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This is a list of wars that began between 1900 and 1944. Other wars can be found in the historical lists of wars and the list of wars extended by diplomatic irregularity.

Contents

1900–1919Edit

1900–1919
Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents
Victorious party (if applicable) Defeated party (if applicable)
1900 1900 War of the Golden Stool   British Empire   Ashanti Empire
1900 1900 Shoubak revolt of 1900   Ottoman Empire Shoubakis
1900 1900 Russian invasion of Manchuria   Russian Empire   Qing dynasty

  Yìhéquán

1900 1900 Sharjah conquest of Ras Al Khaimah Emirate of Sharjah Ras Al Khaimah
1900 1920 Somaliland Campaign   British Empire
  Ethiopian Empire
  Italian Empire
  Dervish State
1900 1901 Kuwaiti–Rashidi war   Jabal Shammar   Kuwait

Arab tribes

1901 1903 Revolución Libertadora [es]
1901 1902 Anglo-Aro War   British Empire   Aro Confederacy
1901 1901 Battle of Holy Apostles Monastery Armenian fedayi   Ottoman Empire
1901 1903 1901 Mapondera Rebellion   British Empire Forces loyal to Kadungure Mapondera
1901 1936 Holy Man's Rebellion   French Indochina
  Siam
Phu Mi Bun Movement
1902 1904 Bailundo Revolt of 1902   Portuguese Empire Ovimbundu Kingdoms
Kisanji
Luimbi
1902 1903 Venezuelan crisis of 1902–03   German Empire
  United Kingdom
  Kingdom of Italy
  Venezuela
1903 1903 Battle of Jo-Laban[1][2]   Kuwait

  Emirate of Nejd and Hasa

Arab tribes

  Jabal Shammar
1903 1903 Theriso revolt   Ottoman Empire

Supported By:
  Russian Empire

 Cretan Rebels
1903 1903 May Coup (Serbia)   Kingdom of Serbia House of Obrenović
1903 1903 Ilinden–Preobrazhenie Uprising   Ottoman Empire Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization
1903 1904 British expedition to Tibet   British Empire   Qing Dynasty
1903 1904 British conquest of the Sokoto Caliphate[3]   British Empire   Sokoto Caliphate
1903 1907 Saudi–Rashidi War

Part of the Unification of Saudi Arabia

  Emirate of Nejd and Hasa   Emirate of Ha'il
  Ottoman Empire
1904 1907 Portuguese campaign against the Ovambo

(See Battle of Mufilo)

  Portuguese Empire   Ovambo
1904 1904 Vaccine Revolt   First Brazilian Republic Anti-vaccination rebels
1904 1904 Revolution of 1904 [es]   Uruguayan government National Party
1904 1904 1904 Sasun uprising   Ottoman Empire Armenian fedayees
1904 1908 Herero Wars   German Empire Herero and Namaqua peoples
1904 1905 Russo-Japanese War   Empire of Japan   Russian Empire
1904 1905 Yemeni Rebellion of 1904

Part of the Yemeni–Ottoman Conflicts

Zaidis   Ottoman Empire
1904 1908 Macedonian Struggle   Hellenic Macedonian Committee   Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization
1905 1905 Argentine Revolution of 1905   Argentina Radical Civic Union
1905 1905 Shoubak Revolt of 1905   Ottoman Empire Shoubakis
1905 1905 Łódź insurrection (1905)   Russian Empire Polish worker militias
1905 1906 1905 Tibetan Rebellion   Qing Dynasty Tibetan Buddhists
1905 1907 1905 Russian Revolution   Russian Empire   Revolutionaries
1905 1907 Maji Maji Rebellion   German Empire Indigenous rebels
1905 1906 Yemeni Expedition of 1905

Part of the Yemeni–Ottoman Conflicts

Zaidis   Ottoman Empire
1906 1906 1906 Mesopotamia uprising   Ottoman Empire Mesopotamian tribesmen
1906 1906 Dutch intervention in Bali (1906)   The Netherlands Badung
Tabanan
Klungkung
1906 1906 Bambatha Rebellion   British Empire Zulu
1907 1907 Mutair revolt[4]   Emirate of Nejd and Hasa Mutair tribe
1907 1907 1907 Romanian Peasants' Revolt   Kingdom of Romania Romanian peasants
1907 1907 Honduran-Nicaraguan War   Nicaragua   Honduras
1907 1907 Beipu uprising   Empire of Japan Hakka

Saisiyat

1908 1908 Buraida rebellion[5]   Emirate of Nejd and Hasa Forces loyal to Muhammad Aba al-Kehil
1908 1914 Dersim insurgencies[6]   Ottoman Empire Insurgents
1908 1908 Battle of Marrakech forces of Mulay Hafid forces of the Sultan of Morocco
1908 1909 Mau uprising [de]   German Empire Indigenous rebels
1908 1908 Young Turk Revolution Young Turks   Ottoman Empire
1908 1908 Dutch intervention in Bali (1908)   The Netherlands Karangasem
Klungkung
Gelgel
1908 1908 Dutch–Venezuelan crisis of 1908   The Netherlands   Venezuela
1909 1909 Estrada's rebellion Nicaraguan Conservative Party Nicaraguan Liberal Party (Government)
1909 1909 Kolašin Affair (1909)   Kingdom of Montenegro Black Hand
1909 1910 Zaraniq rebellion   Ottoman Empire Zaraniq tribesmen
1909 1909 Crazy Snake Rebellion   United States Creek
1909 1910 Second Melillan campaign   Spain Riffian people
1909 1910 Hauran Druze Rebellion   Ottoman Empire Druze Rebels
1909 1911 Ouaddai War   France Ouaddai Empire
1910 1910 Battle of Hadia [ar]   Kuwait

