Harria
Rotalia
Vironia
Oeselia
Victory
1392-1398 War with the Victual Brothers   Kalmar Union Victual Brothers Victory
  • Formation of the Kalmar Union.
1426-1435 Dano-Hanseatic War   Kalmar Union   House of Schaumburg
  Hanseatic League
Defeat
1497 Battle of Rotebro   Denmark   Sweden Victory

1500–1699Edit

Year War Belligerents (excluding Denmark) Outcome
Allies Enemies
1501–1503 War of Deposition against King Hans   Kalmar Union   Sweden Defeat Hans, King of Denmark deposed as King of Sweden.
1501–1512 Dano-Swedish War (1501–1512)   Kalmar Union   Sweden
  Free City of Lübeck (from 1509)
Victory Treaty of Malmö: Lübeck and the Hanseatic League stop support for Sweden and agree to pay contribution, Sweden agrees further negotiations about a compromise to preserve the union
1521–1523 Swedish War of Liberation   Kalmar Union   Sweden
  Free City of Lübeck (from 1522)
Defeat Treaty of Malmö: Regained Swedish independence, dissolution of Kalmar Union, Sweden renounced its claims to Scania and Blekinge.
1534–1536 Count's Feud (civil war)   Christian III
  Duchy of Schleswig
  Holstein
  Sweden
  Duchy of Prussia
Jutland
  Christian II
  Christopher of Oldenburg
  Free City of Lübeck
  Skåne
  Malmø
  Copenhagen
Zealand
Reformation in Denmark–Norway and Holstein
1538-1550 Icelandic Reformation   Denmark
  Protestants
  Catholics Victory
1558–1583 Livonian War   Livonian Confederation
  Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
  Denmark–Norway

  Kingdom of Sweden
  Zaporozhian Cossacks
  Principality of Transylvania

  Tsardom of Russia
Qasim Khanate
Kingdom of Livonia
Victory
1563–1570 Northern Seven Years' War   Free City of Lübeck

  Poland–Lithuania

  Sweden Status quo ante bellum Treaty of Stettin (1570)
1571 Danish attack on Poland   Kingdom of Denmark   Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth Victory
1611–1613 Kalmar War   Denmark–Norway   Sweden Victory Treaty of Knäred (1613)
1618–1648 Thirty Years' War Protestant States and Allies

  Sweden
  Kingdom of France
  Bohemia
  Denmark–Norway (1625-1629)
  Saxony
  United Provinces
  Electorate of the Palatinate
  Brunswick-Lüneburg
  England
  Scotland
  Brandenburg-Prussia
  Transylvania
Hungarian Anti-Habsburg Rebels
  Zaporozhian Cossacks
  Ottoman Empire

Roman Catholic States and Allies

  Holy Roman Empire

  Spain and its possessions
  Denmark–Norway (1643-1645)

Defeat Peace of Westphalia
1643–1645 Torstenson War   Denmark–Norway
  Holy Roman Empire
  Sweden
  Dutch Republic
Defeat Treaty of Brömsebro (1645)
1657–1660 Second Northern War   Habsburg Monarchy
  Poland–Lithuania
  Russia (1656–58)
  Brandenburg-Prussia
  Dutch Republic
  Sweden
  Brandenburg-Prussia
  Transylvania
  Ukrainian Cossacks
  Wallachia
  Moldavia
Defeat Treaty of Roskilde (February 26, 1658)
1665-1667 Second Anglo-Dutch War   Dutch Republic
  Denmark–Norway
  Kingdom of France
  Kingdom of England
  Bishopric of Münster
Victory Treaty of Breda (1667)
1666 Second Swedish War on Bremen   Bremen
  Electorate of Cologne
  Brunswick-Lüneburg
  Denmark–Norway
  Electorate of Brandenburg
  Dutch Republic
  Sweden Treaty of Habenhausen
1672–1674 Third Anglo-Dutch War   Dutch Republic
  Denmark–Norway
  Kingdom of England
  Bishopric of Münster
  Kingdom of France
Victory Treaty of Westminster (1674)
1675–1678 Franco-Dutch War[5]   Dutch Republic
  Holy Roman Empire
  Spain
 Denmark–Norway
  Kingdom of France
  Kingdom of England
  Sweden
Treaty of Westminster
Treaties of Nijmegen
1675–1679 Scanian War   United Provinces
  Holy Roman Empire
  Brandenburg
  Sweden
  Kingdom of France
Status quo ante bellum Treaty of Fontainebleau (1679)

1700–1799Edit

Year War Belligerents (excluding Denmark) Outcome
Allies Enemies
1700–1720 Great Northern War   Tsardom of Russia
  Electorate of Saxony
  Poland–Lithuania
  Cossack Hetmanate
  Prussia
  Hanover
  Great Britain
  Denmark–Norway
  Sweden
  Holstein-Gottorp
  Poland–Lithuania
  Ottoman Empire
  Cossack Hetmanate (1708–9)
  Great Britain
Victory Treaty of Frederiksborg (1720)
1703-1711 Rákóczi's War of Independence   Holy Roman Empire:

  Denmark–Norway

  Kurucs (Kingdom of Hungary)
  Principality of Transylvania
  Kingdom of France
Victory
1701–1714 War of the Spanish Succession[6]   Spain loyal to Archduke Charles
  Habsburg Monarchy
  Great Britain (before 1707)
  Dutch Republic
  Duchy of Savoy
  Kingdom of Prussia
  Kingdom of Portugal
  Spain loyal to Philip V of Spain
  Kingdom of France
  Electorate of Bavaria
Victory Treaty of Rastatt and Treaty of Utrecht
1770-1772 Danish–Algerian War   Denmark–Norway   Dey of Algiers Defeat
1784 Sagbadre War   Ada-Danish Alliance Anlo Confederacy Victory
  • Return of territory previously acquired by Anlo from the Alliance
  • Construction of Fort Prinzenstein
1788–1789 Theatre War   Denmark   Sweden Inconclusive
1788–1790 Russo-Swedish War   Russian Empire   Sweden Status quo ante bellum
1797 Action of 16 May 1797   Denmark   Ottoman Empire (de jure) Victory
1798–1802 War of the Second Coalition   France
  Spain
  Polish Legions
  Denmark–Norway
French client republics:
  Holy Roman Empire

  Great Britain (until 1801)
  United Kingdom (from 1801)
  Russia (until 1799)
  Portugal
  Kingdom of Naples
  Grand Duchy of Tuscany
  Order of Saint John (1798)
  Malta (1798–1800)
  Ottoman Empire
  French Royalists

Victory Treaty of Lunéville and Treaty of Amiens

1800–1945Edit

Year War Belligerents (excluding Denmark) Outcome
Allies Enemies
1800–1813 Napoleonic Wars   France
  Ottoman Empire
  United Kingdom
  Sweden
  Russia
  Austrian Empire
  Prussia
  Spain
  Portugal
  Ottoman Empire (until 1803)
  United Netherlands
Defeat Congress of Vienna (1815)
1801, 1807-1814 English Wars   Denmark-Norway

  French Empire
  Spain

  United Kingdom

  Sweden

Defeat
1807–1814 Gunboat War   Denmark-Norway   United Kingdom Defeat
1808–1809 Finnish War   Russian Empire
  Denmark-Norway
  France
  Spain
  Sweden
  United Kingdom
  Portugal
Victory Treaty of Fredrikshamn
1808–1809 Dano-Swedish War (1808-09)   Denmark-Norway
  France
  Sweden
  United Kingdom
Stalemate
1813-1814 War of the Sixth Coalition   First French Empire

  Napoleonic Italy
  Kingdom of Naples
  Duchy of Warsaw
 Denmark–Norway
Confederation of the Rhine

  Russian Empire
  Kingdom of Prussia
  Austrian Empire
  United Kingdom
  Sweden
  Spanish Empire
  Kingdom of Portugal
  Two Sicilies
  Kingdom of Sardinia
  Saxony
  Bavaria
  Württemberg
  Baden
  United Netherlands
Defeat
Treaty of Fontainebleau
First Treaty of Paris
1815 War of the Seventh Coalition   United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
  Kingdom of Prussia
  Austrian Empire
  Russian Empire
  Kingdom of Hanover
  Duchy of Brunswick
  Sweden
  Kingdom of Spain
  Kingdom of Portugal
  Kingdom of Sardinia
  Kingdom of Sicily
   Switzerland
  Liechtenstein
  Denmark
  Bourbon Restoration
  United Kingdom of the Netherlands
  First French Empire
  Kingdom of Naples
Victory

Congress of Vienna

1825 Capture of the sloop Anne   *Tri-national anti-piracy alliance   Roberto Cofresí's pirates Victory
  • Anne (El Mosquito) is disabled; pirates flee ashore
1848–1850 First Schleswig War   Denmark   Kingdom of Prussia
  Duchy of Holstein
  German Empire
Victory London Protocol
1864 Second War of Schleswig   Denmark   German Confederation: Defeat

Treaty of Vienna (1864)

1918–1920 Estonian War of Independence[7]   Estonia
  United Kingdom
  Finland
  Denmark
  Latvia
  Swedish volunteers
  White Movement
  Russian SFSR
  Commune of the Working People of Estonia
Victory
1939–1940 Winter War[8]
World War II
  Finland   Soviet Union
1939–1940 Phoney War
World War II
  France
  Norway
  United Kingdom
  Nazi Germany
  Kingdom of Italy
1940 Operation Weserübung
World War II
  Norway
  Denmark
  United Kingdom
  France
  Poland
  Nazi Germany Defeat German forces occupy Denmark.
1940–1945 Occupation of Denmark
World War II
  United Kingdom
  Soviet Union
  Hungary
  Nazi Germany
Victory German forces withdrew at the end of World War II following their surrender to the Allies on 5 May 1945.