  Emirate of Nejd and Hasa

Al-Muntafiq
1910 1910 Karak Revolt   Ottoman Empire Karakis
1910 1910 Albanian Revolt of 1910   Ottoman Empire Albanian rebels
1910 1910 5 October 1910 revolution   Portuguese Republican Party   Kingdom of Portugal
1910 1910 Chinese expedition to Tibet (1910)   Qing Dynasty Tibet
1910 1911 Sokehs Rebellion   German Empire Soheks rebels
1910 1920 Mexican Revolution Maderistas
Orozquistas
Villistas
Zapatistas
Carrancistas
Magonistas
Seditionistas
  Mexico
1910 1919 Border War (1910–19)
Part of the Mexican Revolution
  Constitutionalistas
  United States
Maderistas
Villistas
1910 1915 Bandit War
Part of the Mexican Revolution
  Texas Rangers   Seditionistas
  Carrancistas
1911 1911 Magonista rebellion of 1911
Part of the Mexican Revolution
  Mexico   Mexican Liberal Party
1911 1912 1911 Paraguayan Civil War Liberal Party   Paraguayan government
1911 1911 Russian Invasion of Tabriz
Part of the Persian Constitutional Revolution
  Russian Empire Persian Constitutionalists
1911 1911 Albanian Revolt of 1911   Ottoman Empire   Albanian Malësorë (highlanders) and Catholic tribes from Scutari Vilayet
1911 1911 Second Guangzhou Uprising   Qing Dynasty Anti Qing rebels
1911 1912 Dominican Civil War (1911–12)   Dominican Republic Dominican Army conspirators
1911 1912 French conquest of Morocco   France   Morocco
1911 1912 Italo-Turkish War   Kingdom of Italy   Ottoman Empire
1911 1912 East Timorese Rebellion   Portuguese Empire East Timorese rebels
1911 1912 Xinhai Revolution
1911 Revolution
  Tongmenghui   Qing Dynasty
1912 1914 War of the Generals   Ecuador Rebels of Esmeraldas Province
1912 1912 Khost rebellion (1912)   Emirate of Afghanistan Rebel tribes
1912 1913 First Balkan War   Kingdom of Bulgaria
  Kingdom of Greece
  Kingdom of Serbia
  Kingdom of Montenegro
  Ottoman Empire
1912 1912 Albanian Revolt of 1912 Albanian rebels   Ottoman Empire
1912 1916 Contestado War   Brazilian Governists   Rebels
1912 1933 United States occupation of Nicaragua
Part of the Banana Wars
  United States Nicaraguan rebels
1912 1912 Royalist attack on Chaves   Portuguese First Republic  Portuguese Royalists
1912 1912 Negro Rebellion
Part of the Banana Wars
  Cuba
  United States
Independent Party of Color
1913 1913 Atmene uprising [ru]   Russian Empire   Peasants
1913 1913 Conquest of al-Hasa

Part of the Unification of Saudi Arabia

  Emirate of Nejd and Hasa   Ottoman Empire
1913 1913 Second Balkan War   Ottoman Empire
  Kingdom of Greece
  Kingdom of Serbia
  Kingdom of Montenegro
  Kingdom of Romania
  Kingdom of Bulgaria
1913 1913 Tikveš Uprising
Part of the Second Balkan War
  Kingdom of Serbia Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization
1913 1913 Ohrid–Debar Uprising   Kingdom of Serbia Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization
1913 1913 Second Revolution   Beiyang Government Sun Yat-sen
  southern China provinces
1913 1914 Bai Lang Rebellion   Republic of China
Jahriyya menhuan
Xidaotang
  Gelaohui
1914 1914 Operations in the Tochi

Part of the instability on the North-West Frontier

  British Empire Rebel tribesmen from Khost
1914 1914 Revolt of Juazeiro [pt]   First Brazilian Republic Rebels
1914 1921 Zaian War   France Zaian Confederation
1914 1914 Dominican Civil War of 1914 Rebels   Dominican Republic
1914 1914 Peasant Revolt in Albania   Albania

  Romanian volunteers

  Austro-Hungarian volunteers

Kosovar Albanian units

  Albanian Muslim pro-Ottoman rebels
1914 1914 Truku War   Empire of Japan Truku Tribe
1914 1918 World War I Allied Powers:
Central Powers:
1914 1914 United States occupation of Veracruz
Part of the Banana Wars
  United States   Mexico
1914 1915 Bluff War   United States Ute
Paiute
1914 1917 Ovambo insurrection in Portuguese Angola

See Battle of Mongua [fr]

  Portugal   Ovambo
1914 1915 Maritz Rebellion   Union of South Africa   "Bitterenders"
1915 1915 Tapani incident   Empire of Japan Han Taiwanese

Taiwanese aborigines

1915 1915 Battle of Kinzaan[7]   Nejd and Hasa Ajman tribe
1915 1915 Battle of Jarrab

Part of the Unification of Saudi Arabia and World War I

  Emirate of Ha'il   Emirate of Nejd and Hasa
1915 1915 Chilembwe uprising   British Empire Nyasaland rebels
1915 1915 Bussa rebellion   British Empire Bussa warriors
1915 1915 1915 Singapore Mutiny   British Empire 5th Native Light Infantry sepoys
1915 1916 Volta-Bani War   France Tribal insurgents
1915 1916 National Protection War
Anti-Monarchy War
  Republic of China   Empire of China
1915 1917 Senussi Campaign
Part of World War I
  British Empire   Senussi
  Ottoman Empire
Darfur Emirate
1915 1934 United States occupation of Haiti
Part of the Banana Wars
  United States   Haiti
1915 1915 Operations against the Mohmands, Bunerwals and Swatis in 1915

Part of the instability on the North-West Frontier

  British Empire Rebel tribes
1916 1917 Mohmand blockade

Part of the instability on the North-West Frontier

  British Empire Mohmands
1916 1917 Kaocen Revolt   France Tuareg guerrillas
1916 1916 1916 Cochinchina uprising   France Cochinchina rebels
1916 1916 Battle of Segale Regents of Ethiopia Lij Iyasu Loyalists
1916 1916 Noemvriana   Kingdom of Greece   United Kingdom
  France
1916 1916 Central Asian revolt of 1916   Russian Empire   Rebels
1916 1916 Easter Rising   British Army
Dublin Metropolitan Police
Royal Irish Constabulary
  Irish Republican Brotherhood
Irish Volunteers
Irish Citizen Army
Cumann na mBan
Hibernian Rifles
Fianna Éireann
1916 1924 United States occupation of the Dominican Republic (1916–24)
Part of the Banana Wars
  United States Dominican rebels
1916 1918 Arab Revolt
Part of World War I
  Hashemite Arabs
  United Kingdom

  Sultanate of Nejd (Unification of Saudi Arabia)
  Ottoman Empire
1916 1934 Basmachi movement
Part of World War I and Russian Civil War
  Russian Empire
(1916–17)
  Russian Republic
(1917)

  Russian SFSR

  Khorezm SSR
  Bukharan PSR


  Soviet Union
(From December 30, 1922)