1946–presentEdit

Year War Belligerents (excluding Denmark) Outcome
Allies Enemies
1950–1953 Korean War   South Korea
  United States
  North Korea
  China
Ceasefire
1990–1991 Gulf War   Argentina
  Australia
  Bahrain
  Bangladesh
  Belgium
  Canada
  Czechoslovakia
  Egypt
  France
  Greece
  Hungary
  Italy
  Kuwait
  Morocco
  Netherlands
  Denmark
  New Zealand
  Niger
  Norway
  Oman
  Pakistan
  Poland
  Qatar
  Saudi Arabia
  Senegal
  Spain
  South Korea
  Sweden
  Syria
  United Arab Emirates
  United Kingdom
  United States
  Iraq
  Republic of Kuwait
Victory
1992–1995 Bosnian War
(Operation Bøllebank)
  Croatia
  Bosnia and Herzegovina
  NATO
  FR Yugoslavia Victory, Dayton Accords
1998–1999 Kosovo War   Albania
  Kosovo
  NATO
  FR Yugoslavia Victory, Kumanovo Treaty
2002–2014 War in Afghanistan   Afghanistan
  Armenia
  Austria
  Azerbaijan
  Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Finland
  Georgia
  Jordan
  Macedonia
  Montenegro
  NATO
  Sweden
  Ukraine
  Australia
  Malaysia
  Mongolia
  New Zealand
  Singapore
  South Korea
   Switzerland
  Tonga
  United Arab Emirates
  United Kingdom
  Taliban
  al-Qaeda
Victory, Defeat of Taliban forces
2002–ongoing Operation Enduring Freedom – Horn of Africa
Part of the War on Terrorism
  Australia
  China
  Djibouti
  Ethiopia
  India
  Japan
  Kenya
  Malaysia
  NATO
  New Zealand
  Russia
  Seychelles
  Singapore
  Somalia
  South Korea
  Sweden
  Uganda
  Ukraine
  Denmark
  al-Qaeda Conflict ongoing
2003–2011 Iraq War   Armenia
  Australia
  Azerbaijan
  Bosnia and Herzegovina
  Dominican Republic
  El Salvador
  Georgia
  Honduras
  Iraq
  Japan
  Kazakhstan
  Peshmerga
  Macedonia
  Moldova
  Mongolia
  NATO
  New Zealand
  Nicaragua
  Philippines
  Poland
  Singapore
  South Korea
  Thailand
  Ukraine
  United Kingdom
  United States
  Baath Party Loyalists

  Islamic State of Iraq
  al-Qaeda in Iraq
  Mahdi Army

Victory, Danish withdrawal in 2008
2009-2016 Operation Ocean Shield   Somalia
  United States
  United Kingdom
  Denmark
  Netherlands
  Spain
  Greece
  Germany
  Belgium
  Canada
  Italy
  Portugal
  Turkey
  Norway
  Australia
  India
  New Zealand
  Japan
  Saudi Arabia
  Ukraine
  South Korea
  Somali Pirates Victory

Number of Somali pirate attacks have been reduced dramatically

2011 2011 Libyan Civil War   Jordan
  National Transitional Council
  NATO
  Qatar
  United Arab Emirates
  United Kingdom
  United States
  Sweden
  Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Victory, Overthrow of Gaddafi government
UN, EU, AL and AU diplomatically recognise the National Transitional Council as the sole governing authority for Libya
2014-present Military intervention against ISIL   United States
  Canada (2014–17)
  Belgium (2014–17)
  Sweden
  Germany
  Italy
  Turkey (2014–17)
  Netherlands
  Jordan
  Morocco (2014–16)
  United Kingdom
  ISIL Ongoing

References and notesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.smashcompany.com/philosophy/the-vikings-raided-africa-and-then-took-slaves-back-to-ireland
  2. ^ https://www.moroccoworldnews.com/2017/03/210206/history-viking-adventure-morocco/
  3. ^ Ibn-Adhari, translated in Stefansson, Jon, "The Vikings in Spain. From Arabic (Moorish) and Spanish Sources". In Saga-Book of the Viking Club: Vol. VI Proceedings. University of London King's College, 1909, pp. 40–41.
  4. ^ Bøgh, Anders (26 May 2015). "The Civil War periode 1131-1157". danmarkshistorien.dk/ (in Danish). Aarhus Universitet. Retrieved 21 November 2016. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ "1675 AD". Retrieved 30 October 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ "The War of Spanish Succession 1701–1714". World History at KMLA. Retrieved 31 October 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ "Iseseisvuse aeg 1918–40". Eesti. Üld. 11. Eesti entsüklopeedia. 2002. pp. 296–311.
  8. ^ See Foreign support in the Winter War

See alsoEdit