  Basmachi

  Khiva
(1918–20)
  White Army
(1919–20)[8]
  Bukhara
(1920)
Supported by:
  Emirate of Afghanistan (Until mid-1922)[9]


  Afghanistan
(1929)[10]

1917 1917 February Revolution   Russian revolutionaries   Russian Empire
1917 1917 July Days   Russian Provisional Government   Bolshevik Party
1917 1917 Manchu Restoration   Republic of China Monarchist Rebels
1917 1917 Thái Nguyên uprising   French colonial empire Vietnamese rebels
1917 1917 Polubotkivtsi Uprising   Russian Provisional Government Ukrainian Separatists
1917 1917 Toplica insurrection   Kingdom of Bulgaria Chetniks
1917 1917 Kornilov Affair   Russian Provisional Government Soldiers under Lavr Kornilov
1917 1917 Green Corn Rebellion   United States Anti draft rebels
1917 1917 October Revolution
Part of Russian Civil War
  Bolsheviks   Russian Provisional Government
1917 1917 Kerensky–Krasnov uprising
Part of Russian Civil War
  Russian SFSR   Rebels under Alexander Kerensky
1917 1922 Russian Civil War Victorious in Russia, Ukraine, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Mongolia:

  Russian SFSR
Other Soviet republics
Mongolian People's Party


Victorious in their respective countries:
  Kingdom of Finland
  Republic of Estonia
  Republic of Latvia
  Republic of Lithuania
  Second Polish Republic

  White Movement

Central Powers (until 1918):
  Austro-Hungarian Empire
  German Empire
  Ottoman Empire
Allied Forces (from 1918):
  Czechoslovakia
  Republic of China
  France
  Kingdom of Greece
  Kingdom of Italy
  Empire of Japan
  Poland
  Kingdom of Romania
  Kingdom of Serbia
  United Kingdom

  United States
Other combatants:
  Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine
  Ukrainian People's Republic
  Democratic Republic of Georgia
  Democratic Republic of Armenia
Various pro-independence movements

1917 1922 Constitutional Protection Movement   Beiyang Government   Guangzhou Military Government
1917 1921 Ukrainian War of Independence
Part of World War I and Russian Civil War
  Ukrainian SSR
  Russian SFSR
  Ukrainian People's Republic

  West Ukrainian People's Republic
  White Movement

1917 1949 Ngolok rebellions (1917–49)   Republic of China Ngolok Tribesmen
1918 1918 Operations against the Marri and Khetran tribes (1918)[11] Part of the instability on the North-West Frontier   British Empire Marri and Khetran tribesmen
1918 1918 Adubi War   British Empire Egba rebels
1918 1922 Simko Shikak revolt (1918–22)   Iran Rebels
  • Irregular Kurdish militias
  • Ottoman soldiers and mercenaries
1918 1918 Judenburg mutiny
Part of World War I
  Austria-Hungary 17th Infantry Regiment
1918 1918 Cattaro Mutiny
Part of World War I
  Austria-Hungary Elements of the Austro-Hungarian Navy
1918 1918 Aster Revolution
Part of World War I
  Hungarian National Council   Austria-Hungary
1918 1918 Radomir Rebellion
Part of World War I
  Kingdom of Bulgaria Bulgarian Agrarian National Union
1918 1918 Left SR uprising
Part of the Russian Civil War
  Russian SFSR Left Socialist Revolutionary Party
1918 1918 Finnish Civil War   Finnish White Guards
  German Empire
  Finnish Red Guards
  Russian SFSR
1918 1918 Georgian–Armenian War   First Republic of Armenia   Democratic Republic of Georgia
1918 1958 Polish–Czechoslovak border conflicts   Second Polish Republic   First Czechoslovak Republic (until 1938)
 Second Czechoslovak Republic (1938-1939)
  First Slovak Republic (1939-1945)
 Third Czechoslovak Republic (1945-1948)
  Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (1948-1958)
1918 1918 Viena expedition File:Flag RSFSR 1918.svg Russian SFSR
  Finnish Red Guards
  United Kingdom
  Finnish White Guards
  Finnish Jäger troops
1918 1918 First Pechenga expedition   Russian SFSR
  Finnish Red Guards
Murmansk Legion
  Finnish volunteers
1918 1919 Austro-Slovene conflict in Carinthia   State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs
  Kingdom of Yugoslavia
  Republic of German-Austria
1918 1919 German Revolution of 1918–19   Weimar Republic Royalist Forces:

  German Empire (1918)


Communist Forces:
  Bavarian Soviet Republic
  Spartacus League
German Communist movements

1918 1919 Greater Poland Uprising (1918–19)   Poland   German Empire
1918 1919 Hungarian–Czechoslovak War   First Hungarian Republic
  Hungarian Soviet Republic
  First Czechoslovak Republic
1918 1919 Polish–Ukrainian War
Part of the Ukrainian War of Independence
  Poland   West Ukrainian People's Republic
1918 1920 Georgian–Ossetian conflict (1918–20)
Part of the Russian Civil War
  Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic

  Democratic Republic of Georgia

  Pro-Bolshevik Ossetian rebels
1918 1919 Sochi conflict
Part of the Russian Civil War
  White movement
   Kuban-Black Sea Soviet Republic
  Democratic Republic of Georgia
1918 1920 Armenian–Azerbaijani War
Part of the Russian Civil War
  First Republic of Armenia

  Republic of Mountainous Armenia
  Nagorno-Karabakh rebels
  British Empire (1918 only)
  Centrocaspian Dictatorship (1918 only)

  Azerbaijan Democratic Republic

  Ottoman Empire (1918 only)
  Russian SFSR (from April 1920)
  Turkish National Movement (from April 1920)

1918 1920 Estonian War of Independence
Part of the Russian Civil War
  Estonia

  White Russia
  Latvia
  United Kingdom
  Ingria
  Ober Ost
Finnish, Swedish and Danish volunteers

  Russian SFSR

  Commune of Estonia
  Latvian SSR

1918 1920 Latvian War of Independence
Part of the Russian Civil War
  Latvia

  Estonia
  Poland
  United Kingdom
  France

  Russian SFSR

  Latvian SSR

1918 1919 Lithuanian–Soviet War
Part of the Lithuanian Wars of Independence
  Lithuania
  Saxon volunteers
  Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
  Lithuanian-Belorussian Soviet Socialist Republic
1918 1919 Al-Khurma dispute
Part of the Unification of Saudi Arabia
  Emirate of Riyadh   Kingdom of Hejaz
1918 1921 War of the Insane   French Indochina Hmong rebels
1918 1920 Revolt of the Ingrian Finns   Russian SFSR   North Ingria
  Finnish volunteers
1918 1921 Franco-Turkish War
Part of the Turkish War of Independence
  Turkish National Movement   France
  French Armenian Legion
1919 1919 Punjab Rebellion[12] (See: Amritsar Massacre)

Part of the instability on the North-West Frontier

  British Empire Rebels
1919 1919 Black Sea mutinies [fr; de; es; ru]
1919 1919 1919 Royalist uprising in Northern Portugal First Portuguese Republic Monarchy of the North
1919 1919 Christmas Uprising   Montenegrin Whites
  Kingdom of Yugoslavia
  Montenegrin Greens
  Kingdom of Italy
1919 1919 Spartacist uprising
Part of the German Revolution of 1918–19
  Interim government   Communist Party of Germany

  Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany

1919 1919 Lithuanian War of Independence (War against the Bermontians)
Part of the Lithuanian Wars of Independence
  Lithuania   West Russian Volunteer Army
1919 1919 Sejny Uprising   Polish Military Organization (PMO)
  41st Infantry Regiment
  Lithuanian Sejny Command
  1st Reserve Battalion
1919 1919 First Barzanji Revolt   British Empire Kurdish Tribesmen
1919 1919 Polish–Czechoslovak War
Part of the Polish–Czechoslovak border conflicts
  Czechoslovakia   Second Polish Republic
1919 1919 Khotin Uprising   Romania Ukrainian rebels
1919 1919 Hungarian–Romanian war of 1919   Romania   First Hungarian Republic (until 21 March 1919)
  Hungarian Soviet Republic
1919 1922
(Armistice)

1923
(Treaty)
Turkish War of Independence   Turkish National Movement

Supported by:
  Russian SFSR

  Greece
  France
  Armenia (in 1920)
  United Kingdom
  Ottoman Empire (until 1922)

  Italy
  Georgia (in 1921)

1919 1919 Third Anglo-Afghan War   Afghanistan   British Empire

  India

1919 1920 Waziristan campaign (1919–1920)   British Empire
  India
  Waziristan
1919 1919 Impresa di Fiume Forces loyal to Gabriele D'Annunzio
1919 1920 Italo-Yugoslav War   Kingdom of Italy

  Free State of Fiume

  Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
1919 1919 First Honduran Civil War [es]
1919 1921 Polish–Soviet War
  Republic of Poland

  Ukrainian People's Republic

  Russian SFSR

  Ukrainian SSR

1919 1919 First Silesian Uprising
Part of the Silesian Uprisings
  Weimar Republic   Silesian Rebels
1919 1919 Aunus expedition   Russian SFSR
  Finnish Red Guards
  Finnish White Guards
  Finnish Jäger troops
1919 1920 Alawite Revolt of 1919   France   Syrian insurgents
1919 1921 Irish War of Independence   Irish Republic   United Kingdom
1919 1920 Kuwait–Najd War   Kuwait
  British Empire
  Ikhwan
Bedouins
1919 1922 Greco-Turkish War (1919–1922)
Part of the Turkish War of Independence
  Turkish National Movement
Supported by:
  Russian SFSR
  Kingdom of Greece
Supported by:
  United Kingdom
  Armenian volunteers
1919 1923 Revolts during the Turkish War of Independence   Turkish National Movement   Ottoman Empire

  Pontic rebels
  Milli tribe
  Koçgiri tribe
  Rebels of Ethem the Circassian (1920-1921)

1920–1929Edit

1920–1929
no Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents
Victorious party (if applicable) Defeated party (if applicable)
1920 1920 Franco-Syrian War   France
  French Syria
  Syrian Rebels
1920 1920 Husino rebellion Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes Bosnian miners
1920 1920 1920 Iraqi Revolt   British Empire Iraqi Rebels
1920 1920 Vlora War   Principality of Albania   Kingdom of Italy
1920 1920 1920 Jabal al-Gharbi civil war Tribal fighters Tribal fighters
1920 1920 Polish–Lithuanian War
Part of the Lithuanian Wars of Independence
  Poland   Lithuania
1920 1920 Kapp Putsch   Weimar Republic Far right Freikorps
1920 1920 Ruhr Uprising   Weimar Republic
Freikorps
Red Ruhr Army
1920 1920 Second Silesian Uprising
Part of the Silesian Uprisings
  Weimar Republic   German civil government and police of Upper Silesia
1920 1920 1920 Georgian coup attempt   Democratic Republic of Georgia   Georgian Bolsheviks
1920 1920 May Uprising   First Republic of Armenia
  Armenian Revolutionary Federation
  Armenian Bolsheviks
  Muslims of Armenia
1920 1920 Turkish–Armenian War
Part of the Turkish War of Independence
  Turkish National Movement
  Russian SFSR
  First Republic of Armenia
1920 1920 Zhili–Anhui War   Zhili clique
  Fengtian clique
  Anhui clique
1920 1920 Second Pechenga expedition   Russian SFSR
  Finnish Red Guards
Murmansk Legion
  Finnish volunteers
1920 1921 Guangdong–Guangxi War   Old Guangxi clique   Chinese Revolutionary Party
1920 1921 Dagestan Uprising
Part of the Russian Civil War
  Russian SFSR Dagestani Rebels
1920 1926 Rif War   France

  Spain

  Rif Republic
1921 1921 Anti-fascist uprising in Albona   Kingdom of Italy   Albona Republic
1921 1921 Red Army invasion of Georgia
Part of the Russian Civil War
  Russian SFSR
  Turkey
  Democratic Republic of Georgia
1921 1921 Kronstadt rebellion
Part of the Russian Civil War
  Russian SFSR   Anarchist Sailors
1921 1921 February Uprising
Part of the Russian Civil War
  Revolutionary committee (Revkom) of Armenia   Armenian Revolutionary Federation
1921 1921 Coto War  Costa Rica  Panama
1921 1921 Battle of Mountainous Armenia
Part of the Russian Civil War
  Armenia   Russian SFSR
  Turkey
  Azerbaijan SSR
1921 1921 March Action   Weimar Republic Communist Party of Germany
Communist Workers' Party of Germany
1921 1921 Third Silesian Uprising
Part of the Silesian Uprisings
  Weimar Republic   Silesian Rebels

  Poland

1921 1921 Mongolian Revolution of 1921
Part of Russian Civil War
Mongolian Communists
  Russian SFSR
  Bogd Khaanate
  White Guards
1921 1921 Charles I of Austria's attempts to retake the throne of Hungary Regentists Loyalists
1921 1921 Uprising in West Hungary   Austria
  Hungary
  Rongyos Gárda
  Lajtabánság
  Bosnian and Albanian Muslim volunteers
1921 1921 Malabar rebellion   British Empire Khilafat Movement
1921 1921 1921 Persian coup d'etat   Persian Cossack Brigade   Iranian Qajar police
  Jangalis
Simko Kurdish rebels
  Colonel Pesian's forces
supported by:
  Soviet Union
1921 1921 Conquest of Ha'il
  Sultanate of Nejd   Emirate of Ha'il
1921 1922 East Karelian Uprising and Soviet–Finnish conflict 1921–22Part of Russian Civil War   Russian SFSR Finnish and East Karelian rebels
1921 1922 Rand Rebellion   Union of South Africa Miners
South African Communist Party
Syndicalists
1921 1923 Kura Rebellion   United Kingdom
  Emir Abdullah
  Sheikh Kulaib
1922 1922 18 of the Copacabana Fort revolt   First Brazilian Republic Tenentista movement
1922 1924 Ikhwan raids on Transjordan   British RAF

  Pro-Hashemite tribesmen:[13]

Ikhwan ('Utaybah tribe)
1922 1922 Bondelswarts Rebellion   Union of South Africa Bondelswarts
1922 1922 First Zhili–Fengtian War   Zhili clique   Fengtian clique
1922 1924 Rampa Rebellion of 1922   British Empire Rebel forces loyal to Alluri Sitarama Raju
1922 1922 11 September 1922 Revolution Venizelist Rebels   Kingdom of Greece
1922 1923 Irish Civil War   Pro-treaty forces   Anti-treaty forces
1922 1923 Paraguayan Civil War (1922)   Gondrists   Schaererists
1922 1924 Sheikh Khazal rebellion

Part of the Arab separatism in Khuzestan

  Sublime State of Persia   Sheikhdom of Mohammerah
Bakhtiari Tribesmen
1922 1924 Second Barzanji Revolt   British Empire
  Kingdom of Iraq (British administration)
  Kingdom of Kurdistan
1922 1927 Tenente revolts   First Brazilian Republic Tenentismo
  Brazilian Communist Party
1923 1923 Zamindawar rebellion[14]   Emirate of Afghanistan Alizai
1923 1923 Corfu incident   Kingdom of Italy   Kingdom of Greece
1923 1923 Guna revolution [es] Panaman government   Guna rebels
1923 1923 June Uprising   Bulgaria
  IMRO
  Shpitskomandi
  Bulgarian Communist Party
Bulgarian Agrarian National Union
  Anarchists
1923 1923 Leonardopoulos–Gargalidis coup d'état attempt   Kingdom of Greece Monarchist Rebels
1923 1923 Adwan Rebellion   United Kingdom
  Emir Abdullah's forces
  Hashemite allied tribesmen
  Sultan al-Adwan's forces
1923 1923 Posey War   United States Ute
Paiute
1923 1923 Hamburg Uprising   Weimar Republic Communist Party of Germany
1923 1923 Klaipėda Revolt   Lithuania   France
1923 1923 September Uprising   Bulgaria
  IMRO
  Shpitskomandi
  Bulgarian Communist Party
Bulgarian Agrarian National Union
  Anarchists
1923 1932 Pacification of Libya   Kingdom of Italy   Senussi Order
1923 Ongoing Arab separatism in Khuzestan   Sublime State of Iran (1922–1924)
  Imperial State of Iran (1925–1979)
  Islamic Republic of Iran (1979–present)
  Sheikhdom of Mohammerah (1922–1924)
  DRFLA (1979–1980)
APCO[citation needed]
PFLA[citation needed]
AFLA[citation needed]
  ASMLA
Iranian Arab protesters
1924 1925 Chechen uprising of 1924[15]   Soviet Union Chechen rebels
1924 1924 Paulista Revolt of 1924   First Brazilian Republic Tenentista movement
1924 1924 Beytussebab rebellion   Turkey Kurdish rebels
1924 1924 Zazejskie uprising [ru]   Soviet Union Rebels
1924 1924 Second Honduran Civil War [es]
1924 1925 Khost rebellion (1924–1925)   Emirate of Afghanistan

Allied tribes:

Rebel tribes
1924 1924 August Uprising   Soviet Union   Committee for Independence of Georgia
1924 1925 Tungus uprising [ru]   Soviet Union   Tungus Republic
1924 1924 June Revolution Faction of Fan Noli Principality of Albania
1924 1924 1924 Estonian coup d'état attempt   Estonia Comintern
1924 1924 Tatarbunary uprising   Romania   Soviet Union
1924 1925 Saudi conquest of Hejaz   Sultanate of Nejd
  British Empire
  Kingdom of Hejaz
1924 1924 Nestorian rebellion   Turkey Nestorians
1924 1924 Second Zhili–Fengtian War   Fengtian clique   Zhili clique
1925 1925 Incident at Petrich   Kingdom of Bulgaria   Kingdom of Greece
1925 1925 Sheikh Said rebellion   Turkey Kurdish tribesmen
1925 1925 Pink's War   United Kingdom Mahsud tribesmen
1925 1927 Great Syrian Revolt   France   Syrian rebels
1925 1926 Anti-Fengtian War   Fengtian clique
  Zhili clique (from February 1918)
  Guominjun
  Zhili clique (until February 1918)
1925 1926 Urtatagai conflict   Soviet Union   Emirate of Afghanistan
1926 1926 1926 Simko Shikak revolt   Pahlavi Iran Shikak tribesmen

Herki tribesmen

Begzadeh tribesmen

1926 1927 Nicaraguan civil war (1926-1927) Nicaraguan Conservatives (government) Nicaraguan Liberals (rebels)
1926 1928 Northern Expedition   Republic of China   Beiyang Government
1926 1929 Cristero War   Mexico   Cristeros
1926 1926 1926 Communist Revolt in Indonesia   Dutch Empire   Communist Party of Indonesia
1927 1930 Ararat rebellion   Turkey   Republic of Ararat
1927 1930 Ikhwan Revolt   Ibn Saud
  United Kingdom

  Kuwait

  Ikhwan
1927 1927 Ikhwan raid on Busayya

Part of the Ikhwan revolt

  Ikhwan   Iraqi Police force
1927 1950 Chinese Civil War   Communist Party of China
After 1949:
  People's Republic of China
  Nationalist Party of China
  Republic of China
After 1949:
  Republic of China on Taiwan
1928 1932 Hamed bin Rafda's rebellion [ar]   Ibn Saud Rebels loyal to Hamed bin Rafda
1928 1928 Battle of Al-Regeai   Kuwait   Ikhwan
1928 1929 Afghan Civil War (1928–1929)   Amānullāh Khān (Until 14 January 1929)

  Inayatullah Khan (14-17 January 1929)
  Ali Ahmad Khan (17 January - 9 February 1929)
Various anti-Saqqawist tribes
  Mohammed Nādir Khān (March–October 1929)
Intervening against Basmachi:
  Soviet Union[19]
Shinwari tribesmen (14 November–December 1928)
  Saqqawists (late November 1928 onwards)

In cooperation with:
  Basmachi (1929)

1928 1931 Kongo-Wara rebellion   France Gbaya rebels
1929 1932 Aday rebellion (1929—1932) [ru]   Soviet Union Rebels
1929 1929 Escobar Rebellion   Mexico Escobar rebels
1929 1929 1929 Basmachi border raids on the Soviet Union   Soviet Union   Basmachi
1929 1929 Chiang-Gui War [zh]   Republic of China   New Guangxi Clique
1929 1929 Afghan campaign of the Red Army (1929) [ru]   Soviet Union   Basmachi
1929 1929 Sino-Soviet conflict (1929)   Soviet Union   Republic of China
1929 1929 Batpakkarinskoe uprising [ru]   Soviet Union Rebels
1929 1929 Bostandyk uprising [ru]
1929 1930 Alakat Uprising [ru]   Soviet Union Rebels
1929 1931 Anti-Saqqawist campaigns in Kuhdaman and Herat   Kingdom of Afghanistan   Saqqawists
1929 1930 Women's War Igbo Women of Owerri and Calabar Provinces Warrant Chiefs
  British Colonial Forces

1930–1944Edit

1930–1944
Start Finish Name of Conflict Belligerents
Victorious party (if applicable) Defeated party (if applicable)
1930 1930 Shinwari rebellion   Kingdom of Afghanistan Shinwari tribesmen
1930 1930 Afridi Redshirt Rebellion   British Empire Afridi tribesmen
1930 1930 Kuhistan rebellion (February–April 1930)   Kingdom of Afghanistan Rebels
1930 1931 Uprising of the Nghệ-Tĩnh Soviets   French colonial empire Nghệ-Tĩnh Soviets
1930 1930 Hnov uprising [ru]   Soviet Union Rebels
1930 1930 Tugsbuyant uprising [ru]   Mongolian People's Republic Buddhist clergy, former feudal lords, Arats.
1930 1930 Sarysu-Sozak uprising [ru]   Soviet Union Rebels
1930 1930 Anti-Soviet Sarbaz uprising of 1930 [ru]   Soviet Union Rebels
1930 1930 Muromtsevsky uprising [ru]   Soviet Union Rebels
1930 1930 Asanic uprising [ru]   Soviet Union Rebels
1930 1930 Baribaev uprising [ru]   Soviet Union Rebels
1930 1930 Balkash-Shokparskoe uprising [ru]   Soviet Union Rebels
1930 1930 Khorinskoe uprising [ru]   Soviet Union Rebels
1930 1930 Kuhistan rebellion (July 1930)   Kingdom of Afghanistan   Saqqawists
1930 1930 Yen Bai mutiny   French Indochina   VNQDD
1930 1930 Central Plains War

Part of Chinese Civil War

  Forces of Chiang Kai-shek   Forces of the coalition of Yan Xishan, Feng Yuxiang, Wang Jingwei, and Li Zongren
1930 1930 Chittagong armoury raid   British Empire Anushilan Samiti
1930 1930 Gugsa Wale's Rebellion Haile Selassie loyalists Empress Zewditu supporters
1930 1931 Nghe-Tinh Revolt   French Indochina Vietnamese rebels
1930 1932 Saya San Rebellion   British Empire Burmese Rebels
1930 1930 Afghan campaign of the Red Army (1930) [ru]   Soviet Union   Basmachi
1930 1932 Sino-Tibetan War   Republic of China   Tibet
1930 1930 Brazilian Revolution of 1930   First Brazilian Republic   Liberal Alliance and tenentistas.
1930 1930 Wushe Rebellion   Empire of Japan
Toda
Truku[20] (Taroko)
Tkdaya[20]
1931 1933 Idrisid Emirate Rebellion [ar]   Saudi Arabia   Idrisid Emirate

Supported by:

  Yemen

1931 1931 Alak Uprising [ru]   Soviet Union Rebels
1931 1931 Abralin Uprising [ru]   Soviet Union Rebels
1931 1931 Flour Revolt [pt]   Portugal Rebels
1931 1931 March Incident   Empire of Japan Sakurakai
1931 1931 Uranian peasant uprising [ru]   Soviet Union Rebels
1931 1931 October Incident   Empire of Japan Sakurakai
1931 1931 1931 Cyprus Revolt   British Empire Greek Cypriot rebels
1931 1931 Jafar Sultan revolt   Iran Kurdish rebels
1931 1931 Norte Grande insurrection   Chile Communist Party of Chile
1931 1931 Chilean naval mutiny of 1931   Chile Chilean Navy rebels
1931 1932 Japanese invasion of Manchuria   Empire of Japan   Republic of China
1931 1932 Ahmed Barzani revolt   Kingdom of Iraq Barzan tribe
1931 1934 Kumul Rebellion   Republic of China   First East Turkestan Republic
1932 1932 Lesko uprising   Second Polish Republic Peasant rebels
1932 1932 Constitutionalist Revolution   Brazil   São Paulo
1932 1932 Ecuadorian Civil War Leftist and Liberal Rebels   Ecuador
1932 1932 January 28 Incident   Republic of China   Empire of Japan
1932 1932 Chechen uprising of 1932 [ru]   Soviet Union Chechen rebels
1932 1932 May 15 Incident   Empire of Japan League of Blood
1932 1932 1932 armed uprising in Mongolia   Mongolian People's Republic
  Soviet Union
Anti-communist rebels
1932 1932 Kirghiz rebellion   Republic of China Kirghiz rebels
1932 1932 Mäntsälä rebellion   Finland   Lapua movement
1932 1932 1932 Salvadoran peasant uprising   El Salvador Salvadoran peasants
1932 1932 Sanjurjada   Spanish Republic Rebel Officers
1932 1933 Leticia Incident   Colombia   Peru
1932 1935 Chaco War   Paraguay   Bolivia
1932 1932 Darre Khel revolt   Kingdom of Afghanistan Rebels
1932 1939 Soviet–Japanese border conflicts   Soviet Union   Mongolia   Japan
1933 1936 Actions in Inner Mongolia (1933–36)   Empire of Japan   Republic of China
1933 1933 Boworadet Rebellion   Thailand Rebels under Prince Boworadet
1933 1933 Sergeants' Revolt
1933 1933 Kazym rebellion   Soviet Union Khanty rebels
1933 1933 Boworadet rebellion
1933 1933 Anarchist uprising in Spain (1933)   Spanish Republic Spanish Anarchists
1933 1933 Casas Viejas incident   Spanish Republic Spanish Anarchists
1933 1933 De Zeven Provinciën Mutiny   The Netherlands Dutch Navy rebels
1934 1938 Second Cristero War [es]   Mexican Government   Cristeros
1934 1934 Asturian Revolution   Spanish Republic Asturian Miners
1934 1934 Mandalada [ru]   Soviet Union Rebels
1934 1934 Soviet invasion of Xinjiang   Republic of China   Soviet Union
  White Russian forces
Torgut Mongols
1934 1934 Military Academy incident   Empire of Japan Imperial Way Faction
1934 1934 Austrian Civil War   First Austrian Republic

  Fatherland's Front

  Social Democratic Party of Austria
1934 1934 July Putsch   First Austrian Republic Austrian Legion
1934 1934 1934 Latvian coup d'état Kārlis Ulmanis   Latvia
1934 1934 1934 Estonian coup d'état [et]
1934 1934 Events of 6 October   Spanish Republic   Generalitat of Catalonia
1934 1934 1934 Khamba Rebellion   Tibet (1912–1951)
Sichuan clique
  Communist Party of China
Khamba Tribesmen
1934 1934 Saudi–Yemeni War   Saudi Arabia   Yemen
1935 1935 Narrenrevolte [de]   Nazi Germany Rebels
1935 1935 Mohmand campaign of 1935   British Empire Mohmand tribesmen
1935 1935 May 2 uprising   United States Sakdalista
1935 1935 1935 Yazidi revolt   Kingdom of Iraq Yazidis
1935 1935 Goharshad Mosque rebellion   Iran Bazaaris
1935 1935 1935 Greek coup d'état attempt   Second Hellenic Republic Venizelist Rebels
1935 1936 1935–36 Iraqi Shia revolts   Kingdom of Iraq Shia tribesmen
1935 1935 Brazilian uprising of 1935   Brazil Brazilian Communist Party
1935 1936 Second Italo-Ethiopian War   Kingdom of Italy   Ethiopian Empire
1936 1936 1936 Iraqi coup d'état   Bakr Sidqi's supporters   Iraqi Government
1936 1936 Scythe Cross rebellion   Kingdom of Hungary Hungarian National Socialist Party
1936 1936 1936 Naval Revolt (Portugal)   Portugal Revolutionary Armed Organization
1936 1936 February 26 Incident   Empire of Japan   Righteous Army
1936 1939 1936–39 Arab revolt in Palestine   United Kingdom
  British Army
Palestine Police Force
Jewish Settlement Police
Jewish Supernumerary Police
Haganah
Special Night Squads
FOSH
Peulot Meyuhadot
Irgun
Peace Bands
  Arab Higher Committee
1936 1939 Spanish Civil War   National faction

Supported by:

  Republican faction

Supported by:

1936 1939 Waziristan campaign (1936–1939)   British Empire  India   Waziristan
1937 1937 Islamic rebellion in Xinjiang (1937)   Soviet Union
  White Russian forces
  Republic of China
1937 1937 Dieu Python movement   French Indochina Degar Rebels
1937 1938 Dersim Rebellion   Turkey Dersim tribes
1937 1945 Second Sino-Japanese War
Part of World War II
  Republic of China

  Soviet Union (1937-1941; 1944-1945)
  United States (1941-1945)
  British Empire (1942-1945)

  Empire of Japan

  Reorganized National Government of China
  Manchukuo
  Mengjiang

1938 1938 Brazilian Integralist uprising of 1938 [pt]   Brazil   Brazilian Integralist Action
1938 1938 1938 Greek coup d'état attempt   Second Hellenic Republic Venizelist Rebels
1938 1938 Sudeten German uprising   Sudetendeutsches Freikorps

  Germany

  Czechoslovakia
1939 1939 Hungarian Invasion of the Carpatho-Ukraine   Kingdom of Hungary   Carpatho-Ukraine
1939 1939 Slovak–Hungarian War   Kingdom of Hungary   Slovak Republic
1939 1965 Maquis insurgency   Nationalist Spain   Spanish Maquis
1939 1939 Italian invasion of Albania   Kingdom of Italy   Albanian Kingdom
1939 1945 World War II Allied Powers:
  Soviet Union
  United States
  United Kingdom
  China
  France
  Poland
  Yugoslavia
  Greece
  Netherlands
  Belgium
  Luxembourg
  Norway
  Czechoslovakia
  India
  Canada
  Australia
  New Zealand
  South Africa
  Philippines
  Ethiopia
  Brazil
  Mongolia
  Mexico
Axis Powers:
  Germany
  Japan
  Italy
  Romania
  Hungary
  Bulgaria
  Slovakia
  Croatia
  Finland
  Thailand
  Iraq
1939 1940 Winter War
Part of World War II
  Soviet Union   Finland
1940 1944 1940–44 insurgency in Chechnya

Part of World War II and the Chechen–Russian conflict

  Soviet Union   Provisional Popular Revolutionary Government of Chechnya-Ingushetia

Supported by:

  Germany (1942)

1940 1940 Czortków uprising
Part of World War II
  Soviet Union Polish rebels
1940 1940 Soviet occupation of the Baltic states (1940)
Part of World War II
  Soviet Union   Estonia
  Latvia
  Lithuania
1940 1940 Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina
Part of World War II
  Soviet Union   Romania
1940 1941 Franco-Thai War
Part of World War II
  Thailand   Vichy France

  French Indochina

1941 1941 Legionnaires' Rebellion   Kingdom of Romania   Iron Guard
1941 1941 Ecuadorian–Peruvian War   Peru   Ecuador
1941 1941 Anglo-Iraqi War
Part of World War II
  United Kingdom

  British India
  Transjordan

  Kingdom of Iraq

  Nazi Germany
  Kingdom of Italy

1941 1944 Continuation War
Part of World War II
  Soviet Union

  United Kingdom

  Finland

  Nazi Germany
  Kingdom of Italy

1941 1944 Hama Rashid revolt   Iran Kurdish tribes
1941 1941 June 1941 uprising in eastern Herzegovina   Independent State of Croatia

  Italy

Serb rebels from eastern Herzegovina and Montenegro
1941 1941 Uprising in Serbia (1941)   Government of National Salvation

  Nazi Germany

  Partisans

  Chetniks

1942 1954 Hukbalahap Rebellion   Philippines
  United States
  Hukbalahap
  Soviet Union
  Japan
1943 1943 1943 Khuzestan revolt[21]
1943 1945 1943 Barzani revolt   Kingdom of Iraq

Supported by:

Kurdish tribesmen (1945)

  • Zibrari
  • Berwari
  • Doski
  • Elements of the ‘Muhajarin' tribe
Kurdish rebels
1943 1943 Woyane rebellion   Ethiopian Empire

  UK

Woyanne rebels
1943 1944 Jesselton Revolt
Part of World War II
  Empire of Japan Kinabalu Rebels
1943 1949 Ukrainian Insurgent Army insurgency   Soviet Union
  People's Republic of Poland
  Polish Underground State
  Nazi Germany (1941–1944)
  Ukrainian Insurgent Army
1944 1945 Lapland War
Part of World War II
  Finland   Nazi Germany
1944 1946 Anti-communist resistance in Poland (1944-1946)   People's Republic of Poland
  Soviet Union
  Cursed soldiers
1944 1947 Jewish insurgency in Palestine Jewish Resistance Movement   British Army
  Royal Navy
  Royal Air Force
Palestine Police Force
1944 1949 Ili Rebellion   Communist Party of China
  Second East Turkestan Republic
  Soviet Union
  White Russian forces
  Mongolian People's Republic
  Republic of China
  National Revolutionary Army
1944 1951 Goryani Insurgency   People's Republic of Bulgaria Goryani
1944 1953 Guerilla war in the Baltic states   Soviet Union     Forest Brothers

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "( 1903 ) -". Retrieved 12 December 2014.
  2. ^ "معركة جو لبن". Retrieved 12 December 2014.
  3. ^ "Britain Sokoto Conquest 1903". www.onwar.com. Retrieved 2019-06-19.
  4. ^ "Arabia, Yemen, and Iraq 1700-1950 by Sanderson Beck". www.san.beck.org. Retrieved 2019-06-21. Abdul Aziz ibn Saud still had to put down occasional revolts by the tribes. In May 1907 the Mutair tribe was defeated at Majma’a and pardoned. They rebelled again and were defeated at Buraida.
  5. ^ "Arabia, Yemen, and Iraq 1700-1950 by Sanderson Beck". www.san.beck.org. Retrieved 2019-06-21. Buraida’s Governor Muhammad Aba al-Kehil rebelled in 1908, and after his defeat the Saudi prince restored him.
  6. ^ "A short history of Turkification: From Dersim to Tunceli". Ahval. Retrieved 2019-06-08. Seeing every issue in the area through the lens of security, the Ottoman military put down four insurgencies in Dersim between 1908 and 1914.
  7. ^ "King Abdulaziz' Noble Character" (PDF). Islam House. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
  8. ^ In Union with him and Bey Madamin counter-revolutionary robber bands with July 10, 1919, to January 1920.
  9. ^ Muḥammad, Fayz̤; Hazārah, Fayz̤ Muḥammad Kātib (1999). Kabul Under Siege: Fayz Muhammad's Account of the 1929 Uprising. Markus Wiener Publishers. p. 12. ISBN 9781558761551.
  10. ^ Supporters of Habibullah had fought in alliance with such films only in northern Afghanistan
  11. ^ Report of the Battles Nomenclature Committee
  12. ^ The Third Afghan War 1919 Official Account p. 13
  13. ^ Joab B. Eilon, Yoav Alon. The making of Jordan: tribes, colonialism and the modern state. 2007: pp.54-56. [1]
  14. ^ Martin, Mike (2014). An Intimate War: An Oral History of the Helmand Conflict, 1978-2012. Oxford University Press. pp. 26, 27. ISBN 9780199387984. Amanullah's reforms were excessive and Zamindawar rose in rebellion in 1923, with more localised disturbances in the remainder of Pusht-e rud. These took six months to quell, as none of the conscripted battalions in the south would fight the Alizai. The rebellion was eventually settled by troops from Herat, who executed the rebel leaders and deported groups of Zamindawaris to Turkestan, which was by now becoming a dumping ground for Helmand's rebels.
  15. ^ "Восстание в Чечне 1924-1925 гг". www.hrono.ru. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  16. ^ Poullada, Leon B. (1973). Reform and rebellion in Afghanistan, 1919-1929: King Amanullah's failure to modernize a tribal society. Cornell University Press. p. 123. ISBN 9780801407727.
  17. ^ Chua, Andrew. "The Promise and Failure of King Amanullah's Modernisation Program in Afghanistan" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2018-03-29. Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  18. ^ Cite error: The named reference :5 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  19. ^ Muḥammad, Fayz̤; Hazārah, Fayz̤ Muḥammad Kātib (1999). Kabul Under Siege: Fayz Muhammad's Account of the 1929 Uprising. Markus Wiener Publishers. p. 128. ISBN 9781558761551.
  20. ^ a b "Wushe Incident - Encyclopedia of Taiwan". Archived from the original on 25 March 2014. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
  21. ^ "Iran : the « liberation » of Arabistan". articles.abolkhaseb.net. Retrieved 2019-04-09. New revolts occurred in 1943 and 1945 and were quelled in blood.